Operational Best Practices for FedRAMP(Low) - Amazon Config
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Operational Best Practices for FedRAMP(Low)

Conformance packs provide a general-purpose compliance framework designed to enable you to create security, operational or cost-optimization governance checks using managed or custom Amazon Config rules and Amazon Config remediation actions. Conformance Packs, as sample templates, are not designed to fully ensure compliance with a specific governance or compliance standard. You are responsible for making your own assessment of whether your use of the Services meets applicable legal and regulatory requirements.

The following provides a sample mapping between the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) Low Baseline Controls and Amazon Config managed rules. Each Config rule applies to a specific Amazon resource, and relates to one or more FedRAMP controls. A FedRAMP control can be related to multiple Config rules. Refer to the table below for more detail and guidance related to these mappings.

Amazon Web Services 区域: All supported Amazon Web Services 区域 except Middle East (Bahrain)

控制 ID Control Description Amazon Config 规则 Guidance
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

secretsmanager-scheduled-rotation-success-check

This rule ensures that Amazon Secrets Manager secrets have rotated successfully according to the rotation schedule. Rotating secrets on a regular schedule can shorten the period that a secret is active, and potentially reduce the business impact if it is compromised.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

iam-password-policy

The identities and the credentials are issued, managed, and verified based on an organizational IAM password policy. They meet or exceed requirements as stated by NIST SP 800-63 and the Centers for Internet Security (CIS) Amazon Foundations Benchmark for password strength. This rule allows you to optionally set RequireUppercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireLowercaseCharacters (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireSymbols (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), RequireNumbers (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: true), MinimumPasswordLength (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 14), PasswordReusePrevention (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 24), and MaxPasswordAge (Amazon Foundational Security Best Practices value: 90) for your IAM Password Policy. The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

access-keys-rotated

The credentials are audited for authorized devices, users, and processes by ensuring IAM access keys are rotated as per organizational policy. Changing the access keys on a regular schedule is a security best practice. It shortens the period an access key is active and reduces the business impact if the keys are compromised. This rule requires an access key rotation value (Config Default: 90). The actual value should reflect your organization's policies.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

iam-user-unused-credentials-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you with access permissions and authorizations by checking for IAM passwords and access keys that are not used for a specified time period. If these unused credentials are identified, you should disable and/or remove the credentials, as this may violate the principle of least privilege. This rule requires you to set a value to the maxCredentialUsageAge (Config Default: 90). The actual value should reflect your organization's policies.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

iam-user-group-membership-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you restrict access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring IAM users are members of at least one group. Allowing users more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

Amazon Security Hub helps to monitor unauthorized personnel, connections, devices, and software. Amazon Security Hub aggregates, organizes, and prioritizes the security alerts, or findings, from multiple Amazon services. Some such services are Amazon Security Hub, Amazon Inspector, Amazon Macie, Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Access Analyzer, and Amazon Firewall Manager, and Amazon Partner solutions.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

Amazon GuardDuty can help to monitor and detect potential cybersecurity events by using threat intelligence feeds. These include lists of malicious IPs and machine learning to identify unexpected, unauthorized, and malicious activity within your Amazon Web Services 云 environment.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

cloud-trail-cloud-watch-logs-enabled

Use Amazon CloudWatch to centrally collect and manage log event activity. Inclusion of Amazon CloudTrail data provides details of API call activity within your Amazon Web Services 账户.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

cloudtrail-enabled

Amazon CloudTrail can help in non-repudiation by recording Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify the users and Amazon Web Services 账户 that called an Amazon service, the source IP address where the calls generated, and the timings of the calls. Details of captured data are seen within Amazon CloudTrail Record Contents.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

启用多区域云跟踪

Amazon CloudTrail records Amazon Web Services Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify which users and accounts called Amazon, the source IP address from where the calls were made, and when the calls occurred. CloudTrail will deliver log files from all Amazon Web Services 区域 to your S3 bucket if MULTI_REGION_CLOUD_TRAIL_ENABLED is enabled. Additionally, when Amazon launches a new Region, CloudTrail will create the same trail in the new Region. As a result, you will receive log files containing API activity for the new Region without taking any action.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, ensure Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) logging is enabled. With Amazon RDS logging, you can capture events such as connections, disconnections, queries, or tables queried.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

cloudwatch-alarm-action-check

Amazon CloudWatch alarms alert when a metric breaches the threshold for a specified number of evaluation periods. 警报根据指标或表达式在多个时间段内相对于某阈值的值执行一项或多项操作。This rule requires a value for alarmActionRequired (Config Default: True), insufficientDataActionRequired (Config Default: True), okActionRequired (Config Default: False). The actual value should reflect the alarm actions for your environment.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

redshift-cluster-configuration-check

To protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Redshift clusters. You must also ensure that required configurations are deployed on Amazon Redshift clusters. The audit logging should be enabled to provide information about connections and user activities in the database. This rule requires that a value is set for clusterDbEncrypted (Config Default : TRUE), and loggingEnabled (Config Default: TRUE). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

iam-root-access-key-check

Access to systems and assets can be controlled by checking that the root user does not have access keys attached to their Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) role. Ensure that the root access keys are deleted. Instead, create and use role-based Amazon Web Services 账户 to help to incorporate the principle of least functionality.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

s3-bucket-logging-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) server access logging provides a method to monitor the network for potential cybersecurity events. The events are monitored by capturing detailed records for the requests that are made to an Amazon S3 bucket. Each access log record provides details about a single access request. The details include the requester, bucket name, request time, request action, response status, and an error code, if relevant.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

cloudtrail-s3-dataevents-enabled

The collection of Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) data events helps in detecting any anomalous activity. The details include Amazon Web Services 账户 information that accessed an Amazon S3 bucket, IP address, and time of event.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring MFA is enabled for the root user. The root user is the most privileged user in an Amazon Web Services 账户. The MFA adds an extra layer of protection for a user name and password. By requiring MFA for the root user, you can reduce the incidents of compromised Amazon Web Services 账户.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

emr-kerberos-enabled

The access permissions and authorizations can be managed and incorporated with the principles of least privilege and separation of duties, by enabling Kerberos for Amazon EMR clusters. In Kerberos, the services and the users that need to authenticate are known as principals. The principals exist within a Kerberos realm. Within the realm, a Kerberos server is known as the key distribution center (KDC). It provides a means for the principals to authenticate. The KDC authenticates by issuing tickets for authentication. KDC 维护一个包含其领域中的委托人、它们的密码及其他有关每个委托人的管理信息的数据库。
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

iam-group-has-users-check

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, by ensuring that IAM groups have at least one IAM user. Placing IAM users in groups based on their associated permissions or job function is one way to incorporate least privilege.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

iam-policy-no-statements-with-admin-access

Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) can help you incorporate the principles of least privilege and separation of duties with access permissions and authorizations, restricting policies from containing "Effect": "Allow" with "Action": "*" over "Resource": "*". Allowing users to have more privileges than needed to complete a task may violate the principle of least privilege and separation of duties.
AC-2 ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT

iam-user-no-policies-check

This rule ensures Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies are attached only to groups or roles to control access to systems and assets. Assigning privileges at the group or the role level helps to reduce opportunity for an identity to receive or retain excessive privileges.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

s3-bucket-public-write-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring Amazon Lambda functions cannot be publicly accessed. Public access can potentially lead to degradation of availability of resources.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

rds-snapshots-public-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are not public. Amazon RDS database instances can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

redshift-cluster-public-access-check

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Redshift clusters are not public. Amazon Redshift clusters can contain sensitive information and principles and access control is required for such accounts.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

s3-bucket-policy-grantee-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by enabling s3_ bucket_policy_grantee_check. This rule checks that the access granted by the Amazon S3 bucket is restricted by any of the Amazon principals, federated users, service principals, IP addresses, or Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) IDs that you provide.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

s3-bucket-public-read-prohibited

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by only allowing authorized users, processes, and devices access to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. The management of access should be consistent with the classification of the data.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

s3-account-level-public-access-blocks

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets cannot be publicly accessed. This rule helps keeping sensitive data safe from unauthorized remote users by preventing public access. This rule allows you to optionally set the ignorePublicAcls (Config Default: True), blockPublicPolicy (Config Default: True), blockPublicAcls (Config Default: True), and restrictPublicBuckets parameters (Config Default: True). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

dms-replication-not-public

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring DMS replication instances cannot be publicly accessed. DMS replication instances can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

ebs-snapshot-public-restorable-check

Manage access to the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring EBS snapshots are not publicly restorable. EBS volume snapshots can contain sensitive information and access control is required for such accounts.
AC-3 ACCESS ENFORCEMENT

