Amazon SQS examples using SDK for Java 2.x - Amazon SDK for Java 2.x
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Amazon SQS examples using SDK for Java 2.x

The following code examples show you how to perform actions and implement common scenarios by using the Amazon SDK for Java 2.x with Amazon SQS.

Actions are code excerpts from larger programs and must be run in context. While actions show you how to call individual service functions, you can see actions in context in their related scenarios and cross-service examples.

Scenarios are code examples that show you how to accomplish a specific task by calling multiple functions within the same service.

Each example includes a link to GitHub, where you can find instructions on how to set up and run the code in context.

Get started

The following code examples show how to get started using Amazon SQS.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.SqsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.SqsException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.paginators.ListQueuesIterable; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class HelloSQS { public static void main(String[] args) { SqsClient sqsClient = SqsClient.builder() .region(Region.US_WEST_2) .build(); listQueues(sqsClient); sqsClient.close(); } public static void listQueues(SqsClient sqsClient) { try { ListQueuesIterable listQueues = sqsClient.listQueuesPaginator(); listQueues.stream() .flatMap(r -> r.queueUrls().stream()) .forEach(content -> System.out.println(" Queue URL: " + content.toLowerCase())); } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see ListQueues in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

Actions

The following code example shows how to use CreateQueue.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.SqsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.ChangeMessageVisibilityRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.CreateQueueRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.DeleteMessageRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.GetQueueUrlRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.GetQueueUrlResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.ListQueuesRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.ListQueuesResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.Message; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.ReceiveMessageRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.SendMessageBatchRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.SendMessageBatchRequestEntry; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.SendMessageRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.SqsException; import java.util.List; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class SQSExample { public static void main(String[] args) { String queueName = "queue" + System.currentTimeMillis(); SqsClient sqsClient = SqsClient.builder() .region(Region.US_WEST_2) .build(); // Perform various tasks on the Amazon SQS queue. String queueUrl = createQueue(sqsClient, queueName); listQueues(sqsClient); listQueuesFilter(sqsClient, queueUrl); List<Message> messages = receiveMessages(sqsClient, queueUrl); sendBatchMessages(sqsClient, queueUrl); changeMessages(sqsClient, queueUrl, messages); deleteMessages(sqsClient, queueUrl, messages); sqsClient.close(); } public static String createQueue(SqsClient sqsClient, String queueName) { try { System.out.println("\nCreate Queue"); CreateQueueRequest createQueueRequest = CreateQueueRequest.builder() .queueName(queueName) .build(); sqsClient.createQueue(createQueueRequest); System.out.println("\nGet queue url"); GetQueueUrlResponse getQueueUrlResponse = sqsClient .getQueueUrl(GetQueueUrlRequest.builder().queueName(queueName).build()); return getQueueUrlResponse.queueUrl(); } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } return ""; } public static void listQueues(SqsClient sqsClient) { System.out.println("\nList Queues"); String prefix = "que"; try { ListQueuesRequest listQueuesRequest = ListQueuesRequest.builder().queueNamePrefix(prefix).build(); ListQueuesResponse listQueuesResponse = sqsClient.listQueues(listQueuesRequest); for (String url : listQueuesResponse.queueUrls()) { System.out.println(url); } } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void listQueuesFilter(SqsClient sqsClient, String queueUrl) { // List queues with filters String namePrefix = "queue"; ListQueuesRequest filterListRequest = ListQueuesRequest.builder() .queueNamePrefix(namePrefix) .build(); ListQueuesResponse listQueuesFilteredResponse = sqsClient.listQueues(filterListRequest); System.out.println("Queue URLs with prefix: " + namePrefix); for (String url : listQueuesFilteredResponse.queueUrls()) { System.out.println(url); } System.out.println("\nSend message"); try { sqsClient.sendMessage(SendMessageRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .messageBody("Hello world!") .delaySeconds(10) .build()); } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void sendBatchMessages(SqsClient sqsClient, String queueUrl) { System.out.println("\nSend multiple messages"); try { SendMessageBatchRequest sendMessageBatchRequest = SendMessageBatchRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .entries(SendMessageBatchRequestEntry.builder().id("id1").messageBody("Hello from msg 1").build(), SendMessageBatchRequestEntry.builder().id("id2").messageBody("msg 2").delaySeconds(10) .build()) .build(); sqsClient.sendMessageBatch(sendMessageBatchRequest); } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static List<Message> receiveMessages(SqsClient sqsClient, String queueUrl) { System.out.println("\nReceive messages"); try { ReceiveMessageRequest receiveMessageRequest = ReceiveMessageRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .maxNumberOfMessages(5) .build(); return sqsClient.receiveMessage(receiveMessageRequest).messages(); } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } return null; } public static void changeMessages(SqsClient sqsClient, String queueUrl, List<Message> messages) { System.out.println("\nChange Message Visibility"); try { for (Message message : messages) { ChangeMessageVisibilityRequest req = ChangeMessageVisibilityRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .receiptHandle(message.receiptHandle()) .visibilityTimeout(100) .build(); sqsClient.changeMessageVisibility(req); } } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } public static void deleteMessages(SqsClient sqsClient, String queueUrl, List<Message> messages) { System.out.println("\nDelete Messages"); try { for (Message message : messages) { DeleteMessageRequest deleteMessageRequest = DeleteMessageRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .receiptHandle(message.receiptHandle()) .build(); sqsClient.deleteMessage(deleteMessageRequest); } } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see CreateQueue in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use DeleteMessage.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

