Use CreateBucket with an Amazon SDK or CLI - Amazon Simple Storage Service
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Use CreateBucket with an Amazon SDK or CLI

The following code examples show how to use CreateBucket.

Action examples are code excerpts from larger programs and must be run in context. You can see this action in context in the following code examples:

.NET
Amazon SDK for .NET
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

/// <summary> /// Shows how to create a new Amazon S3 bucket. /// </summary> /// <param name="client">An initialized Amazon S3 client object.</param> /// <param name="bucketName">The name of the bucket to create.</param> /// <returns>A boolean value representing the success or failure of /// the bucket creation process.</returns> public static async Task<bool> CreateBucketAsync(IAmazonS3 client, string bucketName) { try { var request = new PutBucketRequest { BucketName = bucketName, UseClientRegion = true, }; var response = await client.PutBucketAsync(request); return response.HttpStatusCode == System.Net.HttpStatusCode.OK; } catch (AmazonS3Exception ex) { Console.WriteLine($"Error creating bucket: '{ex.Message}'"); return false; } }

Create a bucket with object lock enabled.

/// <summary> /// Create a new Amazon S3 bucket with object lock actions. /// </summary> /// <param name="bucketName">The name of the bucket to create.</param> /// <param name="enableObjectLock">True to enable object lock on the bucket.</param> /// <returns>True if successful.</returns> public async Task<bool> CreateBucketWithObjectLock(string bucketName, bool enableObjectLock) { Console.WriteLine($"\tCreating bucket {bucketName} with object lock {enableObjectLock}."); try { var request = new PutBucketRequest { BucketName = bucketName, UseClientRegion = true, ObjectLockEnabledForBucket = enableObjectLock, }; var response = await _amazonS3.PutBucketAsync(request); return response.HttpStatusCode == System.Net.HttpStatusCode.OK; } catch (AmazonS3Exception ex) { Console.WriteLine($"Error creating bucket: '{ex.Message}'"); return false; } }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for .NET API Reference.

Bash
Amazon CLI with Bash script
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

############################################################################### # function iecho # # This function enables the script to display the specified text only if # the global variable $VERBOSE is set to true. ############################################################################### function iecho() { if [[ $VERBOSE == true ]]; then echo "$@" fi } ############################################################################### # function errecho # # This function outputs everything sent to it to STDERR (standard error output). ############################################################################### function errecho() { printf "%s\n" "$*" 1>&2 } ############################################################################### # function create-bucket # # This function creates the specified bucket in the specified AWS Region, unless # it already exists. # # Parameters: # -b bucket_name -- The name of the bucket to create. # -r region_code -- The code for an AWS Region in which to # create the bucket. # # Returns: # The URL of the bucket that was created. # And: # 0 - If successful. # 1 - If it fails. ############################################################################### function create_bucket() { local bucket_name region_code response local option OPTARG # Required to use getopts command in a function. # bashsupport disable=BP5008 function usage() { echo "function create_bucket" echo "Creates an Amazon S3 bucket. You must supply a bucket name:" echo " -b bucket_name The name of the bucket. It must be globally unique." echo " [-r region_code] The code for an AWS Region in which the bucket is created." echo "" } # Retrieve the calling parameters. while getopts "b:r:h" option; do case "${option}" in b) bucket_name="${OPTARG}" ;; r) region_code="${OPTARG}" ;; h) usage return 0 ;; \?) echo "Invalid parameter" usage return 1 ;; esac done if [[ -z "$bucket_name" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a bucket name with the -b parameter." usage return 1 fi local bucket_config_arg # A location constraint for "us-east-1" returns an error. if [[ -n "$region_code" ]] && [[ "$region_code" != "us-east-1" ]]; then bucket_config_arg="--create-bucket-configuration LocationConstraint=$region_code" fi iecho "Parameters:\n" iecho " Bucket name: $bucket_name" iecho " Region code: $region_code" iecho "" # If the bucket already exists, we don't want to try to create it. if (bucket_exists "$bucket_name"); then errecho "ERROR: A bucket with that name already exists. Try again." return 1 fi # shellcheck disable=SC2086 response=$(aws s3api create-bucket \ --bucket "$bucket_name" \ $bucket_config_arg) # shellcheck disable=SC2181 if [[ ${?} -ne 0 ]]; then errecho "ERROR: AWS reports create-bucket operation failed.\n$response" return 1 fi }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon CLI Command Reference.

