AWS OpsWorks 模板代码段 - AWS CloudFormation
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AWS OpsWorks 模板代码段

AWS OpsWorks 是一个应用程序管理服务,可以简化各种不同的任务,如软件配置、应用程序部署、扩展和监控。AWS CloudFormation 是一个资源管理服务,可用于管理 AWS OpsWorks 资源,如 AWS OpsWorks 堆栈、层、应用程序和实例。

AWS OpsWorks 示例 PHP 应用程序

以下示例模板部署一个存储在公用 Git 存储库中的示例 AWS OpsWorks PHP Web 应用程序。该 AWS OpsWorks 堆栈包含两个应用程序服务器及一个负载均衡器,该负载均衡器用于在各服务器间均匀分布传入流量。该 AWS OpsWorks 堆栈还包含一个后端 MySQL 数据库服务器以存储数据。有关示例 AWS OpsWorks 应用程序的更多信息,请参阅 AWS OpsWorks 用户指南 中的演练:创建应用程序服务器堆栈以了解 AWS AWS OpsWorks 基础知识

注意

ServiceRoleArnDefaultInstanceProfileArn 属性引用在首次使用 AWS OpsWorks 后创建的 IAM 角色。

该示例定义了 MysqlRootPassword 参数,并将其 NoEcho 属性设置为 true。如果您将 NoEcho 属性设置为 true,则对于描述堆栈或堆栈事件的任何调用,CloudFormation 返回使用星号 (*****) 遮蔽的参数值。

重要

不是将敏感信息直接嵌入 AWS CloudFormation 模板中,而是使用堆栈模板中的动态参数来引用在 CloudFormation 之外存储和管理的敏感信息,例如 AWS Systems Manager 参数仓库或 AWS Secrets Manager 中的信息。

有关更多信息,请参阅请不要将凭证嵌入您的模板中最佳实践。

JSON

{ "AWSTemplateFormatVersion": "2010-09-09", "Parameters": { "ServiceRole": { "Default": "aws-opsworks-service-role", "Description": "The OpsWorks service role", "Type": "String", "MinLength": "1", "MaxLength": "64", "AllowedPattern": "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9-]*", "ConstraintDescription": "must begin with a letter and contain only alphanumeric characters." }, "InstanceRole": { "Default": "aws-opsworks-ec2-role", "Description": "The OpsWorks instance role", "Type": "String", "MinLength": "1", "MaxLength": "64", "AllowedPattern": "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9-]*", "ConstraintDescription": "must begin with a letter and contain only alphanumeric characters." }, "AppName": { "Default": "myapp", "Description": "The app name", "Type": "String", "MinLength": "1", "MaxLength": "64", "AllowedPattern": "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*", "ConstraintDescription": "must begin with a letter and contain only alphanumeric characters." }, "MysqlRootPassword" : { "Description" : "MysqlRootPassword", "NoEcho" : "true", "Type" : "String" } }, "Resources": { "myStack": { "Type": "AWS::OpsWorks::Stack", "Properties": { "Name": { "Ref": "AWS::StackName" }, "ServiceRoleArn": { "Fn::Join": [ "", ["arn:aws:iam::", {"Ref": "AWS::AccountId"}, ":role/", {"Ref": "ServiceRole"}] ] }, "DefaultInstanceProfileArn": { "Fn::Join": [ "", ["arn:aws:iam::", {"Ref": "AWS::AccountId"}, ":instance-profile/", {"Ref": "InstanceRole"}] ] }, "UseCustomCookbooks": "true", "CustomCookbooksSource": { "Type": "git", "Url": "git://github.com/amazonwebservices/opsworks-example-cookbooks.git" } } }, "myLayer": { "Type": "AWS::OpsWorks::Layer", "DependsOn": "myApp", "Properties": { "StackId": {"Ref": "myStack"}, "Type": "php-app", "Shortname" : "php-app", "EnableAutoHealing" : "true", "AutoAssignElasticIps" : "false", "AutoAssignPublicIps" : "true", "Name": "MyPHPApp", "CustomRecipes" : { "Configure" : ["phpapp::appsetup"] } } }, "DBLayer" : { "Type" : "AWS::OpsWorks::Layer", "DependsOn": "myApp", "Properties" : { "StackId" : {"Ref":"myStack"}, "Type" : "db-master", "Shortname" : "db-layer", "EnableAutoHealing" : "true", "AutoAssignElasticIps" : "false", "AutoAssignPublicIps" : "true", "Name" : "MyMySQL", "CustomRecipes" : { "Setup" : ["phpapp::dbsetup"] }, "Attributes" : { "MysqlRootPassword" : {"Ref":"MysqlRootPassword"}, "MysqlRootPasswordUbiquitous": "true" }, "VolumeConfigurations":[{"MountPoint":"/vol/mysql","NumberOfDisks":1,"Size":10}] } }, "ELBAttachment" : { "Type" : "AWS::OpsWorks::ElasticLoadBalancerAttachment", "Properties" : { "ElasticLoadBalancerName" : { "Ref" : "ELB" }, "LayerId" : { "Ref" : "myLayer" } } }, "ELB" : { "Type": "AWS::ElasticLoadBalancing::LoadBalancer", "Properties": { "AvailabilityZones": { "Fn::GetAZs" : "" } , "Listeners": [{ "LoadBalancerPort": "80", "InstancePort": "80", "Protocol": "HTTP", "InstanceProtocol": "HTTP" }], "HealthCheck": { "Target": "HTTP:80/", "HealthyThreshold": "2", "UnhealthyThreshold": "10", "Interval": "30", "Timeout": "5" } } }, "myAppInstance1": { "Type": "AWS::OpsWorks::Instance", "Properties": { "StackId": {"Ref": "myStack"}, "LayerIds": [{"Ref": "myLayer"}], "InstanceType": "m1.small" } }, "myAppInstance2": { "Type": "AWS::OpsWorks::Instance", "Properties": { "StackId": {"Ref": "myStack"}, "LayerIds": [{"Ref": "myLayer"}], "InstanceType": "m1.small" } }, "myDBInstance": { "Type": "AWS::OpsWorks::Instance", "Properties": { "StackId": {"Ref": "myStack"}, "LayerIds": [{"Ref": "DBLayer"}], "InstanceType": "m1.small" } }, "myApp" : { "Type" : "AWS::OpsWorks::App", "Properties" : { "StackId" : {"Ref":"myStack"}, "Type" : "php", "Name" : {"Ref": "AppName"}, "AppSource" : { "Type" : "git", "Url" : "git://github.com/amazonwebservices/opsworks-demo-php-simple-app.git", "Revision" : "version2" }, "Attributes" : { "DocumentRoot" : "web" } } } } }

