Read snapshots with EBS direct APIs - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
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Read snapshots with EBS direct APIs

The following steps describe how to use the EBS direct APIs to read snapshots:

  1. Use the ListSnapshotBlocks action to view all block indexes and block tokens of blocks in a snapshot. Or use the ListChangedBlocks action to view only the block indexes and block tokens of blocks that are different between two snapshots of the same volume and snapshot lineage. These actions help you identify the block tokens and block indexes of blocks for which you might want to get data.

  2. Use the GetSnapshotBlock action, and specify the block index and block token of the block for which you want to get data.

The following examples show how to read snapshots using the EBS direct APIs.

List blocks in a snapshot

Amazon CLI

The following list-snapshot-blocks example command returns the block indexes and block tokens of blocks that are in snapshot snap-0987654321. The --starting-block-index parameter limits the results to block indexes greater than 1000, and the --max-results parameter limits the results to the first 100 blocks.

aws ebs list-snapshot-blocks --snapshot-id snap-0987654321 --starting-block-index 1000 --max-results 100

The following example response for the previous command lists the block indexes and block tokens in the snapshot. Use the get-snapshot-block command and specify the block index and block token of the block for which you want to get data. The block tokens are valid until the expiry time listed.

{ "Blocks": [ { "BlockIndex": 1001, "BlockToken": "AAABAV3/PNhXOynVdMYHUpPsetaSvjLB1dtIGfbJv5OJ0sX855EzGTWos4a4" }, { "BlockIndex": 1002, "BlockToken": "AAABATGQIgwr0WwIuqIMjCA/Sy7e/YoQFZsHejzGNvjKauzNgzeI13YHBfQB" }, { "BlockIndex": 1007, "BlockToken": "AAABAZ9CTuQtUvp/dXqRWw4d07eOgTZ3jvn6hiW30W9duM8MiMw6yQayzF2c" }, { "BlockIndex": 1012, "BlockToken": "AAABAQdzxhw0rVV6PNmsfo/YRIxo9JPR85XxPf1BLjg0Hec6pygYr6laE1p0" }, { "BlockIndex": 1030, "BlockToken": "AAABAaYvPax6mv+iGWLdTUjQtFWouQ7Dqz6nSD9L+CbXnvpkswA6iDID523d" }, { "BlockIndex": 1031, "BlockToken": "AAABATgWZC0XcFwUKvTJbUXMiSPg59KVxJGL+BWBClkw6spzCxJVqDVaTskJ" }, ... ], "ExpiryTime": 1576287332.806, "VolumeSize": 32212254720, "BlockSize": 524288 }
Amazon API

The following ListChangedBlocks example request returns the block indexes and block tokens of blocks that are in snapshot snap-0acEXAMPLEcf41648. The startingBlockIndex parameter limits the results to block indexes greater than 1000, and the maxResults parameter limits the results to the first 100 blocks.

GET /snapshots/snap-0acEXAMPLEcf41648/blocks?maxResults=100&startingBlockIndex=1000 HTTP/1.1 Host: ebs.us-east-2.amazonaws.com Accept-Encoding: identity User-Agent: <User agent parameter> X-Amz-Date: 20200617T231953Z Authorization: <Authentication parameter>

The following example response for the previous request lists the block indexes and block tokens in the snapshot. Use the GetSnapshotBlock action and specify the block index and block token of the block for which you want to get data. The block tokens are valid until the expiry time listed.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK x-amzn-RequestId: d6e5017c-70a8-4539-8830-57f5557f3f27 Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 2472 Date: Wed, 17 Jun 2020 23:19:56 GMT Connection: keep-alive { "BlockSize": 524288, "Blocks": [ { "BlockIndex": 0, "BlockToken": "AAUBAcuWqOCnDNuKle11s7IIX6jp6FYcC/q8oT93913HhvLvA+3JRrSybp/0" }, { "BlockIndex": 1536, "BlockToken": "AAUBAWudwfmofcrQhGVlLwuRKm2b8ZXPiyrgoykTRC6IU1NbxKWDY1pPjvnV" }, { "BlockIndex": 3072, "BlockToken": "AAUBAV7p6pC5fKAC7TokoNCtAnZhqq27u6YEXZ3MwRevBkDjmMx6iuA6tsBt" }, { "BlockIndex": 3073, "BlockToken": "AAUBAbqt9zpqBUEvtO2HINAfFaWToOwlPjbIsQOlx6JUN/0+iMQl0NtNbnX4" }, ... ], "ExpiryTime": 1.59298379649E9, "VolumeSize": 3 }

List blocks that are different between two snapshots

Keep the following in mind when making paginated requests to list the changed blocks between two snapshots:

  • The response can include one or more empty ChangedBlocks arrays. For example:

    • Snapshot 1 — full snapshot with 1000 blocks with block indexes 0 - 999.

