Master user account privileges - Amazon Relational Database Service
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Master user account privileges

When you create a new DB instance, the default master user that you use gets certain privileges for that DB instance. You can't change the master user name after the DB instance is created.

Important

We strongly recommend that you do not use the master user directly in your applications. Instead, adhere to the best practice of using a database user created with the minimal privileges required for your application.

Note

If you accidentally delete the permissions for the master user, you can restore them by modifying the DB instance and setting a new master user password. For more information about modifying a DB instance, see Modifying an Amazon RDS DB instance.

The following table shows the privileges and database roles the master user gets for each of the database engines.

Database engine

System privilege

Database role

RDS for Db2

The master user is assigned to the masterdba group and assigned the master_user_role.

SYSMON, DBADM with DATAACCESS AND ACCCESSCTRL, BINDADD, CONNECT, CREATETAB, CREATE_SECURE_OBJECT, EXPLAIN, IMPLICIT_SCHEMA, LOAD, SQLADM, WLMADM

DBA, DBA_RESTRICTED, DEVELOPER, ROLE_NULLID_PACKAGES, ROLE_PROCEDURES, ROLE_TABLESPACES

RDS for MariaDB

SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, RELOAD, PROCESS, REFERENCES, INDEX, ALTER, SHOW DATABASES, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, LOCK TABLES, EXECUTE, REPLICATION CLIENT, CREATE VIEW, SHOW VIEW, CREATE ROUTINE, ALTER ROUTINE, CREATE USER, EVENT, TRIGGER, REPLICATION SLAVE

RDS for MySQL 8.0.36 and higher

SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, RELOAD, PROCESS, REFERENCES, INDEX, ALTER, SHOW DATABASES, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, LOCK TABLES, EXECUTE, REPLICATION SLAVE, REPLICATION CLIENT, CREATE VIEW, SHOW VIEW, CREATE ROUTINE, ALTER ROUTINE, CREATE USER, EVENT, TRIGGER, CREATE ROLE, DROP ROLE, APPLICATION_PASSWORD_ADMIN, ROLE_ADMIN, SET_USER_ID, XA_RECOVER_ADMIN

rds_superuser_role

For more information about rds_superuser_role, see Role-based privilege model.

RDS for MySQL versions lower than 8.0.36

SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, RELOAD, PROCESS, REFERENCES, INDEX, ALTER, SHOW DATABASES, CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, LOCK TABLES, EXECUTE, REPLICATION CLIENT, CREATE VIEW, SHOW VIEW, CREATE ROUTINE, ALTER ROUTINE, CREATE USER, EVENT, TRIGGER, REPLICATION SLAVE

RDS for PostgreSQL

CREATE ROLE, CREATE DB, PASSWORD VALID UNTIL INFINITY, CREATE EXTENSION, ALTER EXTENSION, DROP EXTENSION, CREATE TABLESPACE, ALTER <OBJECT> OWNER, CHECKPOINT, PG_CANCEL_BACKEND(), PG_TERMINATE_BACKEND(), SELECT PG_STAT_REPLICATION, EXECUTE PG_STAT_STATEMENTS_RESET(), OWN POSTGRES_FDW_HANDLER(), OWN POSTGRES_FDW_VALIDATOR(), OWN POSTGRES_FDW, EXECUTE PG_BUFFERCACHE_PAGES(), SELECT PG_BUFFERCACHE

RDS_SUPERUSER

For more information about RDS_SUPERUSER, see Understanding PostgreSQL roles and permissions.

RDS for Oracle

ADMINISTER DATABASE TRIGGER, ALTER DATABASE LINK, ALTER PUBLIC DATABASE LINK, AUDIT SYSTEM, CHANGE NOTIFICATION, DROP ANY DIRECTORY, EXEMPT ACCESS POLICY, EXEMPT IDENTITY POLICY, EXEMPT REDACTION POLICY, FLASHBACK ANY TABLE, GRANT ANY OBJECT PRIVILEGE, RESTRICTED SESSION, SELECT ANY TABLE, UNLIMITED TABLESPACE

DBA

Note

The DBA role is exempt from the following privileges:

ALTER DATABASE, ALTER SYSTEM, CREATE ANY DIRECTORY, CREATE EXTERNAL JOB, CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE, GRANT ANY PRIVILEGE, GRANT ANY ROLE, READ ANY FILE GROUP

Amazon RDS for Microsoft SQL Server

ADMINISTER BULK OPERATIONS, ALTER ANY CONNECTION, ALTER ANY CREDENTIAL, ALTER ANY EVENT SESSION, ALTER ANY LINKED SERVER, ALTER ANY LOGIN, ALTER ANY SERVER AUDIT, ALTER ANY SERVER ROLE, ALTER SERVER STATE, ALTER TRACE, CONNECT SQL, CREATE ANY DATABASE, VIEW ANY DATABASE, VIEW ANY DEFINITION, VIEW SERVER STATE, ALTER ON ROLE SQLAgentOperatorRole

DB_OWNER (database-level role), PROCESSADMIN (server-level role), SETUPADMIN (server-level role), SQLAgentUserRole (database-level role)