Run ETL/ELT workflows using Amazon Redshift (Lambda, Amazon Redshift Data API) - Amazon Step Functions
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Run ETL/ELT workflows using Amazon Redshift (Lambda, Amazon Redshift Data API)

This sample project demonstrates how to use Step Functions and the Amazon Redshift Data API to run an ETL/ELT workflow that loads data into the Amazon Redshift data warehouse. When you deploy this sample project, you create the following:

  • An Amazon Redshift cluster

  • A state machine

  • Two lambda functions

  • An Amazon Redshift schema

  • Five Amazon Redshift tables

  • Related Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles.

In this project, Step Functions uses an Amazon Lambda function and the Amazon Redshift Data API to create the required database objects and to generate a set of example data, then executes two jobs in parallel that perform loading dimension tables, followed by a fact table. Once both dimension load jobs end successfully, Step Functions executes the load job for the fact table, runs the validation job, then pauses the Amazon Redshift cluster.

Note

You can modify the ETL logic to receive data from other sources such as Amazon S3, which can use the COPY command to copy data from Amazon S3 to an Amazon Redshift table.

For more information about Amazon Redshift and Step Functions service integrations, see the following:

Note

This sample project may incur charges.

For new Amazon users, a free usage tier is available. On this tier, services are free below a certain level of usage. For more information about Amazon costs and the Free Tier, see Amazon Step Functions pricing.

Create the State Machine and Provision Resources

  1. Open the Step Functions console and choose Create a state machine.

  2. Choose Sample Projects, and then choose ETL job in Amazon Redshift.

    The state machine Code and Visual Workflow display. The following figure shows the beginning of the training model workflow. For a diagram of the full training model workflow, see the full Run ETL/ELT Workflows diagram.

    
            Training model workflow.
  3. Choose Next.

    The Deploy resources page displays, listing the resources that will be created. For this sample project, the resources include:

    • An ETL state machine

    • A RedshiftOperations Lambda function

    • A RedshiftDataAPI Lambda function

    • A Amazon Redshift cluster

    • Related IAM roles

  4. Choose Deploy Resources.

    Note

    It can take up to 10 minutes for the resources and related IAM permissions to be created. While the Deploy resources page is displayed, you can open the Stack ID link to see which resources are being provisioned.

Start a New Execution

  1. Open the Step Functions console.

  2. On the State machines page, choose the ETL job in Amazon Redshift state machine that was created by the sample project, and then choose Start execution.

  3. On the New execution page, enter an execution name (optional), and then choose Start Execution.

  4. (Optional) To identify your execution, you can specify a name for it in the Name box. By default, Step Functions generates a unique execution name automatically.

    Note

    Step Functions allows you to create state machine, execution, and activity names that contain non-ASCII characters. These non-ASCII names don't work with Amazon CloudWatch. To ensure that you can track CloudWatch metrics, choose a name that uses only ASCII characters.

  5. (Optional) Go to the newly created state machine on the Step Functions Dashboard, and then choose New execution.

  6. When an execution is complete, you can select states on the Visual workflow and browse the Input and Output under Step details.

Example State Machine Code

The state machine in this sample project integrates with Amazon Lambda by passing the ETL logic as the InputPath directly to those resources and being executed asynchronously using Amazon Redshift Data API.

Browse through this example state machine to see how Step Functions controls Amazon Lambda and the Amazon Redshift Data API.

For more information about how Amazon Step Functions can control other Amazon services, see Using Amazon Step Functions with other services.

