AWS::EC2::PlacementGroup - Amazon CloudFormation
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Specifies a placement group in which to launch instances. The strategy of the placement group determines how the instances are organized within the group.

A cluster placement group is a logical grouping of instances within a single Availability Zone that benefit from low network latency, high network throughput. A spread placement group places instances on distinct hardware. A partition placement group places groups of instances in different partitions, where instances in one partition do not share the same hardware with instances in another partition.

For more information, see Placement Groups in the Amazon EC2 User Guide.


To declare this entity in your Amazon CloudFormation template, use the following syntax:


{ "Type" : "AWS::EC2::PlacementGroup", "Properties" : { "PartitionCount" : Integer, "SpreadLevel" : String, "Strategy" : String, "Tags" : [ Tag, ... ] } }


Type: AWS::EC2::PlacementGroup Properties: PartitionCount: Integer SpreadLevel: String Strategy: String Tags: - Tag



The number of partitions. Valid only when Strategy is set to partition.

Required: No

Type: Integer

Update requires: Replacement


Determines how placement groups spread instances.

  • Host – You can use host only with Outpost placement groups.

  • Rack – No usage restrictions.

Required: No

Type: String

Allowed values: host | rack

Update requires: Replacement


The placement strategy.

Required: No

Type: String

Allowed values: cluster | spread | partition

Update requires: Replacement


The tags to apply to the new placement group.

Required: No

Type: Array of Tag

Update requires: Replacement

Return values


When you pass the logical ID of this resource to the intrinsic Ref function, Ref returns the name of the placement group.

For more information about using the Ref function, see Ref.


The Fn::GetAtt intrinsic function returns a value for a specified attribute of this type. The following are the available attributes and sample return values.

For more information about using the Fn::GetAtt intrinsic function, see Fn::GetAtt.


The name of the placement group.


Create a placement group

The following example declares a placement group with a cluster placement strategy.


"PlacementGroup" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::PlacementGroup", "Properties" : { "Strategy" : "cluster" } }


PlacementGroup: Type: AWS::EC2::PlacementGroup Properties: Strategy: cluster