Publish an Amazon SNS text message with an attribute using an Amazon SDK - Amazon Simple Notification Service
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Publish an Amazon SNS text message with an attribute using an Amazon SDK

The following code examples show how to publish a message with an attribute using Amazon SNS.

Action examples are code excerpts from larger programs and must be run in context. You can see this action in context in the following code examples:

.NET
Amazon SDK for .NET
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

Publish a message to a topic with group, duplication, and attribute options.

/// <summary> /// Publish messages using user settings. /// </summary> /// <returns>Async task.</returns> public static async Task PublishMessages() { Console.WriteLine("Now we can publish messages."); var keepSendingMessages = true; string? deduplicationId = null; string? toneAttribute = null; while (keepSendingMessages) { Console.WriteLine(); var message = GetUserResponse("Enter a message to publish.", "This is a sample message"); if (_useFifoTopic) { Console.WriteLine("Because you are using a FIFO topic, you must set a message group ID." + "\r\nAll messages within the same group will be received in the order " + "they were published."); Console.WriteLine(); var messageGroupId = GetUserResponse("Enter a message group ID for this message:", "1"); if (!_useContentBasedDeduplication) { Console.WriteLine("Because you are not using content-based deduplication, " + "you must enter a deduplication ID."); Console.WriteLine("Enter a deduplication ID for this message."); deduplicationId = GetUserResponse("Enter a deduplication ID for this message.", "1"); } if (GetYesNoResponse("Add an attribute to this message?")) { Console.WriteLine("Enter a number for an attribute."); for (int i = 0; i < _tones.Length; i++) { Console.WriteLine($"\t{i + 1}. {_tones[i]}"); } var selection = GetUserResponse("", "1"); int.TryParse(selection, out var selectionNumber); if (selectionNumber > 0 && selectionNumber < _tones.Length) { toneAttribute = _tones[selectionNumber - 1]; } } var messageID = await SnsWrapper.PublishToTopicWithAttribute( _topicArn, message, "tone", toneAttribute, deduplicationId, messageGroupId); Console.WriteLine($"Message published with id {messageID}."); } keepSendingMessages = GetYesNoResponse("Send another message?", false); } }

Apply the user's selections to the publish action.

/// <summary> /// Publish a message to a topic with an attribute and optional deduplication and group IDs. /// </summary> /// <param name="topicArn">The ARN of the topic.</param> /// <param name="message">The message to publish.</param> /// <param name="attributeName">The optional attribute for the message.</param> /// <param name="attributeValue">The optional attribute value for the message.</param> /// <param name="deduplicationId">The optional deduplication ID for the message.</param> /// <param name="groupId">The optional group ID for the message.</param> /// <returns>The ID of the message published.</returns> public async Task<string> PublishToTopicWithAttribute( string topicArn, string message, string? attributeName = null, string? attributeValue = null, string? deduplicationId = null, string? groupId = null) { var publishRequest = new PublishRequest() { TopicArn = topicArn, Message = message, MessageDeduplicationId = deduplicationId, MessageGroupId = groupId }; if (attributeValue != null) { // Add the string attribute if it exists. publishRequest.MessageAttributes = new Dictionary<string, MessageAttributeValue> { { attributeName!, new MessageAttributeValue() { StringValue = attributeValue, DataType = "String"} } }; } var publishResponse = await _amazonSNSClient.PublishAsync(publishRequest); return publishResponse.MessageId; }
  • For API details, see Publish in Amazon SDK for .NET API Reference.

C++
SDK for C++
Note

There's more on GitHub. Find the complete example and learn how to set up and run in the Amazon Code Examples Repository.

static const Aws::String TONE_ATTRIBUTE("tone"); static const Aws::Vector<Aws::String> TONES = {"cheerful", "funny", "serious", "sincere"}; Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration clientConfig; // Optional: Set to the AWS Region (overrides config file). // clientConfig.region = "us-east-1"; Aws::SNS::SNSClient snsClient(clientConfiguration); Aws::SNS::Model::PublishRequest request; request.SetTopicArn(topicARN); Aws::String message = askQuestion("Enter a message text to publish. "); request.SetMessage(message); if (filteringMessages && askYesNoQuestion( "Add an attribute to this message? (y/n) ")) { for (size_t i = 0; i < TONES.size(); ++i) { std::cout << " " << (i + 1) << ". " << TONES[i] << std::endl; } int selection = askQuestionForIntRange( "Enter a number for an attribute. ", 1, static_cast<int>(TONES.size())); Aws::SNS::Model::MessageAttributeValue messageAttributeValue; messageAttributeValue.SetDataType("String"); messageAttributeValue.SetStringValue(TONES[selection - 1]); request.AddMessageAttributes(TONE_ATTRIBUTE, messageAttributeValue); } Aws::SNS::Model::PublishOutcome outcome = snsClient.Publish(request); if (outcome.IsSuccess()) { std::cout << "Your message was successfully published." << std::endl; } else { std::cerr << "Error with TopicsAndQueues::Publish. " << outcome.GetError().GetMessage() << std::endl; cleanUp(topicARN, queueURLS, subscriptionARNS, snsClient, sqsClient); return false; }
  • For API details, see Publish in Amazon SDK for C++ API Reference.

For a complete list of Amazon SDK developer guides and code examples, see Using Amazon SNS with an Amazon SDK. This topic also includes information about getting started and details about previous SDK versions.