Amazon SNS security best practices - Amazon Simple Notification Service
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Amazon SNS security best practices

Amazon provides many security features for Amazon SNS. Review these security features in the context of your own security policy.


The guidance for these security features applies to common use cases and implementations. We recommend that you review these best practices in the context of your specific use case, architecture, and threat model.

Preventative best practices

The following are preventative security best practices for Amazon SNS.

Ensure topics aren't publicly accessible

Unless you explicitly require anyone on the internet to be able to read or write to your Amazon SNS topic, you should ensure that your topic isn't publicly accessible (accessible by everyone in the world or by any authenticated Amazon user).

  • Avoid creating policies with Principal set to "".

  • Avoid using a wildcard (*). Instead, name a specific user or users.

Implement least-privilege access

When you grant permissions, you decide who receives them, which topics the permissions are for, and specific API actions that you want to allow for these topics. Implementing the principle of least privilege is important to reducing security risks. It also helps to reduce the negative effect of errors or malicious intent.

Follow the standard security advice of granting least privilege. That is, grant only the permissions required to perform a specific task. You can implement least privilege by using a combination of security policies pertaining to user access.

Amazon SNS uses the publisher-subscriber model, requiring three types of user account access:

  • Administrators – Access to creating, modifying, and deleting topics. Administrators also control topic policies.

  • Publishers – Access to sending messages to topics.

  • Subscribers – Access to subscribing to topics.

For more information, see the following sections:

Use IAM roles for applications and Amazon services which require Amazon SNS access

For applications or Amazon services, such as Amazon EC2, to access Amazon SNS topics, they must use valid Amazon credentials in their Amazon API requests. Because these credentials aren't rotated automatically, you shouldn't store Amazon credentials directly in the application or EC2 instance.

You should use an IAM role to manage temporary credentials for applications or services that need to access Amazon SNS. When you use a role, you don't need to distribute long-term credentials (such as a username, password, and access keys) to an EC2 instance or Amazon service, such as Amazon Lambda. Instead, the role supplies temporary permissions that applications can use when they make calls to other Amazon resources.

For more information, see IAM Roles and Common Scenarios for Roles: Users, Applications, and Services in the IAM User Guide.

Implement server-side encryption

To mitigate data leakage issues, use encryption at rest to encrypt your messages using a key stored in a different location from the location that stores your messages. Server-side encryption (SSE) provides data encryption at rest. Amazon SNS encrypts your data at the message level when it stores it, and decrypts the messages for you when you access them. SSE uses keys managed in Amazon Key Management Service. When you authenticate your request and have access permissions, there is no difference between accessing encrypted and unencrypted topics.

For more information, see Encryption at rest and Key management.

Enforce encryption of data in transit

It's possible, but not recommended, to publish messages that are not encrypted during transit by using HTTP. You can't, however, use HTTP when publishing to an encrypted SNS topic.

Amazon recommends that you use HTTPS instead of HTTP. When you use HTTPS, messages are automatically encrypted during transit, even if the SNS topic itself isn't encrypted. Without HTTPS, a network-based attacker can eavesdrop on network traffic or manipulate it using an attack such as man-in-the-middle.

To enforce only encrypted connections over HTTPS, add the aws:SecureTransport condition in the IAM policy that's attached to unencrypted SNS topics. This forces message publishers to use HTTPS instead of HTTP. You can use the following example policy as a guide:

{ "Id": "ExamplePolicy", "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AllowPublishThroughSSLOnly", "Action": "SNS:Publish", "Effect": "Deny", "Resource": [ "arn:aws-cn:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:test-topic" ], "Condition": { "Bool": { "aws:SecureTransport": "false" } }, "Principal": "*" } ] }

Consider using VPC endpoints to access Amazon SNS

If you have topics that you must be able to interact with, but these topics must absolutely not be exposed to the internet, use VPC endpoints to limit topic access to only the hosts within a particular VPC. You can use topic policies to control access to topics from specific Amazon VPC endpoints or from specific VPCs.

Amazon SNS VPC endpoints provide two ways to control access to your messages:

  • You can control the requests, users, or groups that are allowed through a specific VPC endpoint.

  • You can control which VPCs or VPC endpoints have access to your topic using a topic policy.

For more information, see Creating the endpoint and Creating an Amazon VPC endpoint policy for Amazon SNS.

Ensure subscriptions are not configured to deliver to raw http endpoints

Avoid configuring subscriptions to deliver to a raw http endpoints. Always have subscriptions delivering to an endpoint domain name. For example, a subscription configured to deliver to an endpoint,, should be changed to