Operational Best Practices for CMMC Level 2 - Amazon Config
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Operational Best Practices for CMMC Level 2

Conformance packs provide a general-purpose compliance framework designed to enable you to create security, operational or cost-optimization governance checks using managed or custom Amazon Config rules and Amazon Config remediation actions. Conformance Packs, as sample templates, are not designed to fully ensure compliance with a specific governance or compliance standard. You are responsible for making your own assessment of whether your use of the Services meets applicable legal and regulatory requirements.

The following provides a sample mapping between the Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC) Level 2 and Amazon Config managed rules. Each Config rule applies to a specific Amazon resource, and relates to one or more CMMC Level 2 controls. A CMMC Level 2 control can be related to multiple Config rules. Refer to the table below for more detail and guidance related to these mappings.

This Conformance Pack was validated by Amazon Security Assurance Services LLC (Amazon SAS), which is a team of Payment Card Industry Qualified Security Assessors (QSAs), HITRUST Certified Common Security Framework Practitioners (CCSFPs), and compliance professionals certified to provide guidance and assessments for various industry frameworks. Amazon SAS professionals designed this Conformance Pack to enable a customer to align to a subset of the CMMC Level 2.

Amazon Web Services 区域: All supported Amazon Web Services 区域 except Middle East (Bahrain)

控制 ID Control Description Amazon Config 规则 Guidance
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

iam-group-has-users-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring that IAM groups have at least one IAM user. Placing IAM users in groups based on their associated permissions or job function is one way to incorporate least privilege.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

iam-password-policy

The identities and the credentials are issued, managed, and verified based on an organizational IAM password policy. They meet or exceed requirements as stated by NIST SP 800-63 and the Centers for Internet Security (CIS) Amazon Foundations Benchmark for password strength. This rule allows you to optionally set RequireUppercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireLowercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireSymbols (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireNumbers (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), MinimumPasswordLength (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 14), PasswordReusePrevention (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 24), and MaxPasswordAge (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 90) for your IAM Password Policy. The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

iam-policy-no-statements-with-admin-access

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, restricting policies from containing "Effect": "Allow" with "Action": "*" over "Resource": "*". Allowing users to have more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

iam-root-access-key-check

Access to systems and assets can be controlled by checking that the root user does not have access keys attached to their Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) role. Ensure that the root access keys are deleted. Instead, create and use role-based Amazon Web Services 账户 to help to incorporate the principle of least functionality.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

iam-user-group-membership-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you restrict access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring IAM users are members of at least one group. Allowing users more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

iam-user-no-policies-check

This rule ensures Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies are attached only to groups or roles to control access to systems and assets. Assigning privileges at the group or the role level helps to reduce opportunity for an identity to receive or retain excessive privileges.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

s3-bucket-policy-grantee-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by enabling s3_ bucket_policy_grantee_check. This rule checks that the access granted by the Amazon S3 bucket is restricted by any of the Amazon principals, federated users, service principals, IP addresses, or Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) IDs that you provide.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

dms-replication-not-public

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring DMS replication instances cannot be publicly accessed. DMS replication instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

ebs-snapshot-public-restorable-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring EBS snapshots are not publicly restorable. EBS volume snapshots can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

ec2-instance-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EC2 instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

elasticsearch-in-vpc-only

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) Domains are within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). An Amazon ES domain within an Amazon VPC enables secure communication between Amazon ES and other services within the Amazon VPC without the need for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

emr-master-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon EMR cluster master nodes cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EMR cluster master nodes can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

iam-user-mfa-enabled

Enable this rule to restrict access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云. This rule ensures multi-factor authentication (MFA) is enabled for all IAM users. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。Reduce the incidents of compromised accounts by requiring MFA for IAM users.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

restricted-ssh

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Security Groups can help manage network access by providing stateful filtering of ingress and egress network traffic to Amazon resources. Not allowing ingress (or remote) traffic from 0.0.0.0/0 to port 22 on your resources help you restricting remote access.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

ec2-instances-in-vpc

Deploy Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) to enable secure communication between an instance and other services within the amazon VPC, without requiring an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection. All traffic remains securely within the Amazon Web Services 云. Because of their logical isolation, domains that reside within anAmazon VPC have an extra layer of security when compared to domains that use public endpoints. Assign Amazon EC2 instances to an Amazon VPC to properly manage access.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

internet-gateway-authorized-vpc-only

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that internet gateways are only attached to authorized Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Internet gateways allow bi-directional internet access to and from the Amazon VPC that can potentially lead to unauthorized access to Amazon VPC resources.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Lambda functions cannot be publicly accessed. Public access can potentially lead to degradation of availability of resources.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

Deploy Amazon Lambda functions within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) for a secure communication between a function and other services within the Amazon VPC. With this configuration, there is no requirement for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection. All the traffic remains securely within the Amazon Web Services 云. Because of their logical isolation, domains that reside within an Amazon VPC have an extra layer of security when compared to domains that use public endpoints. To properly manage access, Amazon Lambda functions should be assigned to a VPC.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

mfa-enabled-for-iam-console-access

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that MFA is enabled for all Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) users that have a console password. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。By requiring MFA for IAM users, you can reduce incidents of compromised accounts and keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

rds-instance-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information, and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

rds-snapshots-public-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

redshift-cluster-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Redshift clusters are not public. Amazon Redshift clusters can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

restricted-common-ports

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring common ports are restricted on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) security groups. Not restricting access to ports to trusted sources can lead to attacks against the availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems. This rule allows you to optionally set blockedPort1 - blockedPort5 parameters (Config Defaults: 20,21,3389,3306,4333). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring hardware MFA is enabled for the root user. The root user is the most privileged user in an Amazon Web Services 账户. The MFA adds an extra layer of protection for a user name and password. By requiring MFA for the root user, you can reduce the incidents of compromised Amazon Web Services 账户.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring MFA is enabled for the root user. The root user is the most privileged user in an Amazon Web Services 账户. The MFA adds an extra layer of protection for a user name and password. By requiring MFA for the root user, you can reduce the incidents of compromised Amazon Web Services 账户.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

s3-account-level-public-access-blocks

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets cannot be publicly accessed. This rule helps keeping sensitive data safe from unauthorized remote users by preventing public access. This rule allows you to optionally set the ignorePublicAcls (Config Default: True), blockPublicPolicy (Config Default: True), blockPublicAcls (Config Default: True), and restrictPublicBuckets parameters (Config Default: True). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

s3-bucket-public-read-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

s3-bucket-public-write-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon SageMaker notebooks do not allow direct internet access. By preventing direct internet access, you can keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

vpc-default-security-group-closed

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) security groups can help in the management of network access by providing stateful filtering of ingress and egress network traffic to Amazon resources. Restricting all the traffic on the default security group helps in restricting remote access to your Amazon resources.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

vpc-sg-open-only-to-authorized-ports

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring common ports are restricted on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Security Groups. Not restricting access on ports to trusted sources can lead to attacks against the availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems. By restricting access to resources within a security group from the internet (0.0.0.0/0) remote access can be controlled to internal systems.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

emr-kerberos-enabled

The access permissions and authorizations can be managed and incorporated with the principles of least privilege and separation of duties, by enabling Kerberos for Amazon EMR clusters. In Kerberos, the services and the users that need to authenticate are known as principals. The principals exist within a Kerberos realm. Within the realm, a Kerberos server is known as the key distribution center (KDC). It provides a means for the principals to authenticate. The KDC authenticates by issuing tickets for authentication. KDC 维护一个包含其领域中的委托人、它们的密码及其他有关每个委托人的管理信息的数据库。
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

电子邮件 2 检查

Ensure the Instance Metadata Service Version 2 (IMDSv2) method is enabled to help protect access and control of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance metadata. The IMDSv2 method uses session-based controls. With IMDSv2, controls can be implemented to restrict changes to instance metadata.
AC.1.001 Limit information system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, or devices (including other information systems).

iam-NON-CONPRONT

Ensure an Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user, IAM role or IAM group does not have an inline policy to control access to systems and assets. Amazon recommends to use managed policies instead of inline policies. The managed policies allow reusability, versioning and rolling back, and delegating permissions management.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

iam-group-has-users-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring that IAM groups have at least one IAM user. Placing IAM users in groups based on their associated permissions or job function is one way to incorporate least privilege.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

iam-password-policy

The identities and the credentials are issued, managed, and verified based on an organizational IAM password policy. They meet or exceed requirements as stated by NIST SP 800-63 and the Centers for Internet Security (CIS) Amazon Foundations Benchmark for password strength. This rule allows you to optionally set RequireUppercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireLowercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireSymbols (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireNumbers (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), MinimumPasswordLength (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 14), PasswordReusePrevention (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 24), and MaxPasswordAge (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 90) for your IAM Password Policy. The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

iam-policy-no-statements-with-admin-access

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, restricting policies from containing "Effect": "Allow" with "Action": "*" over "Resource": "*". Allowing users to have more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

iam-root-access-key-check

Access to systems and assets can be controlled by checking that the root user does not have access keys attached to their Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) role. Ensure that the root access keys are deleted. Instead, create and use role-based Amazon Web Services 账户 to help to incorporate the principle of least functionality.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

iam-user-group-membership-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you restrict access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring IAM users are members of at least one group. Allowing users more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

iam-user-no-policies-check

This rule ensures Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies are attached only to groups or roles to control access to systems and assets. Assigning privileges at the group or the role level helps to reduce opportunity for an identity to receive or retain excessive privileges.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

iam-user-mfa-enabled

Enable this rule to restrict access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云. This rule ensures multi-factor authentication (MFA) is enabled for all IAM users. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。Reduce the incidents of compromised accounts by requiring MFA for IAM users.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

mfa-enabled-for-iam-console-access

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that MFA is enabled for all Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) users that have a console password. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。By requiring MFA for IAM users, you can reduce incidents of compromised accounts and keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring hardware MFA is enabled for the root user. The root user is the most privileged user in an Amazon Web Services 账户. The MFA adds an extra layer of protection for a user name and password. By requiring MFA for the root user, you can reduce the incidents of compromised Amazon Web Services 账户.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring MFA is enabled for the root user. The root user is the most privileged user in an Amazon Web Services 账户. The MFA adds an extra layer of protection for a user name and password. By requiring MFA for the root user, you can reduce the incidents of compromised Amazon Web Services 账户.
AC.1.002 Limit information system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute.

iam-NON-CONPRONT

Ensure an Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user, IAM role or IAM group does not have an inline policy to control access to systems and assets. Amazon recommends to use managed policies instead of inline policies. The managed policies allow reusability, versioning and rolling back, and delegating permissions management.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

restricted-ssh

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Security Groups can help manage network access by providing stateful filtering of ingress and egress network traffic to Amazon resources. Not allowing ingress (or remote) traffic from 0.0.0.0/0 to port 22 on your resources help you restricting remote access.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

restricted-common-ports

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring common ports are restricted on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) security groups. Not restricting access to ports to trusted sources can lead to attacks against the availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems. This rule allows you to optionally set blockedPort1 - blockedPort5 parameters (Config Defaults: 20,21,3389,3306,4333). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

vpc-default-security-group-closed

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) security groups can help in the management of network access by providing stateful filtering of ingress and egress network traffic to Amazon resources. Restricting all the traffic on the default security group helps in restricting remote access to your Amazon resources.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

vpc-sg-open-only-to-authorized-ports

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring common ports are restricted on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Security Groups. Not restricting access on ports to trusted sources can lead to attacks against the availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems. By restricting access to resources within a security group from the internet (0.0.0.0/0) remote access can be controlled to internal systems.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

internet-gateway-authorized-vpc-only

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that internet gateways are only attached to authorized Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Internet gateways allow bi-directional internet access to and from the Amazon VPC that can potentially lead to unauthorized access to Amazon VPC resources.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

s3-account-level-public-access-blocks

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets cannot be publicly accessed. This rule helps keeping sensitive data safe from unauthorized remote users by preventing public access. This rule allows you to optionally set the ignorePublicAcls (Config Default: True), blockPublicPolicy (Config Default: True), blockPublicAcls (Config Default: True), and restrictPublicBuckets parameters (Config Default: True). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

s3-bucket-public-read-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

dms-replication-not-public

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring DMS replication instances cannot be publicly accessed. DMS replication instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

ebs-snapshot-public-restorable-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring EBS snapshots are not publicly restorable. EBS volume snapshots can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

ec2-instance-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EC2 instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

elasticsearch-in-vpc-only

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) Domains are within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). An Amazon ES domain within an Amazon VPC enables secure communication between Amazon ES and other services within the Amazon VPC without the need for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

emr-master-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon EMR cluster master nodes cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EMR cluster master nodes can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

ec2-instances-in-vpc

Deploy Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) to enable secure communication between an instance and other services within the amazon VPC, without requiring an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection. All traffic remains securely within the Amazon Web Services 云. Because of their logical isolation, domains that reside within anAmazon VPC have an extra layer of security when compared to domains that use public endpoints. Assign Amazon EC2 instances to an Amazon VPC to properly manage access.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Lambda functions cannot be publicly accessed. Public access can potentially lead to degradation of availability of resources.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

Deploy Amazon Lambda functions within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) for a secure communication between a function and other services within the Amazon VPC. With this configuration, there is no requirement for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection. All the traffic remains securely within the Amazon Web Services 云. Because of their logical isolation, domains that reside within an Amazon VPC have an extra layer of security when compared to domains that use public endpoints. To properly manage access, Amazon Lambda functions should be assigned to a VPC.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

rds-instance-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information, and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

rds-snapshots-public-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

redshift-cluster-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Redshift clusters are not public. Amazon Redshift clusters can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon SageMaker notebooks do not allow direct internet access. By preventing direct internet access, you can keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

s3-bucket-public-write-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC.1.003 Verify and control/limit connections to and use of external information systems.

Ensure Amazon WAF is enabled on Elastic Load Balancers (ELB) to help protect web applications. A WAF helps to protect your web applications or APIs against common web exploits. These web exploits may affect availability, compromise security, or consume excessive resources within your environment.
IA.1.076 Identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users, or devices.

cloudtrail-enabled

Amazon CloudTrail can help in non-repudiation by recording Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify the users and Amazon Web Services 账户 that called an Amazon service, the source IP address where the calls generated, and the timings of the calls. Details of captured data are seen within Amazon CloudTrail Record Contents.
IA.1.076 Identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users, or devices.

emr-kerberos-enabled

The access permissions and authorizations can be managed and incorporated with the principles of least privilege and separation of duties, by enabling Kerberos for Amazon EMR clusters. In Kerberos, the services and the users that need to authenticate are known as principals. The principals exist within a Kerberos realm. Within the realm, a Kerberos server is known as the key distribution center (KDC). It provides a means for the principals to authenticate. The KDC authenticates by issuing tickets for authentication. KDC 维护一个包含其领域中的委托人、它们的密码及其他有关每个委托人的管理信息的数据库。
IA.1.076 Identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users, or devices.

启用多区域云跟踪

Amazon CloudTrail records Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify which users and accounts called Amazon, the source IP address from where the calls were made, and when the calls occurred. CloudTrail will deliver log files from all Amazon Web Services 区域 to your S3 bucket if MULTI_REGION_CLOUD_TRAIL_ENABLED is enabled. Additionally, when Amazon launches a new Region, CloudTrail will create the same trail in the new Region. As a result, you will receive log files containing API activity for the new Region without taking any action.
IA.1.076 Identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users, or devices.

redshift-cluster-configuration-check

To protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Redshift clusters. You must also ensure that required configurations are deployed on Amazon Redshift clusters. The audit logging should be enabled to provide information about connections and user activities in the database. This rule requires that a value is set for clusterDbEncrypted (Config Default : TRUE), and loggingEnabled (Config Default: TRUE). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
IA.1.076 Identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users, or devices.

