AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Developer Guide (API Version 2010-12-01)
AWS services or capabilities described in AWS documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon AWS.

Advanced Environment Customization with Configuration Files (.ebextensions)

You can add AWS Elastic Beanstalk configuration files (.ebextensions) to your web application's source code to configure your environment and customize the AWS resources that it contains. Configuration files are YAML formatted documents with a .config file extension that you place in a folder named .ebextensions and deploy in your application source bundle.

Tip

When you are developing or testing new configuration files, launch a clean environment running the default application and deploy to that. Poorly formatted configuration files will cause a new environment launch to fail unrecoverably.

The option_settings section of a configuration file defines values for configuration options. Configuration options let you configure your Elastic Beanstalk environment, the AWS resources in it, and the software that runs your application. Configuration files are only one of several ways to set configuration options.

The Resources section lets you further customize the resources in your application's environment, and define additional AWS resources beyond the functionality provided by configuration options. You can add and configure any resources supported by AWS CloudFormation, which Elastic Beanstalk uses to create environments.

The other sections of a configuration file (packages, sources, files, users, groups, commands, container_commands, and services) let you configure the EC2 instances that are launched in your environment. Whenever a server is launched in your environment, Elastic Beanstalk runs the operations defined in these sections to prepare the operating system and storage system for your application.

Requirements

  • Location – Place all of your configuration files in a single folder, named .ebextensions, in the root of your source bundle. Folders starting with a dot can be hidden by file browsers, so make sure that the folder is added when you create your source bundle. See Create an Application Source Bundle for instructions.

  • Naming – Configuration files must have the .config file extension.

  • Formatting – Configuration files must conform to YAML formatting requirements. Always use spaces to indent and don't use the same key twice in the same file.

    Warning

    If you use a key (for example, option_settings) twice in the same configuration file, one of the sections will be dropped. Combine duplicate sections into a single section, or place them in separate configuration files.

    For more information about YAML, see YAML Ain't Markup Language (YAML™) Version 1.1.

The process for deploying varies slightly depending on the client that you use to manage your environments. See the following sections for details: