Troubleshooting - Amazon Transfer Family
Services or capabilities described in Amazon Web Services documentation might vary by Region. To see the differences applicable to the China Regions, see Getting Started with Amazon Web Services in China.

Troubleshooting

This section describes some common issues that might arise when using Amazon Transfer Family and how to fix them.

Troubleshoot service-managed users

This section describes possible solutions for the following issues

Troubleshoot Amazon EFS service-managed users

Description

You run the sftp command and the prompt doesn't appear, and instead you see the following message:

Couldn't canonicalize: Permission denied Need cwd

Cause

Your Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user's role does not have permission to access Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS).

Solution

Increase the policy permissions for your user's role. You can add an Amazon managed policy, such as AmazonElasticFileSystemClientFullAccess.

Troubleshoot public key body too long

Description

When you try to create a service-managed user, you receive the following error:

Failed to create user (1 validation error detected: 'sshPublicKeyBody' failed to satisfy constraint: Member must have length less than or equal to 2048)

Cause

You might be entering a PGP key for the public key body, and Amazon Transfer Family does not support PGP keys for service-managed users.

Solution

If the PGP key is RSA-based, you can convert it to PEM format. For example, Ubuntu provides a conversion tool here: https://manpages.ubuntu.com/manpages/xenial/man1/openpgp2ssh.1.html

Troubleshoot Amazon API Gateway issues

This section describes possible solutions for the following issues:

Too many authentication failures

Description

When you try to connect to your server using Secure Shell (SSH) File Transfer Protocol (SFTP), you get the following error:

Received disconnect from 3.15.127.197 port 22:2: Too many authentication failures Authentication failed. Couldn't read packet: Connection reset by peer

Cause

You might have entered an incorrect password for your user. Try again to enter the correct password.

If the password is correct, the issue might be caused by a role Amazon Resource Name (ARN) that is not valid. To confirm that this is the issue, test the identity provider for your server. If you see a response similar to the following, the role ARN is a placeholder only, as indicated by the role ID value of all zeros:

{ "Response": "{\"Role\": \"arn:aws-cn:iam::000000000000:role/MyUserS3AccessRole\",\"HomeDirectory\": \"/\"}", "StatusCode": 200, "Message": "", "Url": "https://api-gateway-ID.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/prod/servers/transfer-server-ID/users/myuser/config" }

Solution

Replace the placeholder role ARN with an actual role that has permission to access the server.

To update the role

  1. Open the Amazon CloudFormation console at https://console.amazonaws.cn/cloudformation.

  2. In the left navigation pane, choose Stacks.

  3. In the Stacks list, choose your stack, and then choose the Parameters tab.

  4. Choose Update. On the Update stack page, choose Use current template, and then choose Next.

  5. Replace UserRoleArn with a role ARN that has sufficient permissions for accessing your Transfer Family server.

    Note

    To grant the necessary permissions, you can add the AmazonAPIGatewayAdministrator and the AmazonS3FullAccess managed policies to your role.

  6. Choose Next, and then choose Next again. On the Review stack page, select I acknowledge that Amazon CloudFormation might create IAM resources, and then choose Update stack.

Connection closed

Description

When you try to connect to your server using Secure Shell (SSH) File Transfer Protocol (SFTP), you get the following error:

Connection closed

Cause

One possible cause for this issue is that your Amazon CloudWatch logging role does not have a trust relationship with Transfer Family.

Solution

Make sure that the logging role for the server has a trust relationship with Transfer Family. For more information, see To establish a trust relationship.

Troubleshoot policies for encrypted Amazon S3 buckets

Description

You have an encrypted Amazon S3 bucket that you are using as storage for your Transfer Family server. If you try to upload a file to the server, you receive the error Couldn't close file: Permission denied.

And if you view the server logs, you see the following errors:

ERROR Message="Access denied" Operation=CLOSE Path=/bucket/user/test.txt BytesIn=13 ERROR Message="Access denied"

Cause

Your IAM user's policy does not have permission to access the encrypted bucket.

Solution

You must specify additional permissions in your policy to grant the required Amazon Key Management Service (Amazon KMS) permissions. For details, see Data encryption.

Troubleshoot authentication issues

This section describes possible solutions for the following issues:

Authentication failures—SSH/SFTP

Description

When you try to connect to your server using Secure Shell (SSH) File Transfer Protocol (SFTP), you receive a message similar to the following:

Received disconnect from 3.130.115.105 port 22:2: Too many authentication failures Authentication failed.
Note

If you are using an API Gateway and receive this error, see Too many authentication failures.

Cause

You have not added an RSA key pair for your user, so you must authenticate using a password instead.

Solution

When you run the sftp command, specify the -o PubkeyAuthentication=no option. This option forces the system to request your password. For example:

sftp -o PubkeyAuthentication=no sftp-user@server-id.server.transfer.region-id.amazonaws.com

Miscellaneous authentication issues

Cause

If you receive an authentication error and none of the other troubleshooting works, you might have specified a target for a logical directory that contains a leading or trailing slash (/).

Solution

Update your logical directory target, to make sure it begins with a slash, and does not contain a trailing slash. For example, /DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/images is acceptable, while DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/images and /DOC-EXAMPLE-BUCKET/images/ are not.

Troubleshoot workflow-related errors using Amazon CloudWatch

Description

If you are having issues with your workflows, you can use Amazon CloudWatch to investigate the cause.

Cause

There can be several causes. Use Amazon CloudWatch Logs to investigate.

Solution

Transfer Family emits workflow execution status into CloudWatch Logs. The following types of workflow errors can appear in CloudWatch Logs:

  • "type": "StepErrored"

  • "type": "ExecutionErrored"

  • "type": "ExecutionThrottled"

  • "Service failure on starting workflow"

You can filter your workflow's execution logs using different filter and pattern syntax. For example, you can create a log filter in your CloudWatch logs to capture workflow execution logs that contain the ExecutionErrored message. For details, see Real-time processing of log data with subscriptions and Filter and pattern syntax in the Amazon CloudWatch Logs User Guide.

StepErrored

2021-10-29T12:57:26.272-05:00 {"type":"StepErrored","details":{"errorType":"BAD_REQUEST","errorMessage":"Cannot tag Efs file","stepType":"TAG","stepName":"successful_tag_step"}, "workflowId":"w-abcdef01234567890","executionId":"1234abcd-56ef-78gh-90ij-1234klmno567", "transferDetails":{"serverId":"s-1234567890abcdef0","username":"lhr","sessionId":"1234567890abcdef0"}

Here, StepErrored indicates that a step within the workflow has generated an error. In a single workflow, you can have multiple steps configured. This error tells you in which step the error occurred and provides an error message. In this particular example, the step was configured to tag a file; however, tagging a file in an Amazon EFS file system is not supported, so the step generated an error.

ExecutionErrored

2021-10-29T12:57:26.618-05:00 {"type":"ExecutionErrored","details":{},"workflowId":"w-w-abcdef01234567890", "executionId":"1234abcd-56ef-78gh-90ij-1234klmno567","transferDetails":{"serverId":"s-1234567890abcdef0", "username":"lhr","sessionId":"1234567890abcdef0"}}

When a workflow is not able to execute any step, it generates an ExecutionErrored message. For example, if you have configured a single step in a given workflow, and if the step is not able to execute, the overall workflow fails.

Executionthrottled

Execution is throttled if a workflow is getting triggered at a rate that is faster than the system can support. This log message indicates that you must slow down your execution rate for workflows. If you are not able to scale down your workflow-execution rate, contact Amazon Web Services Support at Contact Amazon.

Service failure on starting workflow

If you remove a workflow from a server, and replace it with a new one, you need to wait approximately 10 minutes before executing the new workflow. The Transfer Family server caches the workflow details, and it takes 10 minutes for the server to refresh its cache.

Troubleshoot workflow copy errors

Description

If you're executing a workflow that contains a step to copy the uploaded file, you could encounter the following error:

{ "type": "StepErrored", "details": { "errorType": "BAD_REQUEST", "errorMessage": "Bad Request (Service: Amazon S3; Status Code: 400; Error Code: 400 Bad Request; Request ID: request-ID; S3 Extended Request ID: request-ID Proxy: null)", "stepType": "COPY", "stepName": "copy-step-name" }, "workflowId": "workflow-ID", "executionId": "execution-ID", "transferDetails": { "serverId": "server-ID", "username": "user-name", "sessionId": "session-ID" } }

Cause

The source file is in an Amazon S3 bucket that is in a different Amazon Web Services Region than the destination bucket.

Solution

If you're executing a workflow that includes a copy step, make sure that the source and destination buckets are in the same Amazon Web Services Region.

Troubleshoot missing POSIX profile

Description

If you're using Amazon EFS storage for your server and you're using a custom identity provider, you must provide your Amazon Lambda function with a POSIX profile.

Cause

One possible cause is that the templates that we provide for creating an Amazon Lambda-backed Amazon API Gateway method do not currently contain POSIX information.

If you did provide POSIX information, the format that you used for providing the POSIX information might not be getting parsed correctly by Transfer Family.

Solution

Make sure that you are providing a JSON element to Transfer Family for the PosixProfile parameter.

For example, if you're using Python, you could add the following line where you parse the PosixProfile parameter:

if PosixProfile: response_data["PosixProfile"] = json.loads(PosixProfile)

Or, in JavaScript, you could add the following line, where the uid-value and gid-value are integers, 0 or greater, that represent the User ID (UID) and Group ID (GID) respectively:

PosixProfile: {"Uid": uid-value, "Gid": gid-value},

These code examples send the PosixProfile parameter to Transfer Family as a JSON object, rather than as a string.

Also, within Amazon Secrets Manager, you must store the PosixProfile parameter as follows. Replace your-uid and your-gid with your actual values for the GID and UID.

{"Uid": your-uid, "Gid": your-gid, "SecondaryGids": []}

Troubleshoot testing your identity provider

Description

If you test your identity provider using the console or the TestIdentityProvider API call, the returned message is blank.

Cause

The most likely cause is that the authentication failed because of an incorrect user name or password.

Solution

Make sure that you are using the correct credentials for your user, and make updates to the user name or password, if necessary.

Troubleshoot file upload issues

This section describes possible solutions for the following issues:

Troubleshoot Amazon S3 file upload errors

Description

When you are attempting to upload a file to Amazon S3 storage using Transfer Family, you receive the following error message: Amazon Transfer does not support random access writes to S3 objects.

Cause

When you're using Amazon S3 for your server's storage, Transfer Family does not support multiple connections for a single transfer.

Solution

If your Transfer Family server is using Amazon S3 for its storage, disable any options for your client software that mention using multiple connections for a single transfer.

Troubleshoot unreadable file names

Description

You see corrupted file names in some of your uploaded files. Users sometimes encounter problems with FTP and SFTP transfers that garble certain characters in file names, such as umlauts, accented letters, or certain scripts, such as Chinese or Arabic.

Cause

Although the FTP and SFTP protocols can allow for character encoding of files names to be negotiated by clients, Amazon S3 and Amazon EFS do not. Instead, they require UTF-8 character encoding. As a result, certain characters are not rendered correctly.

Solution

To solve this problem, review your client application for file name character encoding and make sure it is set to UTF-8.

Troubleshoot AS2 issues

Error messages and troubleshooting tips for Applicability Statement 2 (AS2)-enabled servers are described here: AS2 error codes.