Amazon Redshift
数据库开发人员指南 (API 版本 2012-12-01)
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示例 EXCEPT 查询

TICKIT 数据库中的 CATEGORY 表包含以下 11 行:

catid | catgroup | catname | catdesc -------+----------+-----------+-------------------------------------------- 1 | Sports | MLB | Major League Baseball 2 | Sports | NHL | National Hockey League 3 | Sports | NFL | National Football League 4 | Sports | NBA | National Basketball Association 5 | Sports | MLS | Major League Soccer 6 | Shows | Musicals | Musical theatre 7 | Shows | Plays | All non-musical theatre 8 | Shows | Opera | All opera and light opera 9 | Concerts | Pop | All rock and pop music concerts 10 | Concerts | Jazz | All jazz singers and bands 11 | Concerts | Classical | All symphony, concerto, and choir concerts (11 rows)

假定 CATEGORY_STAGE 表(临时表)包含一个额外行:

catid | catgroup | catname | catdesc -------+----------+-----------+-------------------------------------------- 1 | Sports | MLB | Major League Baseball 2 | Sports | NHL | National Hockey League 3 | Sports | NFL | National Football League 4 | Sports | NBA | National Basketball Association 5 | Sports | MLS | Major League Soccer 6 | Shows | Musicals | Musical theatre 7 | Shows | Plays | All non-musical theatre 8 | Shows | Opera | All opera and light opera 9 | Concerts | Pop | All rock and pop music concerts 10 | Concerts | Jazz | All jazz singers and bands 11 | Concerts | Classical | All symphony, concerto, and choir concerts 12 | Concerts | Comedy | All stand up comedy performances (12 rows)

返回两个表之间的差异。换而言之,返回 CATEGORY_STAGE 表中存在但 CATEGORY 表中不存在的行:

select * from category_stage except select * from category; catid | catgroup | catname | catdesc -------+----------+---------+---------------------------------- 12 | Concerts | Comedy | All stand up comedy performances (1 row)

以下等效查询使用同义词 MINUS。

select * from category_stage minus select * from category; catid | catgroup | catname | catdesc -------+----------+---------+---------------------------------- 12 | Concerts | Comedy | All stand up comedy performances (1 row)

如果反转 SELECT 表达式的顺序,则查询不返回任何行。