    • Snapshot 2 — incremental snapshot with only one changed block with block index 999.

    Listing the changed blocks for these snapshots with StartingBlockIndex = 0 and MaxResults = 100 returns an empty array of ChangedBlocks. You must request the remaining results using nextToken until the changed block is returned in the tenth result set, which includes blocks with block indexes 900 - 999.

  • The response can skip unwritten blocks in the snapshots. For example:

    • Snapshot 1 — full snapshot with 1000 blocks with block indexes 2000 - 2999.

    • Snapshot 2 — incremental snapshot with only one changed block with block index 2000.

    Listing the changed blocks for these snapshots with StartingBlockIndex = 0 and MaxResults = 100, the response skips block indexes 0 - 1999 and includes block index 2000. The response will not include empty ChangedBlocks arrays.

Amazon CLI

The following list-changed-blocks example command returns the block indexes and block tokens of blocks that are different between snapshots snap-1234567890 and snap-0987654321. The --starting-block-index parameter limits the results to block indexes greater than 0, and the --max-results parameter limits the results to the first 500 blocks..

aws ebs list-changed-blocks --first-snapshot-id snap-1234567890 --second-snapshot-id snap-0987654321 --starting-block-index 0 --max-results 500

The following example response for the previous command shows that block indexes 0, 6000, 6001, 6002, and 6003 are different between the two snapshots. Additionally, block indexes 6001, 6002, and 6003 exist only in the first snapshot ID specified, and not in the second snapshot ID because there is no second block token listed in the response.

Use the get-snapshot-block command and specify the block index and block token of the block for which you want to get data. The block tokens are valid until the expiry time listed.

{ "ChangedBlocks": [ { "BlockIndex": 0, "FirstBlockToken": "AAABAVahm9SO60Dyi0ORySzn2ZjGjW/KN3uygGlS0QOYWesbzBbDnX2dGpmC", "SecondBlockToken": "AAABAf8o0o6UFi1rDbSZGIRaCEdDyBu9TlvtCQxxoKV8qrUPQP7vcM6iWGSr" }, { "BlockIndex": 6000, "FirstBlockToken": "AAABAbYSiZvJ0/R9tz8suI8dSzecLjN4kkazK8inFXVintPkdaVFLfCMQsKe", "SecondBlockToken": "AAABAZnqTdzFmKRpsaMAsDxviVqEI/3jJzI2crq2eFDCgHmyNf777elD9oVR" }, { "BlockIndex": 6001, "FirstBlockToken": "AAABASBpSJ2UAD3PLxJnCt6zun4/T4sU25Bnb8jB5Q6FRXHFqAIAqE04hJoR" }, { "BlockIndex": 6002, "FirstBlockToken": "AAABASqX4/NWjvNceoyMUljcRd0DnwbSwNnes1UkoP62CrQXvn47BY5435aw" }, { "BlockIndex": 6003, "FirstBlockToken": "AAABASmJ0O5JxAOce25rF4P1sdRtyIDsX12tFEDunnePYUKOf4PBROuICb2A" }, ... ], "ExpiryTime": 1576308931.973, "VolumeSize": 32212254720, "BlockSize": 524288, "NextToken": "AAADARqElNng/sV98CYk/bJDCXeLJmLJHnNSkHvLzVaO0zsPH/QM3Bi3zF//O6Mdi/BbJarBnp8h" }
Amazon API

The following ListChangedBlocks example request returns the block indexes and block tokens of blocks that are different between snapshots snap-0acEXAMPLEcf41648 and snap-0c9EXAMPLE1b30e2f. The startingBlockIndex parameter limits the results to block indexes greater than 0, and the maxResults parameter limits the results to the first 500 blocks.

GET /snapshots/snap-0c9EXAMPLE1b30e2f/changedblocks?firstSnapshotId=snap-0acEXAMPLEcf41648&maxResults=500&startingBlockIndex=0 HTTP/1.1 Host: ebs.us-east-2.amazonaws.com Accept-Encoding: identity User-Agent: <User agent parameter> X-Amz-Date: 20200617T232546Z Authorization: <Authentication parameter>

The following example response for the previous request shows that block indexes 0, 3072, 6002, and 6003 are different between the two snapshots. Additionally, block indexes 6002, and 6003 exist only in the first snapshot ID specified, and not in the second snapshot ID because there is no second block token listed in the response.

