Manage Amazon ECS or Fargate Tasks with Step Functions - Amazon Step Functions
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Manage Amazon ECS or Fargate Tasks with Step Functions

Step Functions can control certain Amazon services directly from the Amazon States Language. For more information about working with Amazon Step Functions and its integrations, see the following:

How the Optimized Amazon ECS/Fargate integration is different than the Amazon ECS or Fargate Amazon SDK integration
  • The .sync integration pattern is available.

  • ecs:runTask can return an HTTP 200 response, but have a non-empty Failures field as follows:

    • Request Response: return the response and do not fail the task. This is the same as no optimization.

    • Run a Job: if a non-empty Failures field is encountered, the task is failed with an AmazonECS.Unknown error.

    • Task Token: if a non-empty Failures field is encountered, the task is failed with an AmazonECS.Unknown error.

Supported Amazon ECS/Fargate APIs and syntax:

Note

Parameters in Step Functions are expressed in PascalCase, even when the native service API is camelCase.

Note

For the Overrides parameter, Step Functions does not support executionRoleArn or taskRoleArn as ContainerOverrides.

Passing Data to an Amazon ECS Task

Step Functions can control certain Amazon services directly from the Amazon States Language. For more information about working with Amazon Step Functions and its integrations, see the following:

You can use overrides to override the default command for a container, and pass input to your Amazon ECS tasks. See ContainerOverride. In the example, we have used JsonPath to pass values to the Task from the input to the Task state.

The following includes a Task state that runs an Amazon ECS task and waits for it to complete.

{ "StartAt": "Run an ECS Task and wait for it to complete", "States": { "Run an ECS Task and wait for it to complete": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:states:::ecs:runTask.sync", "Parameters": { "Cluster": "cluster-arn", "TaskDefinition": "job-id", "Overrides": { "ContainerOverrides": [ { "Name": "container-name", "Command.$": "$.commands" } ] } }, "End": true } } }

The "Command.$": "$.commands" line in ContainerOverrides passes the commands from the state input to the container.

For the previous example, each of the commands will be passed as a container override if the input to the execution is the following.

{ "commands": [ "test command 1", "test command 2", "test command 3" ] }

The following includes a Task state that runs an Amazon ECS task, and then waits for the task token to be returned. See Wait for a Callback with the Task Token.

{ "StartAt":"Manage ECS task", "States":{ "Manage ECS task":{ "Type":"Task", "Resource":"arn:aws:states:::ecs:runTask.waitForTaskToken", "Parameters":{ "LaunchType":"FARGATE", "Cluster":"cluster-arn", "TaskDefinition":"job-id", "Overrides":{ "ContainerOverrides":[ { "Name":"container-name", "Environment":[ { "Name":"TASK_TOKEN_ENV_VARIABLE", "Value.$":"$$.Task.Token" } ] } ] } }, "End":true } } }

For information on how to configure IAM when using Step Functions with other Amazon services, see IAM Policies for integrated services.