EventBridge examples using SDK for Java 2.x - Amazon SDK for Java 2.x
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EventBridge examples using SDK for Java 2.x

The following code examples show you how to perform actions and implement common scenarios by using the Amazon SDK for Java 2.x with EventBridge.

Actions are code excerpts from larger programs and must be run in context. While actions show you how to call individual service functions, you can see actions in context in their related scenarios and cross-service examples.

Scenarios are code examples that show you how to accomplish a specific task by calling multiple functions within the same service.

Each example includes a link to GitHub, where you can find instructions on how to set up and run the code in context.

Get started

The following code examples show how to get started using EventBridge.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

/** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * */ public class HelloEventBridge { public static void main(String[] args) { Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; EventBridgeClient eventBrClient = EventBridgeClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); listBuses(eventBrClient); eventBrClient.close(); } public static void listBuses(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient) { try { ListEventBusesRequest busesRequest = ListEventBusesRequest.builder() .limit(10) .build(); ListEventBusesResponse response = eventBrClient.listEventBuses(busesRequest); List<EventBus> buses = response.eventBuses(); for (EventBus bus : buses) { System.out.println("The name of the event bus is: " + bus.name()); System.out.println("The ARN of the event bus is: " + bus.arn()); } } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see ListEventBuses in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

Actions

The following code example shows how to use DeleteRule.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

public static void deleteRuleByName(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String ruleName) { DeleteRuleRequest ruleRequest = DeleteRuleRequest.builder() .name(ruleName) .build(); eventBrClient.deleteRule(ruleRequest); System.out.println("Successfully deleted the rule"); }
  • For API details, see DeleteRule in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use DescribeRule.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

public static void checkRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String eventRuleName) { try { DescribeRuleRequest ruleRequest = DescribeRuleRequest.builder() .name(eventRuleName) .build(); DescribeRuleResponse response = eventBrClient.describeRule(ruleRequest); System.out.println("The state of the rule is " + response.stateAsString()); } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • For API details, see DescribeRule in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use DisableRule.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Disable a rule by using its rule name.

public static void changeRuleState(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String eventRuleName, Boolean isEnabled) { try { if (!isEnabled) { System.out.println("Disabling the rule: " + eventRuleName); DisableRuleRequest ruleRequest = DisableRuleRequest.builder() .name(eventRuleName) .build(); eventBrClient.disableRule(ruleRequest); } else { System.out.println("Enabling the rule: " + eventRuleName); EnableRuleRequest ruleRequest = EnableRuleRequest.builder() .name(eventRuleName) .build(); eventBrClient.enableRule(ruleRequest); } } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • For API details, see DisableRule in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use EnableRule.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Enable a rule by using its rule name.

public static void changeRuleState(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String eventRuleName, Boolean isEnabled) { try { if (!isEnabled) { System.out.println("Disabling the rule: " + eventRuleName); DisableRuleRequest ruleRequest = DisableRuleRequest.builder() .name(eventRuleName) .build(); eventBrClient.disableRule(ruleRequest); } else { System.out.println("Enabling the rule: " + eventRuleName); EnableRuleRequest ruleRequest = EnableRuleRequest.builder() .name(eventRuleName) .build(); eventBrClient.enableRule(ruleRequest); } } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • For API details, see EnableRule in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use ListRuleNamesByTarget.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

List all of the rule names by using the target.

public static void listTargetRules(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String topicArn) { ListRuleNamesByTargetRequest ruleNamesByTargetRequest = ListRuleNamesByTargetRequest.builder() .targetArn(topicArn) .build(); ListRuleNamesByTargetResponse response = eventBrClient.listRuleNamesByTarget(ruleNamesByTargetRequest); List<String> rules = response.ruleNames(); for (String rule : rules) { System.out.println("The rule name is " + rule); } }

The following code example shows how to use ListRules.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Enable a rule by using its rule name.

