SIGN function - Amazon Redshift
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SIGN function

The SIGN function returns the sign (positive or negative) of a number. The result of the SIGN function is 1 if the argument is positive, -1 if the argument is negative, or 0 if the argument is 0.





Number or expression that evaluates to a number. It can be a DECIMAL, FLOAT8, or SUPER type. Amazon Redshift can convert other data types per the implicit conversion rules.

Return type

SIGN returns the same numeric data type as the input argument. If the input is DECIMAL, the output is DECIMAL(1,0).

When the input is of the SUPER type, the output retains the same dynamic type as the input while the static type remains the SUPER type. When the dynamic type of SUPER isn't a number, Amazon Redshift returns a NULL.


The following example shows that column d in table t2 has DOUBLE PRECISION as its type since the input is DOUBLE PRECISION and that column n in table t2 has NUMERIC(1,0) as the output since the input is NUMERIC.

CREATE TABLE t1(d DOUBLE PRECISION, n NUMERIC(12, 2)); INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (4.25, 4.25), (-4.25, -4.25); CREATE TABLE t2 AS SELECT SIGN(d) AS d, SIGN(n) AS n FROM t1; SELECT table_name, column_name, data_type FROM SVV_REDSHIFT_COLUMNS WHERE table_name='t1' OR table_name='t2'; +------------+-------------+-----------------------+ | table_name | column_name | data_type | +------------+-------------+-----------------------+ | t1 | d | double precision | | t1 | n | numeric(12,2) | | t2 | d | double precision | | t2 | n | numeric(1,0) | | t1 | col1 | character varying(20) | +------------+-------------+-----------------------+

The following example uses the TICKIT sample database. For more information, see Sample database.

To determine the sign of the commission paid for a given transaction from the SALES table, use the following example.

SELECT commission, SIGN(commission) FROM sales WHERE salesid=10000; +------------+------+ | commission | sign | +------------+------+ | 28.05 | 1 | +------------+------+