Amazon RDS examples using SDK for Java 2.x - Amazon SDK for Java 2.x
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Amazon RDS examples using SDK for Java 2.x

The following code examples show you how to perform actions and implement common scenarios by using the Amazon SDK for Java 2.x with Amazon RDS.

Actions are code excerpts from larger programs and must be run in context. While actions show you how to call individual service functions, you can see actions in context in their related scenarios and cross-service examples.

Scenarios are code examples that show you how to accomplish a specific task by calling multiple functions within the same service.

Each example includes a link to GitHub, where you can find instructions on how to set up and run the code in context.

Get started

The following code examples show how to get started using Amazon RDS.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.RdsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbInstancesResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DBInstance; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RdsException; import java.util.List; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class DescribeDBInstances { public static void main(String[] args) { Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); describeInstances(rdsClient); rdsClient.close(); } public static void describeInstances(RdsClient rdsClient) { try { DescribeDbInstancesResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBInstances(); List<DBInstance> instanceList = response.dbInstances(); for (DBInstance instance : instanceList) { System.out.println("Instance ARN is: " + instance.dbInstanceArn()); System.out.println("The Engine is " + instance.engine()); System.out.println("Connection endpoint is" + instance.endpoint().address()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }

Actions

The following code example shows how to use CreateDBInstance.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import com.google.gson.Gson; import software.amazon.awssdk.auth.credentials.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider; import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.RdsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbInstancesRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.CreateDbInstanceRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.CreateDbInstanceResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RdsException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbInstancesResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DBInstance; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.secretsmanager.SecretsManagerClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.secretsmanager.model.GetSecretValueRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.secretsmanager.model.GetSecretValueResponse; import java.util.List; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * * This example requires an AWS Secrets Manager secret that contains the * database credentials. If you do not create a * secret, this example will not work. For more details, see: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/secretsmanager/latest/userguide/integrating_how-services-use-secrets_RS.html * * */ public class CreateDBInstance { public static long sleepTime = 20; public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <dbInstanceIdentifier> <dbName> <secretName> Where: dbInstanceIdentifier - The database instance identifier.\s dbName - The database name.\s secretName - The name of the AWS Secrets Manager secret that contains the database credentials." """; if (args.length != 3) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String dbInstanceIdentifier = args[0]; String dbName = args[1]; String secretName = args[2]; Gson gson = new Gson(); User user = gson.fromJson(String.valueOf(getSecretValues(secretName)), User.class); Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); createDatabaseInstance(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier, dbName, user.getUsername(), user.getPassword()); waitForInstanceReady(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier); rdsClient.close(); } private static SecretsManagerClient getSecretClient() { Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; return SecretsManagerClient.builder() .region(region) .credentialsProvider(EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider.create()) .build(); } private static String getSecretValues(String secretName) { SecretsManagerClient secretClient = getSecretClient(); GetSecretValueRequest valueRequest = GetSecretValueRequest.builder() .secretId(secretName) .build(); GetSecretValueResponse valueResponse = secretClient.getSecretValue(valueRequest); return valueResponse.secretString(); } public static void createDatabaseInstance(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier, String dbName, String userName, String userPassword) { try { CreateDbInstanceRequest instanceRequest = CreateDbInstanceRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .allocatedStorage(100) .dbName(dbName) .engine("mysql") .dbInstanceClass("db.m4.large") .engineVersion("8.0") .storageType("standard") .masterUsername(userName) .masterUserPassword(userPassword) .build(); CreateDbInstanceResponse response = rdsClient.createDBInstance(instanceRequest); System.out.print("The status is " + response.dbInstance().dbInstanceStatus()); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Waits until the database instance is available. public static void waitForInstanceReady(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier) { boolean instanceReady = false; String instanceReadyStr; System.out.println("Waiting for instance to become available."); try { DescribeDbInstancesRequest instanceRequest = DescribeDbInstancesRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .build(); // Loop until the cluster is ready. while (!instanceReady) { DescribeDbInstancesResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBInstances(instanceRequest); List<DBInstance> instanceList = response.dbInstances(); for (DBInstance instance : instanceList) { instanceReadyStr = instance.dbInstanceStatus(); if (instanceReadyStr.contains("available")) instanceReady = true; else { System.out.print("."); Thread.sleep(sleepTime * 1000); } } } System.out.println("Database instance is available!"); } catch (RdsException | InterruptedException e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • For API details, see CreateDBInstance in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use CreateDBParameterGroup.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

public static void createDBParameterGroup(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName, String dbParameterGroupFamily) { try { CreateDbParameterGroupRequest groupRequest = CreateDbParameterGroupRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .dbParameterGroupFamily(dbParameterGroupFamily) .description("Created by using the AWS SDK for Java") .build(); CreateDbParameterGroupResponse response = rdsClient.createDBParameterGroup(groupRequest); System.out.println("The group name is " + response.dbParameterGroup().dbParameterGroupName()); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

The following code example shows how to use CreateDBSnapshot.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

// Create an Amazon RDS snapshot. public static void createSnapshot(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier, String dbSnapshotIdentifier) { try { CreateDbSnapshotRequest snapshotRequest = CreateDbSnapshotRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .dbSnapshotIdentifier(dbSnapshotIdentifier) .build(); CreateDbSnapshotResponse response = rdsClient.createDBSnapshot(snapshotRequest); System.out.println("The Snapshot id is " + response.dbSnapshot().dbiResourceId()); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } }
  • For API details, see CreateDBSnapshot in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use DeleteDBInstance.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.RdsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DeleteDbInstanceRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DeleteDbInstanceResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RdsException; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class DeleteDBInstance { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <dbInstanceIdentifier>\s Where: dbInstanceIdentifier - The database instance identifier\s """; if (args.length != 1) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String dbInstanceIdentifier = args[0]; Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); deleteDatabaseInstance(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier); rdsClient.close(); } public static void deleteDatabaseInstance(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier) { try { DeleteDbInstanceRequest deleteDbInstanceRequest = DeleteDbInstanceRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .deleteAutomatedBackups(true) .skipFinalSnapshot(true) .build(); DeleteDbInstanceResponse response = rdsClient.deleteDBInstance(deleteDbInstanceRequest); System.out.print("The status of the database is " + response.dbInstance().dbInstanceStatus()); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see DeleteDBInstance in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use DeleteDBParameterGroup.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

// Delete the parameter group after database has been deleted. // An exception is thrown if you attempt to delete the para group while database // exists. public static void deleteParaGroup(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName, String dbARN) throws InterruptedException { try { boolean isDataDel = false; boolean didFind; String instanceARN; // Make sure that the database has been deleted. while (!isDataDel) { DescribeDbInstancesResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBInstances(); List<DBInstance> instanceList = response.dbInstances(); int listSize = instanceList.size(); didFind = false; int index = 1; for (DBInstance instance : instanceList) { instanceARN = instance.dbInstanceArn(); if (instanceARN.compareTo(dbARN) == 0) { System.out.println(dbARN + " still exists"); didFind = true; } if ((index == listSize) && (!didFind)) { // Went through the entire list and did not find the database ARN. isDataDel = true; } Thread.sleep(sleepTime * 1000); index++; } } // Delete the para group. DeleteDbParameterGroupRequest parameterGroupRequest = DeleteDbParameterGroupRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .build(); rdsClient.deleteDBParameterGroup(parameterGroupRequest); System.out.println(dbGroupName + " was deleted."); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

The following code example shows how to use DescribeAccountAttributes.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.RdsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.AccountQuota; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RdsException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeAccountAttributesResponse; import java.util.List; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class DescribeAccountAttributes { public static void main(String[] args) { Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); getAccountAttributes(rdsClient); rdsClient.close(); } public static void getAccountAttributes(RdsClient rdsClient) { try { DescribeAccountAttributesResponse response = rdsClient.describeAccountAttributes(); List<AccountQuota> quotasList = response.accountQuotas(); for (AccountQuota quotas : quotasList) { System.out.println("Name is: " + quotas.accountQuotaName()); System.out.println("Max value is " + quotas.max()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }

The following code example shows how to use DescribeDBEngineVersions.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

public static void describeDBEngines(RdsClient rdsClient) { try { DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest engineVersionsRequest = DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest.builder() .defaultOnly(true) .engine("mysql") .maxRecords(20) .build(); DescribeDbEngineVersionsResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBEngineVersions(engineVersionsRequest); List<DBEngineVersion> engines = response.dbEngineVersions(); // Get all DBEngineVersion objects. for (DBEngineVersion engineOb : engines) { System.out.println("The name of the DB parameter group family for the database engine is " + engineOb.dbParameterGroupFamily()); System.out.println("The name of the database engine " + engineOb.engine()); System.out.println("The version number of the database engine " + engineOb.engineVersion()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

The following code example shows how to use DescribeDBInstances.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.RdsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbInstancesResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DBInstance; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RdsException; import java.util.List; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class DescribeDBInstances { public static void main(String[] args) { Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); describeInstances(rdsClient); rdsClient.close(); } public static void describeInstances(RdsClient rdsClient) { try { DescribeDbInstancesResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBInstances(); List<DBInstance> instanceList = response.dbInstances(); for (DBInstance instance : instanceList) { System.out.println("Instance ARN is: " + instance.dbInstanceArn()); System.out.println("The Engine is " + instance.engine()); System.out.println("Connection endpoint is" + instance.endpoint().address()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }

The following code example shows how to use DescribeDBParameterGroups.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

public static void describeDbParameterGroups(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName) { try { DescribeDbParameterGroupsRequest groupsRequest = DescribeDbParameterGroupsRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .maxRecords(20) .build(); DescribeDbParameterGroupsResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBParameterGroups(groupsRequest); List<DBParameterGroup> groups = response.dbParameterGroups(); for (DBParameterGroup group : groups) { System.out.println("The group name is " + group.dbParameterGroupName()); System.out.println("The group description is " + group.description()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

The following code example shows how to use DescribeDBParameters.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

// Retrieve parameters in the group. public static void describeDbParameters(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName, int flag) { try { DescribeDbParametersRequest dbParameterGroupsRequest; if (flag == 0) { dbParameterGroupsRequest = DescribeDbParametersRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .build(); } else { dbParameterGroupsRequest = DescribeDbParametersRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .source("user") .build(); } DescribeDbParametersResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBParameters(dbParameterGroupsRequest); List<Parameter> dbParameters = response.parameters(); String paraName; for (Parameter para : dbParameters) { // Only print out information about either auto_increment_offset or // auto_increment_increment. paraName = para.parameterName(); if ((paraName.compareTo("auto_increment_offset") == 0) || (paraName.compareTo("auto_increment_increment ") == 0)) { System.out.println("*** The parameter name is " + paraName); System.out.println("*** The parameter value is " + para.parameterValue()); System.out.println("*** The parameter data type is " + para.dataType()); System.out.println("*** The parameter description is " + para.description()); System.out.println("*** The parameter allowed values is " + para.allowedValues()); } } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

The following code example shows how to use DescribeOrderableDBInstanceOptions.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

// Get a list of allowed engine versions. public static void getAllowedEngines(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbParameterGroupFamily) { try { DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest versionsRequest = DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupFamily(dbParameterGroupFamily) .engine("mysql") .build(); DescribeDbEngineVersionsResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBEngineVersions(versionsRequest); List<DBEngineVersion> dbEngines = response.dbEngineVersions(); for (DBEngineVersion dbEngine : dbEngines) { System.out.println("The engine version is " + dbEngine.engineVersion()); System.out.println("The engine description is " + dbEngine.dbEngineDescription()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

The following code example shows how to use GenerateRDSAuthToken.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Use the RdsUtilities class to generate an authentication token.

public class GenerateRDSAuthToken { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <dbInstanceIdentifier> <masterUsername> Where: dbInstanceIdentifier - The database instance identifier.\s masterUsername - The master user name.\s """; if (args.length != 2) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String dbInstanceIdentifier = args[0]; String masterUsername = args[1]; Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); String token = getAuthToken(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier, masterUsername); System.out.println("The token response is " + token); } public static String getAuthToken(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier, String masterUsername) { RdsUtilities utilities = rdsClient.utilities(); try { GenerateAuthenticationTokenRequest tokenRequest = GenerateAuthenticationTokenRequest.builder() .credentialsProvider(ProfileCredentialsProvider.create()) .username(masterUsername) .port(3306) .hostname(dbInstanceIdentifier) .build(); return utilities.generateAuthenticationToken(tokenRequest); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } return ""; } }

