Bucket policy examples - Amazon Simple Storage Service
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China.

Bucket policy examples

This section presents a few examples of typical use cases for bucket policies. The policies use DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET strings in the resource value. To test these policies, replace these strings with your bucket name. For information about bucket policies, see Using bucket policies. For more information about policy language, see Policies and Permissions in Amazon S3.

A bucket policy is a resource-based policy that you can use to grant access permissions to your bucket and the objects in it. Only the bucket owner can associate a policy with a bucket. The permissions attached to the bucket apply to all of the objects in the bucket that are owned by the bucket owner. These permissions do not apply to objects owned by other Amazon Web Services accounts.

By default, when another Amazon Web Services account uploads an object to your S3 bucket, that account (the object writer) owns the object, has access to it, and can grant other users access to it through ACLs. You can use Object Ownership to change this default behavior so that ACLs are disabled and you, as the bucket owner, automatically own every object in your bucket. As a result, access control for your data is based on policies, such as IAM policies, S3 bucket policies, virtual private cloud (VPC) endpoint policies, and Amazon Organizations service control policies (SCPs). For more information, see Controlling ownership of objects and disabling ACLs for your bucket.

For more information about bucket policies, see Using bucket policies.

Note

Bucket policies are limited to 20 KB in size.

You can use the Amazon Policy Generator to create a bucket policy for your Amazon S3 bucket. You can then use the generated document to set your bucket policy by using the Amazon S3 console, through several third-party tools, or via your application.

Important

When testing permissions using the Amazon S3 console, you must grant additional permissions that the console requires—s3:ListAllMyBuckets, s3:GetBucketLocation, and s3:ListBucket permissions. For an example walkthrough that grants permissions to users and tests them using the console, see Controlling access to a bucket with user policies.

Granting permissions to multiple accounts with added conditions

The following example policy grants the s3:PutObject and s3:PutObjectAcl permissions to multiple Amazon Web Services accounts and requires that any request for these operations include the public-read canned access control list (ACL). For more information, see Amazon S3 actions and Amazon S3 condition key examples.

Warning

Use caution when granting anonymous access to your Amazon S3 bucket or disabling block public access settings. When you grant anonymous access, anyone in the world can access your bucket. We recommend that you never grant anonymous access to your Amazon S3 bucket unless you specifically need to, such as with static website hosting.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AddCannedAcl", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "AWS": [ "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root", "arn:aws:iam::444455556666:root" ] }, "Action": [ "s3:PutObject", "s3:PutObjectAcl" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "s3:x-amz-acl": [ "public-read" ] } } } ] }

Granting read-only permission to an anonymous user

The following example policy grants the s3:GetObject permission to any public anonymous users. (For a list of permissions and the operations that they allow, see Amazon S3 actions.) This permission allows anyone to read the object data, which is useful for when you configure your bucket as a website and want everyone to be able to read objects in the bucket. Before you use a bucket policy to grant read-only permission to an anonymous user, you must disable block public access settings for your bucket. For more information, see Setting permissions for website access.

Warning

Use caution when granting anonymous access to your Amazon S3 bucket or disabling block public access settings. When you grant anonymous access, anyone in the world can access your bucket. We recommend that you never grant anonymous access to your Amazon S3 bucket unless you specifically need to, such as with static website hosting.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "PublicRead", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": "*", "Action": [ "s3:GetObject", "s3:GetObjectVersion" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*" ] } ] }

Limiting access to specific IP addresses

The following example denies permissions to any user to perform any Amazon S3 operations on objects in the specified S3 bucket unless the request originates from the range of IP addresses specified in the condition.

This statement identifies 54.240.143.0/24 as the range of allowed Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) IP addresses.

The Condition block uses the NotIpAddress condition and the aws:SourceIp condition key, which is an Amazon-wide condition key. For more information about these condition keys, see Amazon S3 condition key examples. The aws:SourceIp IPv4 values use the standard CIDR notation. For more information, see IAM JSON Policy Elements Reference in the IAM User Guide.

Warning

Before using this policy, replace the 54.240.143.0/24 IP address range in this example with an appropriate value for your use case. Otherwise, you will lose the ability to access your bucket.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Id": "S3PolicyId1", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "IPAllow", "Effect": "Deny", "Principal": "*", "Action": "s3:*", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET", "arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*" ], "Condition": { "NotIpAddress": { "aws:SourceIp": "54.240.143.0/24" } } } ] }

Allowing IPv4 and IPv6 addresses

When you start using IPv6 addresses, we recommend that you update all of your organization's policies with your IPv6 address ranges in addition to your existing IPv4 ranges to ensure that the policies continue to work as you make the transition to IPv6.

The following example bucket policy shows how to mix IPv4 and IPv6 address ranges to cover all of your organization's valid IP addresses. The example policy would allow access to the example IP addresses 54.240.143.1 and 2001:DB8:1234:5678::1 and would deny access to the addresses 54.240.143.129 and 2001:DB8:1234:5678:ABCD::1.

