查看配置详细信息 - AWS Config
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查看配置详细信息

您可以在 AWS Config Config 控制台中查看配置、关系,以及资源的更改次数。您可以使用 AWS CLI 查看资源的配置历史记录。

查看配置详细信息(控制台)

当您在资源清单按钮页面上,在资源标识符列中选择资源名称或 ID 可查看资源的详细信息页面。详细信息页面提供了有关该资源的配置、关系和更改次数的信息。

要从资源详细信息页面访问资源时间线,请选择时间线资源按钮。

查看配置详细信息 (AWS CLI)

AWS Config 记录的配置项会根据需要作为配置快照或配置流传递到指定的传递通道。您可以使用 AWS CLI 查看每个资源的配置项的历史记录。

查看配置历史记录

键入 get-resource-config-history 命令并指定资源类型和资源 ID,例如:

$ aws configservice get-resource-config-history --resource-type AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup --resource-id sg-6fbb3807 { "configurationItems": [ { "configurationItemCaptureTime": 1414708529.9219999, "relationships": [ { "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-7a3b232a", "relationshipName": "Is associated with Instance" }, { "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-8b6eb2ab", "relationshipName": "Is associated with Instance" }, { "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-c478efe5", "relationshipName": "Is associated with Instance" }, { "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-e4cbe38d", "relationshipName": "Is associated with Instance" } ], "availabilityZone": "Not Applicable", "tags": {}, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "resourceId": "sg-6fbb3807", "configurationStateId": "1", "relatedEvents": [], "arn": "arn:aws:ec2:us-east-2:012345678912:security-group/default", "version": "1.0", "configurationItemMD5Hash": "860aa81fc3869e186b2ee00bc638a01a", "configuration": "{\"ownerId\":\"605053316265\",\"groupName\":\"default\",\"groupId\":\"sg-6fbb3807\",\"description\":\"default group\",\"ipPermissions\":[{\"ipProtocol\":\"tcp\",\"fromPort\":80,\"toPort\":80,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[{\"userId\":\"amazon-elb\",\"groupName\":\"amazon-elb-sg\",\"groupId\":\"sg-843f59ed\"}],\"ipRanges\":[\"0.0.0.0/0\"]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"tcp\",\"fromPort\":0,\"toPort\":65535,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[{\"userId\":\"605053316265\",\"groupName\":\"default\",\"groupId\":\"sg-6fbb3807\"}],\"ipRanges\":[]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"udp\",\"fromPort\":0,\"toPort\":65535,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[{\"userId\":\"605053316265\",\"groupName\":\"default\",\"groupId\":\"sg-6fbb3807\"}],\"ipRanges\":[]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"icmp\",\"fromPort\":-1,\"toPort\":-1,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[{\"userId\":\"605053316265\",\"groupName\":\"default\",\"groupId\":\"sg-6fbb3807\"}],\"ipRanges\":[]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"tcp\",\"fromPort\":1433,\"toPort\":1433,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[],\"ipRanges\":[\"0.0.0.0/0\"]},{\"ipProtocol\":\"tcp\",\"fromPort\":3389,\"toPort\":3389,\"userIdGroupPairs\":[],\"ipRanges\":[\"207.171.160.0/19\"]}],\"ipPermissionsEgress\":[],\"vpcId\":null,\"tags\":[]}", "configurationItemStatus": "ResourceDiscovered", "accountId": "605053316265" } ], "nextToken": ..........

有关响应字段的详细解释,请参阅 Components of a Configuration Item支持的资源类型

来自 AWS Config 的亚马逊 EBS 配置历史记录示例

AWS Config 生成一组文件(其中每个文件均代表一个资源类型)并列出 AWS Config 正在记录的相应类型的资源的所有配置更改。AWS Config 会将此以资源为中心的配置历史记录导出为您在启用 AWS Config 时指定的 Amazon S3 存储桶中的对象。每个资源类型的配置历史记录文件中包含自上一个历史记录文件传送完毕后检测到的该类型资源出现的更改。历史记录文件通常每六小时传送一次。