public static void listRules(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient) { try { ListRulesRequest rulesRequest = ListRulesRequest.builder() .eventBusName("default") .limit(10) .build(); ListRulesResponse response = eventBrClient.listRules(rulesRequest); List<Rule> rules = response.rules(); for (Rule rule : rules) { System.out.println("The rule name is : " + rule.name()); System.out.println("The rule description is : " + rule.description()); System.out.println("The rule state is : " + rule.stateAsString()); } } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • For API details, see ListRules in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use ListTargetsByRule.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

List all of the targets for a rule by using the rule name.

public static void listTargets(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String ruleName) { ListTargetsByRuleRequest ruleRequest = ListTargetsByRuleRequest.builder() .rule(ruleName) .build(); ListTargetsByRuleResponse res = eventBrClient.listTargetsByRule(ruleRequest); List<Target> targetsList = res.targets(); for (Target target: targetsList) { System.out.println("Target ARN: "+target.arn()); } }

The following code example shows how to use PutEvents.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

public static void triggerCustomRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String email) { String json = "{" + "\"UserEmail\": \"" + email + "\"," + "\"Message\": \"This event was generated by example code.\"," + "\"UtcTime\": \"Now.\"" + "}"; PutEventsRequestEntry entry = PutEventsRequestEntry.builder() .source("ExampleSource") .detail(json) .detailType("ExampleType") .build(); PutEventsRequest eventsRequest = PutEventsRequest.builder() .entries(entry) .build(); eventBrClient.putEvents(eventsRequest); }
  • For API details, see PutEvents in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use PutRule.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Create a scheduled rule.

public static void createEBRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String ruleName, String cronExpression) { try { PutRuleRequest ruleRequest = PutRuleRequest.builder() .name(ruleName) .eventBusName("default") .scheduleExpression(cronExpression) .state("ENABLED") .description("A test rule that runs on a schedule created by the Java API") .build(); PutRuleResponse ruleResponse = eventBrClient.putRule(ruleRequest); System.out.println("The ARN of the new rule is " + ruleResponse.ruleArn()); } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

Create a rule that triggers when an object is added to an Amazon Simple Storage Service bucket.

// Create a new event rule that triggers when an Amazon S3 object is created in // a bucket. public static void addEventRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String roleArn, String bucketName, String eventRuleName) { String pattern = "{\n" + " \"source\": [\"aws.s3\"],\n" + " \"detail-type\": [\"Object Created\"],\n" + " \"detail\": {\n" + " \"bucket\": {\n" + " \"name\": [\"" + bucketName + "\"]\n" + " }\n" + " }\n" + "}"; try { PutRuleRequest ruleRequest = PutRuleRequest.builder() .description("Created by using the AWS SDK for Java v2") .name(eventRuleName) .eventPattern(pattern) .roleArn(roleArn) .build(); PutRuleResponse ruleResponse = eventBrClient.putRule(ruleRequest); System.out.println("The ARN of the new rule is " + ruleResponse.ruleArn()); } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • For API details, see PutRule in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use PutTargets.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Add an Amazon SNS topic as a target for a rule.

// Add a rule which triggers an SNS target when a file is uploaded to an S3 // bucket. public static void addSnsEventRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String ruleName, String topicArn, String topicName, String eventRuleName, String bucketName) { String targetID = java.util.UUID.randomUUID().toString(); Target myTarget = Target.builder() .id(targetID) .arn(topicArn) .build(); List<Target> targets = new ArrayList<>(); targets.add(myTarget); PutTargetsRequest request = PutTargetsRequest.builder() .eventBusName(null) .targets(targets) .rule(ruleName) .build(); eventBrClient.putTargets(request); System.out.println("Added event rule " + eventRuleName + " with Amazon SNS target " + topicName + " for bucket " + bucketName + "."); }

Add an input transformer to a target for a rule.

public static void updateCustomRuleTargetWithTransform(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String topicArn, String ruleName) { String targetId = java.util.UUID.randomUUID().toString(); InputTransformer inputTransformer = InputTransformer.builder() .inputTemplate("\"Notification: sample event was received.\"") .build(); Target target = Target.builder() .id(targetId) .arn(topicArn) .inputTransformer(inputTransformer) .build(); try { PutTargetsRequest targetsRequest = PutTargetsRequest.builder() .rule(ruleName) .targets(target) .eventBusName(null) .build(); eventBrClient.putTargets(targetsRequest); } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • For API details, see PutTargets in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use RemoveTargets.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Remove all of the targets for a rule by using the rule name.

public static void deleteTargetsFromRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String eventRuleName) { // First, get all targets that will be deleted. ListTargetsByRuleRequest request = ListTargetsByRuleRequest.builder() .rule(eventRuleName) .build(); ListTargetsByRuleResponse response = eventBrClient.listTargetsByRule(request); List<Target> allTargets = response.targets(); // Get all targets and delete them. for (Target myTarget : allTargets) { RemoveTargetsRequest removeTargetsRequest = RemoveTargetsRequest.builder() .rule(eventRuleName) .ids(myTarget.id()) .build(); eventBrClient.removeTargets(removeTargetsRequest); System.out.println("Successfully removed the target"); } }
  • For API details, see RemoveTargets in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

Scenarios

The following code example shows how to:

  • Create a rule and add a target to it.

  • Enable and disable rules.

  • List and update rules and targets.

  • Send events, then clean up resources.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

/** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * * This Java code example performs the following tasks: * * This Java V2 example performs the following tasks with Amazon EventBridge: * * 1. Creates an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role to use with * Amazon EventBridge. * 2. Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket with EventBridge events * enabled. * 3. Creates a rule that triggers when an object is uploaded to Amazon S3. * 4. Lists rules on the event bus. * 5. Creates a new Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic and * lets the user subscribe to it. * 6. Adds a target to the rule that sends an email to the specified topic. * 7. Creates an EventBridge event that sends an email when an Amazon S3 object * is created. * 8. Lists Targets. * 9. Lists the rules for the same target. * 10. Triggers the rule by uploading a file to the Amazon S3 bucket. * 11. Disables a specific rule. * 12. Checks and print the state of the rule. * 13. Adds a transform to the rule to change the text of the email. * 14. Enables a specific rule. * 15. Triggers the updated rule by uploading a file to the Amazon S3 bucket. * 16. Updates the rule to be a custom rule pattern. * 17. Sending an event to trigger the rule. * 18. Cleans up resources. * */ public class EventbridgeMVP { public static final String DASHES = new String(new char[80]).replace("\0", "-"); public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException, IOException { final String usage = """ Usage: <roleName> <bucketName> <topicName> <eventRuleName> Where: roleName - The name of the role to create. bucketName - The Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket name to create. topicName - The name of the Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic to create. eventRuleName - The Amazon EventBridge rule name to create. """; if (args.length != 5) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String polJSON = "{" + "\"Version\": \"2012-10-17\"," + "\"Statement\": [{" + "\"Effect\": \"Allow\"," + "\"Principal\": {" + "\"Service\": \"events.amazonaws.com\"" + "}," + "\"Action\": \"sts:AssumeRole\"" + "}]" + "}"; Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in); String roleName = args[0]; String bucketName = args[1]; String topicName = args[2]; String eventRuleName = args[3]; Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; EventBridgeClient eventBrClient = EventBridgeClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); S3Client s3Client = S3Client.builder() .region(region) .build(); Region regionGl = Region.AWS_GLOBAL; IamClient iam = IamClient.builder() .region(regionGl) .build(); SnsClient snsClient = SnsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("Welcome to the Amazon EventBridge example scenario."); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out .println("1. Create an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role to use with Amazon EventBridge."); String roleArn = createIAMRole(iam, roleName, polJSON); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("2. Create an S3 bucket with EventBridge events enabled."); if (checkBucket(s3Client, bucketName)) { System.out.println("Bucket " + bucketName + " already exists. Ending this scenario."); System.exit(1); } createBucket(s3Client, bucketName); Thread.sleep(3000); setBucketNotification(s3Client, bucketName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("3. Create a rule that