AWS CloudFormation
User Guide (API Version 2010-05-15)
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Amazon Redshift 模板代码段

Amazon Redshift 是一种完全托管的 PB 级云中数据仓库服务。您可以使用 AWS CloudFormation 配置和管理 Amazon Redshift 群集。

Amazon Redshift 群集

下述示例模板根据在创建堆栈时指定的参数值创建 Amazon Redshift 群集。与 Amazon Redshift 群集关联的群集参数组可实现用户活动日志记录。该模板还在模板中定义的 Amazon VPC 中启动 Amazon Redshift 群集。VPC 包含一个 Internet 网关,以便您从 Internet 访问 Amazon Redshift 群集。然而,还必须启用群集与 Internet 网关之间的通信,这是通过路由表条目实现的。

注意

该模板包含 IsMultiNodeCluster 条件,以便仅当 ClusterType 参数值设置为 multi-node 时才声明 NumberOfNodes 参数。

JSON

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{ "AWSTemplateFormatVersion": "2010-09-09", "Parameters" : { "DatabaseName" : { "Description" : "The name of the first database to be created when the cluster is created", "Type" : "String", "Default" : "dev", "AllowedPattern" : "([a-z]|[0-9])+" }, "ClusterType" : { "Description" : "The type of cluster", "Type" : "String", "Default" : "single-node", "AllowedValues" : [ "single-node", "multi-node" ] }, "NumberOfNodes" : { "Description" : "The number of compute nodes in the cluster. For multi-node clusters, the NumberOfNodes parameter must be greater than 1", "Type" : "Number", "Default" : "1" }, "NodeType" : { "Description" : "The type of node to be provisioned", "Type" : "String", "Default" : "ds2.xlarge", "AllowedValues" : [ "ds2.xlarge", "ds2.8xlarge", "dc1.large", "dc1.8xlarge" ] }, "MasterUsername" : { "Description" : "The user name that is associated with the master user account for the cluster that is being created", "Type" : "String", "Default" : "defaultuser", "AllowedPattern" : "([a-z])([a-z]|[0-9])*" }, "MasterUserPassword" : { "Description" : "The password that is associated with the master user account for the cluster that is being created.", "Type" : "String", "NoEcho" : "true" }, "InboundTraffic" : { "Description" : "Allow inbound traffic to the cluster from this CIDR range.", "Type" : "String", "MinLength": "9", "MaxLength": "18", "Default" : "0.0.0.0/0", "AllowedPattern" : "(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})/(\\d{1,2})", "ConstraintDescription" : "must be a valid CIDR range of the form x.x.x.x/x." }, "PortNumber" : { "Description" : "The port number on which the cluster accepts incoming connections.", "Type" : "Number", "Default" : "5439" } }, "Conditions" : { "IsMultiNodeCluster" : { "Fn::Equals" : [{ "Ref" : "ClusterType" }, "multi-node" ] } }, "Resources" : { "RedshiftCluster" : { "Type" : "AWS::Redshift::Cluster", "DependsOn" : "AttachGateway", "Properties" : { "ClusterType" : { "Ref" : "ClusterType" }, "NumberOfNodes" : { "Fn::If" : [ "IsMultiNodeCluster", { "Ref" : "NumberOfNodes" }, { "Ref" : "AWS::NoValue" }]}, "NodeType" : { "Ref" : "NodeType" }, "DBName" : { "Ref" : "DatabaseName" }, "MasterUsername" : { "Ref" : "MasterUsername" }, "MasterUserPassword" : { "Ref" : "MasterUserPassword" }, "ClusterParameterGroupName" : { "Ref" : "RedshiftClusterParameterGroup" }, "VpcSecurityGroupIds" : [ { "Ref" : "SecurityGroup" } ], "ClusterSubnetGroupName" : { "Ref" : "RedshiftClusterSubnetGroup" }, "PubliclyAccessible" : "true", "Port" : { "Ref" : "PortNumber" } } }, "RedshiftClusterParameterGroup" : { "Type" : "AWS::Redshift::ClusterParameterGroup", "Properties" : { "Description" : "Cluster parameter group", "ParameterGroupFamily" : "redshift-1.0", "Parameters" : [{ "ParameterName" : "enable_user_activity_logging", "ParameterValue" : "true" }] } }, "RedshiftClusterSubnetGroup" : { "Type" : "AWS::Redshift::ClusterSubnetGroup", "Properties" : { "Description" : "Cluster subnet group", "SubnetIds" : [ { "Ref" : "PublicSubnet" } ] } }, "VPC" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::VPC", "Properties" : { "CidrBlock" : "10.0.0.0/16" } }, "PublicSubnet" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::Subnet", "Properties" : { "CidrBlock" : "10.0.0.0/24", "VpcId" : { "Ref" : "VPC" } } }, "SecurityGroup" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "Properties" : { "GroupDescription" : "Security group", "SecurityGroupIngress" : [ { "CidrIp" : { "Ref": "InboundTraffic" }, "FromPort" : { "Ref" : "PortNumber" }, "ToPort" : { "Ref" : "PortNumber" }, "IpProtocol" : "tcp" } ], "VpcId" : { "Ref" : "VPC" } } }, "myInternetGateway" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::InternetGateway" }, "AttachGateway" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::VPCGatewayAttachment", "Properties" : { "VpcId" : { "Ref" : "VPC" }, "InternetGatewayId" : { "Ref" : "myInternetGateway" } } }, "PublicRouteTable" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::RouteTable", "Properties" : { "VpcId" : { "Ref" : "VPC" } } }, "PublicRoute" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::Route", "DependsOn" : "AttachGateway", "Properties" : { "RouteTableId" : { "Ref" : "PublicRouteTable" }, "DestinationCidrBlock" : "0.0.0.0/0", "GatewayId" : { "Ref" : "myInternetGateway" } } }, "PublicSubnetRouteTableAssociation" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::SubnetRouteTableAssociation", "Properties" : { "SubnetId" : { "Ref" : "PublicSubnet" }, "RouteTableId" : { "Ref" : "PublicRouteTable" } } } }, "Outputs" : { "ClusterEndpoint" : { "Description" : "Cluster endpoint", "Value" : { "Fn::Join" : [ ":", [ { "Fn::GetAtt" : [ "RedshiftCluster", "Endpoint.Address" ] }, { "Fn::GetAtt" : [ "RedshiftCluster", "Endpoint.Port" ] } ] ] } }, "ClusterName" : { "Description" : "Name of cluster", "Value" : { "Ref" : "RedshiftCluster" } }, "ParameterGroupName" : { "Description" : "Name of parameter group", "Value" : { "Ref" : "RedshiftClusterParameterGroup" } }, "RedshiftClusterSubnetGroupName" : { "Description" : "Name of cluster subnet group", "Value" : { "Ref" : "RedshiftClusterSubnetGroup" } }, "RedshiftClusterSecurityGroupName" : { "Description" : "Name of cluster security group", "Value" : { "Ref" : "SecurityGroup" } } } }