The following code example shows how to use ModifyDBInstance.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.RdsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.ModifyDbInstanceRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.ModifyDbInstanceResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RdsException; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class ModifyDBInstance { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <dbInstanceIdentifier> <dbSnapshotIdentifier>\s Where: dbInstanceIdentifier - The database instance identifier.\s masterUserPassword - The updated password that corresponds to the master user name.\s """; if (args.length != 2) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String dbInstanceIdentifier = args[0]; String masterUserPassword = args[1]; Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); updateIntance(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier, masterUserPassword); rdsClient.close(); } public static void updateIntance(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier, String masterUserPassword) { try { // For a demo - modify the DB instance by modifying the master password. ModifyDbInstanceRequest modifyDbInstanceRequest = ModifyDbInstanceRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .publiclyAccessible(true) .masterUserPassword(masterUserPassword) .build(); ModifyDbInstanceResponse instanceResponse = rdsClient.modifyDBInstance(modifyDbInstanceRequest); System.out.print("The ARN of the modified database is: " + instanceResponse.dbInstance().dbInstanceArn()); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see ModifyDBInstance in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use ModifyDBParameterGroup.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

// Modify auto_increment_offset and auto_increment_increment parameters. public static void modifyDBParas(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName) { try { Parameter parameter1 = Parameter.builder() .parameterName("auto_increment_offset") .applyMethod("immediate") .parameterValue("5") .build(); List<Parameter> paraList = new ArrayList<>(); paraList.add(parameter1); ModifyDbParameterGroupRequest groupRequest = ModifyDbParameterGroupRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .parameters(paraList) .build(); ModifyDbParameterGroupResponse response = rdsClient.modifyDBParameterGroup(groupRequest); System.out.println("The parameter group " + response.dbParameterGroupName() + " was successfully modified"); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

The following code example shows how to use RebootDBInstance.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.RdsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RebootDbInstanceRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RebootDbInstanceResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RdsException; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class RebootDBInstance { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <dbInstanceIdentifier>\s Where: dbInstanceIdentifier - The database instance identifier\s """; if (args.length != 1) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String dbInstanceIdentifier = args[0]; Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); rebootInstance(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier); rdsClient.close(); } public static void rebootInstance(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier) { try { RebootDbInstanceRequest rebootDbInstanceRequest = RebootDbInstanceRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .build(); RebootDbInstanceResponse instanceResponse = rdsClient.rebootDBInstance(rebootDbInstanceRequest); System.out.print("The database " + instanceResponse.dbInstance().dbInstanceArn() + " was rebooted"); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see RebootDBInstance in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

Scenarios

The following code example shows how to:

  • Create a custom DB parameter group and set parameter values.

  • Create a DB instance that's configured to use the parameter group. The DB instance also contains a database.

  • Take a snapshot of the instance.

  • Delete the instance and parameter group.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Run multiple operations.