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that Amazon SageMaker notebooks do not allow direct internet access. By preventing direct internet access, you can keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
AC-17 REMOTE ACCESS

alb-http-to-https-redirection-check

To help protect data in transit, ensure that your Application Load Balancer automatically redirects unencrypted HTTP requests to HTTPS. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
AC-17 REMOTE ACCESS

redshift-require-tls-ssl

Ensure that your Amazon Redshift clusters require TLS/SSL encryption to connect to SQL clients. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
AC-17 REMOTE ACCESS

s3-bucket-ssl-requests-only

To help protect data in transit, ensure that your Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets require requests to use Secure Socket Layer (SSL). Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
AC-17 REMOTE ACCESS

Because sensitive data can exist and to help protect data at transit, ensure encryption is enabled for your Elastic Load Balancing. Use Amazon Certificate Manager to manage, provision and deploy public and private SSL/TLS certificates with Amazon services and internal resources.
AC-17 REMOTE ACCESS

启用了 alb-http 丢弃标题

Ensure that your Elastic Load Balancers (ELB) are configured to drop http headers. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
AC-17 REMOTE ACCESS

ELB-TLS-https-仅侦听器

Ensure that your Elastic Load Balancers (ELBs) are configured with SSL or HTTPS listeners. Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
AU-2 AUDIT EVENTS

zapi-gw-execution-logging-enabled

API Gateway logging displays detailed views of users who accessed the API and the way they accessed the API. This insight enables visibility of user activities.
AU-2 AUDIT EVENTS

elb-logging-enabled

Elastic Load Balancing activity is a central point of communication within an environment. Ensure ELB logging is enabled. The collected data provides detailed information about requests sent to the ELB. 每个日志都包含信息 (例如,收到请求的时间、客户端的 IP 地址、延迟、请求路径和服务器响应)。
AU-2 AUDIT EVENTS

vpc-flow-logs-enabled

The VPC flow logs provide detailed records for information about the IP traffic going to and from network interfaces in your Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). By default, the flow log record includes values for the different components of the IP flow, including the source, destination, and protocol.
AU-2 AUDIT EVENTS

To help with logging and monitoring within your environment, enable Amazon WAF (V2) logging on regional and global web ACLs. Amazon WAF logging provides detailed information about the traffic that is analyzed by your web ACL. The logs record the time that Amazon WAF received the request from your Amazon resource, information about the request, and an action for the rule that each request matched.
AU-9 PROTECTION OF AUDIT INFORMATION

cloud-trail-encryption-enabled

Because sensitive data may exist and to help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon CloudTrail trails.
AU-9 PROTECTION OF AUDIT INFORMATION

To help protect sensitive data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon CloudWatch Log Groups.
AU-9 PROTECTION OF AUDIT INFORMATION

s3-bucket-replication-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) Cross-Region Replication (CRR) supports maintaining adequate capacity and availability. CRR enables automatic, asynchronous copying of objects across Amazon S3 buckets to help ensure that data availability is maintained.
AU-11 AUDIT RECORD RETENTION

cw-log group reten-check

Ensure a minimum duration of event log data is retained for your log groups to help with troubleshooting and forensics investigations. The lack of available past event log data makes it difficult to reconstruct and identify potentially malicious events. This rule allows you to optionally set the MinRetentionTime (FedRAMP Parameter: 90), as required by your organization's policies.
CA-7 CONTINUOUS MONITORING

ec2-instance-detailed-monitoring-enabled

Enable this rule to help improve Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instance monitoring on the Amazon EC2 console, which displays monitoring graphs with a 1-minute period for the instance.
CA-7 CONTINUOUS MONITORING

rds-enhanced-monitoring-enabled

Enable Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) to help monitor Amazon RDS availability. This provides detailed visibility into the health of your Amazon RDS database instances. When the Amazon RDS storage is using more than one underlying physical device, Enhanced Monitoring collects the data for each device. Also, when the Amazon RDS database instance is running in a Multi-AZ deployment, the data for each device on the secondary host is collected, and the secondary host metrics.
CM-2 BASELINE CONFIGURATION