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, ensure Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) logging is enabled. With Amazon RDS logging, you can capture events such as connections, disconnections, queries, or tables queried.
IA.1.076 Identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users, or devices.

s3-bucket-logging-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) server access logging provides a method to monitor the network for potential cybersecurity events. The events are monitored by capturing detailed records for the requests that are made to an Amazon S3 bucket. Each access log record provides details about a single access request. The details include the requester, bucket name, request time, request action, response status, and an error code, if relevant.
IA.1.077 Authenticate (or verify) the identities of those users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational information systems.

iam-password-policy

The identities and the credentials are issued, managed, and verified based on an organizational IAM password policy. They meet or exceed requirements as stated by NIST SP 800-63 and the Centers for Internet Security (CIS) Amazon Foundations Benchmark for password strength. This rule allows you to optionally set RequireUppercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireLowercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireSymbols (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireNumbers (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), MinimumPasswordLength (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 14), PasswordReusePrevention (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 24), and MaxPasswordAge (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 90) for your IAM Password Policy. The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
IA.1.077 Authenticate (or verify) the identities of those users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational information systems.

emr-kerberos-enabled

The access permissions and authorizations can be managed and incorporated with the principles of least privilege and separation of duties, by enabling Kerberos for Amazon EMR clusters. In Kerberos, the services and the users that need to authenticate are known as principals. The principals exist within a Kerberos realm. Within the realm, a Kerberos server is known as the key distribution center (KDC). It provides a means for the principals to authenticate. The KDC authenticates by issuing tickets for authentication. KDC 维护一个包含其领域中的委托人、它们的密码及其他有关每个委托人的管理信息的数据库。
IA.1.077 Authenticate (or verify) the identities of those users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational information systems.

iam-user-mfa-enabled

Enable this rule to restrict access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云. This rule ensures multi-factor authentication (MFA) is enabled for all IAM users. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。Reduce the incidents of compromised accounts by requiring MFA for IAM users.
IA.1.077 Authenticate (or verify) the identities of those users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational information systems.

mfa-enabled-for-iam-console-access

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that MFA is enabled for all Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) users that have a console password. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。By requiring MFA for IAM users, you can reduce incidents of compromised accounts and keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
IA.1.077 Authenticate (or verify) the identities of those users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational information systems.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring hardware MFA is enabled for the root user. The root user is the most privileged user in an Amazon Web Services 账户. The MFA adds an extra layer of protection for a user name and password. By requiring MFA for the root user, you can reduce the incidents of compromised Amazon Web Services 账户.
IA.1.077 Authenticate (or verify) the identities of those users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational information systems.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring MFA is enabled for the root user. The root user is the most privileged user in an Amazon Web Services 账户. The MFA adds an extra layer of protection for a user name and password. By requiring MFA for the root user, you can reduce the incidents of compromised Amazon Web Services 账户.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

cloudwatch-alarm-action-check

Amazon CloudWatch alarms alert when a metric breaches the threshold for a specified number of evaluation periods. 警报根据指标或表达式在多个时间段内相对于某阈值的值执行一项或多项操作。This rule requires a value for alarmActionRequired (Config Default: True), insufficientDataActionRequired (Config Default: True), okActionRequired (Config Default: False). The actual value should reflect the alarm actions for your environment.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

restricted-ssh

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Security Groups can help manage network access by providing stateful filtering of ingress and egress network traffic to Amazon resources. Not allowing ingress (or remote) traffic from 0.0.0.0/0 to port 22 on your resources help you restricting remote access.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

restricted-common-ports

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring common ports are restricted on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) security groups. Not restricting access to ports to trusted sources can lead to attacks against the availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems. This rule allows you to optionally set blockedPort1 - blockedPort5 parameters (Config Defaults: 20,21,3389,3306,4333). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

vpc-default-security-group-closed

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) security groups can help in the management of network access by providing stateful filtering of ingress and egress network traffic to Amazon resources. Restricting all the traffic on the default security group helps in restricting remote access to your Amazon resources.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

vpc-sg-open-only-to-authorized-ports

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring common ports are restricted on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Security Groups. Not restricting access on ports to trusted sources can lead to attacks against the availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems. By restricting access to resources within a security group from the internet (0.0.0.0/0) remote access can be controlled to internal systems.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

alb-http-to-https-redirection-check

To help protect data in transit, ensure that your Application Load Balancer automatically redirects unencrypted HTTP requests to HTTPS. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

Because sensitive data can exist and to help protect data at transit, ensure encryption is enabled for your Elastic Load Balancing. Use Amazon Certificate Manager to manage, provision and deploy public and private SSL/TLS certificates with Amazon services and internal resources.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

redshift-require-tls-ssl

Ensure that your Amazon Redshift clusters require TLS/SSL encryption to connect to SQL clients. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

s3-bucket-ssl-requests-only

To help protect data in transit, ensure that your Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets require requests to use Secure Socket Layer (SSL). Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

启用了 alb-http 丢弃标题

Ensure that your Elastic Load Balancers (ELB) are configured to drop http headers. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

Ensure node-to-node encryption for Amazon Elasticsearch Service is enabled. Node-to-node encryption enables TLS 1.2 encryption for all communications within the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

ELB-TLS-https-仅侦听器

Ensure that your Elastic Load Balancers (ELBs) are configured with SSL or HTTPS listeners. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

elasticsearch-in-vpc-only

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) Domains are within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). An Amazon ES domain within an Amazon VPC enables secure communication between Amazon ES and other services within the Amazon VPC without the need for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

ec2-instances-in-vpc

Deploy Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) to enable secure communication between an instance and other services within the amazon VPC, without requiring an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection. All traffic remains securely within the Amazon Web Services 云. Because of their logical isolation, domains that reside within anAmazon VPC have an extra layer of security when compared to domains that use public endpoints. Assign Amazon EC2 instances to an Amazon VPC to properly manage access.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

internet-gateway-authorized-vpc-only

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that internet gateways are only attached to authorized Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Internet gateways allow bi-directional internet access to and from the Amazon VPC that can potentially lead to unauthorized access to Amazon VPC resources.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

Deploy Amazon Lambda functions within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) for a secure communication between a function and other services within the Amazon VPC. With this configuration, there is no requirement for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection. All the traffic remains securely within the Amazon Web Services 云. Because of their logical isolation, domains that reside within an Amazon VPC have an extra layer of security when compared to domains that use public endpoints. To properly manage access, Amazon Lambda functions should be assigned to a VPC.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

dms-replication-not-public

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring DMS replication instances cannot be publicly accessed. DMS replication instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

ebs-snapshot-public-restorable-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring EBS snapshots are not publicly restorable. EBS volume snapshots can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

ec2-instance-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EC2 instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

emr-master-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon EMR cluster master nodes cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EMR cluster master nodes can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Lambda functions cannot be publicly accessed. Public access can potentially lead to degradation of availability of resources.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

rds-instance-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information, and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

rds-snapshots-public-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

redshift-cluster-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Redshift clusters are not public. Amazon Redshift clusters can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

s3-account-level-public-access-blocks

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets cannot be publicly accessed. This rule helps keeping sensitive data safe from unauthorized remote users by preventing public access. This rule allows you to optionally set the ignorePublicAcls (Config Default: True), blockPublicPolicy (Config Default: True), blockPublicAcls (Config Default: True), and restrictPublicBuckets parameters (Config Default: True). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

s3-bucket-public-read-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

s3-bucket-public-write-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
SC.1.175 Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon SageMaker notebooks do not allow direct internet access. By preventing direct internet access, you can keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
SC.1.176 Implement subnetworks for publicly accessible system components that are physically or logically separated from internal networks.

