IAM JSON policy elements reference - Amazon Identity and Access Management
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IAM JSON policy elements reference

JSON policy documents are made up of elements. The elements are listed here in the general order you use them in a policy. The order of the elements doesn't matter—for example, the Resource element can come before the Action element. You're not required to specify any Condition elements in the policy. To learn more about the general structure and purpose of a JSON policy document, see Overview of JSON policies.

Some JSON policy elements are mutually exclusive. This means that you cannot create a policy that uses both. For example, you cannot use both Action and NotAction in the same policy statement. Other pairs that are mutually exclusive include Principal/NotPrincipal and Resource/NotResource.

The details of what goes into a policy vary for each service, depending on what actions the service makes available, what types of resources it contains, and so on. When you're writing policies for a specific service, it's helpful to see examples of policies for that service. For a list of all the services that support IAM, and for links to the documentation in those services that discusses IAM and policies, see Amazon services that work with IAM.

When you create or edit a JSON policy, IAM can perform policy validation to help you create an effective policy. IAM identifies JSON syntax errors, while IAM Access Analyzer provides additional policy checks with recommendations to help you further refine your policies. To learn more about policy validation, see Validating IAM policies. To learn more about IAM Access Analyzer policy checks and actionable recommendations, see IAM Access Analyzer policy validation.