ec2-instance-managed-by-systems-manager

An inventory of the software platforms and applications within the organization is possible by managing Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances with Amazon Secrets Manager. Use Amazon Secrets Manager to provide detailed system configurations, operating system patch levels, services name and type, software installations, application name, publisher and version, and other details about your environment.
CM-2 BASELINE CONFIGURATION

ec2-managedinstance-association-compliance-status-check

Use Amazon Secrets Manager Associations to help with inventory of software platforms and applications within an organization. Amazon Secrets Manager assigns a configuration state to your managed instances and allows you to set baselines of operating system patch levels, software installations, application configurations, and other details about your environment.
CM-2 BASELINE CONFIGURATION

ec2-stopped-instance

Enable this rule to help with the baseline configuration of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances by checking whether Amazon EC2 instances have been stopped for more than the allowed number of days, according to your organization’s standards.
CM-2 BASELINE CONFIGURATION

ec2-volume-inuse-check

This rule ensures that Amazon Elastic Block Store volumes that are attached to Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances are marked for deletion when an instance is terminated. If an Amazon EBS volume isn’t deleted when the instance that it’s attached to is terminated, it may violate the concept of least functionality.
CM-2 BASELINE CONFIGURATION

elb-deletion-protection-enabled

This rule ensures that Elastic Load Balancing has deletion protection enabled. Use this feature to prevent your load balancer from being accidentally or maliciously deleted, which can lead to loss of availability for your applications.
CM-2 BASELINE CONFIGURATION

启用云跟踪安全跟踪

This rule helps ensure the use of Amazon recommended security best practices for Amazon CloudTrail, by checking for the enablement of multiple settings. These include the use of log encryption, log validation, and enabling Amazon CloudTrail in multiple regions.
CM-8 INFORMATION SYSTEM COMPONENT INVENTORY

ec2-managedinstance-patch-compliance-status-check

Enable this rule to help with identification and documentation of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) vulnerabilities. The rule checks if Amazon EC2 instance patch compliance in Amazon Secrets Manager as required by your organization’s policies and procedures.
CP-9 INFORMATION SYSTEM BACKUP

db-instance-backup-enabled

The backup feature of Amazon RDS creates backups of your databases and transaction logs. Amazon RDS automatically creates a storage volume snapshot of your DB instance, backing up the entire DB instance. The system allows you to set specific retention periods to meet your resilience requirements.
CP-9 INFORMATION SYSTEM BACKUP

dynamodb-pitr-enabled

Enable this rule to check that information has been backed up. It also maintains the backups by ensuring that point-in-time recovery is enabled in Amazon DynamoDB. The recovery maintains continuous backups of your table for the last 35 days.
CP-9 INFORMATION SYSTEM BACKUP

elasticache-redis-cluster-automatic-backup-check

When automatic backups are enabled, Amazon ElastiCache creates a backup of the cluster on a daily basis. The backup can be retained for a number of days as specified by your organization. 自动备份可以帮助防止数据丢失。If a failure occurs, you can create a new cluster, which restores your data from the most recent backup.
CP-9 INFORMATION SYSTEM BACKUP

备份中的动态计划

To help with data back-up processes, ensure your Amazon DynamoDB tables are a part of an Amazon Backup plan. Amazon Backup is a fully managed backup service with a policy-based backup solution. This solution simplifies your backup management and enables you to meet your business and regulatory backup compliance requirements.
CP-9 INFORMATION SYSTEM BACKUP

备份计划

To help with data back-up processes, ensure your Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes are a part of an Amazon Backup plan. Amazon Backup is a fully managed backup service with a policy-based backup solution. This solution simplifies your backup management and enables you to meet your business and regulatory backup compliance requirements.
CP-9 INFORMATION SYSTEM BACKUP

EFS 进入备份计划

To help with data back-up processes, ensure your Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) file systems are a part of an Amazon Backup plan. Amazon Backup is a fully managed backup service with a policy-based backup solution. This solution simplifies your backup management and enables you to meet your business and regulatory backup compliance requirements.
CP-9 INFORMATION SYSTEM BACKUP

