Amazon Elastic Container Service
开发人员指南 (API 版本 2014-11-13)
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安装 Amazon ECS CLI

按照以下说明操作以在 macOS、Linux 或 Windows 系统上安装 Amazon ECS CLI。

步骤 1:下载 Amazon ECS CLI

下载 ECS CLI 二进制文件。

  • 对于 macOS:

    sudo curl -o /usr/local/bin/ecs-cli https://s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-darwin-amd64-latest
  • 对于 Linux 系统:

    sudo curl -o /usr/local/bin/ecs-cli https://s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-linux-amd64-latest
  • 对于 Windows 系统:

    打开 Windows PowerShell 并运行以下命令:

    PS C:\> New-Item ‘C:\Program Files\Amazon\ECSCLI’ -type directory PS C:\> Invoke-WebRequest -OutFile ‘C:\Program Files\Amazon\ECSCLI\ecs-cli.exe’ https://s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-windows-amd64-latest.exe

    注意

    如果您遇到权限问题,请确保您以管理员身份运行 PowerShell。

步骤 2:(可选) 验证 Amazon ECS CLI

要验证 Amazon ECS CLI 文件的有效性,您可以使用提供的 MD5 总和或 PGP 签名。以下部分中将介绍这两种方法。

使用 MD5 总和验证

使用提供的 MD5 总和验证已下载的二进制文件。

  • 对于 macOS (比较两个输出字符串以验证它们是否匹配):

    curl -s https://s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-darwin-amd64-latest.md5 && md5 -q /usr/local/bin/ecs-cli
  • 对于 Linux 系统 (在输出字符串中查找 OK):

    echo "$(curl -s https://s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-linux-amd64-latest.md5) /usr/local/bin/ecs-cli" | md5sum -c -
  • 对于 Windows 系统:

    打开 Windows PowerShell,并找到您下载的可执行文件的 md5 散列:

    将其与此 md5 散列进行比较:

    PS C:\> Invoke-WebRequest -OutFile md5.txt https://s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-windows-amd64-latest.md5 PS C:\> Get-Content md5.txt

使用 PGP 签名验证

ECS CLI 可执行文件是使用 PGP 签名进行加密签名的。您可以通过以下步骤来使用 GnuPG 工具验证签名。

  1. 下载并安装 GnuPG。有关 GnuPG 的更多信息,请参阅 GnuPG 网站

    • 对于 macOS,我们建议使用 Homebrew。按照其网站中的说明安装 Homebrew。有关更多信息,请参阅 Homebrew。安装 Homebrew 后,从您的 macOS 终端使用以下命令:

      brew install gnupg
    • 对于 Linux 系统,使用您的 Linux 风格的程序包管理器安装 gpg

    • 对于 Windows 系统,下载并使用 GnuPG 网站上的 Windows 简单安装程序。有关更多信息,请参阅 GnuPG 下载

  2. 检索 Amazon ECS PGP 公钥。您可以使用命令检索,也可以手动创建此密钥然后导入。

    1. 选项 1:使用以下命令检索此密钥。

      gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv BCE9D9A42D51784F
    2. 选项 2:创建包含 Amazon ECS PGP 公钥的以下内容的文件,然后导入此文件:

      -----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Version: GnuPG v2 mQINBFq1SasBEADliGcT1NVJ1ydfN8DqebYYe9ne3dt6jqKFmKowLmm6LLGJe7HU jGtqhCWRDkN+qPpHqdArRgDZAtn2pXY5fEipHgar4CP8QgRnRMO2fl74lmavr4Vg 7K/KH8VHlq2uRw32/B94XLEgRbGTMdWFdKuxoPCttBQaMj3LGn6Pe+6xVWRkChQu BoQAhjBQ+bEm0kNy0LjNgjNlnL3UMAG56t8E3LANIgGgEnpNsB1UwfWluPoGZoTx N+6pHBJrKIL/1v/ETU4FXpYw2zvhWNahxeNRnoYj3uycHkeliCrw4kj0+skizBgO 2K7oVX8Oc3j5+ZilhL/qDLXmUCb2az5cMM1mOoF8EKX5HaNuq1KfwJxqXE6NNIcO lFTrT7QwD5fMNld3FanLgv/ZnIrsSaqJOL6zRSq8O4LN1OWBVbndExk2Kr+5kFxn 5lBPgfPgRj5hQ+KTHMa9Y8Z7yUc64BJiN6F9Nl7FJuSsfqbdkvRLsQRbcBG9qxX3 rJAEhieJzVMEUNl+EgeCkxj5xuSkNU7zw2c3hQZqEcrADLV+hvFJktOz9Gm6xzbq lTnWWCz4xrIWtuEBA2qE+MlDheVd78a3gIsEaSTfQq0osYXaQbvlnSWOoc1y/5Zb zizHTJIhLtUyls9WisP2s0emeHZicVMfW61EgPrJAiupgc7kyZvFt4YwfwARAQAB tCRBbWF6b24gRUNTIDxlY3Mtc2VjdXJpdHlAYW1hem9uLmNvbT6JAhwEEAECAAYF AlrjL0YACgkQHivRXs0TaQrg1g/+JppwPqHnlVPmv7lessB8I5UqZeD6p6uVpHd7 Bs3pcPp8BV7BdRbs3sPLt5bV1+rkqOlw+0gZ4Q/ue/YbWtOAt4qY0OcEo0HgcnaX 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      The details of the Amazon ECS PGP public key for reference:

      Key ID: BCE9D9A42D51784F
      Type: RSA
      Size: 4096/4096
      Expires: Never
      User ID: Amazon ECS
      Key fingerprint: F34C 3DDA E729 26B0 79BE AEC6 BCE9 D9A4 2D51 784F

      使用以下命令导入 Amazon ECS PGP 公钥。

      gpg --import <public_key_filename>
  3. 下载 ECS CLI 签名。ECS CLI 签名是存储在扩展名为 .asc 的文件中的 ascii 分离 PGP 签名。此签名文件的名称与其对应可执行文件的名称相同,追加了 .asc

    • 对于 macOS 系统:

      curl -o ecs-cli.asc https://s3.amazonaws.com/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-darwin-amd64-latest.asc
    • 对于 Linux 系统:

      curl -o ecs-cli.asc https://s3.amazonaws.com/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-linux-amd64-latest.asc
    • 对于 Windows 系统:

      PS C:\> Invoke-WebRequest -OutFile ecs-cli.asc https://s3.amazonaws.com/amazon-ecs-cli/ecs-cli-windows-amd64-latest.exe.asc
  4. 验证签名。

    • 对于 macOS 和 Linux 系统:

      gpg --verify ecs-cli.asc /usr/local/bin/ecs-cli
    • 对于 Windows 系统:

      gpg --verify ecs-cli.asc 'C:\Program Files\Amazon\ECSCLI\ecs-cli.exe'

    预期输出:

    gpg: Signature made Tue Apr 3 13:29:30 2018 PDT gpg: using RSA key DE3CBD61ADAF8B8E gpg: Good signature from "Amazon ECS <ecs-security@amazon.com>" [unknown] gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner. Primary key fingerprint: F34C 3DDA E729 26B0 79BE AEC6 BCE9 D9A4 2D51 784F Subkey fingerprint: EB3D F841 E2C9 212A 2BD4 2232 DE3C BD61 ADAF 8B8E

    注意

    输出中的警告是预料中的,没有问题;它出现是因为您的个人 PGP 密钥 (如果您有) 和 Amazon ECS PGP 密钥之间没有信任链。有关更多信息,请参阅信任 Web

步骤 3:将执行权限应用于二进制文件

将执行权限应用于二进制文件。

  • 对于 macOS 和 Linux 系统:

    sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/ecs-cli
  • 对于 Windows 系统:

    编辑环境变量并将 C:\Program Files\Amazon\ECSCLI 添加到 PATH 变量字段中,使用分号与现有条目分隔开来。例如:

    C:\existing\path;C:\Program Files\Amazon\ECSCLI

    重新启动 PowerShell (或命令提示符),以便更改生效。

    注意

    一旦设置 PATH 变量,可以从 Windows PowerShell 或命令提示符使用 ECS CLI。

步骤 4:完成安装

验证 CLI 是否正常运行。

ecs-cli --version

继续执行配置 Amazon ECS CLI

重要

您必须使用 AWS 凭证、AWS 区域和 Amazon ECS 群集名称配置 ECS CLI,然后才能使用它。