Connecting a cluster - Amazon EKS
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Connecting a cluster

Step 1: Registering the cluster

You can connect an external Kubernetes cluster to Amazon EKS with Amazon CLI and the Amazon Web Services Management Console. This process involves two steps: Registering the cluster with Amazon EKS and applying a YAML manifest file to enable connectivity. To allow other IAM principals to view the cluster, follow the instructions in Granting access to an IAM principal to view Kubernetes resources on a cluster.

You must have the following permissions to register a cluster:

  • eks:RegisterCluster

  • ssm:CreateActivation

  • ssm:DeleteActivation

  • iam:PassRole

To register your cluster with eksctl
  1. Register the cluster by providing a name, provider, and region.

    eksctl register cluster --name my-cluster --provider my-provider --region region-code

    This creates two files on your local drive: my-first-registered-cluster.yaml and eks-connector-binding.yaml files. These two files must be applied to the external cluster within three days, or the registration expires.

  2. In the cluster's native environment, apply the eks-connector-binding.yaml file:

    kubectl apply -f eks-connector-binding.yaml
Amazon CLI
  • Amazon CLI must be installed. To install or upgrade it, see Installing the Amazon CLI.

  • Ensure the Amazon EKS Connector agent role was created. .

To register your cluster with the Amazon CLI
  1. For the Connector configuration, specify your Amazon EKS Connector agent IAM role. For more information, see Required IAM roles for Amazon EKS Connector.

    aws eks register-cluster \ --name my-first-registered-cluster \ --connector-config roleArn=arn:aws-cn:iam::111122223333:role/AmazonEKSConnectorAgentRole,provider="OTHER" \ --region AWS_REGION

    The example output is as follows.

    { "cluster": { "name": "my-first-registered-cluster", "arn": "arn:aws-cn:eks:region:111122223333:cluster/my-first-registered-cluster", "createdAt": 1627669203.531, "ConnectorConfig": { "activationId": "xxxxxxxxACTIVATION_IDxxxxxxxx", "activationCode": "xxxxxxxxACTIVATION_CODExxxxxxxx", "activationExpiry": 1627672543.0, "provider": "OTHER", "roleArn": "arn:aws-cn:iam::111122223333:role/AmazonEKSConnectorAgentRole" }, "status": "CREATING" } }

    You use the region, activationId, and activationCode values in a later step.

  2. Download the Amazon EKS Connector YAML file.

    curl -O
  3. Edit the Amazon EKS Connector YAML file to replace all references of %AWS_REGION%, %EKS_ACTIVATION_ID%, %EKS_ACTIVATION_CODE% with the region, activationId, and activationCode from the output of your registration command.

    The following example command can replace these values.

    sed -i "s~%AWS_REGION%~$AWS_REGION~g; s~%EKS_ACTIVATION_ID%~$EKS_ACTIVATION_ID~g; s~%EKS_ACTIVATION_CODE%~$(echo -n $EKS_ACTIVATION_CODE | base64)~g" eks-connector.yaml

Ensure that your activation code is in the base64 format.

Amazon Web Services Management Console
  • Ensure the Amazon EKS Connector agent role was created. .

To register your Kubernetes cluster with the console.
  1. Open the Amazon EKS console at

  2. Choose Add cluster and select Register to bring up the configuration page.

  3. On the Configure cluster section, fill in the following fields:

    • Name – A unique name for your cluster.

    • Provider – Choose to display the dropdown list of Kubernetes cluster providers. If you don't know the specific provider, select Other.

    • EKS Connector role – Select the role to use for connecting the cluster.

  4. Select Register cluster.

  5. The Cluster overview page displays. Choose Download YAML file to download the manifest file to your local drive.

    • This is your only opportunity to download this file. Don't navigate away from this page, as the link will not be accessible and you must deregister the cluster and start the steps from the beginning.

    • The manifest file can be used only once for the registered cluster. If you delete resources from the Kubernetes cluster, you must re-register the cluster and obtain a new manifest file.

    Continue to the next step to apply the manifest file to your Kubernetes cluster.

Step 2: Applying the manifest file

Complete the connection by applying the Amazon EKS Connector manifest file to your Kubernetes cluster. To do this, you must use the Amazon CLI or eksctl for the registration methods described previously. If the manifest is applied within three days, the Amazon EKS Connector registration expires. If the cluster connection expires, the cluster must be deregistered before connecting the cluster again.

  1. In the native environment of the cluster, you can apply the updated manifest file by running the following command:

    kubectl apply -f eks-connector.yaml
  2. After the Amazon EKS Connector manifest and role binding YAML files are applied to your Kubernetes cluster, confirm that the cluster is now connected.

    aws eks describe-cluster \ --name "my-first-registered-cluster" \ --region AWS_REGION

    The output should include status=ACTIVE.

  3. You can now add Tags to your cluster (optional). See Tagging your Amazon EKS resources for more information.

To grant additional IAM principals access to the Amazon EKS console to view Kubernetes resources in a connected cluster, see Granting access to an IAM principal to view Kubernetes resources on a cluster.