Configure SSM Agent to use a proxy for Windows Server instances - Amazon Systems Manager
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Configure SSM Agent to use a proxy for Windows Server instances

The information in this topic applies to Windows Server instances created on or after November 2016 that do not use the Nano installation option. If you intend to use Session Manager, note that HTTPS proxy servers aren't supported.


As of January 14, 2020, Windows Server 2008 is no longer supported for feature or security updates from Microsoft. Legacy Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) for Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 still include version 2 of SSM Agent preinstalled, but Systems Manager no longer officially supports 2008 versions and no longer updates the agent for these versions of Windows Server. In addition, SSM Agent version 3 might not be compatible with all operations on Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2. The final officially supported version of SSM Agent for Windows Server 2008 versions is 2.3.1644.0.

Before you begin

Before you configure SSM Agent to use a proxy, note the following important information.

In the following procedure, you run a command to configure SSM Agent to use a proxy. The command includes a no_proxy setting with an IP address. The IP address is the instance metadata services (IMDS) endpoint for Systems Manager. If you don't specify no_proxy, calls to Systems Manager take on the identity from the proxy service (if IMDSv1 fallback is enabled) or calls to Systems Manager fail (if IMDSv2 is enforced).

  • For IPv4, specify no_proxy=

  • For IPv6, specify no_proxy=[fd00:ec2::254]. The IPv6 address of the instance metadata service is compatible with IMDSv2 commands. The IPv6 address is only accessible on instances built on the Amazon Nitro System. For more information, see How Instance Metadata Service Version 2 works in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

To configure SSM Agent to use a proxy
  1. Using Remote Desktop or Windows PowerShell, connect to the instance that you would like to configure to use a proxy.

  2. Run the following command block in PowerShell. Replace hostname and port with the information about your proxy.

    $serviceKey = "HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\AmazonSSMAgent" $keyInfo = (Get-Item -Path $serviceKey).GetValue("Environment") $proxyVariables = @("http_proxy=hostname:port", "https_proxy=hostname:port", "no_proxy=IP address for instance metadata services (IMDS)") if ($keyInfo -eq $null) { New-ItemProperty -Path $serviceKey -Name Environment -Value $proxyVariables -PropertyType MultiString -Force } else { Set-ItemProperty -Path $serviceKey -Name Environment -Value $proxyVariables } Restart-Service AmazonSSMAgent

After running the preceding command, you can review the SSM Agent logs to confirm the proxy settings were applied. Entries in the logs look similar to the following. For more information about SSM Agent logs, see Viewing SSM Agent logs.

2020-02-24 15:31:54 INFO Getting IE proxy configuration for current user: The operation completed successfully.
2020-02-24 15:31:54 INFO Getting WinHTTP proxy default configuration: The operation completed successfully.
2020-02-24 15:31:54 INFO Proxy environment variables:
2020-02-24 15:31:54 INFO http_proxy: hostname:port
2020-02-24 15:31:54 INFO https_proxy: hostname:port
2020-02-24 15:31:54 INFO no_proxy: IP address for instance metadata services (IMDS)
2020-02-24 15:31:54 INFO Starting Agent: amazon-ssm-agent - v2.3.871.0
2020-02-24 15:31:54 INFO OS: windows, Arch: amd64
To reset SSM Agent proxy configuration
  1. Using Remote Desktop or Windows PowerShell, connect to the instance to configure.

  2. If you connected using Remote Desktop, launch PowerShell as an administrator.

  3. Run the following command block in PowerShell.

    Remove-ItemProperty -Path HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\AmazonSSMAgent -Name Environment Restart-Service AmazonSSMAgent

SSM Agent proxy setting precedence

When configuring proxy settings for the SSM Agent on Windows Server instances, it's important to understand these settings are evaluated and applied to the agent configuration when the SSM Agent is started. How you configure your proxy settings for a Windows Server instance can determine whether other settings might supersede your intended settings.


SSM Agent communicates using the HTTPS protocol. For this reason, you must configure the HTTPS proxy parameter by using one of the following settings options.

SSM Agent proxy settings are evaluated in the following order.

  1. AmazonSSMAgent Registry settings (HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\AmazonSSMAgent)

  2. System environment variables (http_proxy, https_proxy, no_proxy)

  3. LocalSystem user account environment variables http_proxy, https_proxy, no_proxy)

  4. Internet Explorer settings (HTTP, secure, exceptions)

  5. WinHTTP proxy settings (http=, https=, bypass-list=)

SSM Agent proxy settings and Systems Manager services

If you configured the SSM Agent to use a proxy and are using Amazon Systems Manager capabilities, such as Run Command and Patch Manager, that use PowerShell or the Windows Update client during their execution on Windows Server instances, configure additional proxy settings. Otherwise, the operation might fail because proxy settings used by PowerShell and the Windows Update client aren't inherited from the SSM Agent proxy configuration.

For Run Command, configure WinINet proxy settings on your Windows Server instances. The [System.Net.WebRequest] commands provided are per-session. To apply these configurations to subsequent network commands that are run in Run Command, these commands must precede other PowerShell commands in the same aws:runPowershellScript plugin input.

The following PowerShell commands return the current WinINet proxy settings, and apply your proxy settings to WinINet.

[System.Net.WebRequest]::DefaultWebProxy $proxyServer = "http://hostname:port" $proxyBypass = "" $WebProxy = New-Object System.Net.WebProxy($proxyServer,$true,$proxyBypass) [System.Net.WebRequest]::DefaultWebProxy = $WebProxy

For Patch Manager, configure system-wide proxy settings so the Windows Update client can scan for and download updates. We recommend that you use Run Command to run the following commands because they run on the SYSTEM account, and the settings apply system-wide. The following netsh commands return the current proxy settings, and apply your proxy settings to the local system.

netsh winhttp show proxy netsh winhttp set proxy proxy-server="hostname:port" bypass-list=""

For more information about using Run Command, see Amazon Systems Manager Run Command.