The IPv6 values for aws:SourceIp must be in standard CIDR format. For IPv6, we support using :: to represent a range of 0s (for example, 2032001:DB8:1234:5678::/64). For more information, see IP Address Condition Operators in the IAM User Guide.

Warning

Replace the IP address ranges in this example with appropriate values for your use case before using this policy. Otherwise, you might lose the ability to access your bucket.

{ "Id": "PolicyId2", "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AllowIPmix", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": "*", "Action": "s3:*", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET", "arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*" ], "Condition": { "IpAddress": { "aws:SourceIp": [ "54.240.143.0/24", "2001:DB8:1234:5678::/64" ] }, "NotIpAddress": { "aws:SourceIp": [ "54.240.143.128/30", "2001:DB8:1234:5678:ABCD::/80" ] } } } ] }

Restricting access to a specific HTTP referer

Suppose that you have a website with a domain name (www.example.com or example.com) with links to photos and videos stored in your Amazon S3 bucket, DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET. By default, all the Amazon S3 resources are private, so only the Amazon Web Services account that created the resources can access them. To allow read access to these objects from your website, you can add a bucket policy that allows s3:GetObject permission with a condition, using the aws:Referer key, that the get request must originate from specific webpages. The following policy specifies the StringLike condition with the aws:Referer condition key.

{ "Version":"2012-10-17", "Id":"http referer policy example", "Statement":[ { "Sid":"Allow get requests originating from www.example.com and example.com.", "Effect":"Allow", "Principal":"*", "Action":["s3:GetObject","s3:GetObjectVersion"], "Resource":"arn:aws-cn:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*", "Condition":{ "StringLike":{"aws:Referer":["http://www.example.com/*","http://example.com/*"]} } } ] }

Make sure the browsers that you use include the HTTP referer header in the request.

Warning

We recommend that you use caution when using the aws:Referer condition key. It is dangerous to include a publicly known referer header value. Unauthorized parties can use modified or custom browsers to provide any aws:Referer value that they choose. Therefore, do not use aws:Referer to prevent unauthorized parties from making direct Amazon requests.

The aws:Referer condition key is offered only to allow customers to protect their digital content, such as content stored in Amazon S3, from being referenced on unauthorized third-party sites. For more information, see aws:Referer in the IAM User Guide.

Granting permission to an Amazon CloudFront OAI

The following example bucket policy grants a CloudFront origin access identity (OAI) permission to get (read) all objects in your Amazon S3 bucket. You can use a CloudFront OAI to allow users to access objects in your bucket through CloudFront but not directly through Amazon S3. For more information, see Restricting Access to Amazon S3 Content by Using an Origin Access Identity in the Amazon CloudFront Developer Guide.

The following policy uses the OAI’s ID as the policy’s Principal. For more information about using S3 bucket policies to grant access to a CloudFront OAI, see Using Amazon S3 Bucket Policies in the Amazon CloudFront Developer Guide.

To use this example:

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Id": "PolicyForCloudFrontPrivateContent", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::cloudfront:user/CloudFront Origin Access Identity EH1HDMB1FH2TC" }, "Action": "s3:GetObject", "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*" } ] }

Adding a bucket policy to require MFA

Amazon S3 supports MFA-protected API access, a feature that can enforce multi-factor authentication (MFA) for access to your Amazon S3 resources. Multi-factor authentication provides an extra level of security that you can apply to your Amazon environment. It is a security feature that requires users to prove physical possession of an MFA device by providing a valid MFA code. For more information, see Amazon Multi-Factor Authentication. You can require MFA for any requests to access your Amazon S3 resources.

You can enforce the MFA requirement using the aws:MultiFactorAuthAge key in a bucket policy. Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) users can access Amazon S3 resources by using temporary credentials issued by the Amazon Security Token Service (Amazon STS). You provide the MFA code at the time of the Amazon STS request.

When Amazon S3 receives a request with multi-factor authentication, the aws:MultiFactorAuthAge key provides a numeric value indicating how long ago (in seconds) the temporary credential was created. If the temporary credential provided in the request was not created using an MFA device, this key value is null (absent). In a bucket policy, you can add a condition to check this value, as shown in the following example bucket policy. This example policy denies any Amazon S3 operation on the /taxdocuments folder in the DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET bucket if the request is not authenticated using MFA. To learn more about MFA, see Using Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) in Amazon in the IAM User Guide.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Id": "123", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "", "Effect": "Deny", "Principal": "*", "Action": "s3:*", "Resource": "arn:aws-cn:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/taxdocuments/*", "Condition": { "Null": { "aws:MultiFactorAuthAge": true }} } ] }

The Null condition in the Condition block evaluates to true if the aws:MultiFactorAuthAge key value is null, indicating that the temporary security credentials in the request were created without the MFA key.