import com.google.gson.Gson; import software.amazon.awssdk.auth.credentials.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider; import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.RdsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.CreateDbInstanceRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.CreateDbInstanceResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.CreateDbParameterGroupResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.CreateDbSnapshotRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.CreateDbSnapshotResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DBEngineVersion; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DBInstance; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DBParameterGroup; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DBSnapshot; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DeleteDbInstanceRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DeleteDbInstanceResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbEngineVersionsResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbInstancesRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbInstancesResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbParameterGroupsResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbParametersResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbSnapshotsRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbSnapshotsResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeOrderableDbInstanceOptionsResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.ModifyDbParameterGroupResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.OrderableDBInstanceOption; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.Parameter; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.RdsException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.CreateDbParameterGroupRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbParameterGroupsRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeDbParametersRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.ModifyDbParameterGroupRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DescribeOrderableDbInstanceOptionsRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.rds.model.DeleteDbParameterGroupRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.secretsmanager.SecretsManagerClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.secretsmanager.model.GetSecretValueRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.secretsmanager.model.GetSecretValueResponse; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.List; /** * Before running this Java (v2) code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * * This example requires an AWS Secrets Manager secret that contains the * database credentials. If you do not create a * secret, this example will not work. For details, see: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/secretsmanager/latest/userguide/integrating_how-services-use-secrets_RS.html * * This Java example performs these tasks: * * 1. Returns a list of the available DB engines. * 2. Selects an engine family and create a custom DB parameter group. * 3. Gets the parameter groups. * 4. Gets parameters in the group. * 5. Modifies the auto_increment_offset parameter. * 6. Gets and displays the updated parameters. * 7. Gets a list of allowed engine versions. * 8. Gets a list of micro instance classes available for the selected engine. * 9. Creates an RDS database instance that contains a MySql database and uses * the parameter group. * 10. Waits for the DB instance to be ready and prints out the connection * endpoint value. * 11. Creates a snapshot of the DB instance. * 12. Waits for an RDS DB snapshot to be ready. * 13. Deletes the RDS DB instance. * 14. Deletes the parameter group. */ public class RDSScenario { public static long sleepTime = 20; public static final String DASHES = new String(new char[80]).replace("\0", "-"); public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException { final String usage = """ Usage: <dbGroupName> <dbParameterGroupFamily> <dbInstanceIdentifier> <dbName> <dbSnapshotIdentifier> <secretName> Where: dbGroupName - The database group name.\s dbParameterGroupFamily - The database parameter group name (for example, mysql8.0). dbInstanceIdentifier - The database instance identifier\s dbName - The database name.\s dbSnapshotIdentifier - The snapshot identifier.\s secretName - The name of the AWS Secrets Manager secret that contains the database credentials" """; if (args.length != 6) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String dbGroupName = args[0]; String dbParameterGroupFamily = args[1]; String dbInstanceIdentifier = args[2]; String dbName = args[3]; String dbSnapshotIdentifier = args[4]; String secretName = args[5]; Gson gson = new Gson(); User user = gson.fromJson(String.valueOf(getSecretValues(secretName)), User.class); String masterUsername = user.getUsername(); String masterUserPassword = user.getPassword(); Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; RdsClient rdsClient = RdsClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("Welcome to the Amazon RDS example scenario."); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("1. Return a list of the available DB engines"); describeDBEngines(rdsClient); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("2. Create a custom parameter group"); createDBParameterGroup(rdsClient, dbGroupName, dbParameterGroupFamily); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("3. Get the parameter group"); describeDbParameterGroups(rdsClient, dbGroupName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("4. Get the parameters in the group"); describeDbParameters(rdsClient, dbGroupName, 0); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("5. Modify the auto_increment_offset parameter"); modifyDBParas(rdsClient, dbGroupName); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("6. Display the updated value"); describeDbParameters(rdsClient, dbGroupName, -1); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("7. Get a list of allowed engine versions"); getAllowedEngines(rdsClient, dbParameterGroupFamily); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("8. Get a list of micro instance classes available for the selected engine"); getMicroInstances(rdsClient); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println( "9. Create an RDS database instance that contains a MySql database and uses the parameter group"); String