GetCostAndUsage - Amazon Billing and Cost Management
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China.

GetCostAndUsage

Retrieves cost and usage metrics for your account. You can specify which cost and usage-related metric that you want the request to return. For example, you can specify BlendedCosts or UsageQuantity. You can also filter and group your data by various dimensions, such as SERVICE or AZ, in a specific time range. For a complete list of valid dimensions, see the GetDimensionValues operation. Management account in an organization in Amazon Organizations have access to all member accounts.

For information about filter limitations, see Quotas and restrictions in the Billing and Cost Management User Guide.

Request Syntax

{ "Filter": { "And": [ "Expression" ], "CostCategories": { "Key": "string", "MatchOptions": [ "string" ], "Values": [ "string" ] }, "Dimensions": { "Key": "string", "MatchOptions": [ "string" ], "Values": [ "string" ] }, "Not": "Expression", "Or": [ "Expression" ], "Tags": { "Key": "string", "MatchOptions": [ "string" ], "Values": [ "string" ] } }, "Granularity": "string", "GroupBy": [ { "Key": "string", "Type": "string" } ], "Metrics": [ "string" ], "NextPageToken": "string", "TimePeriod": { "End": "string", "Start": "string" } }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

Filter

Filters Amazon costs by different dimensions. For example, you can specify SERVICE and LINKED_ACCOUNT and get the costs that are associated with that account's usage of that service. You can nest Expression objects to define any combination of dimension filters. For more information, see Expression.

Type: Expression object

Required: No

Granularity

Sets the Amazon cost granularity to MONTHLY or DAILY, or HOURLY. If Granularity isn't set, the response object doesn't include the Granularity, either MONTHLY or DAILY, or HOURLY.

Type: String

Valid Values: DAILY | MONTHLY | HOURLY

Required: Yes

GroupBy

You can group Amazon costs using up to two different groups, either dimensions, tag keys, cost categories, or any two group by types.

Valid values for the DIMENSION type are AZ, INSTANCE_TYPE, LEGAL_ENTITY_NAME, LINKED_ACCOUNT, OPERATION, PLATFORM, PURCHASE_TYPE, SERVICE, TENANCY, RECORD_TYPE, and USAGE_TYPE.

When you group by the TAG type and include a valid tag key, you get all tag values, including empty strings.

Type: Array of GroupDefinition objects

Required: No

Metrics

Which metrics are returned in the query. For more information about blended and unblended rates, see Why does the "blended" annotation appear on some line items in my bill?.

Valid values are AmortizedCost, BlendedCost, NetAmortizedCost, NetUnblendedCost, NormalizedUsageAmount, UnblendedCost, and UsageQuantity.

Note

If you return the UsageQuantity metric, the service aggregates all usage numbers without taking into account the units. For example, if you aggregate usageQuantity across all of Amazon EC2, the results aren't meaningful because Amazon EC2 compute hours and data transfer are measured in different units (for example, hours and GB). To get more meaningful UsageQuantity metrics, filter by UsageType or UsageTypeGroups.

Metrics is required for GetCostAndUsage requests.

Type: Array of strings

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 1024.

Pattern: [\S\s]*

Required: Yes

NextPageToken

The token to retrieve the next set of results. Amazon provides the token when the response from a previous call has more results than the maximum page size.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 8192.

Pattern: [\S\s]*

Required: No

TimePeriod

Sets the start date and end date for retrieving Amazon costs. The start date is inclusive, but the end date is exclusive. For example, if start is 2017-01-01 and end is 2017-05-01, then the cost and usage data is retrieved from 2017-01-01 up to and including 2017-04-30 but not including 2017-05-01.

Type: DateInterval object

Required: Yes

Response Syntax

{ "DimensionValueAttributes": [ { "Attributes": { "string" : "string" }, "Value": "string" } ], "GroupDefinitions": [ { "Key": "string", "Type": "string" } ], "NextPageToken": "string", "ResultsByTime": [ { "Estimated": boolean, "Groups": [ { "Keys": [ "string" ], "Metrics": { "string" : { "Amount": "string", "Unit": "string" } } } ], "TimePeriod": { "End": "string", "Start": "string" }, "Total": { "string" : { "Amount": "string", "Unit": "string" } } } ] }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.

DimensionValueAttributes

The attributes that apply to a specific dimension value. For example, if the value is a linked account, the attribute is that account name.

Type: Array of DimensionValuesWithAttributes objects

GroupDefinitions

The groups that are specified by the Filter or GroupBy parameters in the request.

Type: Array of GroupDefinition objects

NextPageToken

The token for the next set of retrievable results. Amazon provides the token when the response from a previous call has more results than the maximum page size.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 8192.

Pattern: [\S\s]*

ResultsByTime

The time period that's covered by the results in the response.

Type: Array of ResultByTime objects

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

BillExpirationException

The requested report expired. Update the date interval and try again.

HTTP Status Code: 400

DataUnavailableException

The requested data is unavailable.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidNextTokenException

The pagination token is invalid. Try again without a pagination token.

HTTP Status Code: 400

LimitExceededException

You made too many calls in a short period of time. Try again later.

HTTP Status Code: 400

RequestChangedException

Your request parameters changed between pages. Try again with the old parameters or without a pagination token.

HTTP Status Code: 400

Examples

Example

The following is a sample request and response of the GetCostAndUsage operation that you can use to retrieve your Amazon S3 costs. For more complex examples, such as multi-level groupings, see Expression.

Sample Request

POST / HTTP/1.1 Host: ce.us-east-1.amazonaws.com x-amz-Date: <Date> Authorization: AWS4-HMAC-SHA256 Credential=<Credential>, SignedHeaders=contenttype;date;host;user-agent;x-amz-date;x-amz-target;x-amzn-requestid,Signature=<Signature> User-Agent: <UserAgentString> Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Content-Length: <PayloadSizeBytes> Connection: Keep-Alive X-Amz-Target: AWSInsightsIndexService.GetCostAndUsage { "TimePeriod": { "Start":"2017-09-01", "End": "2017-10-01" }, "Granularity": "MONTHLY", "Filter": { "Dimensions": { "Key": "SERVICE", "Values": [ "Amazon Simple Storage Service" ] } }, "GroupBy":[ { "Type":"DIMENSION", "Key":"SERVICE" }, { "Type":"TAG", "Key":"Environment" } ], "Metrics":["BlendedCost", "UnblendedCost", "UsageQuantity"] }

Sample Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK x-amzn-RequestId: <RequestId> Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Content-Length: <PayloadSizeBytes> Date: <Date> { "GroupDefinitions": [ { "Key": "SERVICE", "Type": "DIMENSION" }, { "Key": "Environment", "Type": "TAG" } ], "ResultsByTime": [ { "Estimated": false, "Groups": [ { "Keys": [ "Amazon Simple Storage Service", "Environment$Prod" ], "Metrics": { "BlendedCost": { "Amount": "39.1603300457", "Unit": "USD" }, "UnblendedCost": { "Amount": "39.1603300457", "Unit": "USD" }, "UsageQuantity": { "Amount": "173842.5440074444", "Unit": "N/A" } } }, { "Keys": [ "Amazon Simple Storage Service", "Environment$Test" ], "Metrics": { "BlendedCost": { "Amount": "0.1337464807", "Unit": "USD" }, "UnblendedCost": { "Amount": "0.1337464807", "Unit": "USD" }, "UsageQuantity": { "Amount": "15992.0786663399", "Unit": "N/A" } } } ], "TimePeriod": { "End": "2017-10-01", "Start": "2017-09-01" }, "Total": {} } ] }

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific Amazon SDKs, see the following: