使用 Amazon SDK 获取 CloudWatch 指标统计数据 - Amazon CloudWatch
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使用 Amazon SDK 获取 CloudWatch 指标统计数据

以下代码示例展示如何获取 Amazon CloudWatch 指标统计数据。

操作示例是大型程序的代码摘录,必须在上下文中运行。您可以在以下代码示例中查看此操作的上下文:

.NET
Amazon SDK for .NET
注意

查看 GitHub,了解更多信息。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库 中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

/// <summary> /// Get billing statistics using a call to a wrapper class. /// </summary> /// <returns>A collection of billing statistics.</returns> private static async Task<List<Datapoint>> SetupBillingStatistics() { // Make a request for EstimatedCharges with a period of one day for the past seven days. var billingStatistics = await _cloudWatchWrapper.GetMetricStatistics( "AWS/Billing", "EstimatedCharges", new List<string>() { "Maximum" }, new List<Dimension>() { new Dimension { Name = "Currency", Value = "USD" } }, 7, 86400); billingStatistics = billingStatistics.OrderBy(n => n.Timestamp).ToList(); return billingStatistics; } /// <summary> /// Wrapper to get statistics for a specific CloudWatch metric. /// </summary> /// <param name="metricNamespace">The namespace of the metric.</param> /// <param name="metricName">The name of the metric.</param> /// <param name="statistics">The list of statistics to include.</param> /// <param name="dimensions">The list of dimensions to include.</param> /// <param name="days">The number of days in the past to include.</param> /// <param name="period">The period for the data.</param> /// <returns>A list of DataPoint objects for the statistics.</returns> public async Task<List<Datapoint>> GetMetricStatistics(string metricNamespace, string metricName, List<string> statistics, List<Dimension> dimensions, int days, int period) { var metricStatistics = await _amazonCloudWatch.GetMetricStatisticsAsync( new GetMetricStatisticsRequest() { Namespace = metricNamespace, MetricName = metricName, Dimensions = dimensions, Statistics = statistics, StartTimeUtc = DateTime.UtcNow.AddDays(-days), EndTimeUtc = DateTime.UtcNow, Period = period }); return metricStatistics.Datapoints; }
  • 有关 API 详细信息,请参阅《Amazon SDK for .NET API 参考》中的 GetMetricStatistics

CLI
Amazon CLI

获取每个 EC2 实例的 CPU 利用率

以下示例使用 get-metric-statistics 命令获取 ID 为 i-abcdef 的 EC2 实例的 CPU 利用率。

aws cloudwatch get-metric-statistics --metric-name CPUUtilization --start-time 2014-04-08T23:18:00Z --end-time 2014-04-09T23:18:00Z --period 3600 --namespace AWS/EC2 --statistics Maximum --dimensions Name=InstanceId,Value=i-abcdef

输出:

{ "Datapoints": [ { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T11:18:00Z", "Maximum": 44.79, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T20:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.92, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T19:18:00Z", "Maximum": 50.85, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T09:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.92, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T03:18:00Z", "Maximum": 76.84, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T21:18:00Z", "Maximum": 48.96, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T14:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.92, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T08:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.92, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T16:18:00Z", "Maximum": 45.55, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T06:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.92, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T13:18:00Z", "Maximum": 45.08, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T05:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.92, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T18:18:00Z", "Maximum": 46.88, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T17:18:00Z", "Maximum": 52.08, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T07:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.92, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T02:18:00Z", "Maximum": 51.23, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T12:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.67, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-08T23:18:00Z", "Maximum": 46.88, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T10:18:00Z", "Maximum": 51.91, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T04:18:00Z", "Maximum": 47.13, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T15:18:00Z", "Maximum": 48.96, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T00:18:00Z", "Maximum": 48.16, "Unit": "Percent" }, { "Timestamp": "2014-04-09T01:18:00Z", "Maximum": 49.18, "Unit": "Percent" } ], "Label": "CPUUtilization" }

指定多个维度

以下示例说明了如何指定多个维度。每个维度都指定为名称/值对,名称和值之间使用逗号。多个维度之间用空格隔开。如果单个指标包含多个维度,则必须为每个已定义的维度指定一个值。