C++
SDK for C++
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

bool AwsDoc::S3::createBucket(const Aws::String &bucketName, const Aws::S3::S3ClientConfiguration &clientConfig) { Aws::S3::S3Client client(clientConfig); Aws::S3::Model::CreateBucketRequest request; request.SetBucket(bucketName); if (clientConfig.region != "us-east-1") { Aws::S3::Model::CreateBucketConfiguration createBucketConfig; createBucketConfig.SetLocationConstraint( Aws::S3::Model::BucketLocationConstraintMapper::GetBucketLocationConstraintForName( clientConfig.region)); request.SetCreateBucketConfiguration(createBucketConfig); } Aws::S3::Model::CreateBucketOutcome outcome = client.CreateBucket(request); if (!outcome.IsSuccess()) { auto err = outcome.GetError(); std::cerr << "Error: createBucket: " << err.GetExceptionName() << ": " << err.GetMessage() << std::endl; } else { std::cout << "Created bucket " << bucketName << " in the specified AWS Region." << std::endl; } return outcome.IsSuccess(); }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for C++ API Reference.

CLI
Amazon CLI

Example 1: To create a bucket

The following create-bucket example creates a bucket named my-bucket:

aws s3api create-bucket \ --bucket my-bucket \ --region us-east-1

Output:

{ "Location": "/my-bucket" }

For more information, see Creating a bucket in the Amazon S3 User Guide.

Example 2: To create a bucket with owner enforced

The following create-bucket example creates a bucket named my-bucket that uses the bucket owner enforced setting for S3 Object Ownership.

aws s3api create-bucket \ --bucket my-bucket \ --region us-east-1 \ --object-ownership BucketOwnerEnforced

Output:

{ "Location": "/my-bucket" }

For more information, see Controlling ownership of objects and disabling ACLs in the Amazon S3 User Guide.

Example 3: To create a bucket outside of the ``us-east-1`` region

The following create-bucket example creates a bucket named my-bucket in the eu-west-1 region. Regions outside of us-east-1 require the appropriate LocationConstraint to be specified in order to create the bucket in the desired region.

aws s3api create-bucket \ --bucket my-bucket \ --region eu-west-1 \ --create-bucket-configuration LocationConstraint=eu-west-1

Output:

{ "Location": "http://my-bucket.s3.amazonaws.com/" }

For more information, see Creating a bucket in the Amazon S3 User Guide.

  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon CLI Command Reference.

Go
SDK for Go V2
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Create a bucket with default configuration.

// BucketBasics encapsulates the Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) actions // used in the examples. // It contains S3Client, an Amazon S3 service client that is used to perform bucket // and object actions. type BucketBasics struct { S3Client *s3.Client } // CreateBucket creates a bucket with the specified name in the specified Region. func (basics BucketBasics) CreateBucket(name string, region string) error { _, err := basics.S3Client.CreateBucket(context.TODO(), &s3.CreateBucketInput{ Bucket: aws.String(name), CreateBucketConfiguration: &types.CreateBucketConfiguration{ LocationConstraint: types.BucketLocationConstraint(region), }, }) if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't create bucket %v in Region %v. Here's why: %v\n", name, region, err) } return err }

Create a bucket with object locking and wait for it to exist.

// S3Actions wraps S3 service actions. type S3Actions struct { S3Client *s3.Client S3Manager *manager.Uploader } // CreateBucketWithLock creates a new S3 bucket with optional object locking enabled // and waits for the bucket to exist before returning. func (actor S3Actions) CreateBucketWithLock(ctx context.Context, bucket string, region string, enableObjectLock bool) (string, error) { input := &s3.CreateBucketInput{ Bucket: aws.String(bucket), CreateBucketConfiguration: &types.CreateBucketConfiguration{ LocationConstraint: types.BucketLocationConstraint(region), }, } if enableObjectLock { input.ObjectLockEnabledForBucket = aws.Bool(true) } _, err := actor.S3Client.CreateBucket(ctx, input) if err != nil { var owned *types.BucketAlreadyOwnedByYou var exists *types.BucketAlreadyExists if errors.As(err, &owned) { log.Printf("You already own bucket %s.\n", bucket) err = owned } else if errors.As(err, &exists) { log.Printf("Bucket %s already exists.\n", bucket) err = exists } } else { err = s3.NewBucketExistsWaiter(actor.S3Client).Wait( ctx, &s3.HeadBucketInput{Bucket: aws.String(bucket)}, time.Minute) if err != nil { log.Printf("Failed attempt to wait for bucket %s to exist.\n", bucket) } } return bucket, err }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for Go API Reference.

