Using pseudo parameters when registering maintenance window tasks - Amazon Systems Manager
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Using pseudo parameters when registering maintenance window tasks

When you register a task in Maintenance Windows, a capability of Amazon Systems Manager, you specify the parameters that are unique to each of the four task types. (In CLI commands, these are provided using the --task-invocation-parameters option.)

You can also reference certain values using pseudo parameter syntax, such as {{RESOURCE_ID}}, {{TARGET_TYPE}}, and {{WINDOW_TARGET_ID}}. When the maintenance window task runs, it passes the correct values instead of the pseudo parameter placeholders. The full list of pseudo parameters you can use is provided later in this topic in Supported pseudo parameters.


For the target type RESOURCE_GROUP, depending on the ID format needed for the task, you can choose between using {{TARGET_ID}} and {{RESOURCE_ID}} to reference the resource when your task runs. {{TARGET_ID}} returns the full ARN of the resource. {{RESOURCE_ID}} returns only a shorter name or ID of the resource, as shown in these examples.

  • {{TARGET_ID}} format: arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:instance/i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE

  • {{RESOURCE_ID}} format: i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE

For target type INSTANCE, both the {{TARGET_ID}} and {{RESOURCE_ID}} parameters yield the instance ID only. For more information, see Supported pseudo parameters.

{{TARGET_ID}} and {{RESOURCE_ID}} can be used to pass IDs of Amazon resources only to Automation, Lambda, and Step Functions tasks. These two pseudo parameters can't be used with Run Command tasks.

Pseudo parameter examples

Suppose that your payload for an Amazon Lambda task needs to reference an instance by its ID.

Whether you’re using an INSTANCE or a RESOURCE_GROUP maintenance window target, this can be achieved by using the {{RESOURCE_ID}} pseudo parameter. For example:

"TaskArn": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-2:111122223333:function:SSMTestFunction", "TaskType": "LAMBDA", "TaskInvocationParameters": { "Lambda": { "ClientContext": "ew0KICAi--truncated--0KIEXAMPLE", "Payload": "{ \"instanceId\": \"{{RESOURCE_ID}}\" }", "Qualifier": "$LATEST" } }

If your Lambda task is intended to run against another supported target type in addition to Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances, such as an Amazon DynamoDB table, the same syntax can be used, and {{RESOURCE_ID}} yields the name of the table only. However, if you require the full ARN of the table, use {{TARGET_ID}}, as shown in the following example.

"TaskArn": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-2:111122223333:function:SSMTestFunction", "TaskType": "LAMBDA", "TaskInvocationParameters": { "Lambda": { "ClientContext": "ew0KICAi--truncated--0KIEXAMPLE", "Payload": "{ \"tableArn\": \"{{TARGET_ID}}\" }", "Qualifier": "$LATEST" } }

The same syntax works for targeting instances or other resource types. When multiple resource types have been added to a resource group, the task runs against each of the appropriate resources.


Not all resource types that might be included in a resource group yield a value for the {{RESOURCE_ID}} parameter. For a list of supported resource types, see Supported pseudo parameters.

As another example, to run an Automation task that stops your EC2 instances, you specify the AWS-StopEC2Instance Systems Manager document (SSM document) as the TaskArn value and use the {{RESOURCE_ID}} pseudo parameter:

"TaskArn": "AWS-StopEC2Instance", "TaskType": "AUTOMATION" "TaskInvocationParameters": { "Automation": { "DocumentVersion": "1", "Parameters": { "instanceId": [ "{{RESOURCE_ID}}" ] } } }

To run an Automation task that copies a snapshot of an Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume, you specify the AWS-CopySnapshot SSM document as the TaskArn value and use the {{RESOURCE_ID}} pseudo parameter.

"TaskArn": "AWS-CopySnapshot", "TaskType": "AUTOMATION" "TaskInvocationParameters": { "Automation": { "DocumentVersion": "1", "Parameters": { "SourceRegion": "us-east-2", "targetType":"RESOURCE_GROUP", "SnapshotId": [ "{{RESOURCE_ID}}" ] } } }

Supported pseudo parameters

The following list describes the pseudo parameters that you can specify using the {{PSEUDO_PARAMETER}} syntax in the --task-invocation-parameters option.

  • WINDOW_ID: The ID of the target maintenance window.

  • WINDOW_TASK_ID: The ID of the window task that is running.

  • WINDOW_TARGET_ID: The ID of the window target that includes the target (target ID).

  • WINDOW_EXECUTION_ID: The ID of the current window execution.

  • TASK_EXECUTION_ID: The ID of the current task execution.

  • INVOCATION_ID: The ID of the current invocation.

  • TARGET_TYPE: The type of target. Supported types include RESOURCE_GROUP and INSTANCE.


    If the target type you specify is INSTANCE, the TARGET_ID pseudo parameter is replaced by the ID of the instance. For example, i-078a280217EXAMPLE.

    If the target type you specify is RESOURCE_GROUP, the value referenced for the task execution is the full ARN of the resource. For example: arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:instance/i-078a280217EXAMPLE. The following table provides sample TARGET_ID values for particular resource types in a resource group.


    TARGET_ID isn't supported for Run Command tasks.

    Resource type Example TARGET_ID
    AWS::CloudWatch::Alarm arn:aws:cloudwatch:us-east-1:123456789012:alarm:MyCloudWatchAlarmi-078a280217EXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::Instance arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:instance/i-078a280217EXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::Image arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:image/ami-02250b3732EXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:security-group/sg-cEXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::Snapshot arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:snapshot/snap-03866bf003EXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::Volume arn:aws:ec2:us-east-1:123456789012:volume/vol-0912e04d78EXAMPLE
    AWS::DynamoDB::Table arn:aws:dynamodb:us-east-1:123456789012:table/MyTable
    AWS::RDS::DBCluster arn:aws:rds:us-east-2:123456789012:cluster:My-Cluster


    AWS::S3::Bucket arn:aws:s3:::DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET


  • RESOURCE_ID: The short ID of a resource type contained in a resource group. The following table provides sample RESOURCE_ID values for particular resource types in a resource group.


    RESOURCE_ID isn't supported for Run Command tasks.

    Resource type Example RESOURCE_ID
    AWS::CloudWatch::Alarm MyCloudWatchAlarm
    AWS::EC2::Instance i-078a280217EXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::Image ami-02250b3732EXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup sg-cEXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::Snapshot snap-03866bf003EXAMPLE
    AWS::EC2::Volume vol-0912e04d78EXAMPLE
    AWS::DynamoDB::Table MyTable
    AWS::RDS::DBCluster My-Cluster
    AWS::RDS::DBInstance My-SQL-Instance
    AWS::SSM::ManagedInstance mi-0feadcf2d9EXAMPLE

    If the Amazon resource group you specify includes resource types that don't yield a RESOURCE_ID value, and aren't listed in the preceding table, then the RESOURCE_ID parameter isn't populated. An execution invocation will still occur for that resource. In these cases, use the TARGET_ID pseudo parameter instead, which will be replaced with the full ARN of the resource.