Amazon S3 bucket lifecycle operations scripting example - Amazon Command Line Interface
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Amazon S3 bucket lifecycle operations scripting example

This topic uses a bash scripting example for Amazon S3 bucket lifecycle operations using the Amazon Command Line Interface (Amazon CLI). This scripting example uses the aws s3api set of commands. Shell scripts are programs designed to run in a command line interface.

Before you start

Before you can run any of the below examples, the following things need to be completed.

  • As an Amazon best practice, grant this code least privilege, or only the permissions required to perform a task. For more information, see Grant Least Privilege in the IAM User Guide.

  • This code has not been tested in all Amazon Regions. Some Amazon services are available only in specific Regions. For more information, see Service Endpoints and Quotas in the Amazon General Reference Guide.

  • Running this code can result in charges to your Amazon account. It is your responsibility to ensure that any resources created by this script are removed when you are done with them.

The Amazon S3 service uses the following terms:

  • Bucket — A top level Amazon S3 folder.

  • Prefix — An Amazon S3 folder in a bucket.

  • Object — Any item hosted in an Amazon S3 bucket.

About this example

This example demonstrates how to interact with some of the basic Amazon S3 operations using a set of functions in shell script files. The functions are located in the shell script file named bucket-operations.sh. You can call these functions in another file. Each script file contains comments describing each of the functions.

To see the intermediate results of each step, run the script with a -i parameter. You can view the current status of the bucket or its contents using the Amazon S3 console. The script only proceeds to the next step when you press enter at the prompt.

For the full example and downloadable script files, see Amazon S3 Bucket Lifecycle Operations in the Amazon Code Examples Repository on GitHub.

Files

The example contains the following files:

bucket-operations.sh

This main script file can be sourced from another file. It includes functions that perform the following tasks:

  • Creating a bucket and verifying that it exists

  • Copying a file from the local computer to a bucket

  • Copying a file from one bucket location to a different bucket location

  • Listing the contents of a bucket

  • Deleting a file from a bucket

  • Deleting a bucket

View the code for bucket-operations.sh on GitHub.

test-bucket-operations.sh

The shell script file test-bucket-operations.sh demonstrates how to call the functions by sourcing the bucket-operations.sh file and calling each of the functions. After calling functions, the test script removes all resources that it created.

View the code for test-bucket-operations.sh on GitHub.

awsdocs-general.sh

The script file awsdocs-general.sh holds general purpose functions used across advanced code examples for the Amazon CLI.

View the code for awsdocs-general.sh on GitHub.

References

Amazon CLI reference:

Other reference: