Understanding MemoryDB and VPCs - Amazon MemoryDB for Redis
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Understanding MemoryDB and VPCs

MemoryDB is fully integrated with Amazon VPC. For MemoryDB users, this means the following:

  • MemoryDB always launches your cluster in a VPC.

  • If you're new to Amazon, a default VPC will be created for you automatically.

  • If you have a default VPC and don't specify a subnet when you launch a cluster, the cluster launches into your default Amazon VPC.

For more information, see Detecting Your Supported Platforms and Whether You Have a Default VPC.

With Amazon VPC, you can create a virtual network in the Amazon Cloud that closely resembles a traditional data center. You can configure your VPC, including selecting its IP address range, creating subnets, and configuring route tables, network gateways, and security settings.

MemoryDB manages software upgrades, patching, failure detection, and recovery.

Overview of MemoryDB in a VPC

A VPC is an isolated portion of the Amazon Cloud that is assigned its own block of IP addresses.

An internet gateway connects your VPC directly to the internet and provides access to other Amazon resources such as Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) that are running outside your VPC.

An Amazon VPC subnet is a segment of the IP address range of a VPC where you can isolate Amazon resources according to your security and operational needs.

A routing table in your VPC directs network traffic between the subnet and the internet. The Amazon VPC has an implied router.

An Amazon VPC security group controls inbound and outbound traffic for your MemoryDB clusters and Amazon EC2 instances.

You can launch a MemoryDB cluster in the subnet. The nodes have private IP addresses from the subnet's range of addresses.

You can also launch Amazon EC2 instances in the subnet. Each Amazon EC2 instance has a private IP address from the subnet's range of addresses. The Amazon EC2 instance can connect to any node in the same subnet.

For an Amazon EC2 instance in your VPC to be reachable from the internet, you need to assign a static, public address called a Elastic IP address to the instance.


To create a MemoryDB cluster within a VPC, your VPC must meet the following requirements:

  • Your VPC must allow nondedicated Amazon EC2 instances. You cannot use MemoryDB in a VPC that is configured for dedicated instance tenancy.

  • A subnet group must be defined for your VPC. MemoryDB uses that subnet group to select a subnet and IP addresses within that subnet to associate with your nodes.

  • A security group must be defined for your VPC, or you can use the default provided.

  • CIDR blocks for each subnet must be large enough to provide spare IP addresses for MemoryDB to use during maintenance activities.

Routing and security

You can configure routing in your VPC to control where traffic flows (for example, to the internet gateway or virtual private gateway). With an internet gateway, your VPC has direct access to other Amazon resources that are not running in your VPC. If you choose to have only a virtual private gateway with a connection to your organization's local network, you can route your internet-bound traffic over the VPN and use local security policies and firewall to control egress. In that case, you incur additional bandwidth charges when you access Amazon resources over the internet.

You can use Amazon VPC security groups to help secure the MemoryDB clusters and Amazon EC2 instances in your Amazon VPC. Security groups act like a firewall at the instance level, not the subnet level.


We strongly recommend that you use DNS names to connect to your nodes, as the underlying IP address can change over time.

Amazon VPC documentation

Amazon VPC has its own set of documentation to describe how to create and use your Amazon VPC. The following table shows where to find information in the Amazon VPC guides.

Description Documentation
How to get started using Amazon VPC Getting started with Amazon VPC
How to use Amazon VPC through the Amazon Web Services Management Console Amazon VPC User Guide
Complete descriptions of all the Amazon VPC commands Amazon EC2 Command Line Reference (the Amazon VPC commands are found in the Amazon EC2 reference)
Complete descriptions of the Amazon VPC API operations, data types, and errors Amazon EC2 API Reference (the Amazon VPC API operations are found in the Amazon EC2 reference)
Information for the network administrator who needs to configure the gateway at your end of an optional IPsec VPN connection What is Amazon Site-to-Site VPN?

For more detailed information about Amazon Virtual Private Cloud, see Amazon Virtual Private Cloud.