{ "Comment": "A simple ETL workflow for loading dimension and fact tables", "StartAt": "InitializeCheckCluster", "States": { "InitializeCheckCluster": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "GetStateOfCluster", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "operation": "status" } } }, "GetStateOfCluster": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftOperations-AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "IsClusterAvailable", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.clusterStatus" }, "IsClusterAvailable": { "Type": "Choice", "Choices": [ { "Variable": "$.clusterStatus", "StringEquals": "available", "Next": "InitializeBuildDB" }, { "Variable": "$.clusterStatus", "StringEquals": "paused", "Next": "InitializeResumeCluster" }, { "Variable": "$.clusterStatus", "StringEquals": "unavailable", "Next": "ClusterUnavailable" }, { "Variable": "$.clusterStatus", "StringEquals": "resuming", "Next": "ClusterWait" } ] }, "ClusterWait": { "Type": "Wait", "Seconds": 720, "Next": "InitializeCheckCluster" }, "InitializeResumeCluster": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "ResumeCluster", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "operation": "resume" } } }, "ResumeCluster": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftOperations-AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "ClusterWait", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$" }, "InitializeBuildDB": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "BuildDB", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "redshift_database": "dev", "redshift_user": "awsuser", "redshift_schema": "tpcds", "action": "build_database", "sql_statement": [ "create schema if not exists {0} authorization {1};", "create table if not exists {0}.customer", "(c_customer_sk int4 not null encode az64", ",c_customer_id char(16) not null encode zstd", ",c_current_addr_sk int4 encode az64", ",c_first_name char(20) encode zstd", ",c_last_name char(30) encode zstd", ",primary key (c_customer_sk)", ") distkey(c_customer_sk);", "--", "create table if not exists {0}.customer_address", "(ca_address_sk int4 not null encode az64", ",ca_address_id char(16) not null encode zstd", ",ca_state char(2) encode zstd", ",ca_zip char(10) encode zstd", ",ca_country varchar(20) encode zstd", ",primary key (ca_address_sk)", ") distkey(ca_address_sk);", "--", "create table if not exists {0}.date_dim", "(d_date_sk integer not null encode az64", ",d_date_id char(16) not null encode zstd", ",d_date date encode az64", ",d_day_name char(9) encode zstd", ",primary key (d_date_sk)", ") diststyle all;", "--", "create table if not exists {0}.item", "(i_item_sk int4 not null encode az64", ",i_item_id char(16) not null encode zstd", ",i_rec_start_date date encode az64", ",i_rec_end_date date encode az64", ",i_current_price numeric(7,2) encode az64", ",i_category char(50) encode zstd", ",i_product_name char(50) encode zstd", ",primary key (i_item_sk)", ") distkey(i_item_sk) sortkey(i_category);", "--", "create table if not exists {0}.store_sales", "(ss_sold_date_sk int4", ",ss_item_sk int4 not null encode az64", ",ss_customer_sk int4 encode az64", ",ss_addr_sk int4 encode az64", ",ss_store_sk int4 encode az64", ",ss_ticket_number int8 not null encode az64", ",ss_quantity int4 encode az64", ",ss_net_paid numeric(7,2) encode az64", ",ss_net_profit numeric(7,2) encode az64", ",primary key (ss_item_sk, ss_ticket_number)", ") distkey(ss_item_sk) sortkey(ss_sold_date_sk);" ] } } }, "BuildDB": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "GetBuildDBStatus", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$" }, "GetBuildDBStatus": { "Type": "Task", "Next": "CheckBuildDBStatus", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.status" }, "CheckBuildDBStatus": { "Type": "Choice", "Choices": [ { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FAILED", "Next": "FailBuildDB" }, { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FINISHED", "Next": "InitializeBaselineData" } ], "Default": "BuildDBWait" }, "BuildDBWait": { "Type": "Wait", "Seconds": 15, "Next": "GetBuildDBStatus" }, "FailBuildDB": { "Type": "Fail", "Cause": "Database Build Failed", "Error": "Error" }, "InitializeBaselineData": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "LoadBaselineData", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "redshift_database": "dev", "redshift_user": "awsuser", "redshift_schema": "tpcds", "action": "load_baseline_data", "sql_statement": [ "begin transaction;", "truncate table {0}.customer;", "insert into {0}.customer (c_customer_sk,c_customer_id,c_current_addr_sk,c_first_name,c_last_name)", "values", "(7550,'AAAAAAAAOHNBAAAA',9264662,'Michelle','Deaton'),", "(37079,'AAAAAAAAHNAJAAAA',13971208,'Michael','Simms'),", "(40626,'AAAAAAAACLOJAAAA',1959255,'Susan','Ryder'),", "(2142876,'AAAAAAAAMJCLACAA',7644556,'Justin','Brown');", "analyze {0}.customer;", "--", "truncate table {0}.customer_address;", "insert into {0}.customer_address (ca_address_sk,ca_address_id,ca_state,ca_zip,ca_country)", "values", "(13971208,'AAAAAAAAIAPCFNAA','NE','63451','United States'),", "(7644556,'AAAAAAAAMIFKEHAA','SD','58883','United States'),", "(9264662,'AAAAAAAAGBOFNIAA','CA','99310','United States');", "analyze {0}.customer_address;", "--", "truncate table {0}.item;", "insert into {0}.item (i_item_sk,i_item_id,i_rec_start_date,i_rec_end_date,i_current_price,i_category,i_product_name)", "values", "(3417,'AAAAAAAAIFNAAAAA','1997-10-27',NULL,14.29,'Electronics','ationoughtesepri '),", "(9615,'AAAAAAAAOIFCAAAA','1997-10-27',NULL,9.68,'Home','antioughtcallyn st'),", "(3693,'AAAAAAAAMGOAAAAA','2001-03-12',NULL,2.10,'Men','prin stcallypri'),", "(3630,'AAAAAAAAMCOAAAAA','2001-10-27',NULL,2.95,'Electronics','barpricallypri'),", "(16506,'AAAAAAAAIHAEAAAA','2001-10-27',NULL,3.85,'Home','callybaranticallyought'),", "(7866,'AAAAAAAAILOBAAAA','2001-10-27',NULL,12.60,'Jewelry','callycallyeingation');", "--", "analyze {0}.item;", "truncate table {0}.date_dim;", "insert into {0}.date_dim (d_date_sk,d_date_id,d_date,d_day_name)", "values", "(2450521,'AAAAAAAAJFEGFCAA','1997-03-13','Thursday'),", "(2450749,'AAAAAAAANDFGFCAA','1997-10-27','Monday'),", "(2451251,'AAAAAAAADDHGFCAA','1999-03-13','Saturday'),", "(2451252,'AAAAAAAAEDHGFCAA','1999-03-14','Sunday'),", "(2451981,'AAAAAAAANAKGFCAA','2001-03-12','Monday'),", "(2451982,'AAAAAAAAOAKGFCAA','2001-03-13','Tuesday'),", "(2452210,'AAAAAAAACPKGFCAA','2001-10-27','Saturday'),", "(2452641,'AAAAAAAABKMGFCAA','2003-01-01','Wednesday'),", "(2452642,'AAAAAAAACKMGFCAA','2003-01-02','Thursday');", "--", "analyze {0}.date_dim;", "-- commit and End transaction", "commit;", "end transaction;" ] } } }, "LoadBaselineData": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "GetBaselineData", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$" }, "GetBaselineData": { "Type": "Task", "Next": "CheckBaselineData", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.status" }, "CheckBaselineData": { "Type": "Choice", "Choices": [ { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FAILED", "Next": "FailLoadBaselineData" }, { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FINISHED", "Next": "ParallelizeDimensionLoadJob" } ], "Default": "BaselineDataWait" }, "BaselineDataWait": { "Type": "Wait", "Seconds": 20, "Next": "GetBaselineData" }, "FailLoadBaselineData": { "Type": "Fail", "Cause": "Load Baseline Data Failed", "Error": "Error" }, "ParallelizeDimensionLoadJob": { "Type": "Parallel", "Next": "InitializeSalesFactLoadJob", "ResultPath": "$.status", "Branches": [ { "StartAt": "InitializeCustomerAddressDimensionLoadJob", "States": { "InitializeCustomerAddressDimensionLoadJob": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "ExecuteCustomerAddressDimensionLoadJob", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "redshift_database": "dev", "redshift_user": "awsuser", "redshift_schema": "tpcds", "action": "load_customer_address", "sql_statement": [ "begin transaction;", "/* Create a staging table to hold the input data. Staging table is created with BACKUP NO option for faster inserts and also data temporary */", "drop table if exists {0}.stg_customer_address;", "create table if not exists {0}.stg_customer_address", "(ca_address_id varchar(16) encode zstd", ",ca_state varchar(2) encode zstd", ",ca_zip varchar(10) encode zstd", ",ca_country varchar(20) encode zstd", ")", "backup no", "diststyle even;", "/* Ingest data from source */", "insert into {0}.stg_customer_address (ca_address_id,ca_state,ca_zip,ca_country)", "values", "('AAAAAAAACFBBAAAA','NE','','United States'),", "('AAAAAAAAGAEFAAAA','NE','61749','United States'),", "('AAAAAAAAPJKKAAAA','OK','','United States'),", "('AAAAAAAAMIHGAAAA','AL','','United States');", "/* Perform UPDATE for existing data with refreshed attribute values */", "update {0}.customer_address", " set ca_state = stg_customer_address.ca_state,", " ca_zip = stg_customer_address.ca_zip,", " ca_country = stg_customer_address.ca_country", " from {0}.stg_customer_address", " where customer_address.ca_address_id = stg_customer_address.ca_address_id;", "/* Perform insert for new rows */", "insert into {0}.customer_address", "(ca_address_sk", ",ca_address_id", ",ca_state", ",ca_zip", ",ca_country", ")", "with max_customer_address_sk as", "(select max(ca_address_sk) max_ca_address_sk", "from {0}.customer_address)", "select row_number() over (order by stg_customer_address.ca_address_id) + max_customer_address_sk.max_ca_address_sk as ca_address_sk", ",stg_customer_address.ca_address_id", ",stg_customer_address.ca_state", ",stg_customer_address.ca_zip", ",stg_customer_address.ca_country", "from {0}.stg_customer_address,", "max_customer_address_sk", "where stg_customer_address.ca_address_id not in (select customer_address.ca_address_id from {0}.customer_address);", "/* Commit and End transaction */", "commit;", "end transaction;" ] } } }, "ExecuteCustomerAddressDimensionLoadJob": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "GetCustomerAddressDimensionLoadStatus", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$" }, "GetCustomerAddressDimensionLoadStatus": { "Type": "Task", "Next": "CheckCustomerAddressDimensionLoadStatus", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.status" }, "CheckCustomerAddressDimensionLoadStatus": { "Type": "Choice", "Choices": [ { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FAILED", "Next": "FailCustomerAddressDimensionLoad" }, { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FINISHED", "Next": "CompleteCustomerAddressDimensionLoad" } ], "Default": "CustomerAddressWait" }, "CustomerAddressWait": { "Type": "Wait", "Seconds": 5, "Next": "GetCustomerAddressDimensionLoadStatus" }, "CompleteCustomerAddressDimensionLoad": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "End": true }, "FailCustomerAddressDimensionLoad": { "Type": "Fail", "Cause": "ETL Workflow Failed", "Error": "Error" } } }, { "StartAt": "InitializeItemDimensionLoadJob", "States": { "InitializeItemDimensionLoadJob": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "ExecuteItemDimensionLoadJob", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "redshift_database": "dev", "redshift_user": "awsuser", "redshift_schema": "tpcds", "action": "load_item", "sql_statement": [ "begin transaction;", "/* Create a staging table to hold the input data. Staging table is created with BACKUP NO option for faster inserts and also data temporary */", "drop table if exists {0}.stg_item;", "create table if not exists {0}.stg_item", "(i_item_id