triggers when an object is uploaded to Amazon S3."); Thread.sleep(10000); addEventRule(eventBrClient, roleArn, bucketName, eventRuleName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("4. List rules on the event bus."); listRules(eventBrClient); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("5. Create a new SNS topic for testing and let the user subscribe to the topic."); String topicArn = createSnsTopic(snsClient, topicName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("6. Add a target to the rule that sends an email to the specified topic."); System.out.println("Enter your email to subscribe to the Amazon SNS topic:"); String email = sc.nextLine(); subEmail(snsClient, topicArn, email); System.out.println( "Use the link in the email you received to confirm your subscription. Then, press Enter to continue."); sc.nextLine(); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("7. Create an EventBridge event that sends an email when an Amazon S3 object is created."); addSnsEventRule(eventBrClient, eventRuleName, topicArn, topicName, eventRuleName, bucketName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(" 8. List Targets."); listTargets(eventBrClient, eventRuleName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(" 9. List the rules for the same target."); listTargetRules(eventBrClient, topicArn); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(" 10. Trigger the rule by uploading a file to the S3 bucket."); System.out.println("Press Enter to continue."); sc.nextLine(); uploadTextFiletoS3(s3Client, bucketName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("11. Disable a specific rule."); changeRuleState(eventBrClient, eventRuleName, false); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("12. Check and print the state of the rule."); checkRule(eventBrClient, eventRuleName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("13. Add a transform to the rule to change the text of the email."); updateSnsEventRule(eventBrClient, topicArn, eventRuleName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("14. Enable a specific rule."); changeRuleState(eventBrClient, eventRuleName, true); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(" 15. Trigger the updated rule by uploading a file to the S3 bucket."); System.out.println("Press Enter to continue."); sc.nextLine(); uploadTextFiletoS3(s3Client, bucketName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(" 16. Update the rule to be a custom rule pattern."); updateToCustomRule(eventBrClient, eventRuleName); System.out.println("Updated event rule " + eventRuleName + " to use a custom pattern."); updateCustomRuleTargetWithTransform(eventBrClient, topicArn, eventRuleName); System.out.println("Updated event target " + topicArn + "."); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("17. Sending an event to trigger the rule. This will trigger a subscription email."); triggerCustomRule(eventBrClient, email); System.out.println("Events have been sent. Press Enter to continue."); sc.nextLine(); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("18. Clean up resources."); System.out.println("Do you want to clean up resources (y/n)"); String ans = sc.nextLine(); if (ans.compareTo("y") == 0) { cleanupResources(eventBrClient, snsClient, s3Client, iam, topicArn, eventRuleName, bucketName, roleName); } else { System.out.println("The resources will not be cleaned up. "); } System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("The Amazon EventBridge example scenario has successfully completed."); System.out.println(DASHES); } public static void cleanupResources(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, SnsClient snsClient, S3Client s3Client, IamClient iam, String topicArn, String eventRuleName, String bucketName, String roleName) { System.out.println("Removing all targets from the event rule."); deleteTargetsFromRule(eventBrClient, eventRuleName); deleteRuleByName(eventBrClient, eventRuleName); deleteSNSTopic(snsClient, topicArn); deleteS3Bucket(s3Client, bucketName); deleteRole(iam, roleName); } public static void deleteRole(IamClient iam, String roleName) { String policyArn = "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonEventBridgeFullAccess"; DetachRolePolicyRequest policyRequest = DetachRolePolicyRequest.builder() .policyArn(policyArn) .roleName(roleName) .build(); iam.detachRolePolicy(policyRequest); System.out.println("Successfully detached policy " + policyArn + " from role " + roleName); // Delete the