Creating a rule that triggers on an Amazon RDS event - Amazon Relational Database Service
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Creating a rule that triggers on an Amazon RDS event

Using Amazon EventBridge, you can automate Amazon services and respond to system events such as application availability issues or resource changes.

Creating rules to send Amazon RDS events to Amazon EventBridge

You can write simple rules to indicate which Amazon RDS events interest you and which automated actions to take when an event matches a rule. You can set a variety of targets, such as an Amazon Lambda function or an Amazon SNS topic, which receive events in JSON format. For example, you can configure Amazon RDS to send events to Amazon EventBridge whenever a DB instance is created or deleted. For more information, see the Amazon CloudWatch Events User Guide and the Amazon EventBridge User Guide.

To create a rule that triggers on an RDS event:
  1. Open the CloudWatch console at

  2. Under Events in the navigation pane, choose Rules.

  3. Choose Create rule.

  4. For Event Source, do the following:

    1. Choose Event Pattern.

    2. For Service Name, choose Relational Database Service (RDS).

    3. For Event Type, choose the type of Amazon RDS resource that triggers the event. For example, if a DB instance triggers the event, choose RDS DB Instance Event.

  5. For Targets, choose Add Target and choose the Amazon service that is to act when an event of the selected type is detected.

  6. In the other fields in this section, enter information specific to this target type, if any is needed.

  7. For many target types, EventBridge needs permissions to send events to the target. In these cases, EventBridge can create the IAM role needed for your event to run:

    • To create an IAM role automatically, choose Create a new role for this specific resource.

    • To use an IAM role that you created before, choose Use existing role.

  8. Optionally, repeat steps 5-7 to add another target for this rule.

  9. Choose Configure details. For Rule definition, type a name and description for the rule.

    The rule name must be unique within this Region.

  10. Choose Create rule.

For more information, see Creating an EventBridge Rule That Triggers on an Event in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide.

Tutorial: Log DB instance state changes using Amazon EventBridge

In this tutorial, you create an Amazon Lambda function that logs the state changes for an Amazon RDS instance. You then create a rule that runs the function whenever there is a state change of an existing RDS DB instance. The tutorial assumes that you have a small running test instance that you can shut down temporarily.


Don't perform this tutorial on a running production DB instance.

Step 1: Create an Amazon Lambda function

Create a Lambda function to log the state change events. You specify this function when you create your rule.

To create a Lambda function
  1. Open the Amazon Lambda console at

  2. If you're new to Lambda, you see a welcome page. Choose Get Started Now. Otherwise, choose Create function.

  3. Choose Author from scratch.

  4. On the Create function page, do the following:

    1. Enter a name and description for the Lambda function. For example, name the function RDSInstanceStateChange.

    2. In Runtime, select Node.js 16x.

    3. For Architecture, choose x86_64.

    4. For Execution role, do either of the following:

      • Choose Create a new role with basic Lambda permissions.

      • For Existing role, choose Use an existing role. Choose the role that you want to use.

    5. Choose Create function.

  5. On the RDSInstanceStateChange page, do the following:

    1. In Code source, select index.js.

    2. In the index.js pane, delete the existing code.

    3. Enter the following code:

      console.log('Loading function'); exports.handler = async (event, context) => { console.log('Received event:', JSON.stringify(event)); };
    4. Choose Deploy.

Step 2: Create a rule

Create a rule to run your Lambda function whenever you launch an Amazon RDS instance.

To create the EventBridge rule
  1. Open the Amazon EventBridge console at

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Rules.

  3. Choose Create rule.

  4. Enter a name and description for the rule. For example, enter RDSInstanceStateChangeRule.

  5. Choose Rule with an event pattern, and then choose Next.

  6. For Event source, choose Amazon events or EventBridge partner events.

  7. Scroll down to the Event pattern section.

  8. For Event source, choose Amazon Web Services.

  9. For Amazon service, choose Relational Database Service (RDS).

  10. For Event type, choose RDS DB Instance Event.

  11. Leave the default event pattern. Then choose Next.

  12. For Target types, choose Amazon service.

  13. For Select a target, choose Lambda function.

  14. For Function, choose the Lambda function that you created. Then choose Next.

  15. In Configure tags, choose Next.

  16. Review the steps in your rule. Then choose Create rule.

Step 3: Test the rule

To test your rule, shut down an RDS DB instance. After waiting a few minutes for the instance to shut down, verify that your Lambda function was invoked.

To test your rule by stopping a DB instance
  1. Open the Amazon RDS console at

  2. Stop an RDS DB instance.

  3. Open the Amazon EventBridge console at

  4. In the navigation pane, choose Rules, choose the name of the rule that you created.

  5. In Rule details, choose Monitoring.

    You are redirected to the Amazon CloudWatch console. If you are not redirected, click View the metrics in CloudWatch.

  6. In All metrics, choose the name of the rule that you created.

    The graph should indicate that the rule was invoked.

  7. In the navigation pane, choose Log groups.

  8. Choose the name of the log group for your Lambda function (/aws/lambda/function-name).

  9. Choose the name of the log stream to view the data provided by the function for the instance that you launched. You should see a received event similar to the following:

    { "version": "0", "id": "12a345b6-78c9-01d2-34e5-123f4ghi5j6k", "detail-type": "RDS DB Instance Event", "source": "aws.rds", "account": "111111111111", "time": "2021-03-19T19:34:09Z", "region": "us-east-1", "resources": [ "arn:aws-cn:rds:us-east-1:111111111111:db:testdb" ], "detail": { "EventCategories": [ "notification" ], "SourceType": "DB_INSTANCE", "SourceArn": "arn:aws-cn:rds:us-east-1:111111111111:db:testdb", "Date": "2021-03-19T19:34:09.293Z", "Message": "DB instance stopped", "SourceIdentifier": "testdb", "EventID": "RDS-EVENT-0087" } }

    For more examples of RDS events in JSON format, see Overview of events for Amazon RDS.

  10. (Optional) When you're finished, you can open the Amazon RDS console and start the instance that you stopped.