DBMS_SQL - Oracle to Aurora MySQL Migration Playbook
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Feature compatibility Amazon SCT / Amazon DMS automation level Amazon SCT action code index Key differences

One star feature compatibility

One star automation level


Different paradigm and syntax will require application and drivers rewrite.

Oracle Usage

The DBMS_SQL package provides an interface to parse and run dynamic SQL statements, DML commands, and DDL commands (usually from within a PL/SQL package, function, or procedure). DBMS_SQL enables very granular control of SQL cursors and can improve cursor performance in certain cases.


The following examples demonstrates how to manually open, parse, bind, run, and fetch data from a cursor using the DBMS_SQL PL/SQL interface.

  1. Use DBMS_SQL.OPEN_CURSOR to open a blank cursor and return the cursor handle.

  2. Use DBMS_SQL.PARSE to parse the statement into the referenced cursor.

  3. Use DBMS_SQL.BIND_VARIABLES to attach the value for the bind variable with the cursor.

  4. Use DBMS_SQL.EXECUTE to run the cursor.

  5. Use DBMS_SQL.GET_NEXT_RESULT to iterate over the cursor, fetching the next result.

  6. Use DBMS_SQL.CLOSE_CURSOR to close the cursor.

c1           INTEGER;
rc1          SYS_REFCURSOR;
n            NUMBER;
first_name   VARCHAR2(50);
last_name    VARCHAR2(50);
email        VARCHAR2(50);
phone_number VARCHAR2(50);
job_title    VARCHAR2(50);
start_date   DATE;
end_date     DATE;
  (c1, 'BEGIN emp_info(:id); END;', DBMS_SQL.NATIVE);
DBMS_SQL.BIND_VARIABLE(c1, ':id', 176);
-- Get employee info
FETCH rc1 INTO first_name, last_name, email, phone_number;
-- Get employee job history
FETCH rc1 INTO job_title, start_date, end_date;

The DBMS_SQL package includes three other procedures.

  • RETURN_RESULT — Gets a result set and returns it to the client. Because the procedure already returns a result set, the invoker doesn’t have to know the format of the result or the columns it contains. This option is new in Oracle 12c and is most often used with SQL*Plus.

  • TO_REFCURSOR — When using DBMS_SQL.OPEN_CURSOR, the numeric cursor ID is returned. If you know the structure of the result of the cursor, you can call the TO_REFCURSOR procedure, stop working with DBMS_SQL, and move to regular commands such as FETCH, WHEN CURSOR%notfound, and others. Before using TO_REFCURSOR, use the procedures OPEN_CURSOR, PARSE, and EXECUTE.

  • TO_CURSOR_NUMBER — Gets a cursor opened in native dynamic SQL. After the cursor is open, it can be converted to a number or cursor id and then managed using DBMS_SQL procedures.

For more information, see DBMS_SQL in the Oracle documentation.

MySQL Usage

There is no equivalent feature for the DBMS_SQL package in MySQL. The only options for Aurora MySQL are:

  • Procedures or functions.

  • Prepare and run statements.

For more information, see CREATE PROCEDURE and CREATE FUNCTION Statements in the MySQL documentation.