下面是 Amazon S3 对象内容的示例,其中描述了您的 AWS 账户的当前区域中所有 Amazon 弹性块存储卷的配置历史记录。此账户中的卷包括 vol-ce676cccvol-cia007c。卷 vol-ce676ccc 自上一个历史记录文件传送完毕后有两项配置更改,而卷 vol-cia007c 只有一项更改。

{ "fileVersion": "1.0", "requestId": "asudf8ow-4e34-4f32-afeb-0ace5bf3trye", "configurationItems": [ { "snapshotVersion": "1.0", "resourceId": "vol-ce676ccc", "arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2b:123456789012:volume/vol-ce676ccc", "accountId": "12345678910", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2014-03-07T23:47:08.918Z", "configurationStateID": "3e660fdf-4e34-4f32-afeb-0ace5bf3d63a", "configurationItemStatus": "OK", "relatedEvents": [ "06c12a39-eb35-11de-ae07-adb69edbb1e4", "c376e30d-71a2-4694-89b7-a5a04ad92281" ], "availibilityZone": "us-west-2b", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Volume", "resourceCreationTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.885Z", "tags": {}, "relationships": [ { "resourceId": "i-344c463d", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "name": "Attached to Instance" } ], "configuration": { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "size": 1, "snapshotId": "", "availabilityZone": "us-west-2b", "state": "in-use", "createTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.0885+0000", "attachments": [ { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "instanceId": "i-344c463d", "device": "/dev/sdf", "state": "attached", "attachTime": "2014-03-07T23:46:28.0000+0000", "deleteOnTermination": false } ], "tags": [ { "tagName": "environment", "tagValue": "PROD" }, { "tagName": "name", "tagValue": "DataVolume1" } ], "volumeType": "standard" } }, { "configurationItemVersion": "1.0", "resourceId": "vol-ce676ccc", "arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2b:123456789012:volume/vol-ce676ccc", "accountId": "12345678910", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2014-03-07T21:47:08.918Z", "configurationItemState": "3e660fdf-4e34-4f32-sseb-0ace5bf3d63a", "configurationItemStatus": "OK", "relatedEvents": [ "06c12a39-eb35-11de-ae07-ad229edbb1e4", "c376e30d-71a2-4694-89b7-a5a04w292281" ], "availibilityZone": "us-west-2b", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Volume", "resourceCreationTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.885Z", "tags": {}, "relationships": [ { "resourceId": "i-344c463d", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "name": "Attached to Instance" } ], "configuration": { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "size": 1, "snapshotId": "", "availabilityZone": "us-west-2b", "state": "in-use", "createTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.0885+0000", "attachments": [ { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "instanceId": "i-344c463d", "device": "/dev/sdf", "state": "attached", "attachTime": "2014-03-07T23:46:28.0000+0000", "deleteOnTermination": false } ], "tags": [ { "tagName": "environment", "tagValue": "PROD" }, { "tagName": "name", "tagValue": "DataVolume1" } ], "volumeType": "standard" } }, { "configurationItemVersion": "1.0", "resourceId": "vol-cia007c", "arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2b:123456789012:volume/vol-cia007c", "accountId": "12345678910", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2014-03-07T20:47:08.918Z", "configurationItemState": "3e660fdf-4e34-4f88-sseb-0ace5bf3d63a", "configurationItemStatus": "OK", "relatedEvents": [ "06c12a39-eb35-11de-ae07-adjhk8edbb1e4", "c376e30d-71a2-4694-89b7-a5a67u292281" ], "availibilityZone": "us-west-2b", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Volume", "resourceCreationTime": "2014-02-27T20:43:53.885Z", "tags": {}, "relationships": [ { "resourceId": "i-344e563d", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "name": "Attached to Instance" } ], "configuration": { "volumeId": "vol-cia007c", "size": 1, "snapshotId": "", "availabilityZone": "us-west-2b", "state": "in-use", "createTime": "2014-02-27T20:43:53.0885+0000", "attachments": [ { "volumeId": "vol-cia007c", "instanceId": "i-344e563d", "device": "/dev/sdf", "state": "attached", "attachTime": "2014-03-07T23:46:28.0000+0000", "deleteOnTermination": false } ], "tags": [ { "tagName": "environment", "tagValue": "PROD" }, { "tagName": "name", "tagValue": "DataVolume2" } ], "volumeType": "standard" } } ] }