Create the Amazon resources - Amazon SDK for JavaScript
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China.

The Amazon SDK for JavaScript V3 API Reference Guide describes in detail all the API operations for the Amazon SDK for JavaScript version 3 (V3).

Starting October 1, 2022, Amazon SDK for JavaScript (v3) will end support for Internet Explorer 11 (IE 11). For details, see Announcing the end of support for Internet Explorer 11 in the Amazon SDK for JavaScript (v3).

Create the Amazon resources

This app requires the following resources:

  • Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) Unaunthenticated Amazon Cognito user role with the following permissions:

    • sns:Publish

    • dynamodb:PutItem

  • A DynamoDB table.

You can create these resources manually in the Amazon console, but we recommend provisioning these resources using the Amazon CloudFormation (Amazon CloudFormation) as described in this tutorial.

Create the Amazon resources using Amazon CloudFormation

Amazon CloudFormation enables you to create and provision Amazon infrastructure deployments predictably and repeatedly. For more information about Amazon CloudFormation, see the Amazon CloudFormation developer guide..

To create the Amazon CloudFormation stack using the Amazon CLI:

  1. Install and configure the Amazon CLI following the instructions in the Amazon CLI User Guide.

  2. Create a file named setup.yaml in the root directory of your project folder, and copy the content here on GitHub into it.


    The Amazon CloudFormation template was generated using the Amazon CDK available here on GitHub. For more information about the Amazon CDK, see the Amazon Cloud Development Kit (Amazon CDK) Developer Guide.

  3. Run the following command from the command line, replacing STACK_NAME with a unique name for the stack, and REGION in your Amazon region.


    The stack name must be unique within an Amazon Region and Amazon account. You can specify up to 128 characters, and numbers and hyphens are allowed.

    aws cloudformation create-stack --stack-name STACK_NAME --template-body file://setup.yaml --capabilities CAPABILITY_IAM --region REGION

    For more information on the create-stack command parameters, see the Amazon CLI Command Reference guide, and the Amazon CloudFormation User Guide.

    To view the resources created, open Amazon CloudFormation in the Amazon management console, choose the stack, and select the Resources tab.

  4. When the stack is create, use the Amazon SDK for JavaScript to populate the DynamoDB table, as described in Populating the table.

Populating the table

To populate the table, first create a diretory named libs, and in it create a file named dynamoClient.js, and paste the content below into it. Replace REGION with your Amazon Region. This creates the DynamoDB client object.

import { CognitoIdentityClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-cognito-identity"; import { fromCognitoIdentityPool } from "@aws-sdk/credential-provider-cognito-identity"; import { DynamoDBClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-dynamodb"; const REGION = "REGION"; const IDENTITY_POOL_ID = "IDENTITY_POOL_ID"; // An Amazon Cognito Identity Pool ID. // Create an Amazon DynaomDB service client object. const dynamoClient = new DynamoDBClient({ region: REGION, credentials: fromCognitoIdentityPool({ client: new CognitoIdentityClient({ region: REGION }), identityPoolId: IDENTITY_POOL_ID, }), }); export { dynamoClient };

This code is available here on GitHub.

Next, create a dynamoAppHelperFiles folder in your project folder, create a file update-table.js in it, and copy the content here on GitHub into it.

// Import required AWS SDK clients and commands for Node.js import { PutItemCommand } from "@aws-sdk/client-dynamodb"; import { dynamoClient } from "../libs/dynamoClient.js"; // Set the parameters export const params = { TableName: "Items", Item: { id: { N: "1" }, title: { S: "aTitle" }, name: { S: "aName" }, body: { S: "aBody" }, }, }; export const run = async () => { try { const data = await dynamoClient.send(new PutItemCommand(params)); console.log("success"); console.log(data); } catch (err) { console.error(err); } }; run();

Run the following command from the command line.

node update-table.js

This code is available here on GitHub.