The following bucket policy is an extension of the preceding bucket policy. It includes two policy statements. One statement allows the s3:GetObject permission on a bucket (DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET) to everyone. Another statement further restricts access to the DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/taxdocuments folder in the bucket by requiring MFA.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Id": "123", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "", "Effect": "Deny", "Principal": "*", "Action": "s3:*", "Resource": "arn:aws-cn:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/taxdocuments/*", "Condition": { "Null": { "aws:MultiFactorAuthAge": true } } }, { "Sid": "", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": "*", "Action": ["s3:GetObject"], "Resource": "arn:aws-cn:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*" } ] }

You can optionally use a numeric condition to limit the duration for which the aws:MultiFactorAuthAge key is valid, independent of the lifetime of the temporary security credential used in authenticating the request. For example, the following bucket policy, in addition to requiring MFA authentication, also checks how long ago the temporary session was created. The policy denies any operation if the aws:MultiFactorAuthAge key value indicates that the temporary session was created more than an hour ago (3,600 seconds).

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Id": "123", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "", "Effect": "Deny", "Principal": "*", "Action": "s3:*", "Resource": "arn:aws-cn:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/taxdocuments/*", "Condition": {"Null": {"aws:MultiFactorAuthAge": true }} }, { "Sid": "", "Effect": "Deny", "Principal": "*", "Action": "s3:*", "Resource": "arn:aws-cn:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/taxdocuments/*", "Condition": {"NumericGreaterThan": {"aws:MultiFactorAuthAge": 3600 }} }, { "Sid": "", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": "*", "Action": ["s3:GetObject"], "Resource": "arn:aws-cn:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*" } ] }

Granting cross-account permissions to upload objects while ensuring the bucket owner has full control

The following example shows how to allow another Amazon Web Services account to upload objects to your bucket while taking full control of the uploaded objects. This policy enforces that a specific Amazon Web Services account (111122223333) be granted the ability to upload objects only if that account includes the bucket-owner-full-control canned ACL on upload. The StringEquals condition in the policy specifies the s3:x-amz-acl condition key to express the requirement (see Amazon S3 condition key examples).

{ "Version":"2012-10-17", "Statement":[ { "Sid":"PolicyForAllowUploadWithACL", "Effect":"Allow", "Principal":{"AWS":"111122223333"}, "Action":"s3:PutObject", "Resource":"arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/*", "Condition": { "StringEquals": {"s3:x-amz-acl":"bucket-owner-full-control"} } } ] }

Granting permissions for Amazon S3 Inventory and Amazon S3 analytics

Amazon S3 Inventory creates lists of the objects in an Amazon S3 bucket, and Amazon S3 analytics export creates output files of the data used in the analysis. The bucket that the inventory lists the objects for is called the source bucket. The bucket where the inventory file is written and the bucket where the analytics export file is written is called a destination bucket. You must create a bucket policy for the destination bucket when setting up inventory for an Amazon S3 bucket and when setting up the analytics export. For more information, see Amazon S3 Inventory and Amazon S3 analytics – Storage Class Analysis.

The following example bucket policy grants Amazon S3 permission to write objects (PUTs) from the account for the source bucket to the destination bucket. You use a bucket policy like this on the destination bucket when setting up Amazon S3 Inventory and Amazon S3 analytics export.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "InventoryAndAnalyticsExamplePolicy", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "s3.amazonaws.com" }, "Action": "s3:PutObject", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::destinationbucket/*" ], "Condition": { "ArnLike": { "aws:SourceArn": "arn:aws:s3:::sourcebucket" }, "StringEquals": { "aws:SourceAccount": "111122223333", "s3:x-amz-acl": "bucket-owner-full-control" } } } ] }

Granting permissions for Amazon S3 Storage Lens

Amazon S3 Storage Lens aggregates your usage and activity metrics and displays the information in the account snapshot on the Amazon S3 console home (Buckets) page, interactive dashboards, or through a metrics export that you can download in CSV or Parquet format. You can use the dashboard to visualize insights and trends, flag outliers, and receive recommendations for optimizing storage costs and applying data protection best practices. You can use S3 Storage Lens through the Amazon Web Services Management Console, Amazon CLI, Amazon SDKs, or REST API.

S3 Storage Lens can aggregate your storage usage to metrics exports in an Amazon S3 bucket for further analysis. The bucket that S3 Storage Lens places its metrics exports is known as the destination bucket. You must have a bucket policy for the destination bucket when setting up your S3 Storage Lens metrics export. For more information, see Assessing your storage activity and usage with Amazon S3 Storage Lens.

The following example bucket policy grants Amazon S3 permission to write objects (PUTs) to a destination bucket. You use a bucket policy like this on the destination bucket when setting up an S3 Storage Lens metrics export.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "S3StorageLensExamplePolicy", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "storage-lens.s3.amazonaws.com" }, "Action": "s3:PutObject", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::destination-bucket/destination-prefix/StorageLens/111122223333/*" ], "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "s3:x-amz-acl": "bucket-owner-full-control", "aws:SourceAccount": "111122223333", "aws:SourceArn": "arn:aws:s3:Amazon Web Services Region:111122223333:storage-lens/storage-lens-dashboard-configuration-id" } } } ] }

Use the following modification to the previous bucket policy Resource when setting up an S3 Storage Lens organization-level metrics export.

"Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::destination-bucket/destination-prefix/StorageLens/your-organization-id/*",