Get started with readiness check by using the Amazon CLI - Amazon Route 53 Application Recovery Controller
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China (PDF).

Get started with readiness check by using the Amazon CLI

Readiness check in Amazon Route 53 Application Recovery Controller allows you to check the resources in your applications for their readiness to fail over.

Let’s look at a simple case where you have an application named Simple-Service that currently runs in the US East (N. Virginia) Region (us-east-1). You also have a standby copy of the application in the US West (Oregon) Region (us-west-2). In this example, we'll configure readiness checks to compare these two versions of the application. This lets us ensure that the standby, US West (Oregon) Region, is ready to receive traffic, if it needs to in a failover scenario.

For more information about using the Amazon CLI, see the Amazon CLI Command Reference. For more information about readiness API actions in Route 53 ARC, see Recovery readiness (readiness check) actions or the Recovery Readiness API Reference Guide for Amazon Route 53 Application Recovery Controller.

Cells represent fault boundaries (like Availability Zones or Regions) and are collected into recovery groups. A recovery group represents an application that you want to check failover readiness for. For more information about the components of readiness checks, see Readiness check components .


Route 53 ARC is a global service that supports endpoints in multiple Amazon Web Services Regions but you must specify the US West (Oregon) Region (that is, specify the parameter --region us-west-2) in most Route 53 ARC CLI commands. For example, to create resources such as recovery groups, readiness checks, or clusters.

When you create a cluster, Route 53 ARC provides you with a set of Regional endpoints. To get or update routing control states, you must specify the Regional endpoint (the Amazon Web Services Region and the endpoint URL) in your CLI command.

For our application example, we'll start by creating one cell for each Region where we have resources. Then we'll create a recovery group, and then complete the setup for a readiness check.

1. Create cells

1a. Create a us-east-1 cell.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 create-cell \ --cell-name east-cell
{ "CellArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/east-cell", "CellName": "east-cell", "Cells": [], "ParentReadinessScopes": [], "Tags": {} }

1b. Create a us-west-1 cell.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 create-cell \ --cell-name west-cell
{ "CellArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/west-cell", "CellName": "west-cell", "Cells": [], "ParentReadinessScopes": [], "Tags": {} }

1c. Now we have two cells. You can verify that they exist by calling the list-cells API.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 list-cells
{ "Cells": [ { "CellArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/east-cell", "CellName": "east-cell", "Cells": [], "ParentReadinessScopes": [], "Tags": {} }, { "CellArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/west-cell", "CellName": "west-cell" "Cells": [], "ParentReadinessScopes": [], "Tags": {} } ] }

2. Create a recovery group

Recovery groups are the top-level resource for recovery readiness in Route 53 ARC. A recovery group represents an application as a whole. In this step, we'll create a recovery group to model an overall application, and then add the two cells that we created.

2a. Create a recovery group.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 create-recovery-group \ --recovery-group-name simple-service-recovery-group \ --cells "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/east-cell"\ "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/west-cell"
{ "Cells": [], "RecoveryGroupArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:recovery-group/simple-service-recovery-group", "RecoveryGroupName": "simple-service-recovery-group", "Tags": {} }

2b. (Optional) You can verify that your recovery group was created correctly by calling the list-recovery-groups API.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 list-recovery-groups
{ "RecoveryGroups": [ { "Cells": [ "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/east-cell", "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/west-cell" ], "RecoveryGroupArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:recovery-group/simple-service-recovery-group", "RecoveryGroupName": "simple-service-recovery-group", "Tags": {} } ] }

Now that we have a model for our application, let’s add the resources to be monitored. In Route 53 ARC, a group of resources that you want to monitor is called a resource set. Resource sets contain resources that are all of the same type. We compare the resources in a resource set to each other to help determine a cell's readiness for failover.

3. Create a resource set

Let’s assume our Simple-Service application is indeed very simple and only uses DynamoDB tables. It has a DynamoDB table in us-east-1 and another one in us-west-2. A resource set also contains a readiness scope, which identifies the cell that each resource is contained in.