varchar(16) encode zstd", ",i_rec_start_date date encode zstd", ",i_rec_end_date date encode zstd", ",i_current_price numeric(7,2) encode zstd", ",i_category varchar(50) encode zstd", ",i_product_name varchar(50) encode zstd", ")", "backup no", "diststyle even;", "/* Ingest data from source */", "insert into {0}.stg_item", "(i_item_id,i_rec_start_date,i_rec_end_date,i_current_price,i_category,i_product_name)", "values", "('AAAAAAAAABJBAAAA','2000-10-27',NULL,4.10,'Books','ationoughtesecally'),", "('AAAAAAAAOPKBAAAA','2001-10-27',NULL,4.22,'Books','ableoughtn stcally'),", "('AAAAAAAAHGPAAAAA','1997-10-27',NULL,29.30,'Books','priesen stpri'),", "('AAAAAAAAICMAAAAA','2001-10-27',NULL,1.93,'Books','eseoughtoughtpri'),", "('AAAAAAAAGPGBAAAA','2001-10-27',NULL,9.96,'Books','bareingeinganti'),", "('AAAAAAAANBEBAAAA','1997-10-27',NULL,2.25,'Music','n steseoughtanti'),", "('AAAAAAAACLAAAAAA','2001-10-27',NULL,1.71,'Home','bareingought'),", "('AAAAAAAAOBBDAAAA','2001-10-27',NULL,5.55,'Books','callyationantiableought');", "/************************************************************************************************************************", "** Type 2 is maintained for i_current_price column.", "** Update all attributes for the item when the price is not changed", "** Sunset existing active item record with current i_rec_end_date and insert a new record when the price does not match", "*************************************************************************************************************************/", "update {0}.item", " set i_category = stg_item.i_category,", " i_product_name = stg_item.i_product_name", " from {0}.stg_item", " where item.i_item_id = stg_item.i_item_id", " and item.i_rec_end_date is null", " and item.i_current_price = stg_item.i_current_price;", "insert into {0}.item", "(i_item_sk", ",i_item_id", ",i_rec_start_date", ",i_rec_end_date", ",i_current_price", ",i_category", ",i_product_name", ")", "with max_item_sk as", "(select max(i_item_sk) max_item_sk", " from {0}.item)", "select row_number() over (order by stg_item.i_item_id) + max_item_sk as i_item_sk", " ,stg_item.i_item_id", " ,trunc(sysdate) as i_rec_start_date", " ,null as i_rec_end_date", " ,stg_item.i_current_price", " ,stg_item.i_category", " ,stg_item.i_product_name", " from {0}.stg_item, {0}.item, max_item_sk", " where item.i_item_id = stg_item.i_item_id", " and item.i_rec_end_date is null", " and item.i_current_price <> stg_item.i_current_price;", "/* Sunset penultimate records that were inserted as type 2 */", "update {0}.item", " set i_rec_end_date = trunc(sysdate)", " from {0}.stg_item", " where item.i_item_id = stg_item.i_item_id", " and item.i_rec_end_date is null", " and item.i_current_price <> stg_item.i_current_price;", "/* Commit and End transaction */", "commit;", "end transaction;" ] } } }, "ExecuteItemDimensionLoadJob": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "GetItemDimensionLoadStatus", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$" }, "GetItemDimensionLoadStatus": { "Type": "Task", "Next": "CheckItemDimensionLoadStatus", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.status" }, "CheckItemDimensionLoadStatus": { "Type": "Choice", "Choices": [ { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FAILED", "Next": "FailItemDimensionLoad" }, { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FINISHED", "Next": "CompleteItemDimensionLoad" } ], "Default": "ItemWait" }, "ItemWait": { "Type": "Wait", "Seconds": 5, "Next": "GetItemDimensionLoadStatus" }, "CompleteItemDimensionLoad": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "End": true }, "FailItemDimensionLoad": { "Type": "Fail", "Cause": "ETL Workflow