try { for (Message message : messages) { DeleteMessageRequest deleteMessageRequest = DeleteMessageRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .receiptHandle(message.receiptHandle()) .build(); sqsClient.deleteMessage(deleteMessageRequest); } } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); }
  • For API details, see DeleteMessage in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use DeleteQueue.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.SqsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.GetQueueUrlRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.DeleteQueueRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.SqsException; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class DeleteQueue { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <queueName> Where: queueName - The name of the Amazon SQS queue to delete. """; if (args.length != 1) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String queueName = args[0]; SqsClient sqs = SqsClient.builder() .region(Region.US_WEST_2) .build(); deleteSQSQueue(sqs, queueName); sqs.close(); } public static void deleteSQSQueue(SqsClient sqsClient, String queueName) { try { GetQueueUrlRequest getQueueRequest = GetQueueUrlRequest.builder() .queueName(queueName) .build(); String queueUrl = sqsClient.getQueueUrl(getQueueRequest).queueUrl(); DeleteQueueRequest deleteQueueRequest = DeleteQueueRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .build(); sqsClient.deleteQueue(deleteQueueRequest); } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see DeleteQueue in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use GetQueueUrl.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

GetQueueUrlResponse getQueueUrlResponse = sqsClient .getQueueUrl(GetQueueUrlRequest.builder().queueName(queueName).build()); return getQueueUrlResponse.queueUrl();
  • For API details, see GetQueueUrl in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use ListQueues.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

String prefix = "que"; try { ListQueuesRequest listQueuesRequest = ListQueuesRequest.builder().queueNamePrefix(prefix).build(); ListQueuesResponse listQueuesResponse = sqsClient.listQueues(listQueuesRequest); for (String url : listQueuesResponse.queueUrls()) { System.out.println(url); } } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); }
  • For API details, see ListQueues in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use ReceiveMessage.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

try { ReceiveMessageRequest receiveMessageRequest = ReceiveMessageRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .maxNumberOfMessages(5) .build(); return sqsClient.receiveMessage(receiveMessageRequest).messages(); } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } return null;
  • For API details, see ReceiveMessage in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use SendMessage.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