有关使用 get-metric-statistics 命令的更多示例,请参阅《Amazon CloudWatch 开发人员指南》中的“获取指标的统计数据”。

aws cloudwatch get-metric-statistics --metric-name Buffers --namespace MyNameSpace --dimensions Name=InstanceID,Value=i-abcdef Name=InstanceType,Value=m1.small --start-time 2016-10-15T04:00:00Z --end-time 2016-10-19T07:00:00Z --statistics Average --period 60
  • 有关 API 详细信息,请参阅《Amazon CLI Command Reference》中的 GetMetricStatistics

Java
适用于 Java 2.x 的 SDK
注意

在 GitHub 上查看更多内容。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库 中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

public static void getAndDisplayMetricStatistics( CloudWatchClient cw, String nameSpace, String metVal, String metricOption, String date, Dimension myDimension) { try { Instant start = Instant.parse(date); Instant endDate = Instant.now(); GetMetricStatisticsRequest statisticsRequest = GetMetricStatisticsRequest.builder() .endTime(endDate) .startTime(start) .dimensions(myDimension) .metricName(metVal) .namespace(nameSpace) .period(86400) .statistics(Statistic.fromValue(metricOption)) .build(); GetMetricStatisticsResponse response = cw.getMetricStatistics(statisticsRequest); List<Datapoint> data = response.datapoints(); if (!data.isEmpty()) { for (Datapoint datapoint: data) { System.out.println("Timestamp: " + datapoint.timestamp() + " Maximum value: " + datapoint.maximum()); } } else { System.out.println("The returned data list is empty"); } } catch (CloudWatchException e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • 有关 API 详细信息,请参阅《Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API 参考》中的 GetMetricStatistics

Kotlin
适用于 Kotlin 的 SDK
注意

查看 GitHub,了解更多信息。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库 中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

suspend fun getAndDisplayMetricStatistics(nameSpaceVal: String, metVal: String, metricOption: String, date: String, myDimension: Dimension) { val start = Instant.parse(date) val endDate = Instant.now() val statisticsRequest = GetMetricStatisticsRequest { endTime = aws.smithy.kotlin.runtime.time.Instant(endDate) startTime = aws.smithy.kotlin.runtime.time.Instant(start) dimensions = listOf(myDimension) metricName = metVal namespace = nameSpaceVal period = 86400 statistics = listOf(Statistic.fromValue(metricOption)) } CloudWatchClient { region = "us-east-1" }.use { cwClient -> val response = cwClient.getMetricStatistics(statisticsRequest) val data = response.datapoints if (data != null) { if (data.isNotEmpty()) { for (datapoint in data) { println("Timestamp: ${datapoint.timestamp} Maximum value: ${datapoint.maximum}") } } else { println("The returned data list is empty") } } } }
  • 有关 API 详细信息,请参阅《Amazon SDK for Kotlin API 参考》中的 GetMetricStatistics

Python
SDK for Python (Boto3)
注意

在 GitHub 上查看更多内容。在 Amazon 代码示例存储库 中查找完整示例,了解如何进行设置和运行。

class CloudWatchWrapper: """Encapsulates Amazon CloudWatch functions.""" def __init__(self, cloudwatch_resource): """ :param cloudwatch_resource: A Boto3 CloudWatch resource. """ self.cloudwatch_resource = cloudwatch_resource def get_metric_statistics(self, namespace, name, start, end, period, stat_types): """ Gets statistics for a metric within a specified time span. Metrics are grouped into the specified period. :param namespace: The namespace of the metric. :param name: The name of the metric. :param start: The UTC start time of the time span to retrieve. :param end: The UTC end time of the time span to retrieve. :param period: The period, in seconds, in which to group metrics. The period must match the granularity of the metric, which depends on the metric's age. For example, metrics that are older than three hours have a one-minute granularity, so the period must be at least 60 and must be a multiple of 60. :param stat_types: The type of statistics to retrieve, such as average value or maximum value. :return: The retrieved statistics for the metric. """ try: metric = self.cloudwatch_resource.Metric(namespace, name) stats = metric.get_statistics( StartTime=start, EndTime=end, Period=period, Statistics=stat_types ) logger.info( "Got %s statistics for %s.", len(stats["Datapoints"]), stats["Label"] ) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't get statistics for %s.%s.", namespace, name) raise else: return stats
  • 有关 API 详细信息,请参阅《Amazon SDK for Python (Boto3) API 参考》中的 GetMetricStatistics

有关 Amazon SDK 开发人员指南和代码示例的完整列表,请参阅 将 CloudWatch 与 Amazon SDK 结合使用。本主题还包括有关入门的信息以及有关先前的 SDK 版本的详细信息。