使用 AWS Copilot 命令行界面 - Amazon Elastic Container Service
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使用 AWS Copilot 命令行界面

命令行界面 (CLI) 命令简化了从本地开发环境在 AWS Copilot 上构建、发布和运行生产就绪的容器化应用程序的过程。Amazon ECSCLI 与支持现代应用程序最佳实践的开发人员工作流保持一致:从使用基础设施作为代码到创建代表用户预配置的 CI/CD 管道。AWS Copilot将 AWS Copilot CLI 用作每日开发和测试周期的一部分,取代 AWS 管理控制台。

AWS Copilot 目前支持 Linux、macOS 和 Windows 系统。有关最新版本的 AWS Copilot CLI 的更多信息,请参阅版本

注意

GitHubAWS Copilot 上提供了 CLI 的源代码。最新的 CLI 文档在 AWS Copilot 网站上提供。我们建议您针对要包含的更改提交问题和拉取请求。但是,Amazon Web Services 目前不支持运行 AWS Copilot 代码的修改后副本。通过在 AWS CopilotGitterGitHub 上联系我们来报告 问题,您可以在其中打开问题、提供反馈和报告错误。

安装 AWS Copilot CLI

可使用 Homebrew 或手动下载二进制文件将 AWS Copilot CLI 安装在 Linux 或 macOS 系统上。对您的首选安装方法使用以下步骤。

使用 Homebrew 安装 AWS Copilot CLI

以下命令用于通过 Homebrew 在 macOS 或 Linux 系统上安装 AWS Copilot CLI。安装前,您应该已经安装了 Homebrew。有关更多信息,请参阅 Homebrew.

brew install aws/tap/copilot-cli

手动安装 AWS Copilot CLI

作为 Homebrew 的替代方案,您可以在 macOS 或 Linux 系统上手动安装 AWS Copilot CLI。对您的操作系统使用以下命令下载二进制文件,对其应用执行权限,然后通过列出帮助菜单来验证它是否有效。

macOS

对于 macOS:

sudo curl -Lo /usr/local/bin/copilot https://github.com/aws/copilot-cli/releases/latest/download/copilot-darwin \ && sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/copilot \ && copilot --help
Linux

对于 Linux x86(64 位)系统:

sudo curl -Lo /usr/local/bin/copilot https://github.com/aws/copilot-cli/releases/latest/download/copilot-linux \ && sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/copilot \ && copilot --help

对于 Linux ARM 系统:

sudo curl -Lo /usr/local/bin/copilot https://github.com/aws/copilot-cli/releases/latest/download/copilot-linux-arm64 \ && sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/copilot \ && copilot --help
Windows

使用 Powershell,运行以下命令:

PS C:\> New-Item -Path 'C:\copilot' -ItemType directory; ` Invoke-WebRequest -OutFile 'C:\copilot\copilot.exe' https://github.com/aws/copilot-cli/releases/latest/download/copilot-windows.exe

(可选)使用 PGP 签名验证 AWS Copilot CLI

AWS Copilot CLI 可执行文件是使用 PGP 签名进行加密签名的。PGP 签名可用于验证 AWS Copilot CLI 可执行文件的有效性。使用以下步骤通过 GnuPG 工具验证签名。

  1. 下载并安装 GnuPG。有关更多信息,请参阅 GnuPG 网站

    • 对于 macOS,我们建议使用 Homebrew。按照其网站中的说明安装 Homebrew。有关更多信息,请参阅 Homebrew。安装 Homebrew 后,从您的 macOS 终端使用以下命令。

      brew install gnupg
    • 对于 Linux 系统,使用您的 Linux 风格的程序包管理器安装 gpg

    • 对于 Windows 系统,下载并使用 GnuPG 网站上的 Windows 简单安装程序。有关更多信息,请参阅 GnuPG 下载

  2. 检索 Amazon ECS PGP 公钥。您可以使用命令检索,也可以手动创建此密钥然后导入。

    1. 选项 1:使用以下命令检索此密钥。

      gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv BCE9D9A42D51784F
    2. 选项 2:创建包含 Amazon ECS PGP 公有密钥的以下内容的文件,然后导入此文件。

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      The details of the Amazon ECS PGP public key for reference:

      Key ID: BCE9D9A42D51784F
      Type: RSA
      Size: 4096/4096
      Expires: Never
      User ID: Amazon ECS
      Key fingerprint: F34C 3DDA E729 26B0 79BE AEC6 BCE9 D9A4 2D51 784F

      使用以下命令导入 Amazon ECS PGP 公钥。

      gpg --import <public_key_filename>
  3. 下载 AWS Copilot CLI 签名。签名是存储在扩展名为 的文件中的 ASCII 分离 PGP 签名。.asc. 此签名文件的名称与其对应可执行文件的名称相同,追加了 .asc

    macOS

    对于 macOS 系统,运行以下命令。

    sudo curl -Lo copilot.asc https://github.com/aws/copilot-cli/releases/latest/download/copilot-darwin.asc
    Linux

    对于 Linux x86(64 位)系统,运行以下命令。

    sudo curl -Lo copilot.asc https://github.com/aws/copilot-cli/releases/latest/download/copilot-linux.asc

    对于 Linux ARM 系统,运行以下命令。

    sudo curl -Lo copilot.asc https://github.com/aws/copilot-cli/releases/latest/download/copilot-linux-arm64.asc
    Windows

    使用 Powershell,运行以下命令。

    PS C:\> Invoke-WebRequest -OutFile 'C:\copilot\copilot.asc' https://github.com/aws/copilot-cli/releases/latest/download/copilot-windows.exe.asc
  4. 使用以下命令验证签名。

    • 对于 macOS 和 Linux 系统:

      gpg --verify copilot.asc /usr/local/bin/copilot

    预期输出:

    gpg: Signature made Tue Apr  3 13:29:30 2018 PDT
    gpg:                using RSA key DE3CBD61ADAF8B8E
    gpg: Good signature from "Amazon ECS <ecs-security@amazon.com>" [unknown]
    gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
    gpg:          There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
    Primary key fingerprint: F34C 3DDA E729 26B0 79BE  AEC6 BCE9 D9A4 2D51 784F
         Subkey fingerprint: EB3D F841 E2C9 212A 2BD4  2232 DE3C BD61 ADAF 8B8E
    重要

    输出中的警告是预料中的,没有问题。它出现是因为您的个人 PGP 密钥(如果您有)和 Amazon ECS PGP 密钥之间没有信任链。有关更多信息,请参阅信任 Web