import software.amazon.awssdk.auth.credentials.ProfileCredentialsProvider; import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.SqsClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.CreateQueueRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.GetQueueUrlRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.SendMessageRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.sqs.model.SqsException; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class SendMessages { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <queueName> <message> Where: queueName - The name of the queue. message - The message to send. """; if (args.length != 2) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String queueName = args[0]; String message = args[1]; SqsClient sqsClient = SqsClient.builder() .region(Region.US_WEST_2) .build(); sendMessage(sqsClient, queueName, message); sqsClient.close(); } public static void sendMessage(SqsClient sqsClient, String queueName, String message) { try { CreateQueueRequest request = CreateQueueRequest.builder() .queueName(queueName) .build(); sqsClient.createQueue(request); GetQueueUrlRequest getQueueRequest = GetQueueUrlRequest.builder() .queueName(queueName) .build(); String queueUrl = sqsClient.getQueueUrl(getQueueRequest).queueUrl(); SendMessageRequest sendMsgRequest = SendMessageRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .messageBody(message) .delaySeconds(5) .build(); sqsClient.sendMessage(sendMsgRequest); } catch (SqsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • For API details, see SendMessage in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

The following code example shows how to use SendMessageBatch.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

SendMessageBatchRequest sendMessageBatchRequest = SendMessageBatchRequest.builder() .queueUrl(queueUrl) .entries(SendMessageBatchRequestEntry.builder().id("id1").messageBody("Hello from msg 1").build(), SendMessageBatchRequestEntry.builder().id("id2").messageBody("msg 2").delaySeconds(10) .build()) .build(); sqsClient.sendMessageBatch(sendMessageBatchRequest);
  • For API details, see SendMessageBatch in Amazon SDK for Java 2.x API Reference.

Scenarios

The following code example shows how to create and publish to a FIFO Amazon SNS topic.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

This example

  • creates an Amazon SNS FIFO topic, two Amazon SQS FIFO queues, and one Standard queue.

  • subscribes the queues to the topic and publishes a message to the topic.

The test verifies the receipt of the message to each queue. The complete example also shows the addition of access policies and deletes the resources at the end.

public class PriceUpdateExample { public final static SnsClient snsClient = SnsClient.create(); public final static SqsClient sqsClient = SqsClient.create(); public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = "\n" + "Usage: " + " <topicName> <wholesaleQueueFifoName> <retailQueueFifoName> <analyticsQueueName>\n\n" + "Where:\n" + " fifoTopicName - The name of the FIFO topic that you want to create. \n\n" + " wholesaleQueueARN - The name of a SQS FIFO queue that will be created for the wholesale consumer. \n\n" + " retailQueueARN - The name of a SQS FIFO queue that will created for the retail consumer. \n\n" + " analyticsQueueARN - The name of a SQS standard queue that will be created for the analytics consumer. \n\n"; if (args.length != 4) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } final String fifoTopicName = args[0]; final String wholeSaleQueueName = args[1]; final String retailQueueName = args[2]; final String analyticsQueueName = args[3]; // For convenience, the QueueData class holds metadata about a queue: ARN, URL, // name and type. List<QueueData> queues = List.of( new QueueData(wholeSaleQueueName, QueueType.FIFO), new QueueData(retailQueueName, QueueType.FIFO), new QueueData(analyticsQueueName, QueueType.Standard)); // Create queues. createQueues(queues); // Create a topic. String topicARN = createFIFOTopic(fifoTopicName); // Subscribe each queue to the topic. subscribeQueues(queues, topicARN); // Allow the newly created topic to send messages to the queues. addAccessPolicyToQueuesFINAL(queues, topicARN); // Publish a sample price update message with payload. publishPriceUpdate(topicARN, "{\"product\": 214, \"price\": 79.99}", "Consumables"); // Clean up resources. deleteSubscriptions(queues); deleteQueues(queues); deleteTopic(topicARN); } public static String createFIFOTopic(String topicName) { try { // Create a FIFO topic by using the SNS service client. Map<String, String> topicAttributes = Map.of( "FifoTopic", "true", "ContentBasedDeduplication", "false"); CreateTopicRequest topicRequest = CreateTopicRequest.builder() .name(topicName) .attributes(topicAttributes) .build(); CreateTopicResponse response = snsClient.createTopic(topicRequest); String topicArn = response.topicArn(); System.out.println("The topic ARN is" + topicArn); return topicArn; } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } return ""; } public static void subscribeQueues(List<QueueData> queues, String topicARN) { queues.forEach(queue -> { SubscribeRequest subscribeRequest = SubscribeRequest.builder() .topicArn(topicARN) .endpoint(queue.queueARN) .protocol("sqs") .build(); // Subscribe to the endpoint by using the SNS service client. // Only Amazon SQS queues can receive notifications from an Amazon SNS FIFO // topic. SubscribeResponse subscribeResponse = snsClient.subscribe(subscribeRequest); System.out.println("The queue [" + queue.queueARN + "] subscribed to the topic [" + topicARN + "]"); queue.subscriptionARN = subscribeResponse.subscriptionArn(); }); } public static void publishPriceUpdate(String topicArn, String payload, String groupId) { try { // Create and publish a message that updates the wholesale price. String subject = "Price Update"; String dedupId = UUID.randomUUID().toString(); String attributeName = "business"; String attributeValue = "wholesale"; MessageAttributeValue msgAttValue = MessageAttributeValue.builder() .dataType("String") .stringValue(attributeValue) .build(); Map<String, MessageAttributeValue> attributes = new HashMap<>(); attributes.put(attributeName, msgAttValue); PublishRequest pubRequest = PublishRequest.builder() .topicArn(topicArn) .subject(subject) .message(payload) .messageGroupId(groupId) .messageDeduplicationId(dedupId) .messageAttributes(attributes) .build(); final PublishResponse response = snsClient.publish(pubRequest); System.out.println(response.messageId()); System.out.println(response.sequenceNumber()); System.out.println("Message was published to " + topicArn); } catch (SnsException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } }

Serverless examples

The following code example shows how to implement a Lambda function that receives an event triggered by receiving messages from an SQS queue. The function retrieves the messages from the event parameter and logs the content of each message.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Serverless examples repository.

Consuming an SQS event with Lambda using Java.

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.Context; import com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.RequestHandler; import com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.events.SQSEvent; import com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.events.SQSEvent.SQSMessage; public class Function implements RequestHandler<SQSEvent, Void> { @Override public Void handleRequest(SQSEvent sqsEvent, Context context) { for (SQSMessage msg : sqsEvent.getRecords()) { processMessage(msg, context); } context.getLogger().log("done"); return null; } private void processMessage(SQSMessage msg, Context context) { try { context.getLogger().log("Processed message " + msg.getBody()); // TODO: Do interesting work based on the new message } catch (Exception e) { context.getLogger().log("An error occurred"); throw e; } } }

The following code example shows how to implement partial batch response for Lambda functions that receive events from an SQS queue. The function reports the batch item failures in the response, signaling to Lambda to retry those messages later.

SDK for Java 2.x
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Serverless examples repository.

Reporting SQS batch item failures with Lambda using Java.

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 import com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.Context; import com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.RequestHandler; import com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.events.SQSEvent; import com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.events.SQSBatchResponse; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.List; public class ProcessSQSMessageBatch implements RequestHandler<SQSEvent, SQSBatchResponse> { @Override public SQSBatchResponse handleRequest(SQSEvent sqsEvent, Context context) { List<SQSBatchResponse.BatchItemFailure> batchItemFailures = new ArrayList<SQSBatchResponse.BatchItemFailure>(); String messageId = ""; for (SQSEvent.SQSMessage message : sqsEvent.getRecords()) { try { //process your message messageId = message.getMessageId(); } catch (Exception e) { //Add failed message identifier to the batchItemFailures list batchItemFailures.add(new SQSBatchResponse.BatchItemFailure(messageId)); } } return new SQSBatchResponse(batchItemFailures); } }