Failed", "Error": "Error" } } } ] }, "InitializeSalesFactLoadJob": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "ExecuteSalesFactLoadJob", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "redshift_database": "dev", "redshift_user": "awsuser", "redshift_schema": "tpcds", "snapshot_date": "2003-01-02", "action": "load_sales_fact", "sql_statement": [ "begin transaction;", "/* Create a stg_store_sales staging table */", "drop table if exists {0}.stg_store_sales;", "create table {0}.stg_store_sales", "(sold_date date encode zstd", ",i_item_id varchar(16) encode zstd", ",c_customer_id varchar(16) encode zstd", ",ca_address_id varchar(16) encode zstd", ",ss_ticket_number integer encode zstd", ",ss_quantity integer encode zstd", ",ss_net_paid numeric(7,2) encode zstd", ",ss_net_profit numeric(7,2) encode zstd", ")", "backup no", "diststyle even;", "/* Ingest data from source */", "insert into {0}.stg_store_sales", "(sold_date,i_item_id,c_customer_id,ca_address_id,ss_ticket_number,ss_quantity,ss_net_paid,ss_net_profit)", "values", "('2003-01-02','AAAAAAAAIFNAAAAA','AAAAAAAAOHNBAAAA','AAAAAAAAGBOFNIAA',1403191,13,5046.37,150.97),", "('2003-01-02','AAAAAAAAIFNAAAAA','AAAAAAAAOHNBAAAA','AAAAAAAAGBOFNIAA',1403191,13,2103.72,-124.08),", "('2003-01-02','AAAAAAAAILOBAAAA','AAAAAAAAOHNBAAAA','AAAAAAAAGBOFNIAA',1403191,13,959.10,-1304.70),", "('2003-01-02','AAAAAAAAILOBAAAA','AAAAAAAAHNAJAAAA','AAAAAAAAIAPCFNAA',1403191,13,962.65,-475.80),", "('2003-01-02','AAAAAAAAMCOAAAAA','AAAAAAAAHNAJAAAA','AAAAAAAAIAPCFNAA',1201746,17,111.60,-241.65),", "('2003-01-02','AAAAAAAAMCOAAAAA','AAAAAAAAHNAJAAAA','AAAAAAAAIAPCFNAA',1201746,17,4013.02,-1111.48),", "('2003-01-02','AAAAAAAAMCOAAAAA','AAAAAAAAMJCLACAA','AAAAAAAAMIFKEHAA',1201746,17,2689.12,-5572.28),", "('2003-01-02','AAAAAAAAMGOAAAAA','AAAAAAAAMJCLACAA','AAAAAAAAMIFKEHAA',193971,18,1876.89,-556.35);", "/* Delete any rows from target store_sales for the input date for idempotency */", "delete from {0}.store_sales where ss_sold_date_sk in (select d_date_sk from {0}.date_dim where d_date='{1}');", "/* Insert data from staging table to the target table */", "insert into {0}.store_sales", "(ss_sold_date_sk", ",ss_item_sk", ",ss_customer_sk", ",ss_addr_sk", ",ss_ticket_number", ",ss_quantity", ",ss_net_paid", ",ss_net_profit", ")", "select date_dim.d_date_sk ss_sold_date_sk", " ,item.i_item_sk ss_item_sk", " ,customer.c_customer_sk ss_customer_sk", " ,customer_address.ca_address_sk ss_addr_sk", " ,ss_ticket_number", " ,ss_quantity", " ,ss_net_paid", " ,ss_net_profit", " from {0}.stg_store_sales as store_sales", " inner join {0}.date_dim on store_sales.sold_date = date_dim.d_date", " left join {0}.item on store_sales.i_item_id = item.i_item_id and item.i_rec_end_date is null", " left join {0}.customer on store_sales.c_customer_id = customer.c_customer_id", " left join {0}.customer_address on store_sales.ca_address_id = customer_address.ca_address_id;", "/* Drop staging table */", "drop table if exists {0}.stg_store_sales;", "/* Commit and End transaction */", "commit;", "end transaction;" ] } } }, "ExecuteSalesFactLoadJob": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "GetSalesFactLoadStatus", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$" }, "GetSalesFactLoadStatus": { "Type": "Task", "Next": "CheckSalesFactLoadStatus", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.status" }, "CheckSalesFactLoadStatus": { "Type": "Choice", "Choices": [ { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FAILED", "Next": "FailSalesFactLoad" }, { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FINISHED", "Next": "SalesETLPipelineComplete" } ], "Default": "SalesWait" }, "SalesWait": { "Type": "Wait", "Seconds": 5, "Next": "GetSalesFactLoadStatus" }, "FailSalesFactLoad": { "Type": "Fail", "Cause": "ETL Workflow Failed", "Error": "Error" }, "ClusterUnavailable": { "Type": "Fail", "Cause": "Redshift cluster is not