Data protection in VM Import/Export - VM Import/Export
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Data protection in VM Import/Export

The Amazon shared responsibility model applies to data protection in VM Import/Export. As described in this model, Amazon is responsible for protecting the global infrastructure that runs all of the Amazon Web Services Cloud. You are responsible for maintaining control over your content that is hosted on this infrastructure. This content includes the security configuration and management tasks for the Amazon Web Services that you use. For more information about data privacy, see the Data Privacy FAQ.

For data protection purposes, we recommend that you protect Amazon Web Services account credentials and set up individual user accounts with Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM). That way each user is given only the permissions necessary to fulfill their job duties. We also recommend that you secure your data in the following ways:

  • Use multi-factor authentication (MFA) with each account.

  • Use SSL/TLS to communicate with Amazon resources. We recommend TLS 1.2 or later.

  • Set up API and user activity logging with Amazon CloudTrail.

  • Use Amazon encryption solutions, along with all default security controls within Amazon services.

  • Use advanced managed security services such as Amazon Macie, which assists in discovering and securing personal data that is stored in Amazon S3.

  • If you require FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules when accessing Amazon through a command line interface or an API, use a FIPS endpoint. For more information about the available FIPS endpoints, see Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140-2.

We strongly recommend that you never put confidential or sensitive information, such as your customers' email addresses, into tags or free-form fields such as a Name field. This includes when you work with VM Import/Export or other Amazon services using the console, API, Amazon CLI, or Amazon SDKs. Any data that you enter into tags or free-form fields used for names may be used for billing or diagnostic logs. If you provide a URL to an external server, we strongly recommend that you do not include credentials information in the URL to validate your request to that server.

Encryption at rest

VM Import/Export does not store your data at rest.

Encryption in transit

VM Import/Export encrypts your data while performing import tasks. To ensure that the destination AMI or snapshot is encrypted, specify the --encrypted parameter when you call the import-image or import-snapshot command.

When performing an import task, VM Import/Export stores data temporarily in an intermediate EBS volume. Each task gets a separate EBS volume. When an import task is completed, VM Import/Export deletes its intermediate EBS volume.