Understanding Storage Gateway Resources and Resource IDs - Amazon Storage Gateway
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Amazon FSx File Gateway documentation has been moved to What is Amazon FSx File Gateway?

Volume Gateway documentation has been moved to What is Volume Gateway?

Tape Gateway documentation has been moved to What is Tape Gateway?

Understanding Storage Gateway Resources and Resource IDs

In Storage Gateway, the primary resource is a gateway but other resource types include: volume, virtual tape, iSCSI target, and vtl device. These are referred to as subresources and they don't exist unless they are associated with a gateway.

These resources and subresources have unique Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) associated with them as shown in the following table.

Resource Type ARN Format

Gateway ARN


File Share ARN


Volume ARN


Tape ARN


Target ARN ( iSCSI target)


VTL Device ARN


Storage Gateway also supports the use of EC2 instances and EBS volumes and snapshots. These resources are Amazon EC2 resources that are used in Storage Gateway.

Working with Resource IDs

When you create a resource, Storage Gateway assigns the resource a unique resource ID. This resource ID is part of the resource ARN. A resource ID takes the form of a resource identifier, followed by a hyphen, and a unique combination of eight letters and numbers. For example, a gateway ID is of the form sgw-12A3456B where sgw is the resource identifier for gateways. A volume ID takes the form vol-3344CCDD where vol is the resource identifier for volumes.

For virtual tapes, you can prepend a up to a four character prefix to the barcode ID to help you organize your tapes.

Storage Gateway resource IDs are in uppercase. However, when you use these resource IDs with the Amazon EC2 API, Amazon EC2 expects resource IDs in lowercase. You must change your resource ID to lowercase to use it with the EC2 API. For example, in Storage Gateway the ID for a volume might be vol-1122AABB. When you use this ID with the EC2 API, you must change it to vol-1122aabb. Otherwise, the EC2 API might not behave as expected.


IDs for Storage Gateway volumes and Amazon EBS snapshots created from gateway volumes are changing to a longer format. Starting in December 2016, all new volumes and snapshots will be created with a 17-character string. Starting in April 2016, you will be able to use these longer IDs so you can test your systems with the new format. For more information, see Longer EC2 and EBS Resource IDs.

For example, a volume ARN with the longer volume ID format will look like this:


A snapshot ID with the longer ID format will look like this: snap-78e226633445566ee.

For more information, see Announcement: Heads-up – Longer Storage Gateway volume and snapshot IDs coming in 2016.