Monitoring Recycle Bin using Amazon CloudTrail - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
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Monitoring Recycle Bin using Amazon CloudTrail

The Recycle Bin service is integrated with Amazon CloudTrail. CloudTrail is a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an Amazon service. CloudTrail captures all API calls performed in Recycle Bin as events. If you create a trail, you can enable continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket. If you don't configure a trail, you can still view the most recent management events in the CloudTrail console in Event history. You can use the information collected by CloudTrail to determine the request that was made to Recycle Bin, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

For more information about CloudTrail, see the Amazon CloudTrail User Guide.

Recycle Bin information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail is enabled on your Amazon account when you create the account. When supported event activity occurs in Recycle Bin, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other Amazon service events in Event history. You can view, search, and download recent events in your Amazon account. For more information, see Viewing Events with CloudTrail Event History.

For an ongoing record of events in your Amazon account, including events for Recycle Bin, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an S3 bucket. By default, when you create a trail in the console, the trail applies to all Amazon Regions. The trail logs events from all Regions in the Amazon partition and delivers the log files to the S3 bucket that you specify. Additionally, you can configure other Amazon services to further analyze and act upon the event data collected in CloudTrail logs. For more information, see Overview for creating a trail in the Amazon CloudTrail User Guide.

Supported API actions

For Recycle Bin, you can use CloudTrail to log the following API actions as management events.

  • CreateRule

  • UpdateRule

  • GetRules

  • ListRule

  • DeleteRule

  • TagResource

  • UntagResource

  • ListTagsForResource

For more information about logging management events, see Logging management events for trails in the CloudTrail User Guide.

Identity information

Every event or log entry contains information about who generated the request. The identity information helps you determine the following:

  • Whether the request was made with root or Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user credentials.

  • Whether the request was made with temporary security credentials for a role or federated user.

  • Whether the request was made by another Amazon service.

For more information, see the CloudTrail userIdentityElement.

Understand Recycle Bin log file entries

A trail is a configuration that enables delivery of events as log files to an S3 bucket that you specify. CloudTrail log files contain one or more log entries. An event represents a single request from any source and includes information about the requested action, the date and time of the action, request parameters, and so on. CloudTrail log files aren't an ordered stack trace of the public API calls, so they don't appear in any specific order.

The following are example CloudTrail log entries.

CreateRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:45:22Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "retentionPeriod": { "retentionPeriodValue": 8, "retentionPeriodUnit": "DAYS" }, "description": "Match all snapshots", "resourceType": "EBS_SNAPSHOT" }, "responseElements": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
GetRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:45:33Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "GetRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
ListRules
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:44:37Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ListRules", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "resourceTags": [ { "resourceTagKey": "test", "resourceTagValue": "test" } ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
UpdateRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:46:03Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "UpdateRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample", "retentionPeriod": { "retentionPeriodValue": 365, "retentionPeriodUnit": "DAYS" }, "description": "Match all snapshots", "resourceType": "EBS_SNAPSHOT" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
DeleteRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:46:25Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DeleteRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
TagResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012:cheluyao-Isengard", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:43:15Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "TagResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234", "tags": [ { "key": "purpose", "value": "production" } ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "examplee-7962-49ec-8633-795efexample", "eventID": "example4-6826-4c0a-bdec-0bab1example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "beta.us-west-2.api.rbs.aws.dev" } }
UntagResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012:cheluyao-Isengard", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:44:16Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "UntagResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234", "tagKeys": [ "purpose" ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "example7-6c1e-4f09-9e46-bb957example", "eventID": "example6-75ff-4c94-a1cd-4d5f5example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "beta.us-west-2.api.rbs.aws.dev" } }
ListTagsForResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012:cheluyao-Isengard", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:42:31Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ListTagsForResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "example8-10c7-43d4-b147-3d9d9example", "eventID": "example2-24fc-4da7-a479-c9748example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "beta.us-west-2.api.rbs.aws.dev" } }