3a. Create a resource set that reflects our Simple-Service application's resources.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 create-resource-set \ --resource-set-name ImportantInformationTables \ --resource-set-type AWS::DynamoDB::Table \ --resources ResourceArn="arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsWest2",ReadinessScopes="arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/west-cell" ResourceArn="arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsEast1",ReadinessScopes="arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/east-cell"
{ "ResourceSetArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:resource-set/sample-resource-set", "ResourceSetName": "ImportantInformationTables", "Resources": [ { "ReadinessScopes": [ "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/west-cell" ], "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsWest2" }, { "ReadinessScopes": [ "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/east-cell" ], "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsEast1" } ], "Tags": {} }

3b. (Optional) You can verify what's included in the resource set by calling the list-resource-sets API. This lists all the resource sets for an Amazon account. Here you can see that we have just the one resource set that we created above.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 list-resource-sets
{ "ResourceSets": [ { "ResourceSetArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:resource-set/ImportantInformationTables", "ResourceSetName": "ImportantInformationTables", "Resources": [ { "ReadinessScopes": [ "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/west-cell" ], "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsWest2" }, { "ReadinessScopes": [ "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/east-cell" ], "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsEast1" } ], "Tags": {} } ] }{ "ResourceSets": [ { "ResourceSetArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:resource-set/ImportantInformationTables", "ResourceSetName": "ImportantInformationTables", "Resources": [ { "ReadinessScopes": [ "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:cell/west-cell" ], "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsWest2" }, { "ReadinessScopes": [ "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::&ExampleAWSAccountNo1;:cell/east-cell" ], "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsEast1" } ], "Tags": {} } ] }

Now we’ve created the cells, recovery group, and resource set to model the Simple-Service application in Route 53 ARC. Next, we'll set up readiness checks to monitor the readiness of the resources for fail over.

4. Create a readiness check

A readiness check applies a set of rules to each resource in the resource set that is attached to the check. Rules are specific to each resource type. That is, there are different rules for AWS::DynamoDB::Table, AWS::EC2::Instance, and so on. Rules check a variety of dimensions for a resource, including configuration, capacity (where available and applicable), limits (where available and applicable), and routing configurations.


To see the rules that are applied to a resource in a readiness check, you can use the get-readiness-check-resource-status API, as described in step 5. To see a list of all the readiness rules in Route 53 ARC, use list-rules or see Readiness rules descriptions in Route 53 ARC. Route 53 ARC has a specific set of rules that it runs for each resource type; they're not customizable at this time.

4a. Create a readiness check for the resource set, ImportantInformationTables.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 create-readiness-check \ --readiness-check-name ImportantInformationTableCheck --resource-set-name ImportantInformationTables
{ "ReadinessCheckArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:readiness-check/ImportantInformationTableCheck", "ReadinessCheckName": "ImportantInformationTableCheck", "ResourceSet": "ImportantInformationTables", "Tags": {} }

4b. (Optional) To verify that the readiness check was created successfully, run the list-readiness-checks API. This API shows all the readiness checks in an account.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 list-readiness-checks
{ "ReadinessChecks": [ { "ReadinessCheckArn": "arn:aws:route53-recovery-readiness::111122223333:readiness-check/ImportantInformationTableCheck", "ReadinessCheckName": "ImportantInformationTableCheck", "ResourceSet": "ImportantInformationTables", "Tags": {} } ] }

5. Monitor readiness checks

Now that we’ve modeled the application and added a readiness check, we’re ready to monitor resources. You can model the readiness of your application at four levels: the readiness check level (a group of resources), the individual resource level, the cell level (all the resources in an Availability Zone or Region), and the recovery group level (the application as a whole). Commands for getting each of these types of readiness statuses are provided below.

5a. See the status of your readiness check.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 get-readiness-check-status\ --readiness-check-name ImportantInformationTableCheck
{ "Readiness": "READY", "Resources": [ { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:53:39Z", "Readiness": "READY", "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsWest2" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:53:39Z", "Readiness": "READY", "ResourceArn": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsEast2" ] }

5b. See the detailed readiness status of a single resource in a readiness check, including the status of each rule that is checked.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 get-readiness-check-resource-status \ --readiness-check-name ImportantInformationTableCheck \ --resource-identifier "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-2:111122223333:table/TableInUsWest2"
{"Readiness": "READY", "Rules": [ { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoTableStatus" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoCapacity" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoPeakRcuWcu" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoGSIsPeakRcuWcu" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoGSIsConfig" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoGSIsStatus" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoGSIsCapacity" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoReplicationLatency" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoAutoScalingConfiguration" }, { "LastCheckedTimestamp": "2021-01-07T00:55:41Z", "Messages": [], "Readiness": "READY", "RuleId": "DynamoLimits" } ] }

5c. See the overall readiness for a cell.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 get-cell-readiness-summary \ --cell-name west-cell
{ "Readiness": "READY", "ReadinessChecks": [ { "Readiness": "READY", "ReadinessCheckName": "ImportantTableCheck" } ] }

5d. Finally, see the top-level readiness of your application, at the recovery group level.

aws route53-recovery-readiness --region us-west-2 get-recovery-group-readiness-summary \ --recovery-group-name simple-service-recovery-group
{ "Readiness": "READY", "ReadinessChecks": [ { "Readiness": "READY", "ReadinessCheckName": "ImportantTableCheck" } ] }