Start an Athena query - Amazon Step Functions
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Start an Athena query

This sample project, which is based on standard workflows, demonstrates how to use Step Functions and Amazon Athena to start an Athena query and send a notification with query results. This sample project creates the following:

  • An Amazon Athena query

  • An Amazon Glue crawler

  • An Amazon Simple Notification Service topic

  • Related Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles

In this project, Step Functions uses Lambda functions and an Amazon Glue crawler to generate a set of example data. It then performs a query using the Athena service integration and returns the results using an SNS topic.

For more information about Athena and Step Functions service integrations, see the following:


This sample project may incur charges.

For new Amazon users, a free usage tier is available. On this tier, services are free below a certain level of usage. For more information about Amazon costs and the Free Tier, see Athena Pricing.

Create the State Machine and Provision Resources

Open the Step Functions console and choose Create state machine.

  1. Choose Sample Projects, and then choose Start an Athena query.

    The state machine Code and Visual Workflow are displayed.

            Training model workflow.
  2. Choose Next.

    The Deploy resources page is displayed, listing the resources that will be created. For this sample project, the resources include:

    • Two Lambda functions

    • A state machine

    • An SNS topic

    • Related IAM roles

  3. Choose Deploy Resources.


    It can take up to 10 minutes for these resources and related IAM permissions to be created. While the Deploy resources page is displayed, you can open the Stack ID link to see which resources are being provisioned.

Start a New Execution

  1. Open the Step Functions console.

  2. On the State machines page, choose the AthenaStateMachine state machine that was created by the sample project, and then choose Start execution.

  3. On the New execution page, enter an execution name (optional), and then choose Start Execution.

  4. (Optional) To identify your execution, you can specify a name for it in the Name box. By default, Step Functions generates a unique execution name automatically.


    Step Functions allows you to create state machine, execution, and activity names that contain non-ASCII characters. These non-ASCII names don't work with Amazon CloudWatch. To ensure that you can track CloudWatch metrics, choose a name that uses only ASCII characters.

  5. (Optional) Go to the newly created state machine on the Step Functions Dashboard, and then choose New execution.

  6. When an execution is complete, you can select states on the Visual workflow and browse the Input and Output under Step details.

Example State Machine Code

The state machine in this sample project integrates with Athena and Amazon Lambda by passing parameters directly to those resources, and uses an SNS topic to return the results of the query.

Browse through this example state machine to see how Step Functions controls Lambda and Athena.

For more information about how Amazon Step Functions can control other Amazon services, see Using Amazon Step Functions with other services.

{ "StartAt": "Generate example log", "States": { "Generate example log": { "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:StepFunctionsSample-Athena-LambdaForDataGeneration-AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "Type": "Task", "Next": "Run Glue crawler" }, "Run Glue crawler": { "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:StepFunctionsSample-Athen-LambdaForInvokingCrawler-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "Type": "Task", "Next": "Start an Athena query" }, "Start an Athena query": { "Resource": "arn:aws:states:::athena:startQueryExecution.sync", "Parameters": { "QueryString": "SELECT * FROM \"athena-sample-project-db-wJalrXUtnFEMI\".\"log\" limit 1", "WorkGroup": "stepfunctions-athena-sample-project-workgroup-wJalrXUtnFEMI" }, "Type": "Task", "Next": "Get query results" }, "Get query results": { "Resource": "arn:aws:states:::athena:getQueryResults", "Parameters": { "QueryExecutionId.$": "$.QueryExecution.QueryExecutionId" }, "Type": "Task", "Next": "Send query results" }, "Send query results": { "Resource": "arn:aws:states:::sns:publish", "Parameters": { "TopicArn": "arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:111122223333:StepFunctionsSample-AthenaDataQueryd1111-2222-3333-777788889999-SNSTopic-ANPAJ2UCCR6DPCEXAMPLE", "Message": { "Input.$": "$.ResultSet.Rows" } }, "Type": "Task", "End": true } } }

For information about how to configure IAM when using Step Functions with other Amazon services, see IAM Policies for integrated services.

IAM Example

These example Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies generated by the sample project include the least privilege necessary to execute the state machine and related resources. We recommend that you include only those permissions that are necessary in your IAM policies.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "lambda:InvokeFunction" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:StepFunctionsSample-Athena-LambdaForDataGeneration-AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:StepFunctionsSample-Athen-LambdaForInvokingCrawler-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "sns:Publish" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:111122223333:StepFunctionsSample-AthenaDataQueryd1111-2222-3333-777788889999-SNSTopic-ANPAJ2UCCR6DPCEXAMPLE" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "athena:getQueryResults", "athena:startQueryExecution", "athena:stopQueryExecution", "athena:getQueryExecution", "athena:getDataCatalog" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:athena:us-east-1:111122223333:workgroup/stepfunctions-athena-sample-project-workgroup-wJalrXUtnFEMI", "arn:aws:athena:us-east-1:111122223333:datacatalog/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "s3:GetBucketLocation", "s3:GetObject", "s3:ListBucket", "s3:ListBucketMultipartUploads", "s3:ListMultipartUploadParts", "s3:AbortMultipartUpload", "s3:CreateBucket", "s3:PutObject" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "glue:CreateDatabase", "glue:GetDatabase", "glue:GetDatabases", "glue:UpdateDatabase", "glue:DeleteDatabase", "glue:CreateTable", "glue:UpdateTable", "glue:GetTable", "glue:GetTables", "glue:DeleteTable", "glue:BatchDeleteTable", "glue:BatchCreatePartition", "glue:CreatePartition", "glue:UpdatePartition", "glue:GetPartition", "glue:GetPartitions", "glue:BatchGetPartition", "glue:DeletePartition", "glue:BatchDeletePartition" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:glue:us-east-1:111122223333:database/*", "arn:aws:glue:us-east-1:111122223333:table/*", "arn:aws:glue:us-east-1:111122223333:catalog" ], "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

For information about how to configure IAM when using Step Functions with other Amazon services, see IAM Policies for integrated services.