YAML

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: '2010-09-09' Parameters: ServiceRole: Default: aws-opsworks-service-role Description: The OpsWorks service role Type: String MinLength: '1' MaxLength: '64' AllowedPattern: "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9-]*" ConstraintDescription: must begin with a letter and contain only alphanumeric characters. InstanceRole: Default: aws-opsworks-ec2-role Description: The OpsWorks instance role Type: String MinLength: '1' MaxLength: '64' AllowedPattern: "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9-]*" ConstraintDescription: must begin with a letter and contain only alphanumeric characters. AppName: Default: myapp Description: The app name Type: String MinLength: '1' MaxLength: '64' AllowedPattern: "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*" ConstraintDescription: must begin with a letter and contain only alphanumeric characters. MysqlRootPassword: Description: MysqlRootPassword NoEcho: 'true' Type: String Resources: myStack: Type: AWS::OpsWorks::Stack Properties: Name: Ref: AWS::StackName ServiceRoleArn: !Sub "arn:aws:iam::${AWS::AccountId}:role/${ServiceRole}" DefaultInstanceProfileArn: !Sub "arn:aws:iam::${AWS::AccountId}:instance-profile/${InstanceRole}" UseCustomCookbooks: 'true' CustomCookbooksSource: Type: git Url: git://github.com/amazonwebservices/opsworks-example-cookbooks.git myLayer: Type: AWS::OpsWorks::Layer DependsOn: myApp Properties: StackId: Ref: myStack Type: php-app Shortname: php-app EnableAutoHealing: 'true' AutoAssignElasticIps: 'false' AutoAssignPublicIps: 'true' Name: MyPHPApp CustomRecipes: Configure: - phpapp::appsetup DBLayer: Type: AWS::OpsWorks::Layer DependsOn: myApp Properties: StackId: Ref: myStack Type: db-master Shortname: db-layer EnableAutoHealing: 'true' AutoAssignElasticIps: 'false' AutoAssignPublicIps: 'true' Name: MyMySQL CustomRecipes: Setup: - phpapp::dbsetup Attributes: MysqlRootPassword: Ref: MysqlRootPassword MysqlRootPasswordUbiquitous: 'true' VolumeConfigurations: - MountPoint: "/vol/mysql" NumberOfDisks: 1 Size: 10 ELBAttachment: Type: AWS::OpsWorks::ElasticLoadBalancerAttachment Properties: ElasticLoadBalancerName: Ref: ELB LayerId: Ref: myLayer ELB: Type: AWS::ElasticLoadBalancing::LoadBalancer Properties: AvailabilityZones: Fn::GetAZs: '' Listeners: - LoadBalancerPort: '80' InstancePort: '80' Protocol: HTTP InstanceProtocol: HTTP HealthCheck: Target: HTTP:80/ HealthyThreshold: '2' UnhealthyThreshold: '10' Interval: '30' Timeout: '5' myAppInstance1: Type: AWS::OpsWorks::Instance Properties: StackId: Ref: myStack LayerIds: - Ref: myLayer InstanceType: m1.small myAppInstance2: Type: AWS::OpsWorks::Instance Properties: StackId: Ref: myStack LayerIds: - Ref: myLayer InstanceType: m1.small myDBInstance: Type: AWS::OpsWorks::Instance Properties: StackId: Ref: myStack LayerIds: - Ref: DBLayer InstanceType: m1.small myApp: Type: AWS::OpsWorks::App Properties: StackId: Ref: myStack Type: php Name: Ref: AppName AppSource: Type: git Url: git://github.com/amazonwebservices/opsworks-demo-php-simple-app.git Revision: version2 Attributes: DocumentRoot: web