Task 3: Manually connect your EC2 instance to your RDS database by creating security groups and assigning them to the instances - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
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Task 3: Manually connect your EC2 instance to your RDS database by creating security groups and assigning them to the instances

Task objective

The objective of this task is to reproduce the connection configuration of the automatic connection feature by performing the following manually: You create two new security groups, and then add a security group each to the EC2 instance and the RDS database.

Steps to create new security groups and add them to the instances

Use the following steps to connect an EC2 instance to your RDS database by creating two new security groups. You then add a security group each to the EC2 instance and the RDS database.

To create two new security groups and assign one each to the EC2 instance and RDS database

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/ec2/.

  2. First create the security group to add to the EC2 instance, as follows:

    1. In the navigation pane, choose Security Groups.

    2. Choose Create security group.

    3. For Security group name, enter a descriptive name for the security group. For this tutorial, enter ec2-rds-manual-configuration.

    4. For Description, enter a brief description. For this tutorial, enter EC2 instance security group to allow EC2 instance to securely connect to RDS database.

    5. Choose Create security group. You'll come back to this security group to add an outbound rule after you've created the RDS database security group.

  3. Now, create the security group to add to the RDS database, as follows:

    1. In the navigation pane, choose Security Groups.

    2. Choose Create security group.

    3. For Security group name, enter a descriptive name for the security group. For this tutorial, enter rds-ec2-manual-configuration.

    4. For Description, enter a brief description. For this tutorial, enter RDS database security group to allow EC2 instance to securely connect to RDS database.

    5. Under Inbound rules, choose Add rule, and do the following:

      1. For Type, choose MYSQL/Aurora.

      2. For Source, choose the EC2 instance security group ec2-rds-manual-configuration that you created in Step 2 of this procedure.

    6. Choose Create security group.

  4. Edit the EC2 instance security group to add an outbound rule, as follows:

    1. In the navigation pane, choose Security Groups.

    2. Select the EC2 instance security group (you named it ec2-rds-manual-configuration), and choose the Outbound rules tab.

    3. Choose Edit outbound rules.

    4. Choose Add rule, and do the following:

      1. For Type, choose MYSQL/Aurora.

      2. For Source, choose the RDS database security group rds-ec2-manual-configuration that you created in Step 3 of this procedure.

      3. Choose Save rules.

  5. Add the EC2 instance security group to the EC2 instance as follows:

    1. In the navigation pane, choose Instances.

    2. Select your EC2 instance, and choose Actions, Security, Change security groups.

    3. Under Associated security groups, choose the Select security groups field, choose ec2-rds-manual-configuration that you created earlier, and then choose Add security group.

    4. Choose Save.

  6. Add the RDS database security group to the RDS database as follows:

    1. Open the Amazon RDS console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/rds/.

    2. In the navigation pane, choose Databases and select your database.

    3. Choose Modify.

    4. Under Connectivity, for Security group, choose rds-ec2-manual-configuration that you created earlier, and then choose Continue.

    5. Under Scheduling of modifications, choose Apply immediately.

    6. Choose Modify DB instance.

    You have now completed the manual steps that mimic the automatic steps that occur when you use the automatic connection feature.

You have completed Option 3 of this tutorial. If you've completed Options 1, 2, and 3, and you no longer need the resources that were created in this tutorial, you should delete them to prevent incurring unnecessary costs. For more information, see Clean up.