YAML

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AWSTemplateFormatVersion: '2010-09-09' Parameters: DatabaseName: Description: The name of the first database to be created when the cluster is created Type: String Default: dev AllowedPattern: "([a-z]|[0-9])+" ClusterType: Description: The type of cluster Type: String Default: single-node AllowedValues: - single-node - multi-node NumberOfNodes: Description: The number of compute nodes in the cluster. For multi-node clusters, the NumberOfNodes parameter must be greater than 1 Type: Number Default: '1' NodeType: Description: The type of node to be provisioned Type: String Default: ds2.xlarge AllowedValues: - ds2.xlarge - ds2.8xlarge - dc1.large - dc1.8xlarge MasterUsername: Description: The user name that is associated with the master user account for the cluster that is being created Type: String Default: defaultuser AllowedPattern: "([a-z])([a-z]|[0-9])*" MasterUserPassword: Description: The password that is associated with the master user account for the cluster that is being created. Type: String NoEcho: 'true' InboundTraffic: Description: Allow inbound traffic to the cluster from this CIDR range. Type: String MinLength: '9' MaxLength: '18' Default: 0.0.0.0/0 AllowedPattern: "(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})/(\\d{1,2})" ConstraintDescription: must be a valid CIDR range of the form x.x.x.x/x. PortNumber: Description: The port number on which the cluster accepts incoming connections. Type: Number Default: '5439' Conditions: IsMultiNodeCluster: Fn::Equals: - Ref: ClusterType - multi-node Resources: RedshiftCluster: Type: AWS::Redshift::Cluster DependsOn: AttachGateway Properties: ClusterType: Ref: ClusterType NumberOfNodes: Fn::If: - IsMultiNodeCluster - Ref: NumberOfNodes - Ref: AWS::NoValue NodeType: Ref: NodeType DBName: Ref: DatabaseName MasterUsername: Ref: MasterUsername MasterUserPassword: Ref: MasterUserPassword ClusterParameterGroupName: Ref: RedshiftClusterParameterGroup VpcSecurityGroupIds: - Ref: SecurityGroup ClusterSubnetGroupName: Ref: RedshiftClusterSubnetGroup PubliclyAccessible: 'true' Port: Ref: PortNumber RedshiftClusterParameterGroup: Type: AWS::Redshift::ClusterParameterGroup Properties: Description: Cluster parameter group ParameterGroupFamily: redshift-1.0 Parameters: - ParameterName: enable_user_activity_logging ParameterValue: 'true' RedshiftClusterSubnetGroup: Type: AWS::Redshift::ClusterSubnetGroup Properties: Description: Cluster subnet group SubnetIds: - Ref: PublicSubnet VPC: Type: AWS::EC2::VPC Properties: CidrBlock: 10.0.0.0/16 PublicSubnet: Type: AWS::EC2::Subnet Properties: CidrBlock: 10.0.0.0/24 VpcId: Ref: VPC SecurityGroup: Type: AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup Properties: GroupDescription: Security group SecurityGroupIngress: - CidrIp: Ref: InboundTraffic FromPort: Ref: PortNumber ToPort: Ref: PortNumber IpProtocol: tcp VpcId: Ref: VPC myInternetGateway: Type: AWS::EC2::InternetGateway AttachGateway: Type: AWS::EC2::VPCGatewayAttachment Properties: VpcId: Ref: VPC InternetGatewayId: Ref: myInternetGateway PublicRouteTable: Type: AWS::EC2::RouteTable Properties: VpcId: Ref: VPC PublicRoute: Type: AWS::EC2::Route DependsOn: AttachGateway Properties: RouteTableId: Ref: PublicRouteTable DestinationCidrBlock: 0.0.0.0/0 GatewayId: Ref: myInternetGateway PublicSubnetRouteTableAssociation: Type: AWS::EC2::SubnetRouteTableAssociation Properties: SubnetId: Ref: PublicSubnet RouteTableId: Ref: PublicRouteTable Outputs: ClusterEndpoint: Description: Cluster endpoint Value: !Sub "${RedshiftCluster.Endpoint.Address}:${RedshiftCluster.Endpoint.Port}" ClusterName: Description: Name of cluster Value: Ref: RedshiftCluster ParameterGroupName: Description: Name of parameter group Value: Ref: RedshiftClusterParameterGroup RedshiftClusterSubnetGroupName: Description: Name of cluster subnet group Value: Ref: RedshiftClusterSubnetGroup RedshiftClusterSecurityGroupName: Description: Name of cluster security group Value: Ref: SecurityGroup

另请参阅

AWS::Redshift::Cluster