AWS CloudFormation
User Guide (API Version 2010-05-15)
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查看堆栈事件历史记录

您可以使用 aws cloudformation describe-stack-events 命令跟踪 AWS CloudFormation 创建和删除的资源的状态。创建或删除堆栈所用的时间取决于堆栈的复杂度。

下面的示例中使用 aws cloudformation create-stack 命令,基于模板文件创建了堆栈。创建堆栈后,使用 aws cloudformation describe-stack-events 命令可显示在堆栈创建过程中所报告的事件。

以下示例使用 myteststack 模板文件,创建了名为 sampletemplate.json 的堆栈:

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PROMPT> aws cloudformation create-stack --stack-name myteststack --template-body file:///home/local/test/sampletemplate.json [ { "StackId": "arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-2:123456789012:stack/myteststack/466df9e0-0dff-08e3-8e2f-5088487c4896", "Description": "AWS CloudFormation Sample Template S3_Bucket: Sample template showing how to create a publicly accessible S3 bucket. **WARNING** This template creates an S3 bucket. You will be billed for the AWS resources used if you create a stack from this template.", "Tags": [], "Outputs": [ { "Description": "Name of S3 bucket to hold website content", "OutputKey": "BucketName", "OutputValue": "myteststack-s3bucket-jssofi1zie2w" } ], "StackStatusReason": null, "CreationTime": "2013-08-23T01:02:15.422Z", "Capabilities": [], "StackName": "myteststack", "StackStatus": "CREATE_COMPLETE", "DisableRollback": false } ]

以下示例说明了 myteststack 堆栈:

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PROMPT> aws cloudformation describe-stack-events --stack-name myteststack { "StackEvents": [ { "StackId": "arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-2:123456789012:stack/myteststack/466df9e0-0dff-08e3-8e2f-5088487c4896", "EventId": "af67ef60-0b8f-11e3-8b8a-500150b352e0", "ResourceStatus": "CREATE_COMPLETE", "ResourceType": "AWS::CloudFormation::Stack", "Timestamp": "2013-08-23T01:02:30.070Z", "StackName": "myteststack", "PhysicalResourceId": "arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-2:123456789012:stack/myteststack/a69442d0-0b8f-11e3-8b8a-500150b352e0", "LogicalResourceId": "myteststack" }, { "StackId": "arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-2:123456789012:stack/myteststack/466df9e0-0dff-08e3-8e2f-5088487c4896", "EventId": "S3Bucket-CREATE_COMPLETE-1377219748025", "ResourceStatus": "CREATE_COMPLETE", "ResourceType": "AWS::S3::Bucket", "Timestamp": "2013-08-23T01:02:28.025Z", "StackName": "myteststack", "ResourceProperties": "{\"AccessControl\":\"PublicRead\"}", "PhysicalResourceId": "myteststack-s3bucket-jssofi1zie2w", "LogicalResourceId": "S3Bucket" }, { "StackId": "arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-2:123456789012:stack/myteststack/466df9e0-0dff-08e3-8e2f-5088487c4896", "EventId": "S3Bucket-CREATE_IN_PROGRESS-1377219746688", "ResourceStatus": "CREATE_IN_PROGRESS", "ResourceType": "AWS::S3::Bucket", "Timestamp": "2013-08-23T01:02:26.688Z", "ResourceStatusReason": "Resource creation Initiated", "StackName": "myteststack", "ResourceProperties": "{\"AccessControl\":\"PublicRead\"}", "PhysicalResourceId": "myteststack-s3bucket-jssofi1zie2w", "LogicalResourceId": "S3Bucket" }, { "StackId": "arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-2:123456789012:stack/myteststack/466df9e0-0dff-08e3-8e2f-5088487c4896", "EventId": "S3Bucket-CREATE_IN_PROGRESS-1377219743862", "ResourceStatus": "CREATE_IN_PROGRESS", "ResourceType": "AWS::S3::Bucket", "Timestamp": "2013-08-23T01:02:23.862Z", "StackName": "myteststack", "ResourceProperties": "{\"AccessControl\":\"PublicRead\"}", "PhysicalResourceId": null, "LogicalResourceId": "S3Bucket" }, { "StackId": "arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-2:123456789012:stack/myteststack/466df9e0-0dff-08e3-8e2f-5088487c4896", "EventId": "a69469e0-0b8f-11e3-8b8a-500150b352e0", "ResourceStatus": "CREATE_IN_PROGRESS", "ResourceType": "AWS::CloudFormation::Stack", "Timestamp": "2013-08-23T01:02:15.422Z", "ResourceStatusReason": "User Initiated", "StackName": "myteststack", "PhysicalResourceId": "arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-2:123456789012:stack/myteststack/a69442d0-0b8f-11e3-8b8a-500150b352e0", "LogicalResourceId": "myteststack" } ] }

注意

您可以运行 aws cloudformation describe-stack-events 命令,并在堆栈被创建时查看所报告的事件。

最新发生的事件先报告。下表列出了 aws cloudformation describe-stack-events 命令返回的字段:

字段 说明
EventId

事件标识符

StackName

事件对应的堆栈名称

StackId

事件对应的堆栈标识符

LogicalResourceId

资源的逻辑标识符

PhysicalResourceId

资源的物理标识符

ResourceProperties

资源的属性

ResourceType

资源类型

Timestamp

事件发生的时间

ResourceStatus

资源的状态,可为下列状态代码之一:CREATE_COMPLETE | CREATE_FAILED | CREATE_IN_PROGRESS | DELETE_COMPLETE | DELETE_FAILED | DELETE_IN_PROGRESS | DELETE_SKIPPED | UPDATE_COMPLETE | UPDATE_FAILED | UPDATE_IN_PROGRESS

DELETE_SKIPPED 状态适用于带保留的删除策略属性的资源。

ResourceStatusReason

有关状态的更多信息