dbARN = createDatabaseInstance(rdsClient, dbGroupName, dbInstanceIdentifier, dbName, masterUsername, masterUserPassword); System.out.println("The ARN of the new database is " + dbARN); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("10. Wait for DB instance to be ready"); waitForInstanceReady(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("11. Create a snapshot of the DB instance"); createSnapshot(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier, dbSnapshotIdentifier); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("12. Wait for DB snapshot to be ready"); waitForSnapshotReady(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier, dbSnapshotIdentifier); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("13. Delete the DB instance"); deleteDatabaseInstance(rdsClient, dbInstanceIdentifier); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("14. Delete the parameter group"); deleteParaGroup(rdsClient, dbGroupName, dbARN); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println(DASHES); System.out.println("The Scenario has successfully completed."); System.out.println(DASHES); rdsClient.close(); } private static SecretsManagerClient getSecretClient() { Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; return SecretsManagerClient.builder() .region(region) .credentialsProvider(EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider.create()) .build(); } public static String getSecretValues(String secretName) { SecretsManagerClient secretClient = getSecretClient(); GetSecretValueRequest valueRequest = GetSecretValueRequest.builder() .secretId(secretName) .build(); GetSecretValueResponse valueResponse = secretClient.getSecretValue(valueRequest); return valueResponse.secretString(); } // Delete the parameter group after database has been deleted. // An exception is thrown if you attempt to delete the para group while database // exists. public static void deleteParaGroup(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName, String dbARN) throws InterruptedException { try { boolean isDataDel = false; boolean didFind; String instanceARN; // Make sure that the database has been deleted. while (!isDataDel) { DescribeDbInstancesResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBInstances(); List<DBInstance> instanceList = response.dbInstances(); int listSize = instanceList.size(); didFind = false; int index = 1; for (DBInstance instance : instanceList) { instanceARN = instance.dbInstanceArn(); if (instanceARN.compareTo(dbARN) == 0) { System.out.println(dbARN + " still exists"); didFind = true; } if ((index == listSize) && (!didFind)) { // Went through the entire list and did not find the database ARN. isDataDel = true; } Thread.sleep(sleepTime * 1000); index++; } } // Delete the para group. DeleteDbParameterGroupRequest parameterGroupRequest = DeleteDbParameterGroupRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .build(); rdsClient.deleteDBParameterGroup(parameterGroupRequest); System.out.println(dbGroupName + " was deleted."); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Delete the DB instance. public static void deleteDatabaseInstance(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier) { try { DeleteDbInstanceRequest deleteDbInstanceRequest = DeleteDbInstanceRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .deleteAutomatedBackups(true) .skipFinalSnapshot(true) .build(); DeleteDbInstanceResponse response = rdsClient.deleteDBInstance(deleteDbInstanceRequest); System.out.print("The status of the database is " + response.dbInstance().dbInstanceStatus()); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Waits until the snapshot instance is available. public static void waitForSnapshotReady(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier, String dbSnapshotIdentifier) { try { boolean snapshotReady = false; String snapshotReadyStr; System.out.println("Waiting for the snapshot to become available."); DescribeDbSnapshotsRequest snapshotsRequest = DescribeDbSnapshotsRequest.builder() .dbSnapshotIdentifier(dbSnapshotIdentifier) .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .build(); while (!snapshotReady) { DescribeDbSnapshotsResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBSnapshots(snapshotsRequest); List<DBSnapshot> snapshotList = response.dbSnapshots(); for (DBSnapshot snapshot : snapshotList) { snapshotReadyStr = snapshot.status(); if (snapshotReadyStr.contains("available")) { snapshotReady = true; } else { System.out.print("."); Thread.sleep(sleepTime * 1000); } } } System.out.println("The Snapshot is available!"); } catch (RdsException | InterruptedException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Create an Amazon RDS snapshot. public static void createSnapshot(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier, String dbSnapshotIdentifier) { try { CreateDbSnapshotRequest snapshotRequest = CreateDbSnapshotRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .dbSnapshotIdentifier(dbSnapshotIdentifier) .build(); CreateDbSnapshotResponse response = rdsClient.createDBSnapshot(snapshotRequest); System.out.println("The Snapshot id is " + response.dbSnapshot().dbiResourceId()); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Waits until the database instance is available. public static void waitForInstanceReady(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbInstanceIdentifier) { boolean instanceReady = false; String instanceReadyStr; System.out.println("Waiting for instance to become available."); try { DescribeDbInstancesRequest instanceRequest = DescribeDbInstancesRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .build(); String endpoint = ""; while (!instanceReady) { DescribeDbInstancesResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBInstances(instanceRequest); List<DBInstance> instanceList = response.dbInstances(); for (DBInstance instance : instanceList) { instanceReadyStr = instance.dbInstanceStatus(); if (instanceReadyStr.contains("available")) { endpoint = instance.endpoint().address(); instanceReady = true; } else { System.out.print("."); Thread.sleep(sleepTime * 1000); } } } System.out.println("Database instance is available! The connection endpoint is " + endpoint); } catch (RdsException | InterruptedException e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Create a database instance and return the ARN of the database. public static String createDatabaseInstance(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName, String dbInstanceIdentifier, String dbName, String masterUsername, String masterUserPassword) { try { CreateDbInstanceRequest instanceRequest = CreateDbInstanceRequest.builder() .dbInstanceIdentifier(dbInstanceIdentifier) .allocatedStorage(100) .dbName(dbName) .