role. DeleteRoleRequest roleRequest = DeleteRoleRequest.builder() .roleName(roleName) .build(); iam.deleteRole(roleRequest); System.out.println("*** Successfully deleted " + roleName); } public static void deleteS3Bucket(S3Client s3Client, String bucketName) { // Remove all the objects from the S3 bucket. ListObjectsRequest listObjects = ListObjectsRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); ListObjectsResponse res = s3Client.listObjects(listObjects); List<S3Object> objects = res.contents(); ArrayList<ObjectIdentifier> toDelete = new ArrayList<>(); for (S3Object myValue : objects) { toDelete.add(ObjectIdentifier.builder() .key(myValue.key()) .build()); } DeleteObjectsRequest dor = DeleteObjectsRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .delete(Delete.builder() .objects(toDelete).build()) .build(); s3Client.deleteObjects(dor); // Delete the S3 bucket. DeleteBucketRequest deleteBucketRequest = DeleteBucketRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); s3Client.deleteBucket(deleteBucketRequest); System.out.println("You have deleted the bucket and the objects"); } // Delete the SNS topic. public static void deleteSNSTopic(SnsClient snsClient, String topicArn) { try { DeleteTopicRequest request = DeleteTopicRequest.builder() .topicArn(topicArn) .build(); DeleteTopicResponse result = snsClient.deleteTopic(request); System.out.println("\n\nStatus was " + result.sdkHttpResponse().statusCode()); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void deleteRuleByName(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String ruleName) { DeleteRuleRequest ruleRequest = DeleteRuleRequest.builder() .name(ruleName) .build(); eventBrClient.deleteRule(ruleRequest); System.out.println("Successfully deleted the rule"); } public static void deleteTargetsFromRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String eventRuleName) { // First, get all targets that will be deleted. ListTargetsByRuleRequest request = ListTargetsByRuleRequest.builder() .rule(eventRuleName) .build(); ListTargetsByRuleResponse response = eventBrClient.listTargetsByRule(request); List<Target> allTargets = response.targets(); // Get all targets and delete them. for (Target myTarget : allTargets) { RemoveTargetsRequest removeTargetsRequest = RemoveTargetsRequest.builder() .rule(eventRuleName) .ids(myTarget.id()) .build(); eventBrClient.removeTargets(removeTargetsRequest); System.out.println("Successfully removed the target"); } } public static void triggerCustomRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String email) { String json = "{" + "\"UserEmail\": \"" + email + "\"," + "\"Message\": \"This event was generated by example code.\"," + "\"UtcTime\": \"Now.\"" + "}"; PutEventsRequestEntry entry = PutEventsRequestEntry.builder() .source("ExampleSource") .detail(json) .detailType("ExampleType") .build(); PutEventsRequest eventsRequest = PutEventsRequest.builder() .entries(entry) .build(); eventBrClient.putEvents(eventsRequest); } public static void updateCustomRuleTargetWithTransform(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String topicArn, String ruleName) { String targetId = java.util.UUID.randomUUID().toString(); InputTransformer inputTransformer = InputTransformer.builder() .inputTemplate("\"Notification: sample event was received.\"") .build(); Target target = Target.builder() .id(targetId) .arn(topicArn) .inputTransformer(inputTransformer) .build(); try { PutTargetsRequest targetsRequest = PutTargetsRequest.builder() .rule(ruleName) .targets(target) .eventBusName(null) .build(); eventBrClient.putTargets(targetsRequest); } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void updateToCustomRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String ruleName) { String customEventsPattern = "{" + "\"source\": [\"ExampleSource\"]," + "\"detail-type\": [\"ExampleType\"]" + "}"; PutRuleRequest request = PutRuleRequest.builder() .name(ruleName) .description("Custom test rule") .eventPattern(customEventsPattern) .build(); eventBrClient.putRule(request); } // Update an Amazon S3 object created rule with a transform on the target. public static void updateSnsEventRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String topicArn, String ruleName) { String targetId = java.util.UUID.randomUUID().toString(); Map<String, String> myMap = new HashMap<>(); myMap.put("bucket", "$.detail.bucket.name"); myMap.put("time", "$.time"); InputTransformer inputTransformer = InputTransformer.builder() .inputTemplate("\"Notification: an object was uploaded to bucket <bucket> at <time>.