REST Requests - Amazon Route 53
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REST Requests

Amazon Route 53 REST requests are HTTPS requests, as defined by RFC 2616 (for more information, go to This section describes the structure of an Route 53 REST request.

A typical REST action consists of sending a single HTTPS request to Route 53, and waiting for the response. Like any HTTP request, a REST request to Route 53 contains a request method, a URI, request headers, and sometimes a query string or request body. The response contains an HTTP status code, response headers, and sometimes a response body.

Request URI

The request URI always starts with a forward slash and then the version of the Route 53 API you use (for example, 2013-04-01). The remainder of the URI indicates the particular resource you want to act on. For example, following is the URI you use when creating a new hosted zone. (For more information, see CreateHostedZone.)


About the Request Time Stamp

You must provide the time stamp in either the HTTP Date header or the Amazon x-amz-date header (some HTTP client libraries don't let you set the Date header). When an x-amz-date header is present, the system ignores any Date header when authenticating the request.

The time stamp must be within 5 minutes of the Amazon system time when the request is received. If it isn't, the request fails with the RequestExpired error code. This is to prevent replays of your requests by an adversary.

The date must be specified in ISO 8601 format, for example, 2016-03-03T19:20:25.177Z. For more information about ISO 8601 format, see the Wikipedia article ISO 8601.

Request Body

Many of the Route 53 API actions require you to include XML in the body of the request. The XML conforms to the Route 53 schema.

Example Request

The following example request uses a simple XML statement to create a hosted zone named with the reference identifier, myUniqueIdentifier.

The XML elements in your request must appear in the order listed.

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone HTTP/1.1 x-amz-date:date and time of the request authorization:AWS4-HMAC-SHA256 Credential=AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE/date of the request in yyyymmdd format/us-east-1/route53domains/aws4_request, SignedHeaders=content-length;content-type;host;user-agent;x-amz-date;x-amz-target, Signature=computed signature [Other required headers] <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <CreateHostedZoneRequest xmlns=" doc/2013-04-01/"> <Name></Name> <CallerReference>myUniqueIdentifier</CallerReference> <HostedZoneConfig> <Comment>This is my hosted zone.</Comment> </HostedZoneConfig> </CreateHostedZoneRequest>