Java
SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Create a bucket.

import software.amazon.awssdk.core.waiters.WaiterResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.S3Client; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.CreateBucketRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.HeadBucketRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.HeadBucketResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.S3Exception; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.waiters.S3Waiter; import java.net.URISyntaxException; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class CreateBucket { public static void main(String[] args) throws URISyntaxException { final String usage = """ Usage: <bucketName>\s Where: bucketName - The name of the bucket to create. The bucket name must be unique, or an error occurs. """; if (args.length != 1) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String bucketName = args[0]; System.out.format("Creating a bucket named %s\n", bucketName); Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; S3Client s3 = S3Client.builder() .region(region) .build(); createBucket(s3, bucketName); s3.close(); } public static void createBucket(S3Client s3Client, String bucketName) { try { S3Waiter s3Waiter = s3Client.waiter(); CreateBucketRequest bucketRequest = CreateBucketRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); s3Client.createBucket(bucketRequest); HeadBucketRequest bucketRequestWait = HeadBucketRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); // Wait until the bucket is created and print out the response. WaiterResponse<HeadBucketResponse> waiterResponse = s3Waiter.waitUntilBucketExists(bucketRequestWait); waiterResponse.matched().response().ifPresent(System.out::println); System.out.println(bucketName + " is ready"); } catch (S3Exception e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }

Create a bucket with object lock enabled.

// Create a new Amazon S3 bucket with object lock options. public void createBucketWithLockOptions(boolean enableObjectLock, String bucketName) { S3Waiter s3Waiter = getClient().waiter(); CreateBucketRequest bucketRequest = CreateBucketRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .objectLockEnabledForBucket(enableObjectLock) .build(); getClient().createBucket(bucketRequest); HeadBucketRequest bucketRequestWait = HeadBucketRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); // Wait until the bucket is created and print out the response. s3Waiter.waitUntilBucketExists(bucketRequestWait); System.out.println(bucketName + " is ready"); }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

JavaScript
SDK for JavaScript (v3)
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Create the bucket.

import { CreateBucketCommand, S3Client } from "@aws-sdk/client-s3"; const client = new S3Client({}); export const main = async () => { const command = new CreateBucketCommand({ // The name of the bucket. Bucket names are unique and have several other constraints. // See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/userguide/bucketnamingrules.html Bucket: "bucket-name", }); try { const { Location } = await client.send(command); console.log(`Bucket created with location ${Location}`); } catch (err) { console.error(err); } };
Kotlin
SDK for Kotlin
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

suspend fun createNewBucket(bucketName: String) { val request = CreateBucketRequest { bucket = bucketName } S3Client { region = "us-east-1" }.use { s3 -> s3.createBucket(request) println("$bucketName is ready") } }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for Kotlin API reference.

PHP
SDK for PHP
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Create a bucket.

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); try { $this->s3client->createBucket([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'CreateBucketConfiguration' => ['LocationConstraint' => $region], ]); echo "Created bucket named: $this->bucketName \n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to create bucket $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with bucket creation before continuing."); }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for PHP API Reference.

Python
SDK for Python (Boto3)
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Create a bucket with default settings.

class BucketWrapper: """Encapsulates S3 bucket actions.""" def __init__(self, bucket): """ :param bucket: A Boto3 Bucket resource. This is a high-level resource in Boto3 that wraps bucket actions in a class-like structure. """ self.bucket = bucket self.name = bucket.name def create(self, region_override=None): """ Create an Amazon S3 bucket in the default Region for the account or in the specified Region. :param region_override: The Region in which to create the bucket. If this is not specified, the Region configured in your shared credentials is used. """ if region_override is not None: region = region_override else: region = self.bucket.meta.client.meta.region_name try: self.bucket.create(CreateBucketConfiguration={"LocationConstraint": region}) self.bucket.wait_until_exists() logger.info("Created bucket '%s' in region=%s", self.bucket.name, region) except ClientError as error: logger.exception( "Couldn't create bucket named '%s' in region=%s.", self.bucket.name, region, ) raise error

Create a versioned bucket with a lifecycle configuration.