备份计划中的 RDS

To help with data back-up processes, ensure your Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances are a part of an Amazon Backup plan. Amazon Backup is a fully managed backup service with a policy-based backup solution. This solution simplifies your backup management and enables you to meet your business and regulatory backup compliance requirements.
CP-10 INFORMATION SYSTEM RECOVERY AND RECONSTITUTION

dynamodb-autoscaling-enabled

Amazon DynamoDB auto scaling uses the Amazon Application Auto Scaling service to adjust provisioned throughput capacity that automatically responds to actual traffic patterns. This enables a table or a global secondary index to increase its provisioned read/write capacity to handle sudden increases in traffic, without throttling.
CP-10 INFORMATION SYSTEM RECOVERY AND RECONSTITUTION

rds-multi-az-support

Multi-AZ support in Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) provides enhanced availability and durability for database instances. When you provision a Multi-AZ database instance, Amazon RDS automatically creates a primary database instance, and synchronously replicates the data to a standby instance in a different Availability Zone. Each Availability Zone runs on its own physically distinct, independent infrastructure, and is engineered to be highly reliable. In case of an infrastructure failure, Amazon RDS performs an automatic failover to the standby so that you can resume database operations as soon as the failover is complete.
CP-10 INFORMATION SYSTEM RECOVERY AND RECONSTITUTION

s3-bucket-versioning-enabled

Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket versioning helps keep multiple variants of an object in the same Amazon S3 bucket. Use versioning to preserve, retrieve, and restore every version of every object stored in your Amazon S3 bucket. Versioning helps you to easily recover from unintended user actions and application failures.
CP-10 INFORMATION SYSTEM RECOVERY AND RECONSTITUTION

Redundant Site-to-Site VPN tunnels can be implemented to achieve resilience requirements. It uses two tunnels to help ensure connectivity in case one of the Site-to-Site VPN connections becomes unavailable. To protect against a loss of connectivity, in case your customer gateway becomes unavailable, you can set up a second Site-to-Site VPN connection to your Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) and virtual private gateway by using a second customer gateway.
CP-10 INFORMATION SYSTEM RECOVERY AND RECONSTITUTION

支持 ELB 跨区域负载平衡

Enable cross-zone load balancing for your Elastic Load Balancers (ELBs) to help maintain adequate capacity and availability. The cross-zone load balancing reduces the need to maintain equivalent numbers of instances in each enabled availability zone. It also improves your application's ability to handle the loss of one or more instances.
IA-2 IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION (ORGANIZATIONAL USERS)

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring hardware MFA is enabled for the root user. The root user is the most privileged user in an Amazon Web Services 账户. The MFA adds an extra layer of protection for a user name and password. By requiring MFA for the root user, you can reduce the incidents of compromised Amazon Web Services 账户.
IA-2 IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION (ORGANIZATIONAL USERS)

mfa-enabled-for-iam-console-access

Manage access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云 by ensuring that MFA is enabled for all Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) users that have a console password. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。By requiring MFA for IAM users, you can reduce incidents of compromised accounts and keep sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized users.
IA-2 IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION (ORGANIZATIONAL USERS)

iam-user-mfa-enabled

Enable this rule to restrict access to resources in the Amazon Web Services 云. This rule ensures multi-factor authentication (MFA) is enabled for all IAM users. MFA 在用户名和密码之上增加了一层额外的防护。Reduce the incidents of compromised accounts by requiring MFA for IAM users.
IR-4 INCIDENT HANDLING

Amazon GuardDuty helps you understand the impact of an incident by classifying findings by severity: low, medium, and high. You can use these classifications for determining remediation strategies and priorities. This rule allows you to optionally set the daysLowSev (FedRAMP Parameter: 180), daysMediumSev (FedRAMP Parameter: 90), and daysHighSev (FedRAMP Parameter: 30) for non-archived findings, as required by your organization's policies.
SA-3 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE

codebuild-project-source-repo-url-check

Ensure the GitHub or Bitbucket source repository URL does not contain personal access tokens, user name and password within Amazon CodeBuild project environments. Use OAuth instead of personal access tokens or a user name and password to grant authorization for accessing GitHub or Bitbucket repositories.
SC-5 DENIAL OF SERVICE PROTECTION

