MySQL security on Amazon RDS - Amazon Relational Database Service
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MySQL security on Amazon RDS

Security for MySQL DB instances is managed at three levels:

  • Amazon Identity and Access Management controls who can perform Amazon RDS management actions on DB instances. When you connect to Amazon using IAM credentials, your IAM account must have IAM policies that grant the permissions required to perform Amazon RDS management operations. For more information, see Identity and access management for Amazon RDS.

  • When you create a DB instance, you use a VPC security group to control which devices and Amazon EC2 instances can open connections to the endpoint and port of the DB instance. These connections can be made using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS). In addition, firewall rules at your company can control whether devices running at your company can open connections to the DB instance.

  • To authenticate login and permissions for a MySQL DB instance, you can take either of the following approaches, or a combination of them.

    You can take the same approach as with a stand-alone instance of MySQL. Commands such as CREATE USER, RENAME USER, GRANT, REVOKE, and SET PASSWORD work just as they do in on-premises databases, as does directly modifying database schema tables. For information, see Access control and account management in the MySQL documentation.

    You can also use IAM database authentication. With IAM database authentication, you authenticate to your DB instance by using an IAM user or IAM role and an authentication token. An authentication token is a unique value that is generated using the Signature Version 4 signing process. By using IAM database authentication, you can use the same credentials to control access to your Amazon resources and your databases. For more information, see IAM database authentication for MariaDB, MySQL, and PostgreSQL.

    Another option is Kerberos authentication for RDS for MySQL. The DB instance works with Amazon Directory Service for Microsoft Active Directory (Amazon Managed Microsoft AD) to enable Kerberos authentication. When users authenticate with a MySQL DB instance joined to the trusting domain, authentication requests are forwarded. Forwarded requests go to the domain directory that you create with Amazon Directory Service. For more information, see Using Kerberos authentication for MySQL.

When you create an Amazon RDS DB instance, the master user has the following default privileges:

  • alter

  • alter routine

  • create

  • create routine

  • create temporary tables

  • create user

  • create view

  • delete

  • drop

  • event

  • execute

  • grant option

  • index

  • insert

  • lock tables

  • process

  • references

  • replication client

  • replication slave

  • select

  • show databases

  • show view

  • trigger

  • update


Although it is possible to delete the master user on the DB instance, it is not recommended. To recreate the master user, use the ModifyDBInstance RDS API operation or the modify-db-instance Amazon CLI command and specify a new master user password with the appropriate parameter. If the master user does not exist in the instance, the master user is created with the specified password.

To provide management services for each DB instance, the rdsadmin user is created when the DB instance is created. Attempting to drop, rename, change the password, or change privileges for the rdsadmin account will result in an error.

To allow management of the DB instance, the standard kill and kill_query commands have been restricted. The Amazon RDS commands rds_kill and rds_kill_query are provided to allow you to end user sessions or queries on DB instances.