金丝雀的必需角色和权限 - Amazon CloudWatch
Amazon Web Services 文档中描述的 Amazon Web Services 服务或功能可能因区域而异。要查看适用于中国区域的差异,请参阅 中国的 Amazon Web Services 服务入门 (PDF)

金丝雀的必需角色和权限

每个金丝雀必须与附加某些权限的 IAM 角色相关联。当您使用 CloudWatch 控制台创建金丝雀时,您可以选择 CloudWatch Synthetics 为金丝雀创建 IAM 角色。如果您这样做,该角色将拥有所需的权限。

如果您要自己创建 IAM 角色,或者创建使用 Amazon CLI 或 API 创建金丝雀时可以使用的 IAM 角色,角色必须包含本部分中列出的权限。

金丝雀的所有 IAM 角色必须包含以下信任策略语句。

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lambda.amazonaws.com" }, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole" } ] }

此外,金丝雀的 IAM 角色需要以下语句之一。

不使用 Amazon KMS 或者需要 Amazon VPC 访问的基本金丝雀

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:PutObject", "s3:GetObject" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::path/to/your/s3/bucket/canary/results/folder" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::name/of/the/s3/bucket/that/contains/canary/results" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "logs:CreateLogStream", "logs:PutLogEvents", "logs:CreateLogGroup" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:logs:canary_region_name:canary_account_id:log-group:/aws/lambda/cwsyn-canary_name-*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:ListAllMyBuckets", "xray:PutTraceSegments" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "*", "Action": "cloudwatch:PutMetricData", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "cloudwatch:namespace": "CloudWatchSynthetics" } } } ] }

使用 Amazon KMS 加密金丝雀构件但不需要 Amazon VPC 访问的金丝雀

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:PutObject", "s3:GetObject" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::path/to/your/S3/bucket/canary/results/folder" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::name/of/the/S3/bucket/that/contains/canary/results" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "logs:CreateLogStream", "logs:PutLogEvents", "logs:CreateLogGroup" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:logs:canary_region_name:canary_account_id:log-group:/aws/lambda/cwsyn-canary_name-*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:ListAllMyBuckets", "xray:PutTraceSegments" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "*", "Action": "cloudwatch:PutMetricData", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "cloudwatch:namespace": "CloudWatchSynthetics" } } }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "kms:Decrypt", "kms:GenerateDataKey" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:kms:KMS_key_region_name:KMS_key_account_id:key/KMS_key_id", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "kms:ViaService": [ "S3.region_name_of_the_canary_results_S3_bucket.amazonaws.com" ] } } } ] }

不使用 Amazon KMS 但需要 Amazon VPC 访问的金丝雀

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:PutObject", "s3:GetObject" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::path/to/your/S3/bucket/canary/results/folder" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::name/of/the/S3/bucket/that/contains/canary/results" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "logs:CreateLogStream", "logs:PutLogEvents", "logs:CreateLogGroup" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:logs:canary_region_name:canary_account_id:log-group:/aws/lambda/cwsyn-canary_name-*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:ListAllMyBuckets", "xray:PutTraceSegments" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "*", "Action": "cloudwatch:PutMetricData", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "cloudwatch:namespace": "CloudWatchSynthetics" } } }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "ec2:CreateNetworkInterface", "ec2:DescribeNetworkInterfaces", "ec2:DeleteNetworkInterface" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] } ] }

使用 Amazon KMS 加密金丝雀构件并且也需要 Amazon VPC 访问的金丝雀

如果您更新非 VPC 金丝雀以开始使用 VPC,则为了包含以下策略中列出的网络接口权限,需要更新金丝雀的角色。

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:PutObject", "s3:GetObject" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::path/to/your/S3/bucket/canary/results/folder" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::name/of/the/S3/bucket/that/contains/canary/results" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "logs:CreateLogStream", "logs:PutLogEvents", "logs:CreateLogGroup" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:logs:canary_region_name:canary_account_id:log-group:/aws/lambda/cwsyn-canary_name-*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:ListAllMyBuckets", "xray:PutTraceSegments" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "*", "Action": "cloudwatch:PutMetricData", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "cloudwatch:namespace": "CloudWatchSynthetics" } } }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "ec2:CreateNetworkInterface", "ec2:DescribeNetworkInterfaces", "ec2:DeleteNetworkInterface" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "kms:Decrypt", "kms:GenerateDataKey" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:kms:KMS_key_region_name:KMS_key_account_id:key/KMS_key_id", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "kms:ViaService": [ "S3.region_name_of_the_canary_results_S3_bucket.amazonaws.com" ] } } } ] }