autoscaling-group-elb-healthcheck-required

The Elastic Load Balancer (ELB) health checks for Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Auto Scaling groups support maintenance of adequate capacity and availability. The load balancer periodically sends pings, attempts connections, or sends requests to test Amazon EC2 instances health in an auto-scaling group. If an instance is not reporting back, traffic is sent to a new Amazon EC2 instance.
SC-5 DENIAL OF SERVICE PROTECTION

rds-实例deletion-protection-enabled

Ensure Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances have deletion protection enabled. Use deletion protection to prevent your Amazon RDS instances from being accidentally or maliciously deleted, which can lead to loss of availability for your applications.
SC-7 BOUNDARY PROTECTION

Ensure Amazon WAF is enabled on Elastic Load Balancers (ELB) to help protect web applications. A WAF helps to protect your web applications or APIs against common web exploits. These web exploits may affect availability, compromise security, or consume excessive resources within your environment.
SC-7 BOUNDARY PROTECTION

Ensure node-to-node encryption for Amazon Elasticsearch Service is enabled. Node-to-node encryption enables TLS 1.2 encryption for all communications within the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Because sensitive data can exist, enable encryption in transit to help protect that data.
SC-12 CRYPTOGRAPHIC KEY ESTABLISHMENT AND MANAGEMENT

cmk-backing-key-rotation-enabled

Enable key rotation to ensure that keys are rotated once they have reached the end of their crypto period.
SC-12 CRYPTOGRAPHIC KEY ESTABLISHMENT AND MANAGEMENT

kms-cmk-not-scheduled-for-deletion

To help protect data at rest, ensure necessary customer master keys (CMKs) are not scheduled for deletion in Amazon Key Management Service (Amazon KMS). Because key deletion is necessary at times, this rule can assist in checking for all keys scheduled for deletion, in case a key was scheduled unintentionally.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

api-gw-cache-enabled-and-encrypted

To help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your API Gateway stage’s cache. Because sensitive data can be captured for the API method, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

cloud-trail-encryption-enabled

Because sensitive data may exist and to help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon CloudTrail trails.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

To help protect sensitive data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon CloudWatch Log Groups.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

dynamodb-table-encrypted-kms

Ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon DynamoDB tables. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in these tables, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data. By default, DynamoDB tables are encrypted with an Amazon owned customer master key (CMK).
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

ec2-ebs-encryption-by-default

To help protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in these volumes, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

efs-encrypted-check

Because sensitive data can exist and to help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon Elastic File System (EFS).
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

Because sensitive data can exist and to help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES) domains.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

encrypted-volumes

Because senstive data can exist and to help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

rds-snapshot-encrypted

Ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) snapshots. Because sensitive data can exist at rest, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

rds-storage-encrypted

To help protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) instances. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in Amazon RDS instances, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

redshift-cluster-configuration-check

To protect data at rest, ensure that encryption is enabled for your Amazon Redshift clusters. You must also ensure that required configurations are deployed on Amazon Redshift clusters. The audit logging should be enabled to provide information about connections and user activities in the database. This rule requires that a value is set for clusterDbEncrypted (Config Default : TRUE), and loggingEnabled (Config Default: TRUE). The actual values should reflect your organization's policies.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

s3-bucket-server-side-encryption-enabled

To help protect data at rest, ensure encryption is enabled for your Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) buckets. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in Amazon S3 buckets, enable encryption to help protect that data.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

To help protect data at rest, ensure encryption with Amazon Key Management Service (Amazon KMS) is enabled for your SageMaker endpoint. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in SageMaker endpoint, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

To help protect data at rest, ensure encryption with Amazon Key Management Service (Amazon KMS) is enabled for your SageMaker notebook. Because sensitive data can exist at rest in SageMaker notebook, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.
SC-13 CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROTECTION

sns-encrypted-kms

To help protect data at rest, ensure that your Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topics require encryption using Amazon Key Management Service (Amazon KMS). Because sensitive data can exist at rest in published messages, enable encryption at rest to help protect that data.

Template

The template is available on GitHub: Operational Best Practices for FedRAMP(Low).