\"") .inputPathsMap(myMap) .build(); Target target = Target.builder() .id(targetId) .arn(topicArn) .inputTransformer(inputTransformer) .build(); try { PutTargetsRequest targetsRequest = PutTargetsRequest.builder() .rule(ruleName) .targets(target) .eventBusName(null) .build(); eventBrClient.putTargets(targetsRequest); } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void checkRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String eventRuleName) { try { DescribeRuleRequest ruleRequest = DescribeRuleRequest.builder() .name(eventRuleName) .build(); DescribeRuleResponse response = eventBrClient.describeRule(ruleRequest); System.out.println("The state of the rule is " + response.stateAsString()); } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void changeRuleState(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String eventRuleName, Boolean isEnabled) { try { if (!isEnabled) { System.out.println("Disabling the rule: " + eventRuleName); DisableRuleRequest ruleRequest = DisableRuleRequest.builder() .name(eventRuleName) .build(); eventBrClient.disableRule(ruleRequest); } else { System.out.println("Enabling the rule: " + eventRuleName); EnableRuleRequest ruleRequest = EnableRuleRequest.builder() .name(eventRuleName) .build(); eventBrClient.enableRule(ruleRequest); } } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Create and upload a file to an S3 bucket to trigger an event. public static void uploadTextFiletoS3(S3Client s3Client, String bucketName) throws IOException { // Create a unique file name. String fileSuffix = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMddHHmmss").format(new Date()); String fileName = "TextFile" + fileSuffix + ".txt"; File myFile = new File(fileName); FileWriter fw = new FileWriter(myFile.getAbsoluteFile()); BufferedWriter bw = new BufferedWriter(fw); bw.write("This is a sample file for testing uploads."); bw.close(); try { PutObjectRequest putOb = PutObjectRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .key(fileName) .build(); s3Client.putObject(putOb, RequestBody.fromFile(myFile)); } catch (S3Exception e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void listTargetRules(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String topicArn) { ListRuleNamesByTargetRequest ruleNamesByTargetRequest = ListRuleNamesByTargetRequest.builder() .targetArn(topicArn) .build(); ListRuleNamesByTargetResponse response = eventBrClient.listRuleNamesByTarget(ruleNamesByTargetRequest); List<String> rules = response.ruleNames(); for (String rule : rules) { System.out.println("The rule name is " + rule); } } public static void listTargets(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String ruleName) { ListTargetsByRuleRequest ruleRequest = ListTargetsByRuleRequest.builder() .rule(ruleName) .build(); ListTargetsByRuleResponse res = eventBrClient.listTargetsByRule(ruleRequest); List<Target> targetsList = res.targets(); for (Target target: targetsList) { System.out.println("Target ARN: "+target.arn()); } } // Add a rule which triggers an SNS target when a file is uploaded to an S3 // bucket. public static void addSnsEventRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String ruleName, String topicArn, String topicName, String eventRuleName, String bucketName) { String targetID = java.util.UUID.randomUUID().toString(); Target myTarget = Target.builder() .id(targetID) .arn(topicArn) .build(); List<Target> targets = new ArrayList<>(); targets.add(myTarget); PutTargetsRequest request = PutTargetsRequest.builder() .eventBusName(null) .targets(targets) .rule(ruleName) .build(); eventBrClient.putTargets(request); System.out.println("Added event rule " + eventRuleName + " with Amazon SNS target " + topicName + " for bucket " + bucketName + "."); } public static void subEmail(SnsClient snsClient, String topicArn, String email) { try { SubscribeRequest request = SubscribeRequest.builder() .protocol("email") .endpoint(email) .returnSubscriptionArn(true) .topicArn(topicArn) .build(); SubscribeResponse result = snsClient.subscribe(request); System.out.println("Subscription ARN: " + result.subscriptionArn() + "\n\n Status is " + result.sdkHttpResponse().statusCode()); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void listRules(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient) { try { ListRulesRequest rulesRequest = ListRulesRequest.builder() .eventBusName("default") .limit(10) .build(); ListRulesResponse response = eventBrClient.listRules(rulesRequest); List<Rule> rules = response.rules(); for (Rule rule : rules) { System.out.println("The rule name is : " + rule.name()); System.out.println("The rule description is : " + rule.description()); System.out.println("The rule state is : " + rule.stateAsString()); } } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static String createSnsTopic(SnsClient snsClient, String topicName) { String topicPolicy = "{" + "\"Version\": \"2012-10-17\"," + "\"Statement\": [{" + "\"Sid\": \"EventBridgePublishTopic\"," + "\"Effect\": \"Allow\"," + "\"Principal\": {" + "\"Service\": \"events.amazonaws.com\"" + "}," + "\"Resource\": \"*\"," + "\"Action\": \"sns:Publish\"" + "}]" + "}"; Map<String, String> topicAttributes = new HashMap<>(); topicAttributes.put("Policy", topicPolicy); CreateTopicRequest topicRequest = CreateTopicRequest.builder() .name(topicName) .attributes(topicAttributes) .build(); CreateTopicResponse response = snsClient.createTopic(topicRequest); System.out.println("Added topic " + topicName + " for email subscriptions."); return response.topicArn(); } // Create a new event rule that triggers when an Amazon S3 object is created in // a bucket. public static void addEventRule(EventBridgeClient eventBrClient, String roleArn, String bucketName, String eventRuleName) { String pattern = "{\n" + " \"source\": [\"aws.s3\"],\n" + " \"detail-type\": [\"Object Created\"],\n" + " \"detail\": {\n" + " \"bucket\": {\n" + " \"name\": [\"" + bucketName + "\"]\n" + " }\n" + " }\n" + "}"; try { PutRuleRequest ruleRequest = PutRuleRequest.builder() .description("Created by using the AWS SDK for Java v2") .name(eventRuleName) .eventPattern(pattern) .roleArn(roleArn) .build(); PutRuleResponse ruleResponse = eventBrClient.putRule(ruleRequest); System.out.println("The ARN of the new rule is " + ruleResponse.ruleArn()); } catch (EventBridgeException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Determine if the S3 bucket exists. public static Boolean checkBucket(S3Client s3Client, String bucketName) { try { HeadBucketRequest headBucketRequest = HeadBucketRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); s3Client.headBucket(headBucketRequest); return true; } catch (S3Exception e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); } return false; } // Set the S3 bucket notification configuration. public static void setBucketNotification(S3Client s3Client, String bucketName) { try { EventBridgeConfiguration eventBridgeConfiguration = EventBridgeConfiguration.builder() .build(); NotificationConfiguration configuration = NotificationConfiguration.builder() .eventBridgeConfiguration(eventBridgeConfiguration) .build(); PutBucketNotificationConfigurationRequest configurationRequest = PutBucketNotificationConfigurationRequest .builder() .bucket(bucketName) .notificationConfiguration(configuration) .skipDestinationValidation(true) .build(); s3Client.putBucketNotificationConfiguration(configurationRequest); System.out.println("Added bucket " + bucketName + " with EventBridge events enabled."); } catch (S3Exception e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void createBucket(S3Client s3Client, String bucketName) { try { S3Waiter s3Waiter = s3Client.waiter(); CreateBucketRequest bucketRequest = CreateBucketRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); s3Client.createBucket(bucketRequest); HeadBucketRequest bucketRequestWait = HeadBucketRequest.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); // Wait until the bucket is created and print out the response. WaiterResponse<HeadBucketResponse> waiterResponse = s3Waiter.waitUntilBucketExists(bucketRequestWait); waiterResponse.matched().response().ifPresent(System.out::println); System.out.println(bucketName + " is ready"); } catch (S3Exception e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static String createIAMRole(IamClient iam, String rolename, String polJSON) { try { CreateRoleRequest request = CreateRoleRequest.builder() .roleName(rolename) .assumeRolePolicyDocument(polJSON) .description("Created using the AWS SDK for Java") .build(); CreateRoleResponse response = iam.createRole(request); AttachRolePolicyRequest rolePolicyRequest = AttachRolePolicyRequest.builder() .roleName(rolename) .policyArn("arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonEventBridgeFullAccess") .build(); iam.attachRolePolicy(rolePolicyRequest); return response.role().arn(); } catch (IamException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } return ""; } }