查看配置详细信息 - Amazon Config
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查看配置详细信息

您可以在 Amazon Config 控制台中查看配置、关系,以及资源的更改次数。您可以使用 Amazon CLI 查看资源的配置历史记录。

查看配置详细信息(控制台)

当您在以下位置查找资源时资源清单页面上,在资源标识符列中选择资源名称或 ID 以查看资源的详细信息页面。详细信息页面提供了有关该资源的配置、关系和更改次数的信息。

要从资源详细信息页面访问资源时间表资源时间表按钮。资源时间轴将更改记录为ConfigurationItems在一段时间内针对特定资源。您可以按配置事件、合规性事件或 CloudTrail事件。

查看配置详细信息 (Amazon CLI)

Amazon Config 记录的配置项会根据需要作为配置快照或配置流传递到指定的传递通道。您可以使用 Amazon CLI 来查看每个资源的配置项的历史记录。

查看配置历史记录

键入 get-resource-config-history 命令并指定资源类型和资源 ID,例如:

$ aws configservice get-resource-config-history --resource-type AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup --resource-id sg-6fbb3807 { "configurationItems": [ { "configurationItemCaptureTime": 1414708529.9219999, "relationships": [ { "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-7a3b232a", "relationshipName": "Is associated with Instance" }, { "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-8b6eb2ab", "relationshipName": "Is associated with Instance" }, { "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-c478efe5", "relationshipName": "Is associated with Instance" }, { "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-e4cbe38d", "relationshipName": "Is associated with Instance" } ], "availabilityZone": "Not Applicable", "tags": {}, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "resourceId": "sg-6fbb3807", "configurationStateId": "1", "relatedEvents": [], "arn": "arn:aws:ec2:us-east-2:012345678912:security-group/default", "version": "1.0", "configurationItemMD5Hash": "860aa81fc3869e186b2ee00bc638a01a", "configuration": "{\"ownerId\":\"605053316265\",\"groupName\":\"default\",\"groupId\":\"sg-6fbb3807\",\"description\":\"default group\",\"ipPermissions\":[{\"ipProtocol\":\"tcp\",\"fromPort\":80,\"toPort\":80,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[{\"userId\":\"amazon-elb\",\"groupName\":\"amazon-elb-sg\",\"groupId\":\"sg-843f59ed\"}],\"ipRanges\":[\"0.0.0.0/0\"]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"tcp\",\"fromPort\":0,\"toPort\":65535,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[{\"userId\":\"605053316265\",\"groupName\":\"default\",\"groupId\":\"sg-6fbb3807\"}],\"ipRanges\":[]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"udp\",\"fromPort\":0,\"toPort\":65535,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[{\"userId\":\"605053316265\",\"groupName\":\"default\",\"groupId\":\"sg-6fbb3807\"}],\"ipRanges\":[]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"icmp\",\"fromPort\":-1,\"toPort\":-1,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[{\"userId\":\"605053316265\",\"groupName\":\"default\",\"groupId\":\"sg-6fbb3807\"}],\"ipRanges\":[]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"tcp\",\"fromPort\":1433,\"toPort\":1433,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[],\"ipRanges\":[\"0.0.0.0/0\"]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"tcp\",\"fromPort\":3389,\"toPort\":3389,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[],\"ipRanges\":[\"207.171.160.0/19\"]}],\"ipPermissionsEgress\":[],\"vpcId\":null,\"tags\":[]}", "configurationItemStatus": "ResourceDiscovered", "accountId": "605053316265" } ], "nextToken": ..........

有关响应字段的详细解释,请参阅 Components of a Configuration Item支持的资源类型

示例来自 Amazon EBS 配置历史记录Amazon Config

Amazon Config生成一组文件,每个文件代表一种资源类型,并列出该类型资源的所有配置更改Amazon Config正在录制。Amazon Config将此以资源为中心的配置历史记录作为您启用时指定的 Amazon S3 存储桶Amazon Config. 每个资源类型的配置历史记录文件中包含自上一个历史记录文件传送完毕后检测到的该类型资源出现的更改。历史记录文件通常每六小时传送一次。

