Amazon Simple Notification Service examples - AWS SDK for Java
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Amazon Simple Notification Service examples

With Amazon Simple Notification Service, you can easily push real-time notification messages from your applications to subscribers over multiple communication channels. This topic describes how to perform some of the basic functions of SNS.

Create a topic

A topic is a logical grouping of communication channels that defines which systems to send a message to, for example, fanning out a message to AWS Lambda and an HTTP webhook. You send messages to Amazon SNS, then they’re distributed to the channels defined in the topic. This makes the messages available to subscribers.

To create a topic, first build a CreateTopicRequest object, with the name of the topic set using the name() method in the builder. Then, send the request object to Amazon SNS by using the createTopic() method of the SnsClient. You can capture the result of this request as a CreateTopicResponse object, as demonstrated in the following code snippet.

Imports

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.SnsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.CreateTopicRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.CreateTopicResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.SnsException;

Code

public static String createSNSTopic(SnsClient snsClient, String topicName ) { CreateTopicResponse result = null; try { CreateTopicRequest request = CreateTopicRequest.builder() .name(topicName) .build(); result = snsClient.createTopic(request); return result.topicArn(); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } return "";

See the complete example on GitHub.

List your SNS topics

To retrieve a list of your existing Amazon SNS topics, build a ListTopicsRequest object. Then, send the request object to Amazon SNS by using the listTopics() method of the SnsClient. You can capture the result of this request as a ListTopicsResponse object.

The following code snippet prints out the HTTP status code of the request and a list of Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) for your Amazon SNS topics.

Imports

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.SnsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.ListTopicsRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.ListTopicsResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.SnsException;

Code

public static void listSNSTopics(SnsClient snsClient) { try { ListTopicsRequest request = ListTopicsRequest.builder() .build(); ListTopicsResponse result = snsClient.listTopics(request); System.out.println("Status was " + result.sdkHttpResponse().statusCode() + "\n\nTopics\n\n" + result.topics()); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); }

See the complete example on GitHub.

Subscribe an endpoint to a topic

After you create a topic, you can configure which communication channels will be endpoints for that topic. Messages are distributed to these endpoints after Amazon SNS receives them.

To configure a communication channel as an endpoint for a topic, subscribe that endpoint to the topic. To start, build a SubscribeRequest object. Specify the communication channel (for example, lambda or email) as the protocol(). Set the endpoint() to the relevant output location (for example, the ARN of a Lambda function or an email address), and then set the ARN of the topic to which you want to subscribe as the topicArn(). Send the request object to SNS by using the subscribe() method of the SnsClient. You can capture the result of this request as a SubscribeResponse object.

The following code snippet shows how to subscribe an email address to a topic.

Imports

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.SnsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.SnsException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.SubscribeRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.SubscribeResponse;

Code

public static void subEmail(SnsClient snsClient, String topicArn, String email) { try { SubscribeRequest request = SubscribeRequest.builder() .protocol("email") .endpoint(email) .returnSubscriptionArn(true) .topicArn(topicArn) .build(); SubscribeResponse result = snsClient.subscribe(request); System.out.println("Subscription ARN: " + result.subscriptionArn() + "\n\n Status was " + result.sdkHttpResponse().statusCode()); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); }

See the complete example on GitHub.

Publish a message to a topic

After you have a topic and one or more endpoints configured for it, you can publish a message to it. To start, build a PublishRequest object. Specify the message() to send, and the ARN of the topic (topicArn()) to send it to. Then, send the request object to Amazon SNS by using the publish() method of the SnsClient. You can capture the result of this request as a PublishResponse object.

Imports

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.SnsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.PublishRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.PublishResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.SnsException;

Code

public static void pubTopic(SnsClient snsClient, String message, String topicArn) { try { PublishRequest request = PublishRequest.builder() .message(message) .topicArn(topicArn) .build(); PublishResponse result = snsClient.publish(request); System.out.println(result.messageId() + " Message sent. Status was " + result.sdkHttpResponse().statusCode()); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); }

See the complete example on GitHub.

Unsubscribe an endpoint from a topic

You can remove the communication channels configured as endpoints for a topic. After doing that, the topic itself continues to exist and distribute messages to any other endpoints configured for that topic.

To remove a communication channel as an endpoint for a topic, unsubscribe that endpoint from the topic. To start, build an UnsubscribeRequest object and set the ARN of the topic you want to unsubscribe from as the subscriptionArn(). Then send the request object to SNS by using the unsubscribe() method of the SnsClient. You can capture the result of this request as an UnsubscribeResponse object.

Imports

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.SnsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.SnsException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.UnsubscribeRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.UnsubscribeResponse;

Code

public static void unSub(SnsClient snsClient, String subscriptionArn) { try { UnsubscribeRequest request = UnsubscribeRequest.builder() .subscriptionArn(subscriptionArn) .build(); UnsubscribeResponse result = snsClient.unsubscribe(request); System.out.println("\n\nStatus was " + result.sdkHttpResponse().statusCode() + "\n\nSubscription was removed for " + request.subscriptionArn()); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); }

See the complete example on GitHub.

Delete a topic

To delete an Amazon SNS topic, first build a DeleteTopicRequest object with the ARN of the topic set as the topicArn() method in the builder. Then send the request object to Amazon SNS by using the deleteTopic() method of the SnsClient. You can capture the result of this request as a DeleteTopicResponse object, as demonstrated in the following code snippet.

Imports

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.SnsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.DeleteTopicRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.DeleteTopicResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sns.model.SnsException;

Code

public static void deleteSNSTopic(SnsClient snsClient, String topicArn ) { try { DeleteTopicRequest request = DeleteTopicRequest.builder() .topicArn(topicArn) .build(); DeleteTopicResponse result = snsClient.deleteTopic(request); System.out.println("\n\nStatus was " + result.sdkHttpResponse().statusCode()); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); }

See the complete example on GitHub.

For more information, see the Amazon SNS Developer Guide.