Use the GetSnapshotBlock action and specify the block index and block token of the block for which you want to get data. The block tokens are valid until the expiry time listed.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK x-amzn-RequestId: fb0f6743-6d81-4be8-afbe-db11a5bb8a1f Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 1456 Date: Wed, 17 Jun 2020 23:25:47 GMT Connection: keep-alive { "BlockSize": 524288, "ChangedBlocks": [ { "BlockIndex": 0, "FirstBlockToken": "AAUBAVaWqOCnDNuKle11s7IIX6jp6FYcC/tJuVT1GgP23AuLntwiMdJ+OJkL", "SecondBlockToken": "AAUBASxzy0Y0b33JVRLoYm3NOresCxn5RO+HVFzXW3Y/RwfFaPX2Edx8QHCh" }, { "BlockIndex": 3072, "FirstBlockToken": "AAUBAcHp6pC5fKAC7TokoNCtAnZhqq27u6fxRfZOLEmeXLmHBf2R/Yb24MaS", "SecondBlockToken": "AAUBARGCaufCqBRZC8tEkPYGGkSv3vqvOjJ2xKDi3ljDFiytUxBLXYgTmkid" }, { "BlockIndex": 6002, "FirstBlockToken": "AAABASqX4/NWjvNceoyMUljcRd0DnwbSwNnes1UkoP62CrQXvn47BY5435aw" }, { "BlockIndex": 6003, "FirstBlockToken": "AAABASmJ0O5JxAOce25rF4P1sdRtyIDsX12tFEDunnePYUKOf4PBROuICb2A" }, ... ], "ExpiryTime": 1.592976647009E9, "VolumeSize": 3 }

Get block data from a snapshot

Amazon CLI

The following get-snapshot-block example command returns the data in the block index 6001 with block token AAABASBpSJ2UAD3PLxJnCt6zun4/T4sU25Bnb8jB5Q6FRXHFqAIAqE04hJoR, in snapshot snap-1234567890. The binary data is output to the data file in the C:\Temp directory on a Windows computer. If you run the command on a Linux or Unix computer, replace the output path with /tmp/data to output the data to the data file in the /tmp directory.

aws ebs get-snapshot-block --snapshot-id snap-1234567890 --block-index 6001 --block-token AAABASBpSJ2UAD3PLxJnCt6zun4/T4sU25Bnb8jB5Q6FRXHFqAIAqE04hJoR C:/Temp/data

The following example response for the previous command shows the size of the data returned, the checksum to validate the data, and the algorithm of the checksum. The binary data is automatically saved to the directory and file you specified in the request command.

{ "DataLength": "524288", "Checksum": "cf0Y6/Fn0oFa4VyjQPOa/iD0zhTflPTKzxGv2OKowXc=", "ChecksumAlgorithm": "SHA256" }
Amazon API

The following GetSnapshotBlock example request returns the data in the block index 3072 with block token AAUBARGCaufCqBRZC8tEkPYGGkSv3vqvOjJ2xKDi3ljDFiytUxBLXYgTmkid, in snapshot snap-0c9EXAMPLE1b30e2f.

GET /snapshots/snap-0c9EXAMPLE1b30e2f/blocks/3072?blockToken=AAUBARGCaufCqBRZC8tEkPYGGkSv3vqvOjJ2xKDi3ljDFiytUxBLXYgTmkid HTTP/1.1 Host: ebs.us-east-2.amazonaws.com Accept-Encoding: identity User-Agent: <User agent parameter> X-Amz-Date: 20200617T232838Z Authorization: <Authentication parameter>

The following example response for the previous request shows the size of the data returned, the checksum to validate the data, and the algorithm used to generate the checksum. The binary data is transmitted in the body of the response and is represented as BlockData in the following example.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK x-amzn-RequestId: 2d0db2fb-bd88-474d-a137-81c4e57d7b9f x-amz-Data-Length: 524288 x-amz-Checksum: Vc0yY2j3qg8bUL9I6GQuI2orTudrQRBDMIhcy7bdEsw= x-amz-Checksum-Algorithm: SHA256 Content-Type: application/octet-stream Content-Length: 524288 Date: Wed, 17 Jun 2020 23:28:38 GMT Connection: keep-alive BlockData