Amazon DynamoDB
开发人员指南 (API 版本 2012-08-10)
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DynamoDB Auto Scaling 的应用程序编程

除了使用 AWS 管理控制台 和 AWS CLI 之外,还可以编写与 DynamoDB Auto Scaling 交互的应用程序。本节包含两个可用于测试此功能的 Java 程序:

  • EnableDynamoDBAutoscaling.java

  • DisableDynamoDBAutoscaling.java

为表启用 Application Auto Scaling

以下程序显示了为 DynamoDB 表 (TestTable) 设置 Auto Scaling 策略的示例。其操作过程如下所示:

  • 程序将写入容量单位注册为 TestTable 的可扩展目标。此指标的范围是 5 到 10 个写入容量单位。

  • 创建可扩展目标后,程序将构建目标跟踪配置。该策略旨在将消耗的写入容量和预置的写入容量之间的比例维持在 50% 这一目标值。

  • 然后,程序基于目标跟踪配置创建缩放策略。

程序要求您为有效的 Application Auto Scaling 服务相关角色提供 ARN。(例如:"arn:aws:iam::122517410325:role/AWSServiceRoleForApplicationAutoScaling_DynamoDBTable。)在以下程序中,用实际的 ARN 替换 SERVICE_ROLE_ARN_GOES_HERE

package com.amazonaws.codesamples.autoscaling; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.AWSApplicationAutoScalingClient; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.AWSApplicationAutoScalingClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DescribeScalableTargetsRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DescribeScalableTargetsResult; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DescribeScalingPoliciesRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DescribeScalingPoliciesResult; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.MetricType; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.PolicyType; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.PredefinedMetricSpecification; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.PutScalingPolicyRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.RegisterScalableTargetRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.ScalableDimension; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.ServiceNamespace; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.TargetTrackingScalingPolicyConfiguration; public class EnableDynamoDBAutoscaling { static AWSApplicationAutoScalingClient aaClient = (AWSApplicationAutoScalingClient) AWSApplicationAutoScalingClientBuilder.standard().build(); public static void main(String args[]) { ServiceNamespace ns = ServiceNamespace.Dynamodb; ScalableDimension tableWCUs = ScalableDimension.DynamodbTableWriteCapacityUnits; String resourceID = "table/TestTable"; // Define the scalable target RegisterScalableTargetRequest rstRequest = new RegisterScalableTargetRequest() .withServiceNamespace(ns) .withResourceId(resourceID) .withScalableDimension(tableWCUs) .withMinCapacity(5) .withMaxCapacity(10) .withRoleARN("SERVICE_ROLE_ARN_GOES_HERE"); try { aaClient.registerScalableTarget(rstRequest); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("Unable to register scalable target: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } // Verify that the target was created DescribeScalableTargetsRequest dscRequest = new DescribeScalableTargetsRequest() .withServiceNamespace(ns) .withScalableDimension(tableWCUs) .withResourceIds(resourceID); try { DescribeScalableTargetsResult dsaResult = aaClient.describeScalableTargets(dscRequest); System.out.println("DescribeScalableTargets result: "); System.out.println(dsaResult); System.out.println(); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("Unable to describe scalable target: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } System.out.println(); // Configure a scaling policy TargetTrackingScalingPolicyConfiguration targetTrackingScalingPolicyConfiguration = new TargetTrackingScalingPolicyConfiguration() .withPredefinedMetricSpecification( new PredefinedMetricSpecification() .withPredefinedMetricType(MetricType. DynamoDBWriteCapacityUtilization)) .withTargetValue(50.0) .withScaleInCooldown(60) .withScaleOutCooldown(60); // Create the scaling policy, based on your configuration PutScalingPolicyRequest pspRequest = new PutScalingPolicyRequest() .withServiceNamespace(ns) .withScalableDimension(tableWCUs) .withResourceId(resourceID) .withPolicyName("MyScalingPolicy") .withPolicyType(PolicyType.TargetTrackingScaling) .withTargetTrackingScalingPolicyConfiguration(targetTrackingScalingPolicyConfiguration); try { aaClient.putScalingPolicy(pspRequest); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("Unable to put scaling policy: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } // Verify that the scaling policy was created DescribeScalingPoliciesRequest dspRequest = new DescribeScalingPoliciesRequest() .withServiceNamespace(ns) .withScalableDimension(tableWCUs) .withResourceId(resourceID); try { DescribeScalingPoliciesResult dspResult = aaClient.describeScalingPolicies(dspRequest); System.out.println("DescribeScalingPolicies result: "); System.out.println(dspResult); } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); System.err.println("Unable to describe scaling policy: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } } }

为表禁用 Application Auto Scaling

以下程序将反转前面的过程。它删除 Auto Scaling 策略,然后撤消可扩展目标的注册。

package com.amazonaws.codesamples.autoscaling; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.AWSApplicationAutoScalingClient; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DeleteScalingPolicyRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DeregisterScalableTargetRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DescribeScalableTargetsRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DescribeScalableTargetsResult; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DescribeScalingPoliciesRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.DescribeScalingPoliciesResult; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.ScalableDimension; import com.amazonaws.services.applicationautoscaling.model.ServiceNamespace; public class DisableDynamoDBAutoscaling { static AWSApplicationAutoScalingClient aaClient = new AWSApplicationAutoScalingClient(); public static void main(String args[]) { ServiceNamespace ns = ServiceNamespace.Dynamodb; ScalableDimension tableWCUs = ScalableDimension.DynamodbTableWriteCapacityUnits; String resourceID = "table/TestTable"; // Delete the scaling policy DeleteScalingPolicyRequest delSPRequest = new DeleteScalingPolicyRequest() .withServiceNamespace(ns) .withScalableDimension(tableWCUs) .withResourceId(resourceID) .withPolicyName("MyScalingPolicy"); try { aaClient.deleteScalingPolicy(delSPRequest); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("Unable to delete scaling policy: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } // Verify that the scaling policy was deleted DescribeScalingPoliciesRequest descSPRequest = new DescribeScalingPoliciesRequest() .withServiceNamespace(ns) .withScalableDimension(tableWCUs) .withResourceId(resourceID); try { DescribeScalingPoliciesResult dspResult = aaClient.describeScalingPolicies(descSPRequest); System.out.println("DescribeScalingPolicies result: "); System.out.println(dspResult); } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); System.err.println("Unable to describe scaling policy: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } System.out.println(); // Remove the scalable target DeregisterScalableTargetRequest delSTRequest = new DeregisterScalableTargetRequest() .withServiceNamespace(ns) .withScalableDimension(tableWCUs) .withResourceId(resourceID); try { aaClient.deregisterScalableTarget(delSTRequest); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("Unable to deregister scalable target: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } // Verify that the scalable target was removed DescribeScalableTargetsRequest dscRequest = new DescribeScalableTargetsRequest() .withServiceNamespace(ns) .withScalableDimension(tableWCUs) .withResourceIds(resourceID); try { DescribeScalableTargetsResult dsaResult = aaClient.describeScalableTargets(dscRequest); System.out.println("DescribeScalableTargets result: "); System.out.println(dsaResult); System.out.println(); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("Unable to describe scalable target: "); System.err.println(e.getMessage()); } } }