What tools are available for troubleshooting? - Amazon EMR
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What tools are available for troubleshooting?

To identify and fix cluster errors, you can use the tools described on this page. You might need to initialize some of the tools when you launch the cluster. Other tools are available for every cluster by default.

View EMR cluster details

You can use the Amazon Web Services Management Console, Amazon CLI, or EMR API to retrieve detailed information about an EMR cluster and job execution. For more information about using the Amazon Web Services Management Console and Amazon CLI, see View cluster status and details.

Amazon EMR console details pane

In the Clusters list on the Amazon EMR console, you can see high-level information about the status of each cluster in your account and Amazon Web Services Region. The list displays all active and terminated clusters that you launched in the past two months. From the Clusters list, you can select a cluster Name to view cluster details. This information is organized in different categories to make it easy to navigate.

The Application user interfaces available in the cluster details page can be useful to troubleshoot clusters. It provides status of YARN applications, and for some, such as Spark applications you can drill into different metrics and facets such as jobs, stages, and executors. For more information, see View application history. This feature is available only for Amazon EMR releases 5.8.0 and higher.

Amazon EMR command line interface

You can locate details about a cluster from the Amazon CLI with the --describe argument.

Amazon EMR API

You can locate details about a cluster from the API using the DescribeJobFlows action.

View EMR cluster error details

When an EMR cluster terminates with an error, the DescribeCluster and ListClusters APIs return an error code and an error message. For select cluster errors, the ErrorDetail data array can help you troubleshoot the failure.

For a list of error codes that include ErrorDetail data, see Error codes with ErrorDetail information.


We continuously refine our error messages so that you receive the most recent and pertinent information. We don't recommend that you parse the text from ErrorMessage because this text is subject to change.

Run scripts and configure Amazon EMR processes

As part of your troubleshooting process, you might find it helpful to run custom scripts on your cluster or view and configure cluster processes.

View and restart application processes

It can be helpful to view running processes on your cluster in order to diagnose potential issues. You can stop and restart cluster processes by connecting to the master node of your cluster. For more information, see View and restart Amazon EMR and application processes (daemons).

Run commands and scripts without an SSH connection

To run a command or a script on your cluster as a step, you can use the command-runner.jar or script-runner.jar tools without establishing an SSH connection to the master node. For more information, see Run commands and scripts on an Amazon EMR cluster.

View log files

Amazon EMR and Hadoop both generate log files as the cluster runs. You can access these log files from several different tools, depending on the configuration that you specified when you launched the cluster. For more information, see Configure cluster logging and debugging.

Log files on the master node

Every cluster publishes logs files to the /mnt/var/log/ directory on the master node. These log files are only available while the cluster is running.

Log files archived to Amazon S3

If you launch the cluster and specify an Amazon S3 log path, the cluster copies the log files stored in /mnt/var/log/ on the master node to Amazon S3 in 5-minute intervals. This ensures that you have access to the log files even after the cluster is terminated. Because the files are archived in 5-minute intervals, the last few minutes of an suddenly terminated cluster may not be available.

Monitor EMR cluster performance

Amazon EMR provides several tools to monitor the performance of your cluster.

Hadoop web interfaces

Every cluster publishes a set of web interfaces on the master node that contain information about the cluster. You can access these web pages by using an SSH tunnel to connect them on the master node. For more information, see View web interfaces hosted on Amazon EMR clusters.

CloudWatch metrics

Every cluster reports metrics to CloudWatch. CloudWatch is a web service that tracks metrics, and which you can use to set alarms on those metrics. For more information, see Monitoring Amazon EMR metrics with CloudWatch.