internet-gateway-authorized-vpc-only

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that internet gateways are only attached to authorized Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Internet gateways allow bi-directional internet access to and from the Amazon VPC that can potentially lead to unauthorized access to Amazon VPC resources.
SI.1.210 Identify, report, and correct information and information system flaws in a timely manner.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
SI.1.210 Identify, report, and correct information and information system flaws in a timely manner.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
SI.1.210 Identify, report, and correct information and information system flaws in a timely manner.

cloudwatch-alarm-action-check

Amazon CloudWatch alarms alert when a metric breaches the threshold for a specified number of evaluation periods. 警报根据指标或表达式在多个时间段内相对于某阈值的值执行一项或多项操作。This rule requires a value for alarmActionRequired (Config Default: True), insufficientDataActionRequired (Config Default: True), okActionRequired (Config Default: False). The actual value should reflect the alarm actions for your environment.
SI.1.211 Provide protection from malicious code at appropriate locations within organizational information systems.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
SI.1.211 Provide protection from malicious code at appropriate locations within organizational information systems.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

emr-kerberos-enabled

The access permissions and authorizations can be managed and incorporated with the principles of least privilege and separation of duties, by enabling Kerberos for Amazon EMR clusters. In Kerberos, the services and the users that need to authenticate are known as principals. The principals exist within a Kerberos realm. Within the realm, a Kerberos server is known as the key distribution center (KDC). It provides a means for the principals to authenticate. The KDC authenticates by issuing tickets for authentication. KDC 维护一个包含其领域中的委托人、它们的密码及其他有关每个委托人的管理信息的数据库。
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

iam-group-has-users-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring that IAM groups have at least one IAM user. Placing IAM users in groups based on their associated permissions or job function is one way to incorporate least privilege.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

iam-policy-no-statements-with-admin-access

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, restricting policies from containing "Effect": "Allow" with "Action": "*" over "Resource": "*". Allowing users to have more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

iam-root-access-key-check

Access to systems and assets can be controlled by checking that the root user does not have access keys attached to their Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) role. Ensure that the root access keys are deleted. Instead, create and use role-based Amazon Web Services 账户 to help to incorporate the principle of least functionality.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

iam-user-group-membership-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you restrict access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring IAM users are members of at least one group. Allowing users more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

iam-user-no-policies-check

This rule ensures Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies are attached only to groups or roles to control access to systems and assets. Assigning privileges at the group or the role level helps to reduce opportunity for an identity to receive or retain excessive privileges.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

s3-bucket-policy-grantee-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by enabling s3_ bucket_policy_grantee_check. This rule checks that the access granted by the Amazon S3 bucket is restricted by any of the Amazon principals, federated users, service principals, IP addresses, or Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) IDs that you provide.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

电子邮件 2 检查

Ensure the Instance Metadata Service Version 2 (IMDSv2) method is enabled to help protect access and control of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance metadata. The IMDSv2 method uses session-based controls. With IMDSv2, controls can be implemented to restrict changes to instance metadata.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

iam-NON-CONPRONT

Ensure an Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user, IAM role or IAM group does not have an inline policy to control access to systems and assets. Amazon recommends to use managed policies instead of inline policies. The managed policies allow reusability, versioning and rolling back, and delegating permissions management.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

dms-replication-not-public

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring DMS replication instances cannot be publicly accessed. DMS replication instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

ebs-snapshot-public-restorable-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring EBS snapshots are not publicly restorable. EBS volume snapshots can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

ec2-instance-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EC2 instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

elasticsearch-in-vpc-only

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) Domains are within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). An Amazon ES domain within an Amazon VPC enables secure communication between Amazon ES and other services within the Amazon VPC without the need for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

emr-master-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon EMR cluster master nodes cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EMR cluster master nodes can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

internet-gateway-authorized-vpc-only

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that internet gateways are only attached to authorized Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Internet gateways allow bi-directional internet access to and from the Amazon VPC that can potentially lead to unauthorized access to Amazon VPC resources.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Lambda functions cannot be publicly accessed. Public access can potentially lead to degradation of availability of resources.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

rds-instance-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information, and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

rds-snapshots-public-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

redshift-cluster-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Redshift clusters are not public. Amazon Redshift clusters can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

s3-account-level-public-access-blocks

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets cannot be publicly accessed. This rule helps keeping sensitive data safe from unauthorized remote users by preventing public access. This rule allows you to optionally set the ignorePublicAcls (Config Default: True), blockPublicPolicy (Config Default: True), blockPublicAcls (Config Default: True), and restrictPublicBuckets parameters (Config Default: True). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

s3-bucket-public-read-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

s3-bucket-public-write-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC.2.007 Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon SageMaker notebooks do not allow direct internet access. By preventing direct internet access, you can keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
AC.2.008 Use non-privileged accounts or roles when accessing nonsecurity functions.

emr-kerberos-enabled

The access permissions and authorizations can be managed and incorporated with the principles of least privilege and separation of duties, by enabling Kerberos for Amazon EMR clusters. In Kerberos, the services and the users that need to authenticate are known as principals. The principals exist within a Kerberos realm. Within the realm, a Kerberos server is known as the key distribution center (KDC). It provides a means for the principals to authenticate. The KDC authenticates by issuing tickets for authentication. KDC 维护一个包含其领域中的委托人、它们的密码及其他有关每个委托人的管理信息的数据库。
AC.2.008 Use non-privileged accounts or roles when accessing nonsecurity functions.

iam-group-has-users-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring that IAM groups have at least one IAM user. Placing IAM users in groups based on their associated permissions or job function is one way to incorporate least privilege.
AC.2.008 Use non-privileged accounts or roles when accessing nonsecurity functions.

iam-policy-no-statements-with-admin-access

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, restricting policies from containing "Effect": "Allow" with "Action": "*" over "Resource": "*". Allowing users to have more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC.2.008 Use non-privileged accounts or roles when accessing nonsecurity functions.

iam-root-access-key-check

Access to systems and assets can be controlled by checking that the root user does not have access keys attached to their Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) role. Ensure that the root access keys are deleted. Instead, create and use role-based Amazon Web Services 账户 to help to incorporate the principle of least functionality.
AC.2.008 Use non-privileged accounts or roles when accessing nonsecurity functions.

iam-user-group-membership-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you restrict access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring IAM users are members of at least one group. Allowing users more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC.2.008 Use non-privileged accounts or roles when accessing nonsecurity functions.

iam-user-no-policies-check

This rule ensures Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies are attached only to groups or roles to control access to systems and assets. Assigning privileges at the group or the role level helps to reduce opportunity for an identity to receive or retain excessive privileges.
AC.2.008 Use non-privileged accounts or roles when accessing nonsecurity functions.

iam-NON-CONPRONT

Ensure an Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user, IAM role or IAM group does not have an inline policy to control access to systems and assets. Amazon recommends to use managed policies instead of inline policies. The managed policies allow reusability, versioning and rolling back, and delegating permissions management.
AC.2.013 Monitor and control remote access sessions.

cloudwatch-alarm-action-check

Amazon CloudWatch alarms alert when a metric breaches the threshold for a specified number of evaluation periods. 警报根据指标或表达式在多个时间段内相对于某阈值的值执行一项或多项操作。This rule requires a value for alarmActionRequired (Config Default: True), insufficientDataActionRequired (Config Default: True), okActionRequired (Config Default: False). The actual value should reflect the alarm actions for your environment.
AC.2.013 Monitor and control remote access sessions.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
AC.2.013 Monitor and control remote access sessions.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
AC.2.013 Monitor and control remote access sessions.

cloud-trail-cloud-watch-logs-enabled

Use Amazon CloudWatch to centrally collect and manage log event activity. Inclusion of Amazon CloudTrail data provides details of API call activity within your Amazon Web Services 账户.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

dms-replication-not-public

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring DMS replication instances cannot be publicly accessed. DMS replication instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

ebs-snapshot-public-restorable-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring EBS snapshots are not publicly restorable. EBS volume snapshots can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

ec2-instance-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EC2 instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

elasticsearch-in-vpc-only

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) Domains are within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). An Amazon ES domain within an Amazon VPC enables secure communication between Amazon ES and other services within the Amazon VPC without the need for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

emr-master-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon EMR cluster master nodes cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EMR cluster master nodes can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

restricted-ssh

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Security Groups can help manage network access by providing stateful filtering of ingress and egress network traffic to Amazon resources. Not allowing ingress (or remote) traffic from 0.0.0.0/0 to port 22 on your resources help you restricting remote access.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

ec2-instances-in-vpc

Deploy Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) to enable secure communication between an instance and other services within the amazon VPC, without requiring an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection. All traffic remains securely within the Amazon Web Services 云. Because of their logical isolation, domains that reside within anAmazon VPC have an extra layer of security when compared to domains that use public endpoints. Assign Amazon EC2 instances to an Amazon VPC to properly manage access.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

internet-gateway-authorized-vpc-only

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that internet gateways are only attached to authorized Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Internet gateways allow bi-directional internet access to and from the Amazon VPC that can potentially lead to unauthorized access to Amazon VPC resources.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Lambda functions cannot be publicly accessed. Public access can potentially lead to degradation of availability of resources.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

Deploy Amazon Lambda functions within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) for a secure communication between a function and other services within the Amazon VPC. With this configuration, there is no requirement for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection. All the traffic remains securely within the Amazon Web Services 云. Because of their logical isolation, domains that reside within an Amazon VPC have an extra layer of security when compared to domains that use public endpoints. To properly manage access, Amazon Lambda functions should be assigned to a VPC.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

rds-instance-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information, and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

rds-snapshots-public-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

redshift-cluster-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Redshift clusters are not public. Amazon Redshift clusters can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

restricted-common-ports

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring common ports are restricted on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) security groups. Not restricting access to ports to trusted sources can lead to attacks against the availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems. This rule allows you to optionally set blockedPort1 - blockedPort5 parameters (Config Defaults: 20,21,3389,3306,4333). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

s3-account-level-public-access-blocks

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets cannot be publicly accessed. This rule helps keeping sensitive data safe from unauthorized remote users by preventing public access. This rule allows you to optionally set the ignorePublicAcls (Config Default: True), blockPublicPolicy (Config Default: True), blockPublicAcls (Config Default: True), and restrictPublicBuckets parameters (Config Default: True). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

s3-bucket-public-read-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

s3-bucket-public-write-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon SageMaker notebooks do not allow direct internet access. By preventing direct internet access, you can keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

vpc-default-security-group-closed

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) security groups can help in the management of network access by providing stateful filtering of ingress and egress network traffic to Amazon resources. Restricting all the traffic on the default security group helps in restricting remote access to your Amazon resources.
AC.2.016 Control the flow of CUI in accordance with approved authorizations.

vpc-sg-open-only-to-authorized-ports

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring common ports are restricted on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Security Groups. Not restricting access on ports to trusted sources can lead to attacks against the availability, integrity and confidentiality of systems. By restricting access to resources within a security group from the internet (0.0.0.0/0) remote access can be controlled to internal systems.
AU.2.041 Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.

cloud-trail-cloud-watch-logs-enabled

Use Amazon CloudWatch to centrally collect and manage log event activity. Inclusion of Amazon CloudTrail data provides details of API call activity within your Amazon Web Services 账户.
AU.2.041 Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.

cloudtrail-enabled

Amazon CloudTrail can help in non-repudiation by recording Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify the users and Amazon Web Services 账户 that called an Amazon service, the source IP address where the calls generated, and the timings of the calls. Details of captured data are seen within Amazon CloudTrail Record Contents.
AU.2.041 Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.

cloudtrail-s3-dataevents-enabled

The collection of Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) data events helps in detecting any anomalous activity. The details include Amazon Web Services 账户 information that accessed an Amazon S3 bucket, IP address, and time of event.
AU.2.041 Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.

elb-logging-enabled

Elastic Load Balancing activity is a central point of communication within an environment. Ensure ELB logging is enabled. The collected data provides detailed information about requests sent to the ELB. 每个日志都包含信息 (例如,收到请求的时间、客户端的 IP 地址、延迟、请求路径和服务器响应)。
AU.2.041 Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.

启用多区域云跟踪

Amazon CloudTrail records Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify which users and accounts called Amazon, the source IP address from where the calls were made, and when the calls occurred. CloudTrail will deliver log files from all Amazon Web Services 区域 to your S3 bucket if MULTI_REGION_CLOUD_TRAIL_ENABLED is enabled. Additionally, when Amazon launches a new Region, CloudTrail will create the same trail in the new Region. As a result, you will receive log files containing API activity for the new Region without taking any action.
AU.2.041 Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.

s3-bucket-logging-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) server access logging provides a method to monitor the network for potential cybersecurity events. The events are monitored by capturing detailed records for the requests that are made to an Amazon S3 bucket. Each access log record provides details about a single access request. The details include the requester, bucket name, request time, request action, response status, and an error code, if relevant.
AU.2.041 Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users so they can be held accountable for their actions.

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, ensure Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) logging is enabled. With Amazon RDS logging, you can capture events such as connections, disconnections, queries, or tables queried.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

cw-log group reten-check

Ensure a minimum duration of event log data is retained for your log groups to help with troubleshooting and forensics investigations. The lack of available past event log data makes it difficult to reconstruct and identify potentially malicious events.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

zapi-gw-execution-logging-enabled

API Gateway logging displays detailed views of users who accessed the API and the way they accessed the API. This insight enables visibility of user activities.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

cloud-trail-cloud-watch-logs-enabled

Use Amazon CloudWatch to centrally collect and manage log event activity. Inclusion of Amazon CloudTrail data provides details of API call activity within your Amazon Web Services 账户.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

cloudtrail-enabled

Amazon CloudTrail can help in non-repudiation by recording Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify the users and Amazon Web Services 账户 that called an Amazon service, the source IP address where the calls generated, and the timings of the calls. Details of captured data are seen within Amazon CloudTrail Record Contents.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

cloudtrail-s3-dataevents-enabled

The collection of Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) data events helps in detecting any anomalous activity. The details include Amazon Web Services 账户 information that accessed an Amazon S3 bucket, IP address, and time of event.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

elb-logging-enabled

Elastic Load Balancing activity is a central point of communication within an environment. Ensure ELB logging is enabled. The collected data provides detailed information about requests sent to the ELB. 每个日志都包含信息 (例如,收到请求的时间、客户端的 IP 地址、延迟、请求路径和服务器响应)。
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

启用多区域云跟踪

Amazon CloudTrail records Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify which users and accounts called Amazon, the source IP address from where the calls were made, and when the calls occurred. CloudTrail will deliver log files from all Amazon Web Services 区域 to your S3 bucket if MULTI_REGION_CLOUD_TRAIL_ENABLED is enabled. Additionally, when Amazon launches a new Region, CloudTrail will create the same trail in the new Region. As a result, you will receive log files containing API activity for the new Region without taking any action.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

s3-bucket-logging-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) server access logging provides a method to monitor the network for potential cybersecurity events. The events are monitored by capturing detailed records for the requests that are made to an Amazon S3 bucket. Each access log record provides details about a single access request. The details include the requester, bucket name, request time, request action, response status, and an error code, if relevant.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

vpc-flow-logs-enabled

The VPC flow logs provide detailed records for information about the IP traffic going to and from network interfaces in your Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). By default, the flow log record includes values for the different components of the IP flow, including the source, destination, and protocol.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, ensure Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) logging is enabled. With Amazon RDS logging, you can capture events such as connections, disconnections, queries, or tables queried.
AU.2.042 Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity.

