Using service-linked roles for EMR Serverless - Amazon EMR
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Using service-linked roles for EMR Serverless

Amazon EMR Serverless uses Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) service-linked roles. A service-linked role is a unique type of IAM role that is linked directly to EMR Serverless. Service-linked roles are predefined by EMR Serverless and include all the permissions that the service requires to call other Amazon services on your behalf.

A service-linked role makes setting up EMR Serverless easier because you don’t have to manually add the necessary permissions. EMR Serverless defines the permissions of its service-linked roles, and unless defined otherwise, only EMR Serverless can assume its roles. The defined permissions include the trust policy and the permissions policy, and that permissions policy cannot be attached to any other IAM entity.

You can delete a service-linked role only after first deleting their related resources. This protects your EMR Serverless resources because you can't inadvertently remove permission to access the resources.

For information about other services that support service-linked roles, see Amazon Services That Work with IAM and look for the services that have Yes in the Service-linked roles column. Choose a Yes with a link to view the service-linked role documentation for that service.

Service-linked role permissions for EMR Serverless

EMR Serverless uses the service-linked role named AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless to enable it to call Amazon APIs on your behalf.

The AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless service-linked role trusts the following services to assume the role:

  • ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com

The role permissions policy named AmazonEMRServerlessServiceRolePolicy allows EMR Serverless to complete the following actions on the specified resources.

Note

Managed policy contents change, so the policy shown here may be out-of-date. View the most up-to-date policy AmazonEMRServerlessServiceRolePolicy in the Amazon Web Services Management Console.

  • Action: ec2:CreateNetworkInterface

  • Action: ec2:DeleteNetworkInterface

  • Action: ec2:DescribeNetworkInterfaces

  • Action: ec2:DescribeSecurityGroups

  • Action: ec2:DescribeSubnets

  • Action: ec2:DescribeVpcs

  • Action: ec2:DescribeDhcpOptions

  • Action: ec2:DescribeRouteTables

  • Action: cloudwatch:PutMetricData

The following is the full AmazonEMRServerlessServiceRolePolicy policy.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "ec2:CreateNetworkInterface", "ec2:DeleteNetworkInterface", "ec2:DescribeNetworkInterfaces", "ec2:DescribeSecurityGroups", "ec2:DescribeSubnets", "ec2:DescribeVpcs", "ec2:DescribeDhcpOptions", "ec2:DescribeRouteTables" ], "Resource": "*" }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "cloudwatch:PutMetricData" ], "Resource": [ "*" ], "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "cloudwatch:namespace": "AWS/EMRServerless" } } } ] }

The following trust policy is attached to this role to allow the EMR Serverless principal to assume this role.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": [ "ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com" ] }, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole" } ] }

You must configure permissions to allow an IAM entity (such as a user, group, or role) to create, edit, or delete a service-linked role. For more information, see Service-linked role permissions in the IAM User Guide.

Creating a service-linked role for EMR Serverless

You don't need to manually create a service-linked role. When you create a new EMR Serverless application in the Amazon Web Services Management Console (using EMR Studio), the Amazon CLI, or the Amazon API, EMR Serverless creates the service-linked role for you. You must configure permissions to allow an IAM entity (such as a user, group, or role) to create, edit, or delete a service-linked role.

To create the AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless service-linked role using IAM

Add the following statement to the permissions policy for the IAM entity that needs to create the service-linked role.

{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::*:role/aws-service-role/ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless*", "Condition": {"StringLike": {"iam:AWSServiceName": "ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com"}} }

If you delete this service-linked role, and then need to create it again, you can use the same process to recreate the role in your account. When you create a new EMR Serverless application, EMR Serverless creates the service-linked role for you again.

You can also use the IAM console to create a service-linked role with the EMR Serverless use case. In the Amazon CLI or the Amazon API, create a service-linked role with the ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com service name. For more information, see Creating a service-linked role in the IAM User Guide. If you delete this service-linked role, you can use this same process to create the role again.

Editing a service-linked role for EMR Serverless

EMR Serverless does not allow you to edit the AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless service-linked role because various entities might reference the role. You can't edit the Amazon-owned IAM policy that the EMR Serverless service-linked role uses, as it contains all the necessary permissions EMR Serverless needs. However, you can edit the description of the role using IAM.

To edit the description of the AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless service-linked role using IAM

Add the following statement to the permissions policy for the IAM entity that needs to edit the description of a service-linked role.

{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam: UpdateRoleDescription" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::*:role/aws-service-role/ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless*", "Condition": {"StringLike": {"iam:AWSServiceName": "ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com"}} }

For more information, see Editing a service-linked role in the IAM User Guide.

Deleting a service-linked role for EMR Serverless

If you no longer need to use a feature or service that requires a service-linked role, we recommend that you delete that role. This is so you don’t have an unused entity that is not actively monitored or maintained. However, you must delete all EMR Serverless applications in all regions before you can delete the service-linked role.

Note

If the EMR Serverless service is using the role when you try to delete the resources associated with the role, then the deletion might fail. If that happens, wait for a few minutes and try the operation again.

To delete EMR Serverless the AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless service-linked role using IAM

Add the following statement to the permissions policy for the IAM entity that needs to delete a service-linked role.

{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:DeleteServiceLinkedRole", "iam:GetServiceLinkedRoleDeletionStatus" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::*:role/aws-service-role/ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless*", "Condition": {"StringLike": {"iam:AWSServiceName": "ops.emr-serverless.amazonaws.com"}} }

To manually delete the service-linked role using IAM

Use the IAM console, the Amazon CLI, or the Amazon API to delete the AWSServiceRoleForAmazonEMRServerless service-linked role. For more information, see Deleting a service-linked role in the IAM User Guide.

Supported regions for EMR Serverless service-linked roles

EMR Serverless supports using service-linked roles in all of the regions where the service is available. For more information, see Amazon regions and endpoints.