def create_versioned_bucket(bucket_name, prefix): """ Creates an Amazon S3 bucket, enables it for versioning, and configures a lifecycle that expires noncurrent object versions after 7 days. Adding a lifecycle configuration to a versioned bucket is a best practice. It helps prevent objects in the bucket from accumulating a large number of noncurrent versions, which can slow down request performance. Usage is shown in the usage_demo_single_object function at the end of this module. :param bucket_name: The name of the bucket to create. :param prefix: Identifies which objects are automatically expired under the configured lifecycle rules. :return: The newly created bucket. """ try: bucket = s3.create_bucket( Bucket=bucket_name, CreateBucketConfiguration={ "LocationConstraint": s3.meta.client.meta.region_name }, ) logger.info("Created bucket %s.", bucket.name) except ClientError as error: if error.response["Error"]["Code"] == "BucketAlreadyOwnedByYou": logger.warning("Bucket %s already exists! Using it.", bucket_name) bucket = s3.Bucket(bucket_name) else: logger.exception("Couldn't create bucket %s.", bucket_name) raise try: bucket.Versioning().enable() logger.info("Enabled versioning on bucket %s.", bucket.name) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't enable versioning on bucket %s.", bucket.name) raise try: expiration = 7 bucket.LifecycleConfiguration().put( LifecycleConfiguration={ "Rules": [ { "Status": "Enabled", "Prefix": prefix, "NoncurrentVersionExpiration": {"NoncurrentDays": expiration}, } ] } ) logger.info( "Configured lifecycle to expire noncurrent versions after %s days " "on bucket %s.", expiration, bucket.name, ) except ClientError as error: logger.warning( "Couldn't configure lifecycle on bucket %s because %s. " "Continuing anyway.", bucket.name, error, ) return bucket
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for Python (Boto3) API Reference.

Ruby
SDK for Ruby
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

require "aws-sdk-s3" # Wraps Amazon S3 bucket actions. class BucketCreateWrapper attr_reader :bucket # @param bucket [Aws::S3::Bucket] An Amazon S3 bucket initialized with a name. This is a client-side object until # create is called. def initialize(bucket) @bucket = bucket end # Creates an Amazon S3 bucket in the specified AWS Region. # # @param region [String] The Region where the bucket is created. # @return [Boolean] True when the bucket is created; otherwise, false. def create?(region) @bucket.create(create_bucket_configuration: { location_constraint: region }) true rescue Aws::Errors::ServiceError => e puts "Couldn't create bucket. Here's why: #{e.message}" false end # Gets the Region where the bucket is located. # # @return [String] The location of the bucket. def location if @bucket.nil? "None. You must create a bucket before you can get its location!" else @bucket.client.get_bucket_location(bucket: @bucket.name).location_constraint end rescue Aws::Errors::ServiceError => e "Couldn't get the location of #{@bucket.name}. Here's why: #{e.message}" end end # Example usage: def run_demo region = "us-west-2" wrapper = BucketCreateWrapper.new(Aws::S3::Bucket.new("doc-example-bucket-#{Random.uuid}")) return unless wrapper.create?(region) puts "Created bucket #{wrapper.bucket.name}." puts "Your bucket's region is: #{wrapper.location}" end run_demo if $PROGRAM_NAME == __FILE__
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for Ruby API Reference.

Rust
SDK for Rust
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

pub async fn create_bucket( client: &Client, bucket_name: &str, region: &str, ) -> Result<CreateBucketOutput, SdkError<CreateBucketError>> { let constraint = BucketLocationConstraint::from(region); let cfg = CreateBucketConfiguration::builder() .location_constraint(constraint) .build(); client .create_bucket() .create_bucket_configuration(cfg) .bucket(bucket_name) .send() .await }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for Rust API reference.

SAP ABAP
SDK for SAP ABAP
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

TRY. lo_s3->createbucket( iv_bucket = iv_bucket_name ). MESSAGE 'S3 bucket created.' TYPE 'I'. CATCH /aws1/cx_s3_bucketalrdyexists. MESSAGE 'Bucket name already exists.' TYPE 'E'. CATCH /aws1/cx_s3_bktalrdyownedbyyou. MESSAGE 'Bucket already exists and is owned by you.' TYPE 'E'. ENDTRY.
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for SAP ABAP API reference.

Swift
SDK for Swift
Note

This is prerelease documentation for an SDK in preview release. It is subject to change.

Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

public func createBucket(name: String) async throws { let config = S3ClientTypes.CreateBucketConfiguration( locationConstraint: .usEast2 ) let input = CreateBucketInput( bucket: name, createBucketConfiguration: config ) _ = try await client.createBucket(input: input) }
  • For API details, see CreateBucket in Amazon SDK for Swift API reference.

For a complete list of Amazon SDK developer guides and code examples, see Using this service with an Amazon SDK. This topic also includes information about getting started and details about previous SDK versions.