以下是 Amazon S3 对象内容的示例,它描述了您的当前区域中所有 Amazon Elastic Block Store 卷的配置历史记录Amazon账户。此账户中的卷包括 vol-ce676cccvol-cia007c。卷 vol-ce676ccc 自上一个历史记录文件传送完毕后有两项配置更改,而卷 vol-cia007c 只有一项更改。

{ "fileVersion": "1.0", "requestId": "asudf8ow-4e34-4f32-afeb-0ace5bf3trye", "configurationItems": [ { "snapshotVersion": "1.0", "resourceId": "vol-ce676ccc", "arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2b:123456789012:volume/vol-ce676ccc", "accountId": "12345678910", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2014-03-07T23:47:08.918Z", "configurationStateID": "3e660fdf-4e34-4f32-afeb-0ace5bf3d63a", "configurationItemStatus": "OK", "relatedEvents": [ "06c12a39-eb35-11de-ae07-adb69edbb1e4", "c376e30d-71a2-4694-89b7-a5a04ad92281" ], "availibilityZone": "us-west-2b", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Volume", "resourceCreationTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.885Z", "tags": {}, "relationships": [ { "resourceId": "i-344c463d", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "name": "Attached to Instance" } ], "configuration": { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "size": 1, "snapshotId": "", "availabilityZone": "us-west-2b", "state": "in-use", "createTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.0885+0000", "attachments": [ { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "instanceId": "i-344c463d", "device": "/dev/sdf", "state": "attached", "attachTime": "2014-03-07T23:46:28.0000+0000", "deleteOnTermination": false } ], "tags": [ { "tagName": "environment", "tagValue": "PROD" }, { "tagName": "name", "tagValue": "DataVolume1" } ], "volumeType": "standard" } }, { "configurationItemVersion": "1.0", "resourceId": "vol-ce676ccc", "arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2b:123456789012:volume/vol-ce676ccc", "accountId": "12345678910", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2014-03-07T21:47:08.918Z", "configurationItemState": "3e660fdf-4e34-4f32-sseb-0ace5bf3d63a", "configurationItemStatus": "OK", "relatedEvents": [ "06c12a39-eb35-11de-ae07-ad229edbb1e4", "c376e30d-71a2-4694-89b7-a5a04w292281" ], "availibilityZone": "us-west-2b", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Volume", "resourceCreationTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.885Z", "tags": {}, "relationships": [ { "resourceId": "i-344c463d", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "name": "Attached to Instance" } ], "configuration": { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "size": 1, "snapshotId": "", "availabilityZone": "us-west-2b", "state": "in-use", "createTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.0885+0000", "attachments": [ { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "instanceId": "i-344c463d", "device": "/dev/sdf", "state": "attached", "attachTime": "2014-03-07T23:46:28.0000+0000", "deleteOnTermination": false } ], "tags": [ { "tagName": "environment", "tagValue": "PROD" }, { "tagName": "name", "tagValue": "DataVolume1" } ], "volumeType": "standard" } }, { "configurationItemVersion": "1.0", "resourceId": "vol-cia007c", "arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2b:123456789012:volume/vol-cia007c", "accountId": "12345678910", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2014-03-07T20:47:08.918Z", "configurationItemState": "3e660fdf-4e34-4f88-sseb-0ace5bf3d63a", "configurationItemStatus": "OK", "relatedEvents": [ "06c12a39-eb35-11de-ae07-adjhk8edbb1e4", "c376e30d-71a2-4694-89b7-a5a67u292281" ], "availibilityZone": "us-west-2b", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Volume", "resourceCreationTime": "2014-02-27T20:43:53.885Z", "tags": {}, "relationships": [ { "resourceId": "i-344e563d", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "name": "Attached to Instance" } ], "configuration": { "volumeId": "vol-cia007c", "size": 1, "snapshotId": "", "availabilityZone": "us-west-2b", "state": "in-use", "createTime": "2014-02-27T20:43:53.0885+0000", "attachments": [ { "volumeId": "vol-cia007c", "instanceId": "i-344e563d", "device": "/dev/sdf", "state": "attached", "attachTime": "2014-03-07T23:46:28.0000+0000", "deleteOnTermination": false } ], "tags": [ { "tagName": "environment", "tagValue": "PROD" }, { "tagName": "name", "tagValue": "DataVolume2" } ], "volumeType": "standard" } } ] }