Schedule and run the firmware update by using a task definition - Amazon IoT Core
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Schedule and run the firmware update by using a task definition

You can use a task definition to include details about the firmware update and define the update. Amazon IoT Core for LoRaWAN provides a firmware update based on information from the following three fields associated with the gateway.

  • Station

    The version and build time of the Basics Station software. To identify this information, you can also generate it by using the Basics Station software that is being run by your gateway (for example, 2.0.5(rpi/std) 2021-03-09 03:45:09).

  • PackageVersion

    The firmware version, specified by the file version.txt in the gateway. While this information might not be present in the gateway, we recommend it as a way to define your firmware version (for example, 1.0.0).

  • Model

    The platform or model that is being used by the gateway (for example, Linux).

This procedure takes 20 minutes to complete.

Get the current version running on your gateway

To determine your gateway's eligibility for a firmware update, the CUPS server checks all three fields, Station, PackageVersion, and Model, for a match when the gateway presents them during a CUPS request. When you use a task definition, these fields are stored as part of the CurrentVersion field.

You can use the Amazon IoT Core for LoRaWAN API or Amazon CLI to get the CurrentVersion for your gateway. Following commands show how to get this information using the CLI.

  1. If you've already provisioned a gateway, you can get information about the gateway using the get-wireless-gateway command.

    aws iotwireless get-wireless-gateway \ --identifier 5a11b0a85a11b0a8 \ --identifier-type GatewayEui

    Following shows a sample output for the command.

    { "Name": "Raspberry pi", "Id": "1352172b-0602-4b40-896f-54da9ed16b57", "Description": "Raspberry pi", "LoRaWAN": { "GatewayEui": "5a11b0a85a11b0a8", "RfRegion": "US915" }, "Arn": "arn:aws:iotwireless:us-east-1:231894231068:WirelessGateway/1352172b-0602-4b40-896f-54da9ed16b57" }
  2. Using the wireless gateway ID reported by the get-wireless-gateway command, you can use the get-wireless-gateway-firmware-information command to get the CurrentVersion.

    aws iotwireless get-wireless-gateway-firmware-information \ --id "3039b406-5cc9-4307-925b-9948c63da25b"

    Following shows a sample output for the command, with information from all three fields displayed by the CurrentVersion.

    { "LoRaWAN": { "CurrentVersion": { "PackageVersion": "1.0.0", "Model": "rpi", "Station": "2.0.5(rpi/std) 2021-03-09 03:45:09" } } }

Create a wireless gateway task definition

When you create the task definition, we recommend that you specify automatic creation of tasks by using the AutoCreateTasks parameter. AutoCreateTasks applies to any gateway that has a match for all three parameters mentioned previously. If this parameter is disabled, the parameters have to be manually assigned to the gateway.

You can create the wireless gateway task definition by using the Amazon IoT Core for LoRaWAN API or Amazon CLI. Following commands show how to create the task definition using the CLI.

  1. Create a file, input.json, that'll contain the information to pass to the CreateWirelessGatewayTaskDefinition API. In the input.json file, provide the following information that you obtained earlier:

    • UpdateDataSource

      Provide the link to your object containing the firmware update file that you uploaded to the S3 bucket. (for example, s3://iotwirelessfwupdate/fwstation.

    • UpdateDataRole

      Provide the link to the Role ARN for the IAM role that you created, which provides permissions to read the S3 bucket. (for example, arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/IoTWirelessFwUpdateRole.

    • SigKeyCRC and UpdateSignature

      This information might be provided by your gateway manufacturer, but if you followed the procedure described in Generate the firmware update file and signature, you'll find this information when generating the signature.

    • CurrentVersion

      Provide the CurrentVersion output that you obtained previously by running the get-wireless-gateway-firmware-information command.

      cat input.json

      Following shows the contents of the input.json file.

      { "AutoCreateTasks": true, "Name": "FirmwareUpdate", "Update": { "UpdateDataSource" : "s3://iotwirelessfwupdate/fwstation", "UpdateDataRole" : "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/IoTWirelessFwUpdateRole", "LoRaWAN" : { "SigKeyCrc": 3434210794, "UpdateSignature": "MEQCIDPY/p2ssgXIPNCOgZr+NzeTLpX+WfBo5tYWbh5pQWN3AiBROen+XlIdMScvAsfVfU/ZScJCalkVNZh4esyS8mNIgA==", "CurrentVersion" : { "PackageVersion": "1.0.0", "Model": "rpi", "Station": "2.0.5(rpi/std) 2021-03-09 03:45:09" } } } }
  2. Pass the input.json file to the create-wireless-gateway-task-definition command to create the task definition.

    aws iotwireless create-wireless-gateway-task-definition \ --cli-input-json file://input.json

    Following shows the output of the command.

    { "Id": "4ac46ff4-efc5-44fd-9def-e8517077bb12", "Arn": "arn:aws:iotwireless:us-east-1:231894231068:WirelessGatewayTaskDefinition/4ac46ff4-efc5-44fd-9def-e8517077bb12" }

Run the firmware update task and track progress

The gateway is ready to receive the firmware update and, once powered on, it connects to the CUPS server. When the CUPS server finds a match in the version of the gateway, it schedules a firmware update.

A task is a task definition in process. As you specified automatic task creation by setting AutoCreateTasks to True, the firmware update task starts as soon as a matching gateway is found.

You can track the progress of the task by using the GetWirelessGatewayTask API. When you run the get-wireless-gateway-task command the first time, it will show the task status as IN_PROGRESS.

aws iotwireless get-wireless-gateway-task \ --id 1352172b-0602-4b40-896f-54da9ed16b57

Following shows the output of the command.

{ "WirelessGatewayId": "1352172b-0602-4b40-896f-54da9ed16b57", "WirelessGatewayTaskDefinitionId": "ec11f9e7-b037-4fcc-aa60-a43b839f5de3", "LastUplinkReceivedAt": "2021-03-12T09:56:12.047Z", "TaskCreatedAt": "2021-03-12T09:56:12.047Z", "Status": "IN_PROGRESS" }

When you run the command the next time, if the firmware update takes effect, it will show the updated fields, Package, Version, and Model and the task status changes to COMPLETED.

aws iotwireless get-wireless-gateway-task \ --id 1352172b-0602-4b40-896f-54da9ed16b57

The following shows the output of the command.

{ "WirelessGatewayId": "1352172b-0602-4b40-896f-54da9ed16b57", "WirelessGatewayTaskDefinitionId": "ec11f9e7-b037-4fcc-aa60-a43b839f5de3", "LastUplinkReceivedAt": "2021-03-12T09:56:12.047Z", "TaskCreatedAt": "2021-03-12T09:56:12.047Z", "Status": "COMPLETED" }

In this example, we showed you the firmware update using the Raspberry Pi based RAKWireless gateway. The firmware update script stops the running BasicStation to store the updated Package, Version, and Model fields so BasicStation will have to be restarted.

2021-03-12 09:56:13.108 [CUP:INFO] CUPS provided update.bin 2021-03-12 09:56:13.108 [CUP:INFO] CUPS provided signature len=70 keycrc=37316C36 2021-03-12 09:56:13.148 [CUP:INFO] ECDSA key#0 -> VERIFIED 2021-03-12 09:56:13.148 [CUP:INFO] Running update.bin as background process 2021-03-12 09:56:13.149 [SYS:VERB] /tmp/update.bin: Forked, waiting... 2021-03-12 09:56:13.151 [SYS:INFO] Process /tmp/update.bin (pid=6873) completed 2021-03-12 09:56:13.152 [CUP:INFO] Interaction with CUPS done - next regular check in 10s

If the firmware update fails, you see a status of FIRST_RETRY from the CUPS server, and the gateway sends the same request. If the CUPS server is unable to connect to the gateway after a SECOND_RETRY, it will show a status of FAILED.

After the previous task was COMPLETED or FAILED, delete the old task by using the delete-wireless-gateway-task command before starting a new one.

aws iotwireless delete-wireless-gateway-task \ --id 1352172b-0602-4b40-896f-54da9ed16b57