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, enable Amazon WAF (V2) logging on regional and global web ACLs. Amazon WAF logging provides detailed information about the traffic that is analyzed by your web ACL. The logs record the time that Amazon WAF received the request from your Amazon resource, information about the request, and an action for the rule that each request matched.
CM.2.061 Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles.

ec2-instance-managed-by-systems-manager

An inventory of the software platforms and applications within the organization is possible by managing Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances with Amazon Secrets Manager. Use Amazon Secrets Manager to provide detailed system configurations, operating system patch levels, services name and type, software installations, application name, publisher and version, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.061 Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles.

ec2-managedinstance-association-compliance-status-check

Use Amazon Secrets Manager Associations to help with inventory of software platforms and applications within an organization. Amazon Secrets Manager assigns a configuration state to your managed instances and allows you to set baselines of operating system patch levels, software installations, application configurations, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.061 Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles.

ec2-managedinstance-patch-compliance-status-check

Enable this rule to help with identification and documentation of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) vulnerabilities. The rule checks if Amazon EC2 instance patch compliance in Amazon Secrets Manager as required by your organization’s policies and procedures.
CM.2.061 Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles.

ec2-security-group-attached-to-eni

This rule ensures the security groups are attached to an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance or to an ENI. This rule helps monitoring unused security groups in the inventory and the management of your environment.
CM.2.061 Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles.

ec2-stopped-instance

Enable this rule to help with the baseline configuration of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances by checking whether Amazon EC2 instances have been stopped for more than the allowed number of days, according to your organization’s standards.
CM.2.061 Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles.

ec2-volume-inuse-check

This rule ensures that Amazon Elastic Block Store volumes that are attached to Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances are marked for deletion when an instance is terminated. If an Amazon EBS volume isn’t deleted when the instance that it’s attached to is terminated, it may violate the concept of least functionality.
CM.2.061 Establish and maintain baseline configurations and inventories of organizational systems (including hardware, software, firmware, and documentation) throughout the respective system development life cycles.

eip-attached

This rule ensures Elastic IPs allocated to a Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) are attached to Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances or in-use Elastic Network Interfaces. This rule helps monitor unused EIPs in your environment.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

dms-replication-not-public

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring DMS replication instances cannot be publicly accessed. DMS replication instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

ebs-snapshot-public-restorable-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring EBS snapshots are not publicly restorable. EBS volume snapshots can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

ec2-instance-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EC2 instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

elasticsearch-in-vpc-only

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) Domains are within an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). An Amazon ES domain within an Amazon VPC enables secure communication between Amazon ES and other services within the Amazon VPC without the need for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

emr-master-no-public-ip

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon EMR cluster master nodes cannot be publicly accessed. Amazon EMR cluster master nodes can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

internet-gateway-authorized-vpc-only

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that internet gateways are only attached to authorized Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Internet gateways allow bi-directional internet access to and from the Amazon VPC that can potentially lead to unauthorized access to Amazon VPC resources.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Lambda functions cannot be publicly accessed. Public access can potentially lead to degradation of availability of resources.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

rds-instance-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information, and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

rds-snapshots-public-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

redshift-cluster-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Redshift clusters are not public. Amazon Redshift clusters can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

s3-account-level-public-access-blocks

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets cannot be publicly accessed. This rule helps keeping sensitive data safe from unauthorized remote users by preventing public access. This rule allows you to optionally set the ignorePublicAcls (Config Default: True), blockPublicPolicy (Config Default: True), blockPublicAcls (Config Default: True), and restrictPublicBuckets parameters (Config Default: True). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

s3-bucket-public-read-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

s3-bucket-public-write-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon SageMaker notebooks do not allow direct internet access. By preventing direct internet access, you can keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

ec2-instance-managed-by-systems-manager

An inventory of the software platforms and applications within the organization is possible by managing Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances with Amazon Secrets Manager. Use Amazon Secrets Manager to provide detailed system configurations, operating system patch levels, services name and type, software installations, application name, publisher and version, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

ec2-managedinstance-association-compliance-status-check

Use Amazon Secrets Manager Associations to help with inventory of software platforms and applications within an organization. Amazon Secrets Manager assigns a configuration state to your managed instances and allows you to set baselines of operating system patch levels, software installations, application configurations, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.062 Employ the principle of least functionality by configuring organizational systems to provide only essential capabilities.

ec2-volume-inuse-check

This rule ensures that Amazon Elastic Block Store volumes that are attached to Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances are marked for deletion when an instance is terminated. If an Amazon EBS volume isn’t deleted when the instance that it’s attached to is terminated, it may violate the concept of least functionality.
CM.2.063 Control and monitor user-installed software.

ec2-instance-managed-by-systems-manager

An inventory of the software platforms and applications within the organization is possible by managing Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances with Amazon Secrets Manager. Use Amazon Secrets Manager to provide detailed system configurations, operating system patch levels, services name and type, software installations, application name, publisher and version, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.063 Control and monitor user-installed software.

ec2-managedinstance-association-compliance-status-check

Use Amazon Secrets Manager Associations to help with inventory of software platforms and applications within an organization. Amazon Secrets Manager assigns a configuration state to your managed instances and allows you to set baselines of operating system patch levels, software installations, application configurations, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.064 Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational systems.

ec2-instance-managed-by-systems-manager

An inventory of the software platforms and applications within the organization is possible by managing Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances with Amazon Secrets Manager. Use Amazon Secrets Manager to provide detailed system configurations, operating system patch levels, services name and type, software installations, application name, publisher and version, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.064 Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational systems.

ec2-managedinstance-association-compliance-status-check

Use Amazon Secrets Manager Associations to help with inventory of software platforms and applications within an organization. Amazon Secrets Manager assigns a configuration state to your managed instances and allows you to set baselines of operating system patch levels, software installations, application configurations, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.064 Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational systems.

ec2-managedinstance-patch-compliance-status-check

Enable this rule to help with identification and documentation of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) vulnerabilities. The rule checks if Amazon EC2 instance patch compliance in Amazon Secrets Manager as required by your organization’s policies and procedures.
CM.2.064 Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational systems.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
CM.2.064 Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational systems.

cloud-trail-log-file-validation-enabled

Utilize Amazon CloudTrail log file validation to check the integrity of CloudTrail logs. Log file validation helps determine if a log file was modified or deleted or unchanged after CloudTrail delivered it. This feature is built using industry standard algorithms: SHA-256 for hashing and SHA-256 with RSA for digital signing. This makes it computationally infeasible to modify, delete or forge CloudTrail log files without detection.
CM.2.064 Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational systems.

Centralized management of Amazon Web Services 账户 within Amazon Organizations helps to ensure that accounts are compliant. The lack of centralized account governance may lead to inconsistent account configurations, which may expose resources and sensitive data.
CM.2.064 Establish and enforce security configuration settings for information technology products employed in organizational systems.

启用云跟踪安全跟踪

This rule helps ensure the use of Amazon recommended security best practices for Amazon CloudTrail, by checking for the enablement of multiple settings. These include the use of log encryption, log validation, and enabling Amazon CloudTrail in multiple regions.
CM.2.065 Track, review, approve, or disapprove, and log changes to organizational systems.

启用多区域云跟踪

Amazon CloudTrail records Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify which users and accounts called Amazon, the source IP address from where the calls were made, and when the calls occurred. CloudTrail will deliver log files from all Amazon Web Services 区域 to your S3 bucket if MULTI_REGION_CLOUD_TRAIL_ENABLED is enabled. Additionally, when Amazon launches a new Region, CloudTrail will create the same trail in the new Region. As a result, you will receive log files containing API activity for the new Region without taking any action.
CM.2.065 Track, review, approve, or disapprove, and log changes to organizational systems.

cloudtrail-enabled

Amazon CloudTrail can help in non-repudiation by recording Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify the users and Amazon Web Services 账户 that called an Amazon service, the source IP address where the calls generated, and the timings of the calls. Details of captured data are seen within Amazon CloudTrail Record Contents.
CM.2.065 Track, review, approve, or disapprove, and log changes to organizational systems.

