Amazon Simple Queue Service
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将 Amazon S3 用于大型 Amazon SQS 消息的实际可用的 Java 示例

先决条件

amazon-sqs-java-extended-client-lib.jaraws-java-sdk-sqs.jaraws-java-sdk-s3.jar 程序包添加到 Java 类路径中。以下示例说明了 Maven 项目的 pom.xml 文件中的这些依赖关系。

<dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>com.amazonaws</groupId> <artifactId>amazon-sqs-java-extended-client-lib</artifactId> <version>1.0.1</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>com.amazonaws</groupId> <artifactId>aws-java-sdk-sqs</artifactId> <version>LATEST</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>com.amazonaws</groupId> <artifactId>aws-java-sdk-s3</artifactId> <version>LATEST</version> </dependency> </dependencies>

SQSExtendedClientExample.java

以下示例代码创建具有随机名称的 Amazon S3 存储桶并添加生命周期规则以便在创建日期之后的 14 天后永久删除这些对象。接下来,代码会创建一个名为 MyQueue 的队列并将一条大小超过 256 KB 的随机消息发送到该队列;该消息存储在 Amazon S3 存储桶中。最后,代码会使用该消息,返回有关该消息的信息,并删除该消息、队列和存储桶。

/* * Copyright 2010-2018 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. * * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"). * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. * A copy of the License is located at * * http://amazonaws.cn/apache2.0 * * or in the "license" file accompanying this file. This file is distributed * on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either * express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing * permissions and limitations under the License. * */ import com.amazon.sqs.javamessaging.AmazonSQSExtendedClient; import com.amazon.sqs.javamessaging.ExtendedClientConfiguration; import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3; import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3ClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.*; import com.amazonaws.services.sqs.AmazonSQS; import com.amazonaws.services.sqs.AmazonSQSClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.sqs.model.*; import org.joda.time.DateTime; import org.joda.time.format.DateTimeFormat; import java.util.Arrays; import java.util.List; import java.util.UUID; public class SQSExtendedClientExample { // Create an Amazon S3 bucket with a random name. private final static String S3_BUCKET_NAME = UUID.randomUUID() + "-" + DateTimeFormat.forPattern("yyMMdd-hhmmss").print(new DateTime()); public static void main(String[] args) { /* * Create a new instance of the builder with all defaults (credentials * and region) set automatically. For more information, see * Creating Service Clients in the AWS SDK for Java Developer Guide. */ final AmazonS3 s3 = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.defaultClient(); /* * Set the Amazon S3 bucket name, and then set a lifecycle rule on the * bucket to permanently delete objects 14 days after each object's * creation date. */ final BucketLifecycleConfiguration.Rule expirationRule = new BucketLifecycleConfiguration.Rule(); expirationRule.withExpirationInDays(14).withStatus("Enabled"); final BucketLifecycleConfiguration lifecycleConfig = new BucketLifecycleConfiguration().withRules(expirationRule); // Create the bucket and allow message objects to be stored in the bucket. s3.createBucket(S3_BUCKET_NAME); s3.setBucketLifecycleConfiguration(S3_BUCKET_NAME, lifecycleConfig); System.out.println("Bucket created and configured."); /* * Set the Amazon SQS extended client configuration with large payload * support enabled. */ final ExtendedClientConfiguration extendedClientConfig = new ExtendedClientConfiguration() .withLargePayloadSupportEnabled(s3, S3_BUCKET_NAME); final AmazonSQS sqsExtended = new AmazonSQSExtendedClient(AmazonSQSClientBuilder .defaultClient(), extendedClientConfig); /* * Create a long string of characters for the message object which will * be stored in the bucket. */ int stringLength = 300000; char[] chars = new char[stringLength]; Arrays.fill(chars, 'x'); final String myLongString = new String(chars); // Create a message queue for this example. final String QueueName = "MyQueue" + UUID.randomUUID().toString(); final CreateQueueRequest createQueueRequest = new CreateQueueRequest(QueueName); final String myQueueUrl = sqsExtended .createQueue(createQueueRequest).getQueueUrl(); System.out.println("Queue created."); // Send the message. final SendMessageRequest myMessageRequest = new SendMessageRequest(myQueueUrl, myLongString); sqsExtended.sendMessage(myMessageRequest); System.out.println("Sent the message."); // Receive the message. final ReceiveMessageRequest receiveMessageRequest = new ReceiveMessageRequest(myQueueUrl); List<Message> messages = sqsExtended .receiveMessage(receiveMessageRequest).getMessages(); // Print information about the message. for (Message message : messages) { System.out.println("\nMessage received."); System.out.println(" ID: " + message.getMessageId()); System.out.println(" Receipt handle: " + message.getReceiptHandle()); System.out.println(" Message body (first 5 characters): " + message.getBody().substring(0, 5)); } // Delete the message, the queue, and the bucket. final String messageReceiptHandle = messages.get(0).getReceiptHandle(); sqsExtended.deleteMessage(new DeleteMessageRequest(myQueueUrl, messageReceiptHandle)); System.out.println("Deleted the message."); sqsExtended.deleteQueue(new DeleteQueueRequest(myQueueUrl)); System.out.println("Deleted the queue."); deleteBucketAndAllContents(s3); System.out.println("Deleted the bucket."); } private static void deleteBucketAndAllContents(AmazonS3 client) { ObjectListing objectListing = client.listObjects(S3_BUCKET_NAME); while (true) { for (S3ObjectSummary objectSummary : objectListing .getObjectSummaries()) { client.deleteObject(S3_BUCKET_NAME, objectSummary.getKey()); } if (objectListing.isTruncated()) { objectListing = client.listNextBatchOfObjects(objectListing); } else { break; } } final VersionListing list = client.listVersions( new ListVersionsRequest().withBucketName(S3_BUCKET_NAME)); for (S3VersionSummary s : list.getVersionSummaries()) { client.deleteVersion(S3_BUCKET_NAME, s.getKey(), s.getVersionId()); } client.deleteBucket(S3_BUCKET_NAME); } }