available", "Error": "Error" }, "SalesETLPipelineComplete": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "ValidateSalesMetric", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "redshift_database": "dev", "redshift_user": "awsuser", "redshift_schema": "tpcds", "snapshot_date": "2003-01-02", "action": "validate_sales_metric", "sql_statement": [ "select 1/count(1) from {0}.store_sales where ss_sold_date_sk in (select d_date_sk from {0}.date_dim where d_date='{1}')" ] } } }, "ValidateSalesMetric": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "GetValidateSalesMetricStatus", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$" }, "GetValidateSalesMetricStatus": { "Type": "Task", "Next": "CheckValidateSalesMetricStatus", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.status" }, "CheckValidateSalesMetricStatus": { "Type": "Choice", "Choices": [ { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FAILED", "Next": "FailSalesMetricValidation" }, { "Variable": "$.status", "StringEquals": "FINISHED", "Next": "DataValidationComplete" } ], "Default": "SalesValidationWait" }, "SalesValidationWait": { "Type": "Wait", "Seconds": 5, "Next": "GetValidateSalesMetricStatus" }, "FailSalesMetricValidation": { "Type": "Fail", "Cause": "Data Validation Failed", "Error": "Error" }, "DataValidationComplete": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "InitializePauseCluster" }, "InitializePauseCluster": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "PauseCluster", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "operation": "pause" } } }, "PauseCluster": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftOperations-AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "PauseClusterWait", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.clusterStatus", "Catch": [ { "ErrorEquals": [ "States.ALL" ], "Next": "ClusterPausedComplete" } ] }, "InitializeCheckPauseCluster": { "Type": "Pass", "Next": "GetStateOfPausedCluster", "Result": { "input": { "redshift_cluster_id": "cfn36-redshiftcluster-AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE", "operation": "status" } } }, "GetStateOfPausedCluster": { "Type": "Task", "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftOperations-AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "TimeoutSeconds": 180, "HeartbeatSeconds": 60, "Next": "IsClusterPaused", "InputPath": "$", "ResultPath": "$.clusterStatus" }, "IsClusterPaused": { "Type": "Choice", "Choices": [ { "Variable": "$.clusterStatus", "StringEquals": "available", "Next": "InitializePauseCluster" }, { "Variable": "$.clusterStatus", "StringEquals": "paused", "Next": "ClusterPausedComplete" }, { "Variable": "$.clusterStatus", "StringEquals": "unavailable", "Next": "ClusterUnavailable" }, { "Variable": "$.clusterStatus", "StringEquals": "resuming", "Next": "PauseClusterWait" } ] }, "PauseClusterWait": { "Type": "Wait", "Seconds": 720, "Next": "InitializeCheckPauseCluster" }, "ClusterPausedComplete": { "Type": "Pass", "End": true } } }

For information about how to configure IAM when using Step Functions with other Amazon services, see IAM Policies for integrated services.

IAM Example

These example Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies generated by the sample project include the least privilege necessary to execute the state machine and related resources. We recommend that you include only those permissions that are necessary in your IAM policies.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "lambda:InvokeFunction" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftDataApi-AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:111122223333:function:CFN36-RedshiftOperations-AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE" ], "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

For information about how to configure IAM when using Step Functions with other Amazon services, see IAM Policies for integrated services.