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, ensure Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) logging is enabled. With Amazon RDS logging, you can capture events such as connections, disconnections, queries, or tables queried.
CM.2.065 Track, review, approve, or disapprove, and log changes to organizational systems.

redshift-cluster-configuration-check

To protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Redshift clusters. You must also ensure that required configurations are deployed on Amazon Redshift clusters. The audit logging should be enabled to provide information about connections and user activities in the database. This rule requires that a value is set for clusterDbEncrypted (Config Default : TRUE), and loggingEnabled (Config Default: TRUE). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
CM.2.065 Track, review, approve, or disapprove, and log changes to organizational systems.

ec2-instance-managed-by-systems-manager

An inventory of the software platforms and applications within the organization is possible by managing Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances with Amazon Secrets Manager. Use Amazon Secrets Manager to provide detailed system configurations, operating system patch levels, services name and type, software installations, application name, publisher and version, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.065 Track, review, approve, or disapprove, and log changes to organizational systems.

ec2-managedinstance-association-compliance-status-check

Use Amazon Secrets Manager Associations to help with inventory of software platforms and applications within an organization. Amazon Secrets Manager assigns a configuration state to your managed instances and allows you to set baselines of operating system patch levels, software installations, application configurations, and other details about your environment.
CM.2.065 Track, review, approve, or disapprove, and log changes to organizational systems.

s3-bucket-logging-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) server access logging provides a method to monitor the network for potential cybersecurity events. The events are monitored by capturing detailed records for the requests that are made to an Amazon S3 bucket. Each access log record provides details about a single access request. The details include the requester, bucket name, request time, request action, response status, and an error code, if relevant.
IA.2.078 Enforce a minimum password complexity and change of characters when new passwords are created.

iam-password-policy

The identities and the credentials are issued, managed, and verified based on an organizational IAM password policy. They meet or exceed requirements as stated by NIST SP 800-63 and the Centers for Internet Security (CIS) Amazon Foundations Benchmark for password strength. This rule allows you to optionally set RequireUppercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireLowercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireSymbols (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireNumbers (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), MinimumPasswordLength (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 14), PasswordReusePrevention (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 24), and MaxPasswordAge (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 90) for your IAM Password Policy. The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
IA.2.079 Prohibit password reuse for a specified number of generations.

iam-password-policy

The identities and the credentials are issued, managed, and verified based on an organizational IAM password policy. They meet or exceed requirements as stated by NIST SP 800-63 and the Centers for Internet Security (CIS) Amazon Foundations Benchmark for password strength. This rule allows you to optionally set RequireUppercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireLowercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireSymbols (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireNumbers (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), MinimumPasswordLength (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 14), PasswordReusePrevention (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 24), and MaxPasswordAge (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 90) for your IAM Password Policy. The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

alb-http-to-https-redirection-check

To help protect data in transit, ensure that your Application Load Balancer automatically redirects unencrypted HTTP requests to HTTPS. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

api-gw-cache-enabled-and-encrypted

To help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your API Gateway stage’s cache. Because sensitive data can be captured for the API method, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

efs-encrypted-check

Because sensitive data can exist and to help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon Elastic File System (EFS).
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

Because sensitive data can exist and to help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) domains.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

Because sensitive data can exist and to help protect data at transit, ensure encryption is enabled for your Elastic Load Balancing. Use Amazon Certificate Manager to manage, provision and deploy public and private SSL/TLS certificates with Amazon services and internal resources.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

encrypted-volumes

Because senstive data can exist and to help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

rds-storage-encrypted

To help protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in Amazon RDS instances, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

redshift-cluster-configuration-check

To protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Redshift clusters. You must also ensure that required configurations are deployed on Amazon Redshift clusters. The audit logging should be enabled to provide information about connections and user activities in the database. This rule requires that a value is set for clusterDbEncrypted (Config Default : TRUE), and loggingEnabled (Config Default: TRUE). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

s3-bucket-server-side-encryption-enabled

To help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in Amazon S3 buckets, enable encryption to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

s3-bucket-ssl-requests-only

To help protect data in transit, ensure that your Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets require requests to use Secure Socket Layer (SSL). Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

To help protect data at rest, ensure encryption with Amazon Key Management Service (Amazon KMS) is enabled for your SageMaker endpoint. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in SageMaker endpoint, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

To help protect data at rest, ensure encryption with Amazon Key Management Service (Amazon KMS) is enabled for your SageMaker notebook. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in SageMaker notebook, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

sns-encrypted-kms

To help protect data at rest, ensure that your Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topics require encryption using Amazon Key Management Service (Amazon KMS). Because sensitive data can exist at rest in published messages, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

ec2-ebs-encryption-by-default

To help protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in these volumes, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

redshift-require-tls-ssl

Ensure that your Amazon Redshift clusters require TLS/SSL encryption to connect to SQL clients. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

rds-snapshot-encrypted

Ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) snapshots. Because sensitive data can exist at rest, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

启用了 alb-http 丢弃标题

Ensure that your Elastic Load Balancers (ELB) are configured to drop http headers. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

Ensure node-to-node encryption for Amazon Elasticsearch Service is enabled. Node-to-node encryption enables TLS 1.2 encryption for all communications within the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
IA.2.081 Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords.

ELB-TLS-https-仅侦听器

Ensure that your Elastic Load Balancers (ELBs) are configured with SSL or HTTPS listeners. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
IR.2.092 Establish an operational incident-handling capability for organizational systems that includes preparation, detection, analysis, containment, recovery, and user response activities.

cloudwatch-alarm-action-check

Amazon CloudWatch alarms alert when a metric breaches the threshold for a specified number of evaluation periods. 警报根据指标或表达式在多个时间段内相对于某阈值的值执行一项或多项操作。This rule requires a value for alarmActionRequired (Config Default: True), insufficientDataActionRequired (Config Default: True), okActionRequired (Config Default: False). The actual value should reflect the alarm actions for your environment.
IR.2.092 Establish an operational incident-handling capability for organizational systems that includes preparation, detection, analysis, containment, recovery, and user response activities.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
IR.2.092 Establish an operational incident-handling capability for organizational systems that includes preparation, detection, analysis, containment, recovery, and user response activities.

Amazon GuardDuty helps you understand the impact of an incident by classifying findings by severity: low, medium, and high. You can use these classifications for determining remediation strategies and priorities. This rule allows you to optionally set the daysLowSev (Config Default: 30), daysMediumSev (Config Default: 7), and daysHighSev (Config Default: 1) for non-archived findings, as required by your organization's policies.
IR.2.092 Establish an operational incident-handling capability for organizational systems that includes preparation, detection, analysis, containment, recovery, and user response activities.

Enable this rule to help notify the appropriate personnel through Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) or Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) when a function has failed.
IR.2.092 Establish an operational incident-handling capability for organizational systems that includes preparation, detection, analysis, containment, recovery, and user response activities.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
IR.2.093 Detect and report events.

cloudwatch-alarm-action-check

Amazon CloudWatch alarms alert when a metric breaches the threshold for a specified number of evaluation periods. 警报根据指标或表达式在多个时间段内相对于某阈值的值执行一项或多项操作。This rule requires a value for alarmActionRequired (Config Default: True), insufficientDataActionRequired (Config Default: True), okActionRequired (Config Default: False). The actual value should reflect the alarm actions for your environment.
IR.2.093 Detect and report events.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
IR.2.093 Detect and report events.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
IR.2.093 Detect and report events.

Enable this rule to help notify the appropriate personnel through Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) or Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) when a function has failed.
MA.2.113 Require multifactor authentication to establish nonlocal maintenance sessions via external network connections and terminate such connections when nonlocal maintenance is complete.

iam-user-mfa-enabled

Enable this rule to restrict access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云. This rule ensures multi-factor authentication (MFA) is enabled for all IAM users. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。Reduce the incidents of compromised accounts by requiring MFA for IAM users.
MA.2.113 Require multifactor authentication to establish nonlocal maintenance sessions via external network connections and terminate such connections when nonlocal maintenance is complete.

mfa-enabled-for-iam-console-access

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that MFA is enabled for all Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) users that have a console password. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。By requiring MFA for IAM users, you can reduce incidents of compromised accounts and keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

db-instance-backup-enabled

The backup feature of Amazon RDS creates backups of your databases and transaction logs. Amazon RDS automatically creates a storage volume snapshot of your DB instance, backing up the entire DB instance. The system allows you to set specific retention periods to meet your resilience requirements.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

dynamodb-pitr-enabled

Enable this rule to check that information has been backed up. It also maintains the backups by ensuring that point-in-time recovery is enabled in Amazon DynamoDB. The recovery maintains continuous backups of your table for the last 35 days.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

elasticache-redis-cluster-automatic-backup-check

When automatic backups are enabled, Amazon ElastiCache creates a backup of the cluster on a daily basis. The backup can be retained for a number of days as specified by your organization. 自动备份可以帮助防止数据丢失。If a failure occurs, you can create a new cluster, which restores your data from the most recent backup.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

s3-bucket-replication-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) Cross-Region Replication (CRR) supports maintaining adequate capacity and availability. CRR enables automatic, asynchronous copying of objects across Amazon S3 buckets to help ensure that data availability is maintained.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

s3-bucket-versioning-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket versioning helps keep multiple variants of an object in the same Amazon S3 bucket. Use versioning to preserve, retrieve, and restore every version of every object stored in your Amazon S3 bucket. Versioning helps you to easily recover from unintended user actions and application failures.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

备份中的动态计划

To help with data back-up processes, ensure your Amazon DynamoDB tables are a part of an Amazon Backup plan. Amazon Backup is a fully managed backup service with a policy-based backup solution. This solution simplifies your backup management and enables you to meet your business and regulatory backup compliance requirements.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

备份计划

To help with data back-up processes, ensure your Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes are a part of an Amazon Backup plan. Amazon Backup is a fully managed backup service with a policy-based backup solution. This solution simplifies your backup management and enables you to meet your business and regulatory backup compliance requirements.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

EFS 进入备份计划

To help with data back-up processes, ensure your Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) file systems are a part of an Amazon Backup plan. Amazon Backup is a fully managed backup service with a policy-based backup solution. This solution simplifies your backup management and enables you to meet your business and regulatory backup compliance requirements.
RE.2.137 Regularly perform and test data backups.

备份计划中的 RDS

To help with data back-up processes, ensure your Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are a part of an Amazon Backup plan. Amazon Backup is a fully managed backup service with a policy-based backup solution. This solution simplifies your backup management and enables you to meet your business and regulatory backup compliance requirements.
RM.2.142 Scan for vulnerabilities in organizational systems and applications periodically and when new vulnerabilities affecting those systems and applications are identified.Â

ec2-managedinstance-patch-compliance-status-check

Enable this rule to help with identification and documentation of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) vulnerabilities. The rule checks if Amazon EC2 instance patch compliance in Amazon Secrets Manager as required by your organization’s policies and procedures.
SI.2.214 Monitor system security alerts and advisories and take action in response.

cloudwatch-alarm-action-check

Amazon CloudWatch alarms alert when a metric breaches the threshold for a specified number of evaluation periods. 警报根据指标或表达式在多个时间段内相对于某阈值的值执行一项或多项操作。This rule requires a value for alarmActionRequired (Config Default: True), insufficientDataActionRequired (Config Default: True), okActionRequired (Config Default: False). The actual value should reflect the alarm actions for your environment.
SI.2.214 Monitor system security alerts and advisories and take action in response.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
SI.2.214 Monitor system security alerts and advisories and take action in response.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
SI.2.214 Monitor system security alerts and advisories and take action in response.

ec2-managedinstance-association-compliance-status-check

Use Amazon Secrets Manager Associations to help with inventory of software platforms and applications within an organization. Amazon Secrets Manager assigns a configuration state to your managed instances and allows you to set baselines of operating system patch levels, software installations, application configurations, and other details about your environment.
SI.2.214 Monitor system security alerts and advisories and take action in response.

cloud-trail-cloud-watch-logs-enabled

Use Amazon CloudWatch to centrally collect and manage log event activity. Inclusion of Amazon CloudTrail data provides details of API call activity within your Amazon Web Services 账户.
SI.2.216 Monitor organizational systems, including inbound and outbound communications traffic, to detect attacks and indicators of potential attacks.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
SI.2.216 Monitor organizational systems, including inbound and outbound communications traffic, to detect attacks and indicators of potential attacks.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
SI.2.216 Monitor organizational systems, including inbound and outbound communications traffic, to detect attacks and indicators of potential attacks.

cloud-trail-cloud-watch-logs-enabled

Use Amazon CloudWatch to centrally collect and manage log event activity. Inclusion of Amazon CloudTrail data provides details of API call activity within your Amazon Web Services 账户.
SI.2.216 Monitor organizational systems, including inbound and outbound communications traffic, to detect attacks and indicators of potential attacks.

Ensure Amazon WAF is enabled on Elastic Load Balancers (ELB) to help protect web applications. A WAF helps to protect your web applications or APIs against common web exploits. These web exploits may affect availability, compromise security, or consume excessive resources within your environment.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

ec2-managedinstance-association-compliance-status-check

Use Amazon Secrets Manager Associations to help with inventory of software platforms and applications within an organization. Amazon Secrets Manager assigns a configuration state to your managed instances and allows you to set baselines of operating system patch levels, software installations, application configurations, and other details about your environment.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

cloud-trail-cloud-watch-logs-enabled

Use Amazon CloudWatch to centrally collect and manage log event activity. Inclusion of Amazon CloudTrail data provides details of API call activity within your Amazon Web Services 账户.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

zapi-gw-execution-logging-enabled

API Gateway logging displays detailed views of users who accessed the API and the way they accessed the API. This insight enables visibility of user activities.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

cloudtrail-enabled

Amazon CloudTrail can help in non-repudiation by recording Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify the users and Amazon Web Services 账户 that called an Amazon service, the source IP address where the calls generated, and the timings of the calls. Details of captured data are seen within Amazon CloudTrail Record Contents.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

cloudtrail-s3-dataevents-enabled

The collection of Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) data events helps in detecting any anomalous activity. The details include Amazon Web Services 账户 information that accessed an Amazon S3 bucket, IP address, and time of event.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

redshift-cluster-configuration-check

To protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Redshift clusters. You must also ensure that required configurations are deployed on Amazon Redshift clusters. The audit logging should be enabled to provide information about connections and user activities in the database. This rule requires that a value is set for clusterDbEncrypted (Config Default : TRUE), and loggingEnabled (Config Default: TRUE). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

elb-logging-enabled

Elastic Load Balancing activity is a central point of communication within an environment. Ensure ELB logging is enabled. The collected data provides detailed information about requests sent to the ELB. 每个日志都包含信息 (例如,收到请求的时间、客户端的 IP 地址、延迟、请求路径和服务器响应)。
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

启用多区域云跟踪

Amazon CloudTrail records Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify which users and accounts called Amazon, the source IP address from where the calls were made, and when the calls occurred. CloudTrail will deliver log files from all Amazon Web Services 区域 to your S3 bucket if MULTI_REGION_CLOUD_TRAIL_ENABLED is enabled. Additionally, when Amazon launches a new Region, CloudTrail will create the same trail in the new Region. As a result, you will receive log files containing API activity for the new Region without taking any action.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, ensure Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) logging is enabled. With Amazon RDS logging, you can capture events such as connections, disconnections, queries, or tables queried.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

s3-bucket-logging-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) server access logging provides a method to monitor the network for potential cybersecurity events. The events are monitored by capturing detailed records for the requests that are made to an Amazon S3 bucket. Each access log record provides details about a single access request. The details include the requester, bucket name, request time, request action, response status, and an error code, if relevant.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

vpc-flow-logs-enabled

The VPC flow logs provide detailed records for information about the IP traffic going to and from network interfaces in your Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). By default, the flow log record includes values for the different components of the IP flow, including the source, destination, and protocol.
SI.2.217 Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems.

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, enable Amazon WAF (V2) logging on regional and global web ACLs. Amazon WAF logging provides detailed information about the traffic that is analyzed by your web ACL. The logs record the time that Amazon WAF received the request from your Amazon resource, information about the request, and an action for the rule that each request matched.

Template

The template is available on GitHub: Operational Best Practices for CMMC Level 2.