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .engine("mysql") .dbInstanceClass("db.m4.large") .engineVersion("8.0") .storageType("standard") .masterUsername(masterUsername) .masterUserPassword(masterUserPassword) .build(); CreateDbInstanceResponse response = rdsClient.createDBInstance(instanceRequest); System.out.print("The status is " + response.dbInstance().dbInstanceStatus()); return response.dbInstance().dbInstanceArn(); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } return ""; } // Get a list of micro instances. public static void getMicroInstances(RdsClient rdsClient) { try { DescribeOrderableDbInstanceOptionsRequest dbInstanceOptionsRequest = DescribeOrderableDbInstanceOptionsRequest .builder() .engine("mysql") .build(); DescribeOrderableDbInstanceOptionsResponse response = rdsClient .describeOrderableDBInstanceOptions(dbInstanceOptionsRequest); List<OrderableDBInstanceOption> orderableDBInstances = response.orderableDBInstanceOptions(); for (OrderableDBInstanceOption dbInstanceOption : orderableDBInstances) { System.out.println("The engine version is " + dbInstanceOption.engineVersion()); System.out.println("The engine description is " + dbInstanceOption.engine()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Get a list of allowed engine versions. public static void getAllowedEngines(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbParameterGroupFamily) { try { DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest versionsRequest = DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupFamily(dbParameterGroupFamily) .engine("mysql") .build(); DescribeDbEngineVersionsResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBEngineVersions(versionsRequest); List<DBEngineVersion> dbEngines = response.dbEngineVersions(); for (DBEngineVersion dbEngine : dbEngines) { System.out.println("The engine version is " + dbEngine.engineVersion()); System.out.println("The engine description is " + dbEngine.dbEngineDescription()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Modify auto_increment_offset and auto_increment_increment parameters. public static void modifyDBParas(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName) { try { Parameter parameter1 = Parameter.builder() .parameterName("auto_increment_offset") .applyMethod("immediate") .parameterValue("5") .build(); List<Parameter> paraList = new ArrayList<>(); paraList.add(parameter1); ModifyDbParameterGroupRequest groupRequest = ModifyDbParameterGroupRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .parameters(paraList) .build(); ModifyDbParameterGroupResponse response = rdsClient.modifyDBParameterGroup(groupRequest); System.out.println("The parameter group " + response.dbParameterGroupName() + " was successfully modified"); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // Retrieve parameters in the group. public static void describeDbParameters(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName, int flag) { try { DescribeDbParametersRequest dbParameterGroupsRequest; if (flag == 0) { dbParameterGroupsRequest = DescribeDbParametersRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .build(); } else { dbParameterGroupsRequest = DescribeDbParametersRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .source("user") .build(); } DescribeDbParametersResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBParameters(dbParameterGroupsRequest); List<Parameter> dbParameters = response.parameters(); String paraName; for (Parameter para : dbParameters) { // Only print out information about either auto_increment_offset or // auto_increment_increment. paraName = para.parameterName(); if ((paraName.compareTo("auto_increment_offset") == 0) || (paraName.compareTo("auto_increment_increment ") == 0)) { System.out.println("*** The parameter name is " + paraName); System.out.println("*** The parameter value is " + para.parameterValue()); System.out.println("*** The parameter data type is " + para.dataType()); System.out.println("*** The parameter description is " + para.description()); System.out.println("*** The parameter allowed values is " + para.allowedValues()); } } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void describeDbParameterGroups(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName) { try { DescribeDbParameterGroupsRequest groupsRequest = DescribeDbParameterGroupsRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .maxRecords(20) .build(); DescribeDbParameterGroupsResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBParameterGroups(groupsRequest); List<DBParameterGroup> groups = response.dbParameterGroups(); for (DBParameterGroup group : groups) { System.out.println("The group name is " + group.dbParameterGroupName()); System.out.println("The group description is " + group.description()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void createDBParameterGroup(RdsClient rdsClient, String dbGroupName, String dbParameterGroupFamily) { try { CreateDbParameterGroupRequest groupRequest = CreateDbParameterGroupRequest.builder() .dbParameterGroupName(dbGroupName) .dbParameterGroupFamily(dbParameterGroupFamily) .description("Created by using the AWS SDK for Java") .build(); CreateDbParameterGroupResponse response = rdsClient.createDBParameterGroup(groupRequest); System.out.println("The group name is " + response.dbParameterGroup().dbParameterGroupName()); } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void describeDBEngines(RdsClient rdsClient) { try { DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest engineVersionsRequest = DescribeDbEngineVersionsRequest.builder() .defaultOnly(true) .engine("mysql") .maxRecords(20) .build(); DescribeDbEngineVersionsResponse response = rdsClient.describeDBEngineVersions(engineVersionsRequest); List<DBEngineVersion> engines = response.dbEngineVersions(); // Get all DBEngineVersion objects. for (DBEngineVersion engineOb : engines) { System.out.println("The name of the DB parameter group family for the database engine is " + engineOb.dbParameterGroupFamily()); System.out.println("The name of the database engine " + engineOb.engine()); System.out.println("The version number of the database engine " + engineOb.engineVersion()); } } catch (RdsException e) { System.out.println(e.getLocalizedMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }